文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 专四词汇练习附答案详解

专四词汇练习附答案详解

1. Evidence came up ____specific sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months old.

A. what

B. that

C. which

D. whose

2. I understand ____preparation that staff must put in under pressure to meet the deadline.

A. more than the enormous amount of

B. better than most the enormous number of

C. better than most the enormous amount of

D. fewer than the number of

3. I’m sure your suggestion will ____ the problem.

A. contribute to solving

B. be contributed to solve

C. contribute to solve

D. be contributed to solving

4. In 1840, both Lucretian Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton resented ______ proper seating at the World’s Anti slavery convention in London because of their sex.

A. refusing

B. to be refused

C. being refused

D. having refused

5. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it ____before the West was settled.

A. could

B. did

C. would

D. was

6. You should have put the milk into the icebox, I expect it ____undrinkable.

A. became

B. had become

C. has become

D. becomes

7. It’s no good ____ him. He is always indifferent towards others’ matters.

A. to turn to

B. turning to

C. turn to

D. turned to

8. Some companies have introduced flexible working time with less emphasis on pressure ____ .

A. than more on efficiency

B. and more on efficiency

C. and more efficiency

D. than efficiency

9. She always put her medication on the top of the shelf lest the children ____it by mistake.

A. took

B. should take

C. had taken

D. would take

10. The earnings of women are well below that of men

____educational differences that are diminishing between the two sexes.

A. although

B. though

C. despite of

D. in spite of

11. Many automobile accidents were ____careless driving.

A. attributed to

B. resulted in

C. contributed to

D. raised from

12. The actress wanted a hat to ____ her dress.

A. go by

B. go through

C. go out

D. go with

13. It takes a lot of____to put on a school play such as King Lear.

A. organization

B. arrangement

C. management

D. preparation

14. The police carried out a(n)____search for the mising boy.

A. complete

B. entire

C. thorough

D. whole

15. The ____crown jewels are kept in the Tower of London.

A. valued

B. valueless

C. invaluable

D. usable

16. Tom has been a vegetarian ____ principle for years.

A. in

B. on

C. for

D. by

17. When I got out of the car and walked about among them, ____one old man who shook his head disapprovingly, they all began to cheer.

A. see that

B. except that

C. provided that

D. except for

18. ____the water left in the kettle, the doctor put several things he unwrapped from a handkerchief.

A. At

B. To

C. Within

D. Into

19. I am ____ grateful for the many kindnesses you have shown my son.

A. excessively

B. much

C. certainly

D. exceedingly

20. The ____ of AIDS has led to an expansion in research seeking

a cure.

A. innovation

B. selection

C. proliferation

D. conviction

21. I am sorry I have no time at present to ____more detail or give you an account of other cities of interest.

A. bring into

B. take into

C. come into

D. go into

22. When the idea of winning in sports is carried to excess, ____competition can turn into disorder and violence.

A. honestly

B. honest

C. honorable

D. honorary

23. Unless all the members agree to ____to the plan there may be further development in the course of action.

A. tumble

B. stick

C. come

D. adjust

24. You must pay import ____on certain goods brought into this country.

A. money

B. fees

C. bills

D. duties

25. We expect Mr. White will ____ Class One when Miss Jane retires.

A. take over

B. take up

C. take off

D. take to

试题答案与解析

1. B)

【句意】有证据表明,小至六个月的婴儿就能识别具体的声音。

【难点】 evidence后面的同位语从句被全句的谓语动词came up隔开,同位语从句须由that引导,所以B)项正确。

2. C)

【句意】我比多数人更能理解员工们在最后期限的压力下所做的大量准备工作。

【难点】 understand better than...意为“对…非常理解”。preparation是不可数名词,须用amount修饰,故选C)。

3. A)

【句意】我相信你的建议将有助于问题的解决。

【难点】 contribute to意为“有助于,促成”,to是介词,所以后面应接名词或动名词,故选A)。

4. C)

【句意】 1840年,露克里蒂安?莫特和伊丽莎白?凯蒂?斯坦顿因为他们的性别而没有得到伦敦世界废奴大会的席位,他们对此表示愤慨。【难点】 resent后接名词或动名词作宾语,根据句意的要求,应使用动名词的被动语态形式,故选C)。

5. B)

【句意】作为一个国家来说,美国将不再具有开拓西部前所具有的那种冒险精神。

【难点】从意义来看,空格应填had,但主句中have是实义动词,为避免重复,可用助动词do替代,即用did替代had,故B)为答案。

6. C)

【句意】你本该把牛奶放到冰里。我想现在这牛奶不能喝了。

【难点】从句意分析,牛奶已经变质,不能喝了,属过去发生的动作

对现在造成影响,再加上by now是现在完成时的典型时间状语,故选C)

7. B)

【句意】向他求助没用,他对别人的事总是漠不关心。

【难点】 It is no good doing sth是一个常见的句型,意为“做…没用”,no good后面应接动名词形式。

8. B)

【句意】有些公司采用弹性工作时间制,更注重效率,而不是压力。【难点】 pressure和efficiency处于并列的位置,所以正确答案是

B)。and more on efficiency,即more(emphasis) on efficiency。

9. B)

【句意】她总是把自己的药放到搁架上以免孩子错拿。

【难点】 lest意为“以免”,后接虚拟语气should+动词原形。10. D)

【句意】尽管两性之间所受教育的差别正在缩小,妇女的收入仍大大低于男人的收入。

【难点】四个选项中只有in spite of后可接名词,despite不能和of连用,although和though是连词,后接从句。

11. A)

【句意】许多汽车交通事故都起因于莽撞驾车。

【难点】 attribute to意为“把…归因于;contribute to意为“有助于,促成”;result in意为“导致,结果造成”;raise from不是固定搭配。

12. D)

【句意】那个女演员想要一个与她的连衣裙相配的帽子。

【难点】 go with意为“与…相配”;go by意为“根据…作出判断”;gothrough意为“通过;经历”;go out意为“过时”。

13. A)

【句意】上演《李尔王》这样一部校园剧需要大量的组织工作。

【难点】 organization意为“组织(行为)”;arrangement意为“安排”;management意为“经营,管理”;preparation意为“准备(状态);准备工作”。

14. C)

【句意】警方为寻找失踪的男孩进行了一次彻底搜寻。

【难点】 thorough意为“彻底的”;complete意为“完全的,全部的”;entire意为“整个的,全部的”;whole意为“全体的,全部的”。

15. C)

【句意】那些无价的皇冠珠宝保存在伦敦塔里。

【难点】 invaluable意为“非常宝贵的,无价的”;valued意为“受

重视的;宝贵的”;valueless意为“没有价值的,毫无用处的”;usable 意为“可用的,能用的”。

16. B)

【句意】多年来,汤姆一直是一个按原则行事的素食者。

【难点】 on principle意为“根据行为准则;按照原则”;in principle意为“原则上;基本上;大体上”。for和by不与principle 搭配。

17. D)

【句意】当我下车走在他们中间的时候,除了一个老头不满地摇了摇头,大家都开始欢呼。

【难点】 except for意为“除…以外”,后接名词;see that意为“留意…;负责…;务必…”;except that意为“除去…之外”后接句子;provided that意为“倘若,在…条件下”。

18. D)

【句意】那位医生打开手帕里包着的几样东西,放入了壶内剩下的水里。

【难点】为强调放入水中,把地点状语放到了句首。

19. D)

【句意】我非常感激你给我儿子的那么多照顾。

【难点】 exceedingly意为“非常,极其”;excessively意为“过

多地,过分地”;much常以too much,so much,very much的形式出现;certainly意为“无疑地;一定”。

20. C)

【句意】爱滋病的扩散使得人们做更多的研究工作去寻找治疗的方法。

【难点】 proliferation意为“激增;扩散”;innovation意为“革新,创新”;selection意为“选择;选拔”conviction意为“定罪,判罪”。

21. D)

【句意】对不起,我眼下没时间讲得更细,也不能把其它旅游城市给你进行一个描述。

【难点】 go into意为“叙述;讨论”;bring后面很少加into; take into和come into与本题意不符。

22. C)

【句意】当竞争意识发展到极端时,荣誉可能变成混乱和暴力。

【难点】 honorable意为“荣誉的,光荣的”;honestly是副词,意为“诚实地”,不能修饰名词,honest虽能修饰名词,但其意义不合题意;honorary意为“(学位、称号等)作为一种荣誉而授予的,名誉的”。

23. B)

【句意】除非所有成员都同意坚持这个计划,否则行动过程中会有进

一步改进。

【难点】 stick to意为“坚持;坚守”;tumble to意为“突然察觉”;come to意为“降临,发生”;adjust to意为“调整;适应”。

24. D)

【句意】带入本国的某些商品要交进口税。

【难点】 duties意为“税,关税”;bill意为“帐单”;fee意为“费”。

25. A)

【句意】我们希望珍妮小姐退休后,怀特先生能够接管一班。

【难点】 take over意为“接收,接管”;take up意为“开始采用;采取,承担”;take off意为“脱去;拿掉”;take to意为“开始从事;开始沉湎于”。

1. The bank is reported in the local newspaper ____in broad daylight yesterday.

A. to be robbed

B. robbed

C. to have been robbed

D. having been robbed

2. ____before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success.

A. Though having never acted

B. As he had never acted

C. Despite he had never acted

D. In spite of his never having acted

3. By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the world'spopulation ____ in cities rather than in the country.

A. are living

B. will be living

C. have lived

D. will have lived

4. Mr. Milton prefers to resign ____part in such dishonest business deals.

A. than take

B. than to take

C. rather than take

D. rather than to take

5. No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything ____going on in the world.

A. it is

B. as is

C. there is

D. what is

6. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, ______a sudden loud noise.

A. being there

B. should there be

C. there was

D. there have been

7. Bit by bit , a child makes the necessary changes to make his language____.

A. as other people

B. as other people’s

C. like other people

D. like other people’s

8. Clothing made of plastic fibres has certain advantages

over____made of natural fibres like cotton, wool, or silk.

A. one

B. the one

C. that

D. what

9. The treasury issued an order stating that ____ land purchased from the government had to be paid for in gold and silver.

A. henceforth

B. moreover

C. whereby

D. however

10. The students expected there ____more reviewing classes before the final exams.

A. is

B. being

C. have been

D. to be

11. It was during summer breaks that we first taste the satisfaction work that ____into hard currency.

A. translates

B. transfers

C. transplants

D. transmits

12. In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics___or may give you a choice of topics to write about.

A. in advance

B. ahead of

C. above all

D. right away

13. It was the driver’s ____that caused him to step on the gas

instead of the brake after his car went over the curb.

A. fraud

B. alarm

C. terror

D. panic

14. Danny left this ____ message on my answering machine:“I must see you. Meet me at twelve o’clock.” Did he mean noon or midnight?

A. ambiguous

B. responsible

C. implicit

D. thoughtful

15. We looked for a table to sit down, but they were all ____.

A. reserved for

B. engaged in

C. used up

D. taken up

16.She will have to find somewhere else to work, for she can’t ____this loud noise any longer.

A. come up with

B. catch up with

C. keep up with

D. put up with

17.Tom ____his new job with confidence.

A. set out

B. set off

C. set up

D. set about

18. The truck driver was fined for exceeding the speed ____ .

A. range

B. limit

C. rule

D. regulation

19. The crippled Jack proudly walked with a ____ to the platform to join the children.

A. jump

B. limp

C. hop

D. jog

20. He cannot____a car, for he does not earn much money.

A. obtain

B. afford

C. donate

D. consume

21. The message is clear: Just as tea and banana cant’t go together, ______ should the son of a low class family expect to marry the daughter of a nobleman.

A. either

B. not

C. neither

D. nor

22. Though ____rich, she was better off than at any other period in her life.

A. by means of

B. within her means

C. by all means

D. by no means

23. It is a(n) ____attitude to take towards life.

A. absurd

B. silly

C. stupid

D. authentic

24. Every year, one student in our high school wins a scholarship that ____ one year of college.

A. improves

B. subsidizes

C. obliges

D. inflicts

25. He wrote the book in ____with his wife.

A. proportion

B. installment

C. correspondence

D. collaboration

试题答案与解析

1. C)

【句意】据当地报纸报道,那家银行昨天在光天化日下遭到抢劫。【难点】动词不定式的完成式做主语的补足语,说明不定式的行为发生在谓语动作之前。

2. D)

【句意】虽然他以前从未表演过,但他为业余剧团做的首次表演还是很成功。

【难点】 in spite of意为“尽管,虽然”,后接名词或名词性短语,引导出来状语。选项A)没有主语或逻辑主语,选项B)是原因状语从句,选项C)的despite不能引导状语从句,因为它是介词。

3. B)

【句意】到二十一世纪中叶,世界上大多数人口将生活在城市而不是农村。

【难点】因为时间状语by the middle of the 21st century指的是将来,所以选将来进行时。

4. C)

【句意】米尔先生宁愿辞职也不参加这种不诚实的商业交易。

【难点】 prefer意为“宁愿”,其后接名词或动词不定式;prefer to

dosth. rather than do sth.意为“宁愿…而不愿…”,rather than 后接不带to的不定式。

5. C)

【句意】大家都没有时间去读或去听有关世界上正在发生的一切事件的描述。

【难点】在以there be为谓语动词的定语从句中,如关系代词作主语,则关系代词便可省略。

6. B)

【句意】如果突然出现巨大的噪音,这些动物真的有可能受到惊吓。

【难点】该句是一个省略if的倒装的虚拟条件句,可还原为“if there should be...”。

7. D)

【句意】一点一点地,儿童就会将自己的语言作些必要的修改,而使之与他人的语言相像。

【难点】 as和like都可以表示“像…一样”,但as是连词,后跟从句,like是介词,后跟名词或名词性短语。

8. C)

【句意】用塑料纤维制成的衣服比用棉花、羊毛或丝绸等天然纤维制成的衣服有些优势。

【难点】 clothing是衣服、被褥的总称,不能用one或the one来指代。what相当于“先行词+that”,后边要接从句。所以只能用that 指代clothing。

9. A)

【句意】财政部发布命令,从即日起,向政府购买土地须以金、银支付。

【难点】 henceforth意为“从今以后”,符合题意要求。

10. D)

【句意】学生们期望期末考试前能有更多的复习课。

【难点】动词expect后必须接动词不定式作其宾语,因此,只有D)为正确。

11. A)

【句意】暑假期间,我们第一次尝到了把劳动变成货币的滋味。【难点】 translate意为“变换,把…转化成”;transfer意为“移交,迁移”;transplant意为“移植(器官)”;transmit意为“传染(疾病),传达(知识)”。

12. A)

【句意】在有些情况下,你的导师会事先告诉你题目或把题目给你由你选写。

【难点】 in advance意为“事先,预先”;ahead of意为“ 在…

之前”;above all意为“尤其,最重要的是”;right away意为“立刻;马上”。

13. D)

【句意】车上了马路边后,司机由于惊慌,没踩刹车,却踩了油门。【难点】 panic意为“惊慌,慌乱”;fraud意为“欺骗,骗局”;alarm意为“警报”;terror意为“恐怖”。

14. A)

【句意】丹尼在我们回答机上留下一条模棱两可的信息:“我必须见你。12点来接我。”他是说中午还是半夜?

【难点】 ambiguous意为“模棱两可的;含糊的”;responsible意为“负责的”;implicit意为“暗含的”;thoughtful意为“沉思的,思考的”。

15. D)

【句意】我们要找个桌子坐下,可是所有餐桌都已有人。

【难点】 take up意为“占去(时间、地方、注意力等)”;reserve for 意为“为…留出,保留”;engage in意为“从事;参加”;use up意为“用完,用光;耗尽”。

16. D)

【句意】她将不得不去别处找工作,因为她再也不能忍受这么大的噪