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人教版八年级英语下册6-10单元课堂笔记

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

一语法学习

be过去式was/were 过去分词been

现在完成进行时:动作发生在过去,持续到现在,还在进行,未停止。

谓语构成:have/has been doing ,此结构中been 无意义。

I have been skating for five hours.

I have been skating since five o’clock.

for+一段时间,since +一个时间点

练习:用现在完成进行时填空

1.He _____ ______ ______(skate) for four hours.

2.She _____ ____ _____ (study) English for ten years.

3.Li Ly ____ ____ ______ (collect) kites since he was ten years old.

4.You ____ ____ _____ (listen) to music videos.

5.How long ___ you ___ ___ (watch) English movies?

6.How long _____ Li Ly ____ ____ (write) in English? ______ six years.

练习:用since 和for 填空

1 I stayed in Beijing ______ six days last year.

2 I have been learning English _____ I was 11 years old.

3.He has been running ____ six o’clock this morn ing.

4 We have been knowing each other _____ we knew each other.

二词汇考察

1.动词+er变成名词,teach------teacher work----worker write-----writer dance----dancer

动词+or变成名词act---actor collect-----collector

2 a pair of ……,一双,一副,后加可数名词复数a pair of shoes一双鞋,a pair of glasses一副眼镜,a pair of skates 一副滑冰鞋

3为……筹集钱____ money _____

4.隔……一次how often 多久之后how ____ 多长时间how_____

5 整整五个小时the ______ five hours

6.别的人anyone ______ 别的(另外)还有谁who_____别的(另外)还有什么what______ 别的人们________ people 别的东西____ thing

7 顺便说一下___ the way

8 用完,用光run ____ ____

9.with与without,with带着,without 没有,I would like Chinese tea with nothing in it.我喜欢中国的清茶。Without your help ,I can’t do it.没有你的帮助,我做不了。This is an interesting city _____ 具有a very colorful history.这是一个具有绚丽多彩历史的城市。

10 be interested 与be interesting 区别

be interested in 是人对……感兴趣,人的感受,前边有be,后边有ed,事物本身有兴趣用interesting We are interested in the interesting story. 我们对这个有趣的故事感兴趣。

11 thousand 与thousands of 的区别thousand 前边有具体的数字修饰,不带s,当它带s用作复数时,常和of 连用,表示数以千计。There are thousands of people in the park on Sunday.星期天公园里有数以千计的人。There are five thousand books in the library.图书室有500本书。million 百万five million 五百万,millions of 数以百万计

12 the more I learn, the more I enjoy.我越学,我越喜欢。比较级连用,表示“越来越……”程度递增The more, the better.越多越好。Summer is coming and it’s g etting _______(hot) and

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