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福建省莆田第二十五中学2020-2021学年高二上学期月考一英语试题含答案

莆田第二十五中学2020—2021学年上学期月考(一)试卷

高二英语

命题人:审题人:高二备课组

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案。

福建省莆田第二十五中学2020-2021学年高二上学期月考一英语试题含答案

福建省莆田第二十五中学2020-2021学年高二上学期月考一英语试题含答案

10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一

福建省莆田第二十五中学2020-2021学年高二上学期月考一英语试题含答案

1. Why does the man need a map?

A. To tour Manchester.

B. To find a restaurant.

C. To learn about China.

2. What does the woman want to do for vacation?

A. Go to the beach.

B. Travel to Colorado.

C. Learn to snowboard.

3. What will the man probably do?

A. Take the job.

B. Refuse the offer.

C. Change the working hours.

4. What does the woman say about John?

A. He won't wait for her.

B. He won't come home today.

C. He won't be on time for dinner.

5. What will the speakers probably do next?

A. Order some boxes.

B. Go home and rest.

C. Continue working.

第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

6. How does the woman usually go to work?

A. By car.

B. By bus.

C. By train.。

7. What do the speakers agree about taking the train?

A. It is safer.

B. It is faster.

C. It is cheaper

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题

8. What does the man suggest the woman do?

A. Save up for the car.

B. Go to another car dealer.

C. Ask someone to check the car.

9. What is the salesman going to do?

A. Give a discount.

B. Stick to a high price

C. Ask for cash payment.

10. How will the man help the woman?

A. Lend money to her.

B. Drive her car home.

C. Take care of her car.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

11. What does the woman think of the living expenses in the city?

A. Fairly low.

B. Just Okay.

C. Very high.

12. What does the woman spend most on?

A. Meals.

B. Trains.

C. Clothes.

13. What does the woman do in her free time?

A. See films.

B. Travel around.

C. Go for a drink.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

14. What will Rebecca do on June 12?

A. Go on a business trip.

B. Organize a trade exhibition.

C. Meet the people from Head Office.

15. What is John preparing for the meeting?

A. A report.

B. A timetable.

C. A speech.

16. When do the speakers decide to have the meeting?

A. On June 3.

B. On June 10.

C. On June 17.

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

17. What did the speaker decide to do after lunch that day?

A. Stay to help her friend.

B. Drive home in the rain.

C. Wait for the rain to stop

18. What can we learn about the speaker then?

A. She worked at a hotel.

B. She had bought a new car.

C. She was having a baby soon.

19. Where did the speaker meet the taxi passenger?

A. At a crossroads.

B. In front of a hotel.

C. Beside a car park.

20. What does the speaker talk about?

A. An exciting lunch party.

B. A well-known short story.

C. An unforgettable experience 第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

POETRY CHALLENGE

Write a poem about how courage, determination, and strength have helped you face challenges in your life.

Prizes

3 Grand Prizes:Trip to Washington, D.C. for each of three winners, a parent and one other person of the winner’s choice. Trip includes round-trip air tickets, hotel stay for two nights, and tours of the National Air and Space Museum and the office of National Geographic World.

6 First Prizes:The book Sky Pioneer:A Photobiography of Amelia Earhart signed by author Corinne Szabo and pilot Linda Finch.

50 Honorable Mentions:Judges will choose up to 50 honorable mention winners, who will each receive a T-shirt in memory of Earhart’s final flight.

Rules

Follow all rules carefully to prevent disqualification.

■Write a poem using 100 words or fewer. Your poem can be any format, any number of lines.

■Write by hand or type on a single sheet of paper. You may use both the front and back of the paper.

■On the same sheet of paper, write or type your name, address, telephone number, and birth date.

■Mail your entry to us by October 31 this year.

21. How many people can each grand prize winner take on the free trip?

A. Two.

B. Three.

C. Four.

D. Six.

22. What will each of the honorable mention winners get?

A. A plane ticket.

B. A book by Corinne Szabo.

C. A special T-shirt.

D. A photo of Amelia Earhart.

23. Which of the following will result in disqualification?

A. Typing your poem out.

B. Writing a poem of 120 words.

C. Using both sides of the paper.

D. Mailing your entry on October 30.

B

For as long as we’ve known about it, humans have searched for a cure for cancer. Across the world, countless amounts of time and money have been spent on researching a way to stop this terrible disease. But now, it seems like the answer could have been inside our own bodies the whole time.

Recently, the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) in the US, a government agency that’s responsible for healthcare, approved a new form of gene therapy(疗疗) that could mean the end of a certain type of cancer.

The therapy allows scientists to “train” the immune(疗疗疗疗疗) cells of sick patients to fight leukemia(疗疗疗) — a form of blood cancer that mostly affects young people.

The exciting new treatment works by removing healthy immune cells from the patient, known as T-cells, which are then changed to be able to “hunt down” cancer cells.

The cells are then put back into the patient before they begin to get rid of the patient’s leukemia over time, similar to how the body fights off other illnesses.

“This is truly an exciting new day for cancer patients,” Louis J. DeGennaro, president of the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, said in a news release.

Up until now, a long and painful marrow transplant(疗疗疗疗) was the only option for many

leukemia patients.

In this procedure, healthy blood cells are taken from a donator and placed into the sick patient, who also has to go through chemotherapy (疗疗) to allow their body to adjust to the new cells.

But with a recovery rate of around 83% — according to a news release published by the FDA — it’s hoped that the days of painful trips to the hospital, or even death, are over for leukemia sufferers.

“We’re entering a new frontier in medical innovation(疗疗) with the ability to reprogram a patient’s own cells to attack a deadly cancer,” FDA representative Scott Gottlieb said in the release. “New technologies such as gene and cell therapies hold the potential to transform medicine and our ability to treat and even cure many incurable illnesses.”

24. What is the author’s main purpose in writing the passage?

A. To compare different ways of curing leukemia.

B. To report on a breakthrough in cancer treatment.

C. To explore the potential of gene and cell therapies.

D. To show scientists’ efforts in search of a cure for cancer.

25. How does the new treatment to fight leukemia work?

A. By using changed T-cells to destroy cancer cells.

B. By replacing sick blood cells with healthy ones.

C. By removing sick blood cells during marrow transplant.

D. By using chemotherapy to improve the patient’s immune system.

26. What can be inferred about the new therapy for leukemia sufferers?

A. It can save them many more trips to the hospital.

B. It can improve their ability to fight off all kinds of cancer.

C. It can give them a better chance of survival and recovery.

D. It can reduce their pain in the process of marrow transplant.

27. What is Scott Gottlieb’s attitude toward gene and cell therapies?

A. Doubtful.

B. Optimistic.

C. Worried.

D. Casual.

C

Larry Walters' boyhood dream was not an unusual one: he wanted to fly. What was unusual, though, was the way he fulfilled it. After finishing school, Larry joined the US Air Force, but was rejected from pilot-training school because of poor eyesight. However, his dream remained.

Larry, aged 33, was not a pilot, but a truck driver in Los Angeles. One day, while sitting outside in his lawn chair (草坪躺椅) and watching jets fly overhead, Larry had his inspiration. An idea came to him to use weather balloons to fly.

A few weeks later, Larry bought 42 weather balloons that are one metre in diameter(直径). He tied them to a lawn chair and filled them with helium(氦气). Then he sat down in the chair with some beer, sandwiches, and a gun. Larry's plan was to float about 10 metres above his backyard, enjoy a few hours in the air, and then pop some balloons with his gun to get back down. But things did not go according to Larry's plan.

When his friends cut the anchor lines, Larry, lifted by the 42 balloons, shot skywards at an astonishing speed. He finally settled at an altitude of 4,000 metres. Afraid to pop any of the balloons, in case he should upset the balance of his “craft”, Larry sat, cold and frightened, in the sky with his beer and sandwiches for 14 hours.

Airline pilots radioed the strange sight. Larry's presence in the sky caused numerous planes to be re-routed. Eventually, Larry worked up the nerve to shoot a few balloons and slowly descended. He was uninjured, but was arrested by waiting police.

When asked by a reporter why he had done it, Larry responded, “A man just can't sit around.” Larry fulfilled his dream, and set a record for a gas-filled balloon flight. But it cost him: he was later fined

$1,500 for violating air safety regulations.

28. What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. Larry was rejected from the US Air Force because of poor eyesight.

B. Larry joined the US Air Force because he wanted to be a soldier.

C. Although rejected from pilot-training school, Larry didn't give up his dream.

D. Larry's boyhood dream was to fly in an unusual way.

29. The underlined part “worked up the nerve” in Paragraph 5 probably means “ ________”.

A. got a chance

B. lost his patience

C. took his courage

D. woke up

30. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Larry planned to fly at a height of 4, 000 metres.

B. Though things didn't go as planned, Larry was still calm.

C. Because he was fined $1, 500, he regretted his behaviour.

D. At first he didn't shoot any balloon as he wanted to keep the balance.

31. What does the text mainly tell us?

A. Inspiration is very important to one's success.

B. Larry fulfilled his flying dream through a lawn chair ride.

C. Larry became famous because he set a new flying record.

D. Larry paid the price for his behaviour.

D

As the coronavirus (疗疗疗疗) outbreak continues, many Americans are fearful of using public

transportation. They are also looking for ways to get exercise without going to a gym. So, it may not be surprising that the pandemic (疗疗) has led to a major increase in bicycle sales.

In the US, bicycles at big stores have sold out. And small bicycle stores cannot keep up with demand for “family-style” bicycles: the low-cost, easy-to-ride models. “The bicycle industry is seeing its biggest sales increase since the oil crisis of the 1970s,” said Jay Townley, an industry expert. He compared the sale of bicycles to the rush to buy products like toilet paper at the start of the pandemic.

The rise in bicycle sales is not happening just in the US. Italy has created bicycle paths for the growing number of people who want to avoid public transportation. In London, city officials plan to ban cars from some central roads. Bike shop owners in Manila say demand is even stronger than what they see at Christmas time.

Of course, you can only buy a bicycle if you can find one. In the US, the shortages now mean it may take many months to get a bicycle. High demand is not the only reason for the shortage. Many bicycle factories were shut down to stop the spread of COVID-19. The increase in bicycle demand began in March as countries began to close down. In April, the sale of bicycles increased 200 percent in the US.

Joe Minutolo is the co-owner of Bar Harbor Bicycle Shop in Maine. He said he hoped the increased sales meant a change in the way people think about transportation. “People are having a chance to rethink things,” he said, “Maybe we’ll all learn something out of this, and something really good will happen.”

32. What causes the increase in bicycle sales?

A. Shortage of public transportation.

B. Outbreak of the coronavirus.

C. People’s desire to defeat disease.

D. People’s fear of natural disasters.

33. What change has the pandemic caused in Italy?

A. More bikes are sold than at Christmas time.

B. “Family-style” bicycles are in great need.

C. Cars are banned from some central roads.

D. New bicycle paths have been built.

34. What can we know from Paragraph 4?

A. It’s impossible to buy a bike.

B. Bike factories were closed in April.

C. High demand for bikes began in March.

D. It takes many months to produce a bike.

35. What is Joe Minutolo’s attitude towards the increased sales of bicycles?

A. Doubtful.

B. Positive.

C. Uncertain.

D. Critical.

第二节(共5 小题;每小题2 分,满分10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选入能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余项。

Everyone complains.Even if you argue that you are the happiest person in the world, you still complain sometimes. Sometimes you complain without even realizing it, but rarely is it ever helpful.___36___ Here are some tips to stop complaining and give up the negative thoughts.

___37___

When you find yourself thinking or saying a negative comment about something or someone, stop and force yourself to say something positive instead.Seek the help of a cheerful friend to change you when you complain and help you to see the positive in the situation.

Make a list of things you are grateful for.

You often complain about the things you don't have without noticing those things you already

have.Be grateful for what you have in your life because you are lucky simply for being yourselves.___38___

Learn to adapt to the changes.

There are many things you can't change.___39___Always find the positive side of each situation, regardless of however difficult the situation is.With parents' and friends' support, you can survive any life changes.

Allow yourself to vent(疗疗) your feelings every once in a while.

Constantly ignoring negative thoughts could add up.If you are really going through a rough time, don't be afraid to share your feelings with a close friend or family member or see a therapist.

Find what makes you happy.

___40___Maybe it is time to make the hard decision to move on the another job or career.Uncover what your biggest complaints are about and see if you can change the situation to make you happy. Choose happiness, focus on the positive, and be kind always!

A. Change the way you think.

B. Make friends with positive people.

C. The best and only thing you can do is to accept them.

D. Are you constantly complaining about your present job?

E. Sometimes this list can be easy, full of hobbies you enjoy.

F. So how can you manage to force yourselves to end complaining?

G. Set down things you are thankful for and you'll see that you don't have any reason to complain.

第三部分:语言知识运用

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

My three-year-old son, Nathan, was digging the sand to build a castle. Although I warned him it’d be 41 , he insisted on building it in the 42 of every single wave that would 43 on the shore.

I sighed, thinking the only way to make him 44 was to do as he liked and let him see what would happen. I only hoped he wouldn’t be too 45 when that first wave destroyed his 46 .

But when the water came and washed away his castle, he jumped up and down and clapped his hands. “That’s 47 ! Let’s do it again!” I didn’t’ know how he could 48 seeing his fruit of labor ruined.

“Is it really fun when the waves wash away the 49 ?”

“Yes,” he said.

Looking at him, I thought about my 50 at home. Nothing I did there ever seemed to 51 . I prepared dinners, which ten minutes after placed them on the table were 52 consumed. I mopped floors only to see someone 53 them on their first trip in from the back yard. My life was just one never-ending to-do 54 .

Just like the sand castles Nathan built, all my 55 were washed away by a giant wave called Family Life. Nothing I did lasted beyond the moment.

Because of this, I often struggled feeling 56 . I wondered if the things I did 57 . And if nothing I did mattered, that meant that I didn’t matter.

But as I watched my child 58 in the sand happily, I realized that I’m building something 59 , something that will last forever.

I’m 60 a family.

41. A. taken apart B. washed away C. cleared up D. dug out

42. A. front B. charge C. form D. path

43. A. crash B. dance C. float D. appear

44. A. understand B. regret C. refuse D. struggle

45. A. angry B. frightened C. surprised D. upset

46. A. future B. creation C. world D. gift

47. A. difficult B. impossible C. simple D. great

48. A. imagine B. stand C. avoid D. risk

49. A. tools B. clothes C. shoes D. castles

50. A. pet B. item C. life D. plan

51. A. last B. happen C. help D. exist

52. A. completely B. suddenly C. finally D. personally

53. A. empty B. dirty C. narrow D. dry

54. A. experiment B. survey C. list D. puzzle

55. A. tears B. worries C. feelings D. efforts

56. A. confused B. fancy C. competitive D. unfair

57. A. counted B. appeared C. changed D. reduced

58. A. lying B. digging C. rolling D. sleeping

59. A. actual B. slight C. important D. formal

60. A. protecting B. designing C. building D. creating

非选择题部分

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

A terrible fire began to burn at France’s world-famous Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral (巴黎圣母院) 61 the evening of April 15,2019. Flames could be seen rising through the top of the monument. 62 (it) tall, narrow top later fell down. It took 15 hours for 400 French firefighters 63 (put) out the fire. 64 (fortunate), the main stone structure, including the two bell towers, has been saved, but there is little information on the condition of the cathedral’s glass windows and paintings.

Notre-Dame 65 (date) back to the 12th century. French writer Victor Hugo used it as the setting of his famous story, the Hunchback of Notre-Dame, 66 was first published in 1831. Sitting in the center of Paris, along the Seine River, Notre-Dame is one of the world’s most famous tourist 67 (site). About 12 million people visit it each year.

One man said, “Notre-Dame 68 (destroy), but the soul of France was not.” French President Emmanuel Macron promised that Notre-Dame would be rebuilt and asked for worldwide help repairing it. Many countries offered assistance, because Notre-Dame is part of the 69 (culture) heritage (遗产) of mankind and 70 symbol for Europe.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节概要写作(满分10分)

阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

Your hunger doesn't necessarily mean you are really hungry.It is an important sign of what is happening in your body — physically, emotionally and mentally.Sounds strange? It is true and here in this article we shall discuss certain things that your hunger is trying to tell you.

When you feel hungry, try to figure out if you are really hungry.Sometimes when you think that you are hungry, you might be thirsty.It is possible that you have been dehydrated (脱水) for a long time and your body is sending a signal through your hunger.So instead of eating, go for water and

quench your thirst at the earliest.

If you feel hungry all the time, it could mean that you are depriving (剥夺) yourself of certain foods and hence the body is craving for these.If you are on a strict diet, then go for foods and legumes rich in protein along with complex carbohydrates (碳水化合物) like quinoa and brown rice that will take you a long time to digest and will keep you full for a long period of time.

You might get hungry for a certain kind of food only at times.This is because you become emotional about certain foods.For example, if you are happy and celebrating your anniversary, you might end up having a desire for the cake that you brought to celebrate the special occasion. This is called emotional eating.

Sometimes your hunger might mean that you need to take a break.When you end up working at a stretch, and you do not realize that your body needs rest, you can end up feeling hungry as it is a way your body is telling you to break free from work.

Sometimes when you are bored or stressed out, you might feel hungry.It is the body's way of telling you that you need a change of scene.Go out, take a walk, talk to your dearest friend or simply take some deep breaths.Even after this, if you feel hungry, do eat.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

上周末,你和同学参加了一次采摘活动(picking activity)。请你为班级英语角写一篇短文,介绍这次活动,内容包括:

1. 农场情况;

2. 采摘过程;

3. 个人感受。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 题目已为你写好。

My Weekend

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

1. Why does the man need a map?

A. To tour Manchester.

B. To find a restaurant.

C. To learn about China.

【答案】B

【原文】M: Jane, do you have a map of Manchester? I want to find a good place to eat.

W: Why not try Chinatown? There are plenty of good Chinese restaurants there, and it's near here.

2. What does the woman want to do for vacation?

A. Go to the beach.

B. Travel to Colorado.

C. Learn to snowboard.

【答案】A

【原文】M: Let's do something different for vacation this year. Oh, let's go to Colorado. I want to learn to snowboard.

W: Oh, Paul, you know I don't like cold weather. Can't we go someplace warm, like the beach?

3. What will the man probably do?

A. Take the job.

B. Refuse the offer.

C. Change the working hours.【答案】A

【原文】W: This job is for three days a week: Monday, Friday, and Saturday. Are you Okay with that? M: Mmm... I was hoping to have Saturday free. But I need the job, so... can you tell me what exactly I will do?

4. What does the woman say about John?

A. He won't wait for her.

B. He won't come home today.

C. He won't be on time for dinner.

【答案】C

【原文】M: Do you know if John's coming home for dinner?

W: He'll be late. He said not to wait for him.

5. What will the speakers probably do next?

A. Order some boxes.

B. Go home and rest.

C. Continue working.

【答案】B

【原文】W: I'm really tired from packing all these boxes for three hours. It's about time to call it a day. M: I know. Maybe we could do it first thing tomorrow morning.

W: Why not? These orders are not urgent.

第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

6. How does the woman usually go to work?

A. By car.

B. By bus.

C. By train.

7. What do the speakers agree about taking the train?

A. It is safer.

B. It is faster.

C. It is cheaper

【答案】6. A 7. B

【原文】M: Lisa? Hi!

W: Hi, Ned.

M: Don't you usually drive to work?

W: Usually, but not in bad weather.

M: Why is that?

W: The traffic gets a lot worse when it rains or snows.

M: I always take the train. It's a lot faster for me than driving.

W: It's faster for me, too, but the time isn't always convenient.

M: Yeah, but think of all the things you can do on the train----read a book or the newspaper...

W: Or answer my email... No thanks! My workday is long enough already.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

8. What does the man suggest the woman do?

A. Save up for the car.

B. Go to another car dealer.

C. Ask someone to check the car.

9. What is the salesman going to do?

A. Give a discount.

B. Stick to a high price

C. Ask for cash payment.

10. How will the man help the woman?

A. Lend money to her.

B. Drive her car home.

C. Take care of her car.

【答案】8. C 9. A 10. B

【原文】W: I think the car we saw yesterday would be a good deal. What do you think?

M: Yes, but I think you should ask someone to take a look at it just to be sure.

W: My friend Jack knows cars, and he helped me do the check this morning.

M: It was smart of you to think ahead. Have you and the salesman agreed on a price?

W: Yes, he finally agreed to accept the discounted price I asked.

M: Then have you thought about how to pay?

W: Well, I've saved up enough money to pay cash for this car.

M: Good. Let me go with you to make the payment and drive the car home for you.

W: Thank you. That would make it much easier for me.

M: You're welcome. Let's go take care of that right now.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

11. What does the woman think of the living expenses in the city?

A. Fairly low.

B. Just Okay.

C. Very high.

12. What does the woman spend most on?

A. Meals.

B. Trains.

C. Clothes.

13. What does the woman do in her free time?

A. See films.

B. Travel around.

C. Go for a drink.

【答案】11. C 12. B 13. A

【原文】M: Being away from home for college can be stressful. Besides all the pressures of study, there's the pressure on your pocket. Today, let's go to a university to find out. Excuse me. Can I ask you a few questions? W: Well, Okay.

M: How do you find the cost of living in the city?

W: Everything is expensive, including clothing, housing, and traveling.

M: So, what do you spend most on?

W: Transport, I think. For food, if I cook myself, it's not expensive at all. For clothing, I bring my clothes here