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spend,cost, pay, take 用法与练习

spend,take,cost,pay

一、spend的主语必须是人,常用于以下结构:

二、(1)spend money/timeonsth.在……上花费时间/金钱

例:I spent ten yuan on this book.

(2)spendtime(in)doingsth.花费时间(金钱)做某事。

例:Theyspenttwoyears(in)buildingthisbridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。

二、cost的主语是物或某种活动,还可以表示"值"(无被动),常见用法如下:

(sb.)+金钱,某物花了(某人)多少钱。

例:Anewcomputercostsalotofmoney.一台新电脑值很多钱。

This new computer cost me 3500 yuan.

练习,用spend和cost的适当形式填空:

1.The house __________ him $100,000 . cost

2.-----How much does the tea pot ___________cost

------It _________ too much .We c an’t afford it.costs

3.Writing the composition ____________ him much time and patience . cost

4.He___________ much time reading .And he always__________ plenty of money on books.

spends;spends

5.How long does the girl ______________ making tea spend

6.He is always ________________ .spending

7.How do you ____________ your spare time spend

8.He _________ too much money on clothes and shoes last year. spent

三、take后面常跟双宾语,常见用法有以下几种:

(1)Ittakessb.+时间+todosth.做某事花了某人多少时间。

例:Ittookthemthreeyearstobuildthisroad.他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。

(2).+时间,做某事花了某人多少时间。

例:Repairingthiscartookhimthewholeafternoon.他花了一下午修车。

练习,用take 和spend 的适当形式填空:

1.------How much time does it _______ them to complete the task take

------ 5 days.

* _____ much money making our dream come true . spent

_____me a bit of time for my sister helps with housework . takes

2.How much time do you ________ in watching films spend

四、pay的基本用法是:

(1)sb paymoneyforsth.付钱(给某人)买……。

例:Ipaidthem20dollars forthis new coat.

(2)payforsb.替某人付钱。

例:Don‘tworry! I'llpayforyou.

(3)pay sb.付钱给某人。

例:Theypayuseverymonth.他们每月给我们报酬。

*拓展:paymoneyback还钱。

例:MayIborrow12yuanfromyouI'llpayitbacknextmonth.你能借给我12块钱吗下月还你。

payoffone'smoney还清钱

练习,用pay (for) 和spend ,take填空:

much time do you ______ on the project spend

much money did you _______ these books pay for

much will you _______ on the book spend

----$20 .

will _______ $1,000 for the project . pay

_________ him three months to finish this

总结:

take 一般用it做主语。

spend 一般是人做主语。

cost 一般物作主,表示某物值多少,或花了某人多少钱。

pay一般是人做主语。

课后练习

一、选择题

1. Ihaveto them20poundsforthisroomeachmonth.

A. pay

B. paid

C. cost

D. took

2. They spend too much time the report

A. writing

B. to write

C. on writing

D. write

3. ---What beau tiful shoes you’re wearing! They must be expensive .

---No,they only_______ 30 yuan.

A.spent B.took C.paid D.cost

4.---Would you please for my dinner, Peter

---Sure!

A. spend

B. pay

C. cost

5. It will me too much time to read this foreign book.

A. take

B. cost

C. spend

sciencebook____mealot ofmoney.

7. I twohoursonthismathsproblem yesterday.

A. take

B. cost

C. pay D .spent

8. She usually________much time shopping in the supermarkets.

A spends

B costs

C takes

D pays

9. This kind of computer _______ too much. I can't afford one.

B. spends

C. pays

D. costs

will ________ us several years to learn a foreign language well.

A. cost

B. take

C. spend

D. use

二、填空

1. It often ___________ me about 3 hours to get to school from my home. takes

2 .----Who will ___________ for the bill pay

-----Maybe our boss.

4. Since June 1st, 2008, when we want plastic bags in the supermarket, we have to __________(付款) them. pay for

5. He likes English. He spends lots of time _______________(read) it every day. in reading

6. 昨天他花了10分钟乘公共汽车去动物园。

It ____________________________________ yesterday. took him 10 minutes to go to the zoo by bus

took Alice five minutes to finish reading the book.

Alice five minutes reading the ;in/

took him 40 yuan to buy the book Harry Potter.

He_____________40 yuan ________the book Harry Potter. spent;on

He_____________40 yuan for the book Harry Potter. paid

spent 20 minutes cleaning the room yesterday.

It 20 minutes the room yesterday.took us;to clean

pair of glasses cost me five pounds.(保持句子意思)

I five pounds this pair of ;for

三.翻译句子

1.他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词。(spend)

He spent lots of time in remembering these words.

2.我花了100元在这件外套上。(cost/pay)

This coat cost me 100 yuan.

I paid 100 yuan for this coat.