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自考国际商务英语_句子翻译

LESSON 1 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS国际商务

1. 国际贸易一般指不同国家的当事人进行的交易,它涉及到许多因素,因而比国内贸易要复杂得多。International business refers to transaction between parties from different countries. It involves more factors and thus is more complicated than domestic countries.

2. 随着经济一体化进程的发展,很少人和公司能完全独立于国际商务之外而存在。因此,在此方面具有一定的知识是十分必要的,这既有益于企业的发展又有益于个人的进步。

With the development of economic globalization, few people or companies can completely stay away from international business. Therefore, some knowledge in this respect is necessary both for the benefit of enterprises and personal advancement.

3. 其他参与国际贸易的形式有管理合同、承包生产和“交钥匙”工程。

Other forms for participating in international business are management contract, contract manufacturing, and turnkey project.

4. 国际贸易最初以商品贸易的形式出现,即在一国生产或制造商品而出口或进口到另一国进行消费或转售。

International business first took the form of commodity trade, i.e. exporting and importing goods produced or manufactured in one country for consumption or resale in another.

5. 除了国际贸易和投资,国际许可和特许经营有时也是进入国外市场的一种方式。

Besides trade and investment, international licensing and franchising are sometimes taken as a means of entering a foreign market.

6. 国际贸易和国内贸易在法制体系、货币、文化和自然条件与经济条件方面都有所不同。International business and domestic business are quite different in legal systems, currency, culture and natural and economic conditions.

7. 随着经济全球化的发展,无形贸易即使在发展中国家的国际贸易中所占的比例也逐渐增大。

With the development of economic globalization, invisible trade accounts for an increasing proportion of the world trade even in the developing countries.

8. 国际投资是国际商务的另一个重要形式,可分为外国直接投资和证券投资两大领域。International investment is another form of international business and can be classified into two categories, foreign direct investment and portfolio investment.

9. 对商务知识的了解可避免产生国际贸易活动中的一些问题。

Knowledge of business will avoid giving rise to some problems in respect of international business activities.

10. BOT 是“交钥匙”工程的一种流行的变通形式。

BOT is a popular variant of the turnkey project.

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