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新外研版初一英语下册各单元语法总练习(答案)

七年级下册重点语法

Module 1语法:名词性物主代词

新外研版初一英语下册各单元语法总练习(答案)

一、选择填空

1、These are pens and ________ are pencils. (that, this, those)

2、Tom was sick yesterday. ________ is why he missed school. ( That, Those, These)

3、Which of ______ shirts are Tom's ( These, this, that)

4、This desk is mine, ______ is hers. ( those, this, that)

5、The map of Beijing is better than ________ of Tianjing. (this, that, these)

6、_______ (He, Her, His ) name is Jack. . _______ (She, He, His) is a cook.

7、_______ (I,My,Mine)aunt is a nurse. ______ (She, He. Her) works very hard.

8、Please show _______ (me, I, mine ) the way.

9、The books aren't ________( my, mine, I ). ________ (They , It, Its ) may be _______(her, hers, your)

10、Let ______(I, me, mine) tell _______(her, she, hers ) how to do it.

二、选择填空

1、Everyone should do ______ best.

A. its

B. ones

C. his

D. their

2. ______ is a close friend of _______.

A. She, mine

B. Her, mine,

C. She, my

D. Hers, my

3. You can not finish the work ________. Let ______ help you.

A. youself, me

B. yourself, mine

C. yourselves, mine

D. yourself, me

4. _______ work is heavy, but ___________ is heavier than _________.

A. Our, their, our

B. Our, theirs, ours

C. Ours, theirs, our

D. Our, their, ours

5. Please take good care of ________.

A. you

B. youself

C. yourself

D. myself

6. Our teacher asked us to enjoy _________ during the summer holidays.

A. us

B. ours

C. we

D. ourselves

7. He always thinks of others and never thinks of _________.

A. him

B. us

C. his

D. himself

8. Music makes ______ relaxing.

A. us

B. ours

C. we

D. he

9. What's Tom's phone number _____ phone number is 81826753.

A. He's

B. His

C. He

D. Her

10. Where is your homework I can't find _______ anywhere.

A.you

B. your

C. yours

D. yourself

Module2语法:情态动词can

肯定句结构:主语+can +动词原形+其他.

否定句结构:主语+can’t(can not)+动词原形+其他.

一般疑问句:把can 提前

肯定回答: Yes,主语+can.

否定回答: No,主语+can’t.

一、用can, can’t填空

1. What ______ you do? I can lift this box, but I ______ lift that heavy chair.

2. ______ he read Chinese? ——No, he ______ read Chinese, but he ______ read English.

3. ______ you stand in front of the door? Then I ______ see you.

4. ______ Penny wash the dishes? Yes, she ______ .

5. I ______ see some spoons, but I ______ see any knives.

6. ______ a cat drink milk? Yes, it ______ .

7. She ______ see some cars, but she ______ see any buses.

8. Look! This is an invitation. ______ you read it?

9. I ______ play the piano and Zhang Peng ______ play football.

10. What ______ Mike do at the party? He ______ dance.

Module3语法:一般将来时be going to+动词原形

肯定句结构:主语+be going to +动词原形+其他.

否定句结构:主语+be not going to +动词原形+其他.

一般疑问句:be动词提前——Be +主语+going to +动词原形+其他?

肯定回答:Yes,主语+be.

否定回答:No,主语+be not.

Module4语法:一般将来时will

肯定句结构:主语+will +动词原形+其他.

否定句结构:主语+will not +动词原形+其他.

一般疑问句:will提前——Will +主语+动词原形+其他?

肯定回答:Yes,主语+will.

否定回答:No,主语+won’t(will not)

注意:be going to 与will的区别

1. 表示计划到某地去,谓语动词go与going重复,一般只说be going to +地点..

2. be going to 表示自己打算做某事,计划做某事或有意做某事

3. will 则表示对未来的猜测

一、单项选择

( ) 1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to

B. will going to be

C. is going to be

D. will go to be

( ) 2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn't working

B. doesn't working

C. isn't going to working

D. won't work

( ) 3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is

B. is; is

C. will be; will be

D. is; will be

( ) 4. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was

B. is going to have

C. will have

D. is going to be

( ) 5. -_____ you ______ free tomorrow? - No. I _____ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will

B. Are; going to be; will

C. Are; going to; will be

D. Are; going to be; will be

( ) 6. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives

B. will give

C. gives

D. give

( ) 7. - Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? -________. (不,不要。)

A. No, you won't.

B. No, you aren't.

C. No, please don't.

D. No, please.

( ) 8. - Where is the morning paper? - I ________ if for you at once.

A. get

B. am getting

C. to get

D. will get

( ) 9. ________ a concert next Saturday?

A. There will be

B. Will there be

C. There can be

D. There are

( ) 10. If they come, we ________ a meeting.

A. have

B. will have

C. had

D. would have

二、用所给动词的一般将来时填空

1. I _____________(leave)in a minute. I __________(finish)all my work before I _________ (leave).

2. -How long ________ you _________(study)in our country?

-I _________(plan)to be here for about one more year.

-I _________(hope)to visit the other parts of your country.

-What ______ you ____________(do)after you _________(leave)here?

-I ___________(return)home and ___________(get)a job.

3. I ______(be)tired. I _____________(go)to bed early tonight.

4. Mary's birthday is next Monday, her mother _______________(give)her a present.

5. It is very cold these days. It ______________(snow)soon.

6. -_______ you __________(be)here this Saturday?

-No. I ___________(visit)my teacher.

7. -____________ I ______________(get)you a copy of today's newspaper?

-Thank you.

8. I am afraid there ____________(be)a meeting this afternoon. I can't join you.

9. Mike ______________(believe, not)this until he _________(see)it with his own eyes.

10. Most of us don't think their team _____________(win).

Module 5语法:特殊疑问句(相当于特殊疑问词加一般疑问句)

新外研版初一英语下册各单元语法总练习(答案)

一、用what time, what color, what day, what填空。

1. A: ______ _______ is it? B: It is nine o'clock.

2. A: ______ _______ does your mother get up? B: My mother gets up at 6:30.

3. A: ______ _______ do you go to bed? B: I go to bed at 10:00.

4. A: ______ _____ do Diana and Fiona have supper? B: Diana and Fiona have supper at 18:00.

5. A: ______ _______is it? B: It is purple.

6. A: ______ _______ is the sky? B: The sky is blue.

7. A: ______ _______ is your coat? B: My coat is black.

8. A: ______ _______ is the dog? B: The dog is white.

9. A: ______ _______ is today? B: Today is Monday.

10. A: ______ _______ is tomorrow? B: Tomorrow is Tuesday.

二、选择正确的单词填空(who, where, when)

1._____ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2._____ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3._____ do you go to school? I go to school from Monday to Friday.

4._____ has a beautiful flower? John has a beautiful flower.

5._____ are they? They are my parents.

6._____ is my mother? She is in the living room.

7._____ are you going? We are going to the bakery(面包坊).

8._____ do Jim and Wendy play ball? They play ball in the afternoon.

9._____ does he jog? He jogs in the park.

10._____ are you from? I'm from Changchun city.

Module 6 语法:方位的表达方式

1、问路相关句型

Could you tell me how to get to...?

Can you tell me the way to ...?

Can you show me the way to ...?

Is there a ... near here?

How can I get /go to...?/get there?

How do I get to...?/get there?

Where is the ...?

2、in front of 在(外面的)前面in the front of 在(里面的)前面

3、go across=cross 穿过(横穿)

4、go along=go down=walk along=walk up=follow 沿着

5、turn left / right 向左转

6、on the right/left 在右边/左边

7、opposite...在...的对面

8、between A and B 在A和B之间,between用在两者之间

9、on the corner (of)... 在...的拐角处

一、单选题

( ) 1 Tom sits____the classroom while John sits____the room.

A. in front of; at back of

B. in the front of; at the back of

C. in front of; at the back of

D. in the front of; at back of

( ) 2 Lucy sits____ the third row, ____Jim‘s left.

A. on; on

B. in; at

C. at; in

D. in; on

( ) 3 Jiangsu is___ the east of China, but Japan is ___ the east of China.

A. to; in

B. in; to .

C. on; to

D. to; on

( ) 4Don‘t read ____ the sun. It‘s bad ___ your eyes.

A. in; to

B. under; for

C. with; to

D. in; for

( ) 5The woman____ a blue dress is my teacher.

A. in

B. on

C. of

D. at

( ) 6 ___ research ___ the universe scientists have put a lot of information ___ computers.

A. With; over; at

B. On; at; to

C. In; about; into

D. For; with; through

( ) 7When a piece of ice is taken ____ a warm room, it gets smaller and smaller until ___ the end it disappears completely.

A. in; in

B. out of; at

C. into; in

D. to; by

( ) 8 A woman fell ___ the boat ___ the water.

A. off; into

B. at; below

C. down; under

D. away; in

( ) 9. They will have a maths test ___two days

A for

B at

C in

D after

Module7-10 语法:一般过去时

一、动词变化

1.直接加ed:work—— worked look——looked

2.以不发音e结尾的单词,直接加d:live ——lived hope——hoped use——used

3.以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i加ed:study——studied carry——carried worry——worried 4.以一个元音字母+辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写最后的辅音字母+ed:stop—— stopped plan——planned

5.不规则变化的动词

二、句子结构

肯定句:主语+动词过去式+其他

否定句:主语+wasn’t/weren’t+表语、主语+didn’t+动词原形+其他

一般疑问句:将was/were/did 提到句子最前面

一、单项选择:从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(10)

( )1.My father______ill yesterday.

A.isn't B.aren't C.wasn't D.weren't

( )2.______your parents at home last week﹖

A.Is B.Was C.Are D.Were

( )3.The twins______in Dalian last year.They______here now.A.are; were B.were; are C.was; are D.were; was

( )4.______your father at work the day_____yesterday(前天)﹖

A.Was; before B.Is; before C.Was; after D.Is; after

( )5.—Who was on duty last Friday﹖

—______.

A.I am B.I was C.Yes, I was D.No, I wasn't

二、请用正确动词形式填空。(10)

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.

She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

三、翻译下列句子(20)

1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。

I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.

2. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。

Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ an English book last night.

3. Emma每天都看电视。可是昨天他没有看。

Emma__________ TV every day. But he _________ ________ ________ yesterday.

4. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。

What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?

They _________ __________ homework and _________ __________.

5. 今天早上方方得做饭,因为他父亲不在家。

This morning Fangfang ____ ____ ____ ____ because his father _____ _____ ____ yesterday.

四、改写句子:(20)

1、Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home.

2、He found some meat in the fridge(冰箱).(变一般疑问句)

___________ he __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?

3、There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)_______ there _______ orange in the cup?

4. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句)

_______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history?

5. Why not go out for a walk? (同义句)_______ ________ ________ out for a walk?

Module 11语法:祈使句

祈使句是表示命令、请求的句子。它的主语是you(听话人),通常不说出。

1.肯定结构的祈使句常以谓语动词原形开头。

2.否定结构的祈使句常在谓语动词原形前加上Never或Don’t。

3.以let引导的祈使句结构:“Let+第一、三人称作宾语+动词原形”,意为“让……”,表示愿望、命令或允许。

4.在开头的动词原形前加Do(务必)或Always(永远),表示强调。如:

Do write to us often! 务必经常给我们写信。

一、单选题。

1. —Call me when you get home.

—OK, ____.

A. I must

B. I can

C. I will

D. I may

2. Jim, _____ me a hand.

A. gives

B. is giving

C. give

D. will give

3. Let me ____ on duty today.

A. am

B. /

C. be

D. do

4. Let's ____ our time.

A. not waste

B. no wasting

C. not to waste

D. no waste

5. —____ higher, and you will see the house.

— OK.

A. If you stand

B. To stand

C. When you stand

D. Stand

6. _____ forget to write to me when you

_____ get there next Tuesday.

A. Don't; will

B. Please; will

C. Please; /

D. Don't; /

7. Please ___ do it.

A. he

B. he let

C. let him

D. him

8. ____ come in, please.

A. Will

B. Do

C. Won't

D. Did

9. _____ careful!

A. Be do

B. Do be

C. Not

D. Not do

10. _____ let anyone open the door.

A. Don't

B. Will

C. Not

D. No

11. ____ 6 and 4, and you will get ten.

A. Added

B. Adding

C. To add

D. Add

12.____ late again, or I’ll report it to your father.

A. Don’t be

B. You aren’t

C. Can’t be

D. Aren’t

13. _____ get off the lorry until it stops.

A. Do

B. Can’t

C. /

D. Don’t

二、根据汉语意思完成下列英语句子,每空一词。

1. 这边请!

____________ ____________, please!

2. 我来帮你吧。

__________ ____________ help you.

3. 我们休息一下吧。

___________ ___________ a rest.

4. 让她走吧。

___________ ___________ leave.

5. 要永远记住那个可怕的日子。

___________ ___________ that terrible day.

6. 务必告诉他这个消息!

___________ ___________ him the news!

三、单项选择

( )1. _____ this kind of peach, and you will like it.

A. To try

B. Trying

C. Try

D. Tried

( )2. _____ the radio, please. The baby is sleeping now.

A. Not turn on

B. Don’t turn on

C. Not turn down

D. Don’t turn down ( )3. —Please bring your homework to school tomorrow, Steven.

—OK, I _____.

A. will

B. won’t

C. do

D. don’t

( )4. —Peter, don’t step on the grass.

—______.

A. It doesn’t matter

B. I can’t do it

C. Don’t worry

D. Sorry, I won’t do it again

( )5. — Remember to ask her to call me back.

—______.

A. Never mind

B. That’s right

C. Up to you

D. All right

( )6. —Let’s go out and enjoy the sunshine.

—_____. It’s boring to stay at home.

A. Sounds great

B. Not at all

C. Forget it

D. No way

( )7. —______ late for school again, Tim!

—Sorry, I promise that I ______.

A. Don’t; won’t

B. Don’t be; won’t

C. Don’t be; don’t

D. Don’t; will ( )8. Boys and girls, ______ up your hands if you want to go for a picnic this weekend.

A. putting

B. to put

C. put

D. puts

Module12语法:感叹句

感叹句是用来表示喜怒哀乐等强烈感情的句子,通常由how或what来引导。

一.what通常修饰名词,引导的感叹句的结构为:

1. What + a(n) +形容词+可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语+其他!

2. What +形容词+可数名词的复数形式+主语+谓语+其他!

3. What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语+其他!

二.how通常修饰副词或形容词,引导的感叹句的结构为:

1. How +形容词或副词+主语+谓语!

2. How +主语+谓语!

一、填入适当的词完成下列感叹句。

1).________ difficult homework we had yesterday!

2).________cute dog it is!

3).________ interesting the story is!

4).________ bad the weather in England is!

5).________ honest boy Tom is !

6).________ tasty smell the cake gave off!

7).________ good time we had on the beach yesterday!

8).________ exciting news you've brought us!

9).________cool your new car is!

10).________ scary these tigers are!

二、选择填空。

1. _______ fast the boy ran!

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

2. _______ well you sing but _______ badly he dances!

A. How, how

B. What, what

C. How, what

D. What, how

3. ________ delicious the soup is! I’d like some more.

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

4. _______ fools they were! They believed what the man said.

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

5. _______ foolish they were! They believed what the man said.

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

6. _______ difficult questions they are! I can’t answer them.

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

7. I miss my friend very much. _______ I want to see her!

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

8. _______ lovely weather we are having these days!

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

9. _______ beautiful your new dress is!

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

10. _______ interesting work it is to teach children!

A. How

B. How an

C. What

D. What an

三、所给句子填空,使填空句变为相应的感叹句:

1. The boy swam very fast.(同义句)_______ _______ the boy swam!

2. The school trip is very exciting. (同义句)_____ ______ the school trip is!

3. Hei Longjiang looks very beautiful in winter. (同义句)

_______ _______ Hei Longjiang looks in winter!

4. It is a very useful dictionary. (同义句)

_______ _______ _______ dictionary it is!

_______ _______ _______ dictionary is!

参考答案:

M1答案

一、1、those 2、that 3、these 4、that 5、that 6、His He 7、My She

8、me 9、mine hers 10、me her

二、CADBC DDABC

M2答案

一、1、can can’t 2、Can can’t can 3、Can can 4、Can can 5、Can can’t

6、Can can

7、can can’t

8、Can

9、can can 10、can can

M3\M4答案

一、CDDDD BCDAB

二、

1、will leave will finish leave

2、will stay plan hope will do leave will return get

3、am will go

4、will give

5、will snow

6、Will be will visit

7、Would get

8、will be

9、won’t belive

10、will win

M5答案

一、1、What time 2、What time 3、What time 4、What time

5、What color

6、What color

7、What color

8、What color

9、What day 10、What day

二、1、Who 2、Where 3、When 4、Who 5、Who

6、Where

7、Where

8、When

9、Where 10、Where

M6答案

BDBDA CCAC

M7-10答案

一、CDBAB

二、1、had 2、Did practice didn’t 3、did do watched read

4、went didn’t visit

5、stayed did

三、1、had a busy but

2\reading books read

3\ watches didn’t watch TV

4\ did do last did their went shopping

5\ had to cook breakfast wasn’t at home

四、1、didn’t do

2、Did find any

3、Was any

4、Did read

5、What about going

M11答案

一、CCCAD DCBBA DAD

二、1、This way 2、Let me 3、Let’s have 4、Let her 5、Always remember 6、Do tell

三、CBADD ABC

M12答案

一、

1、What

2、What a

3、How

4、How

5、What an

6、What

7、What a

8、What

9、How 10、How

二、AAADA CACAC

三、1、How fast 2\How exciting 3、How beautiful 4、What a useful How useful the