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VRRP配置

i 目 录

1 VRRP ················································································································································· 1-1 

1.1 VRRP简介 ········································································································································· 1-1 

1.2 VRRP标准协议模式··························································································································· 1-2 

1.2.1 VRRP备份组 ··························································································································· 1-2 

1.2.2 VRRP定时器 ··························································································································· 1-3 

1.2.3 Master路由器选举 ··················································································································· 1-4 

1.2.4 VRRP监视功能 ······················································································································· 1-4 

1.2.5 VRRP应用 ······························································································································ 1-5 

1.3 VRRP负载均衡模式··························································································································· 1-6 

1.3.1 虚拟MAC 地址的分配 ·············································································································· 1-7 

1.3.2 虚拟转发器 ······························································································································ 1-9 

1.4 协议规范 ·········································································································································· 1-11 

1.5 配置IPv4 VRRP ······························································································································· 1-11 

1.5.1 IPv4 VRRP配置任务简介······································································································ 1-11 

1.5.2 配置IPv4 VRRP的工作模式 ·································································································· 1-12 

1.5.3 配置使用的IPv4 VRRP版本 ·································································································· 1-12 

1.5.4 创建备份组并配置备份组的虚拟IP 地址 ················································································ 1-12 

1.5.5 配置路由器在备份组中的优先级、抢占方式及监视功能 ······················································· 1-13 

1.5.6 配置IPv4 VRRP报文的相关属性 ··························································································· 1-14 

1.5.7 配置虚拟转发器监视功能 ······································································································ 1-15 

1.5.8 开启告警功能 ························································································································ 1-15 

1.5.9 关闭IPv4 VRRP备份组 ········································································································· 1-16 

1.5.10 IPv4 VRRP显示和维护 ······································································································· 1-16 

1.6 配置IPv6 VRRP ······························································································································· 1-16 

1.6.1 IPv6 VRRP配置任务简介······································································································ 1-16 

1.6.2 配置IPv6 VRRP的工作模式 ·································································································· 1-17 

1.6.3 创建备份组并配置备份组的虚拟IPv6地址············································································ 1-17 

1.6.4 配置路由器在备份组中的优先级、抢占方式及监视功能 ······················································· 1-18 

1.6.5 配置虚拟转发器监视功能 ······································································································ 1-19 

1.6.6 配置IPv6 VRRP报文的相关属性 ··························································································· 1-19 

1.6.7 关闭IPv6 VRRP备份组 ········································································································· 1-20 

1.6.8 IPv6 VRRP显示和维护 ········································································································· 1-20 

1.7 IPv4 VRRP典型配置举例 ················································································································ 1-21 

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