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南昌工程学院英语水平考试样卷

南昌工程学院英语水平考试样卷

Part I Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the following topic with the hints given below. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. Write your essay on Answer Sheet 1.

A Low-carbon Lifestyle

1) 低碳生活受到人们的普遍欢迎。

2) 低碳生活方式非常有好处。

3) 我们应该如何去做。

Part II Listening Comprehension ( 30 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear several conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.

1. A) She can not find her passport.

B) Her passport is in the car.

C) Her passport is missing.

D) Somebody stole her passport.

2. A) 450 million.

B) 400 million.

C) 550 million.

D) 470 million.

3. A) Mike's friends didn't plan to go to the game.

B) All of them couldn't ride in the woman's car.

C) Mike had a scar on his ear.

D) Mike's car wasn't available.

4. A) She's a little tired.

B) She wants to go to the saloon.

C) She is going to listen to music in the library.

D) She is going to the library for some information.

5. A) Find a new repair shop.

B) Take a bus to work.

C) Buy a different car.

D) Hire a new car.

6. A) His father.

B) His mother.

C) His brother.

D) His sister.

7. A) The man has more work to do on his paper than Henry on his.

B) The man himself will speak to Henry about his research paper.

C) The man has been talking to Henry about his paper.

D) The man has finished more than half of his research paper.

8. A) She thought there were no tickets left for the show.

B) She thought the seats on the left side were fully occupied.

C) The show was planned a long time ago.

D) The audience were deeply impressed by the show.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. A) 1980.

B) 1982.

C) 1984.

D) 1986.

10. A) It is an inland city.

B) It is one of the nicest cities in America.

C) It has ocean and hills around.

D) It is a liberal city.

11. A) She had finished up her graduate school.

B) She was tired of living there.

C) People's mind is different after 911.

D) She thought the city was too liberal.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A) By train.

B) By bus.

C) By taking others' car.

D) By plane.

13. A) Expensive.

B) Wasting time.

C) Tiring.

D) Cheap and effective.

14. A) Pleasure.

B) Knowledge.

C) Adventure.

D) A, B and C.

15. A) By train.

B) First by train, then hike.

C) Hike.

D) Without mention.

Section B

Directions:In this section, you will hear several short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) They are kept in open prisons.

B) They are allowed out of the prison grounds.

C) They are ordered to do cooking and cleaning.

D) They are a small portion of the prison population.

17. A) Some of their prisoners are allowed to study or work outside prisons.

B) Most of their prisoners are expected to work.

C) Their prisoners are often sent to special centers for skill training.

D) Their prisoners are allowed freedom to visit their families.

18. A) They are encouraged to do maintenance for the training center.

B) Most of them get paid for their work.

C) They have to cook their own meals.

D) They can choose to do community work.

Passage T wo

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) Which had a small yard.

B) Downstairs.

C) Upstairs.

D) On the ground floor.

20. A) Their neighbors were making a big noise too.

B) Their neighbors did not like the house.

C) They were lucky because they did not move downstairs.

D) The police were coming.

21. A) The noise came from upstairs.

B) They were dancing downstairs.

C) People were beating drums everywhere.

D) The police were making a big noise.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) The long distance between his home town and New Y ork.

B) His unpopular character.

C) The high unemployment rate in New Y ork.

D) His criminal record.

23. A) He wanted to be put in prison again.

B) He needed the money to support his family.

C) He hated the barber there.

D) He wanted to make himself well known.

24. A) He went directly to the police station.

B) He drove out of the town and tried to escape.

C) He waited for the police to arrest him.

D) He argued with the police angrily.

25. A) Mr. Spears enjoyed living in prison.

B) Mr. Spears was known as a greedy man in his community.

C) The police in New Y ork were not very efficient.

D) The only way for Mr. Spears to support his family was by going to prison again. Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

The first true piece of sports equipment (26)_________________ was the ball.

In ancient Egypt, as everywhere, pitching stones was a (27)_________________ . But a badly thrown rock (28)_________________ . Looking for something less dangerous to throw, the Egyptians made (29)___________________________________________________ .

At first, balls (30)_________________ held together by vines. Later they were made of pieces of animal skin sewed together and (31)_________________ .

Even though the Egyptians were warlike, they (32)_________________ . Before long they had developed a number of ball games, (33)_________________ . Perhaps they played ball (34)___________________________________________________ . Ball playing was thought of mainly as a way to teach young men the speed and skill (35)_________________ .

Part III Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes )

Section A

Directions:In this section, there is a passage with several blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36-45 are based on the following passage.

A new study has found that 36 half of teens ages 16 and 17 who own cell phones have talked on the phone while driving. About one-third of those same teens have 37 behind the wheel.

These 38 were found by the Pew Research Center's Internet and American Life Project, which 39 800 teens last summer. During 40 groups it was found that some teens wouldn't 41 the danger of using a cell phone while driving. Others said they thought it was unsafe and that their parents 42 in the practice most often.

Some teens said that a desire to stay 43 with friends prompts them to use their cell phones when they drive. To reduce the danger, 44 , they said they have a passenger text for them, only text at red lights, or hold the phone up high so they can keep their eyes 45 the road.

A) interviewed B) texted C) focus D) acknowledge

E) off F) conflicts G) connected H) engage

I) substantially J) approximately K) comprised L) statistics

M) on N) however O) setting

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by matching the corresponding letter with each statement.

A)Many of the 1.5 million children in the U.S. whose parents divorce every year feel as if their worlds are falling apart. Divorcing parents are usually very concerned about the welfare of their children during this troublesome process. Some parents are so worried that they remain in unhappy marriages, believing it will protect their children from the hurt of divorce. Y et parents who split have reasons for hope. Researchers have found that only a relatively small percentage of children experience serious problems in the following days of divorce or, later, as adults.

B)Divorce affects most children in the short run, but research suggests that kids recover rapidly after the initial blow. In a 2002 study psychologist E. Mavis Hetherington and her student Anne Mitchell Elmore found that many children experience short-term negative effects from divorce, especially anxiety, anger, shock and disbelief. These reactions typically diminish or disappear by the end of the second year. Only a minority of kids suffer longer.

C)Most children of divorce also do well in the longer term. In a quantitative review of the literature in 2001, sociologist Paul R. Amato examined the possible effects on children several years after a divorce. The studies compared children of married parents with those who experienced divorce at different ages. The investigators followed these kids into later childhood, adolescence or the teenage years, assessing their academic achievement, emotional and behavior problems, delinquency (少年犯罪),self-concept and social relationships. On average, the studies found only very small differences on all these measures between children of divorced parents and those from unbroken families, suggesting that the vast majority of children endure divorce well.

D)Researchers have consistently found that high levels of parental conflict during and after a divorce are associated with poorer adjustment in children. The effects of conflict before the separation, however, may be the reverse in some cases. In a 1985 study Hetherington and her associates reported that some children who are exposed to high levels of marital conflict prior to divorce adjust better than children who experience low levels. Apparently when marital conflict is covered, children are often unprepared when told about the upcoming divorce. They are surprised, perhaps even terrified, by the news. In addition, children from high-conflict families may experience the divorce as a welcome relief from their parents' fighting.

E)Taken together, the findings suggest that only a small percentage of young people experience divorce-related problems. Some troubles may arise from conflict between Mom and Dad associated with the divorce. The stress of the situation can also cause the quality of parenting to suffer. Divorce frequently contributes to depression, anxiety or substance abuse in one or both parents and may bring about difficulties in balancing work and child rearing. These problems can damage a parent's ability to offer children stability and love when they are most in need.

F)The experience of divorce can also create problems that do not appear until the late teenage years or adulthood. In 2000 in a book entitled The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce: A25 Y ear Landmark Study, Judith Wallerstein and her colleagues present detailed case studies suggesting that most adults who were children of divorce experience serious problems such as depression and relationship issues.

G)Y et scientific research does not support the view that problems in adulthood are popular; it instead demonstrates that most children of divorce become well-adjusted adults. For example, in a 2002 book, Hetherington and her co-author John Kelly describe a 25-year study in which Hetherington followed children of divorce and children of parents who stayed together. She found that 25 percent of the adults whose parents had divorced experienced serious social, emotional or psychological troubles compared with 10 percent of those whose parents remained together. These

findings suggest that only 15 percent of adult children of divorce experience problems over and above those from stable families. No one knows whether this difference is caused by the divorce itself or by some changeable factors, such as poorer parenting, that often accompany a marriage's ending.

H)In a review article in 2003, psychologists Joan B. Kelly, Calif., and Robert E. Emery concluded that the relationships of adults whose parents' marriages failed do tend to be somewhat more problematic than those of children from stable homes. For instance, people whose parents split when they were young experience more difficulty forming and sustaining intimate relationships as young adults, greater dissatisfaction with their marriages, a higher divorce rate compared with adults from sustained marriages. On all other measures, differences between the two groups were small.

I)Even though children of divorce generally do well, a number of factors can reduce the problems they might experience. Children live better if parents can limit conflict associated with the divorce process or minimize the child's exposure to it. Further, children who live in the custody (监护) of at least one well-functioning parent do better than those whose primary parent is doing poorly. In the latter situation, the maladjusted (心理失调的) parent should seek professional help or consider limiting his or her time with the child. Parents can also support their children during this difficult time by talking to them clearly about the divorce and its implications and answering their questions fully.

J)Other, more general aspects of good parenting can also reduce against divorce-related difficulties in children. Parents should provide warmth and emotional support, and they should closely monitor their children's activities. They should also deliver discipline that is neither overly tolerant;nor overly strict. Other factors contributing to children's adjustment include postdivorce economic stability and social support from peers and other adults, such as teachers.

K)In addition, certain characteristics of the child can influence his or her adaptability. Children with an easygoing temperament tend to live better. Coping styles also make a difference. For example, children who are good problem solvers and who seek social support are more adaptable than those who rely on distraction and avoidance.

Statements:

46. If children are unaware of high conflicts between their parents, they are often surprised even horrified when they hear the news of divorce.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

47. Most children experience short-term negative effects from their parents' divorce and recover by the end of the second year.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

48. Parents can't offer children good rearing because of their conflicts associated with the divorce.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

49. According to psychologists Joan B. Kelly and Robert E. Emery, the relationships of adults from divorced families are certain to be more problematic than those of children from stable families in some aspects.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

50. Good parenting on more general aspects can also reduce children's difficulties related to divorce.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

51. Hetherington and Johnkelly's study suggests only 15% of adult children of divorce experienc e problems more than those whose parents remained together.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

52. A number of factors can help children of divorced parents reduce some possible problems they might encounter.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

53. Children's characteristics can influence their abilities to adapt to the new situation.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

54. Researchers have found that divorce is not so horrible to children as parents worried.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

55. The investigators have assessed 5 aspects of certain children of married and divorced parents, and found no big differences between them.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K]

Section C

Directions: There are several passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice.

Passage One

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

Kodak’s decision to file for bankruptcy protection is a sad, though not unexpected, turning point for a leading American corporation that pioneered consumer photography and dominated the film market for decades, but ultimately failed to adapt to the digital revolution.

Although many attribute Kodak’s downfall to “complacency,” that explanation doesn’t acknowledge the lengths to which the company went to reinvent itself. Decades ago, Kodak anticipated that digital photography would overtake film — and in fact, Kodak invented the first digital camera in 1975 — but in a fateful decision, the company chose to shelf its new discovery to focus on its traditional film business.

It wasn’t that Kodak was blind to the future, said Rebecca Henderson, a professor at Harvard Business School, but rather that it failed to execute on a strategy to confront it. By the time the company realized its mistake, it was too late.

Kodak is an example of a firm that was very much aware that they had to adapt, and spent a lot of money trying to do so, but ultimately failed. Large companies have a difficult time switching into new markets because there is a temptation to put existing assets into the new businesses.

Although Kodak antic ipated the inevitable rise of digital photography, its corporate culture was too rooted in the successes of the past for it to make the clean break necessary to fully embrace the future. They were a company stuck in time. Their history was so important to them. Now their history has become a liability.

Kodak’s downfall over the last several decades was dramatic. In 1976, the company commanded 90% of the market for photographic film and 85% of the market for cameras. But the 1980s brought new competition from Japanese film company Fuji Photo, which undermined Kodak by offering lower prices for film and photo supplies. Kodak’s decision not to pursue the role of official film for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics was a major miscalculation. The bid went instead to Fuji, which exploited its sponsorship to win a permanent foothold in the marketplace.

56. What do we learn about Kodak?

A) It is approaching its downfall

B) It initiated the digital revolution in the film industry

C) It went bankrupt all of a sudden

D) It is playing a dominant role in the film market

57. Why does the author mention Kodak’s invention of the first digital camera?

A) To show its effort to overcome complacency.

B) To show its will to compete with Japan’s Fuji photo

C) To show its early attempt to reinvent itself

D) To show its quick adaptation to the digital revolution

58. Why do large companies have difficulty switching to new markets?

A) They are deeply stuck in their glorious past

B) They find it costly to give up their existing assets

C) They tend to be slow in confronting new challenges

D) They are unwilling to invest in new technology

59. What does the author say Kodak’s history has become?

A) A challenge

B) A burden

C) A joke

D) A mirror

60. What was Kodak’s fatal mistake?

A) Its failure to see Fuji photo’s emergence

B) Its blind faith in traditional photography

C) Its overconfidence in its corporate culture

D) Its refusal to sponsor the 1984 Olympics

Passage T wo

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

What do we think with? Only the brain? Hardly. The brain is like a telephone exchange. It is the switchboard, but not the whole system. Its function is to receive incoming signals, make proper connections, and send the messages through to their destination. For efficient service, the body must function as a whole.

But where is the "mind"? Is it in the brain? Or perhaps in the nervous system? After all, can we say that the mind is in any particular place? It is not a thing, like a leg, or even the brain. It is a function, an activity. Aristotle, twenty-three hundred years ago, observed that the mind was to the body what cutting was to the ax. When the ax is not in use, there is no cutting. So with the mind. "Mind," said Charles H. Woolbert, "is what the body is doing."

If this activity is necessary for thinking, it is also necessary for carrying thought from one person to another. Observe how people go about the business of ordinary conversation. If you have never done this painstakingly (费力的), you have a surprise in store, for good conversationalists are almost constantly in motion. Their heads are continually nodding and shaking sometimes so vigorously that you wonder how their necks can stand the strain.

Even the legs and feet are active. As for the hands and arms, they are seldom still for more than a few seconds at a time.

These people, remember, are not making speeches. They are merely common folks trying to

make others understand what they have in mind. They are not conscious of movement. Their speech is not studied. They are just human creatures in a human environment, trying to adapt themselves to a social situation. Y et they converse, not only with oral language, but with visible actions that involve practically every muscle in the body.

In short, because people really think all over, a speaker must talk all over if he succeeds in making people think.

61. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A) Bodily Communication.

B) Bodily Actions.

C) Spoken Language.

D) Conversations.

62. Which of the following statements would the author agree with?

A) Thinking is a social phenomenon.

B) Thinking is solely a brain function.

C) Thinking is a function of the nervous system.

D) Thinking is the sum total of bodily activity.

63. In communication, it is essential not only to employ speech, but also __________.

A) to speak directly to the other person

B) to employ a variety of bodily movements

C) to be certain that the other person is listening

D) to pay great attention to the other person's behaviour

64. It can be inferred from the passage that the basic function of bodily activity in speech is to ____________.

A) make the listener feel emotional

B) make the speaker understood

C) amplify or intensify the speaker's spoken words

D) convey the speaker's implied meaning to the listener

65. Which of the following is TRUE?

A) The brain is compared to a telephone exchange.

B) The mind is an activity of the nervous system.

C) Some people remain still while talking to others.

D) Many people move their bodies on purpose while talking.

Part IV Translation ( 30 minutes )

Directions: Translate the following paragraph(s) into English (with the given words or phrases).

66. 自从1984年北京吉普成为第一家中外合作汽车公司以来,全球各地的汽车公司已经在这个世界增长最快的汽车市场投入了数十亿美元的资金。如今,中国开始减少对外国市场的依赖性,并因国内汽车制造商而赢得声誉。2005年中国外销汽车的记录是144173部,出口大于进口,这对于年轻的中国汽车工业来说还是第一次。虽然目前出口的汽车主要销往中东和俄罗斯,在未来三年中,出口到美国和欧洲的中国汽车当会有所增加。