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英语作文常用句型

作文模版一―――对比观点

There is a widespread concern over the issue that (作文题目)But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person.

A majority of people think that _ 观点一_. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this

ttitude as follows: in the first place,原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原

因二. So it goes without saying that观点一. People,however,differ in their opinions on this matter.Some people hold the

idea that观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand,原因一. On the other hand,原因二Therefore, there is no doubt that观点二_.

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that观点一或二.It is not only because ____, but also because ____. The more ____, the more___.

范例1

假定你是某中学学生李华。最近你班同学正在参加21世纪英文报“大家谈”栏目的一个讨论。本次话题为:父母的收入有没有必要让孩子知道?请你根据下表所列情况给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况70%的同学认为:30%的同学认为

1. 父母的收入应该让孩子知道;

2.知道后,知其来之不易,能够更加努力学习;知道后,可以理解家长艰辛,学会俭省,为大人分忧。

2. 父母的收入没有必要让孩子知道;2.如果知道父母收入较好,会助长乱花钱风气知道父母收入后,会以为不用努力也能靠父母,影响学习动力

We do have different opinions on this matter. Most of us (about 70%) think we should know our parents’ income since it will help us understand how hard our parents have to work, no

matter how much they earn. Then we will study harder and will not waste money any

more. We

may also learn to share our parents’ trouble. However, about 30% of my classmates think it unnecessary to let the children know how much

their parents earn. If they know their parents have enough money to support the family, they will not study hard for they needn’t worry about the future. Especially when their parents have a relatively high income, the children will easily form a wasteful habit.

作文模版二―――说明利弊

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A的优点之一). Besides,(A的优点

之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse, (A的第二个缺点).

Through above analyses, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to (我的看法).(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, (对前景的

预测).)

作文模版三―――图表作文

As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table (graph/ picture/

pie/ chart), _作文题目的议题_has been on rise (goes

up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dra matically/ steadily rising/decreasing from_

%in _年_ to _%_ in _年_. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that __现象总结___.

There are at least two good reasons accounting for __。On the one hand,

____. On

the other hand,___ is due to the fact that __.In addition, __ is responsible

for ___.(Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______.But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. )

As far as I am concerned,I hold the point of view that _______. 再加上对策、口号。

范例1

观察下列图表,请以“Changes in the Ownership of House”为题,为校报写一篇短文。

注意:短文应包括以下内容:

1、根据图示描述该市住房产权的变化

2、分析产生这些变化的原因

3、说明这些变化对个人和

社会产生的影响

Ownership of Houses in a Big City in China

As can be seen from the chart, ownership of houses in a big city in China changed in

the past ten years. In 1995, 75 percent of the houses were state-owned. Five years later,

the rate of state-owned houses to private ones was 3 to 2. But from then on, the ownership

of houses changed rapidly and so far 80 percent of houses have been private.

What caused the changes? There might have been two main reasons. First, from 1995 up to

now, the people's living standards have been improving. Most of them can afford to buy the houses. Second, most people do not save a lot of money in the bank for their children as their parents did in the past. They want to have their own home and enjoy life.

Such changes have had a great effect on the development of society. It does good to both the citizens and the government.

范例2

[02’上海春季] Directions: Write an English

composition in over 120 words according to the chart and instructions given in Chinese.

根据图表, 简要描述某市近年每百手机用户增长情况,并试分析其增长的原因More and more people have mobile phones in recent years. In 1995, only one person in a hundred had a mobile phone in some city, as has shown in the above diagram. In 1997, 10 persons in a hundred had mobile phones. The number of the people who had mobile phones was

ten times as many as in 1995. In 1999, there were 20 persons in a hundred who had mobile phones. In 2001, a half of the persons in a hundred had mobile phones.

There are several reasons for the increase of the number of people having mobile phones.

First, the technology of making mobile phones is changing rapidly. Secondly, people’s

income has been increasing quickly. Thirdly,

mobile phones are useful in peo ple’s life,

they can communicate with others conveniently.

书面表达六步法

书面表达

审题:明确体裁,掌握格式

文字信息;图画信息;题材、人称、时态、要点

抓抓住要点,一一对应。以词及点:用一两个单词或短语写出每句话的细节要点。

扩选词造句,点石成金。

联词成句:用联词成句的方法将上述要点的词语扩展成句子。

联句成文:注意:①主语和谓语

②背景(适当增加时间、地点条件等)

③逻辑关系

④开头与结尾

⑤语篇衔接

改检查修改

检查文章中的拼写和标点错误、语法错误逻辑错误等;检查词数是否符合要求;检查内容要点是否全面

删繁就简,使表达更加精炼,措词更加恰当。抄誊写工整

定稿后应认真誊写,要求书写规范、正确、美观,并保持卷面整洁。

高考作文常用56个句型

一、以形式主语it引导的句型。

句型1.

It (so) happened(chanced)that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth.

by chance. 如:

It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在。=He happened to be

out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance

when I got there.

句型2.

It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have

done/to be done/to have been done(还有动词appear等可这样使用)如:

It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京。=He seemed to have been

to Beijing before.

句型3.

It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.如:

It wasn't until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被强调句型中

的谓语动词否定的转移)。It was because he was ill that he didn't come to school today.只

为他有病了今天没有来上学。(只能用because而不能用for, as 或since)

It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。(句中am不能用are来代替。)

句型4.

It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语+should do / did+其它。(从句中的谓语动词用

的是虚拟语气。)如:

It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。

句型5.

It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句. 如:It was said that he had read this novel.据说他读过这篇小说。=He was said to have read this

novel.

句型6.

It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause.(从句中的谓语用should+do / should have

done,其形式是虚拟语气。)如:

It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。

句型7.

It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.(注意从句中的谓语动词用should do或should have done的形

式,但should可以省略。)如:

He didn't come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this

film. 他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。

句型8.

It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause.(从句的谓语动词用should do, 但should可

以省略。)如:

It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议推迟会议。

句型9.

It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。(注意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语从句。

)如:

It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强

调句型。)

句型10.

It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。(注意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when 引导的定语从

句。)如:

It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he

came

back from the United States.

句型11.

It is well-known that+从句。如:

It is well-known that she is a learned woman.众所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女。

句型12.

It is +段时间+since+主语+did. 请比较:

It was +段时间+since+主语+had done. 如:It is five years since he left here.他已经离开这儿五年了。

It was five years since he left here.(同上)

注意下列句型的翻译:It is five years since he lived here.他从这儿搬走已经有五年了。

句型13.

It +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语.(before引导的是时间状语从句。)如:It wasn't long before the people in that country rose up.没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了。It will be three hours before he comes back.三个小时之后他才能回来。

句型14.

It is +形容词(possible, impossible, necessary 等) +for+ sb.+ to do. 如:

It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow.我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的

句型15.

It is +(心理品质方面的)形容词+of + sb. +to do.= 主语+ be +形容词+to do.(常用的形容词有:kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise 等。)如:

It is kind of you to help me.=You are kind to help me.你真好给我提供了帮助。

二、定语从句:

句型16.

由as引导的非限定性的定语从句。如:

As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生。请比较:It is well

-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语从句。)

句型17.

由which引导的非限定性的定语从句。如:He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼

望的职业。(因为先行词professor是表示职业的名词,因此引导词用which,而不用who。

句型18.

由where, when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。)如:

This is the house where I used to come.请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to.

This is the day when I joined the Party.请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on.

(说明:关于that与which之间的区别,请看关系代词that和which的区别。)

三、让步状语从句

句型19.

No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句.(注意从句中的时态一

般情况

下用一般现在时态。)如:

No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无

论你做什么,一定要做好。

No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无

论去哪儿,请通知我。

(说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。)

(注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替。因为

它即作动词tell的宾语,又作后面从句的主语。)

四、条件状语从句

句型20.

When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。(从句也可以放在主句之后。)如:As long as you give me any money, I will let

you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走。Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该

把它学好。

句型21.

主句+on condition that+从句.如:

I will go with you on condition that you give me a sum of money.我和你一起去的条件是你给我

一些钱。

句型22.

主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)

如:

I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非下雨。

句型23.

祈使句,+and/ and then+主句。(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语。)如:

Use your head, and you will find a good idea.

动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意。Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句,我就揍你。

句型24.

If +necessary / impossible/ important等,+主句.(注意:if与形容词之间的it is被省略。)如:

If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做此事。

五、原因状语从句

句型25.

主句+in case+从句.(in case表示以免)如:I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。

句型26.

主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。如:

He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。

六、时间状语从句

句型27.

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