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仁爱版九年级上册英语Unit1Topic2知识点

Unit 1 Topic 2

Section A

※短语集锦

1.get ost= be lost 迷路;走丢

eg:We got lost and couldn’

t find each other. (同义句)

= We were lost and couldn’t find each other.

2.bad luck! 真倒霉!

3.call sb up = ring sb up = give sb a call 给某人打电话

4.so do I 我也一样

5.It seems that … = … seem to do 似乎;好像…

eg::1) It seemed that Mr. Green was a teacher two years ago. (同义句)= Mr. Green seemed to be a teacher two years ago.

2) It seems that their living conditions were not very good. (同义句)

= Their living conditions didn’t seem to be very good.

2)He seems to know the secret. (同义句)

= It seems that he knows the secret.

6.at least 至少

at most 最多;充其量

7.形容人口多用large来表达,形容人口少用small

eg : a large population / a small population 人口众多/ 人口稀少

注意:对人口的数量提问用What

eg:1) The population of China is over 1.3 billion. (提问)

. What’s the population of China?

2) The population of India is over 1.1 billion. (提问)

What’s the population of India?

注意:1)What’s the population of China?(同义句)

= How large is the population of China?

2) What’s the population of India? (同义句)

= How large is the population of India?

8.take place 发生(确定性)

happen 发生(偶然性)

eg:1) The wedding will take place in September.

2) A big traffic accident happened to Jim last week.

与happen相关的两个短语:

1)sth happen to sb某事发生在某人身上

2)happen to sth:碰巧做某事

eg:1) A fire accident happened to Kang Kang last night.

1)Lily happened to meet her English teacher in the park last Sunday.

9.because of …由于;因为

10.one-child policy:独生子女政策

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/826e775a25d3240c844769eae009581b6bd9bd0a.htmled to do sth:过去常常做某事

be used to doing sth = get used to doing sth:习惯于做某事

used to be:过去曾经是

There used to be:过去曾经有

eg:1) My brother used to play soccer after school.

2) Mr. Green is used to smoking.

= Mr. Green gets used to smoking.

3) Miss Yang used to be a teacher.

4) There used to be a bridge in front of my house.

5) Lily used (play) basketball in the gym.

6) My sister is used to (speak) English.

12. in developing countries:在发展中国家

In developed countries:在发达国家

13. 在比较级中,如果比较对象相同,用that 代替前面的单数;用those 代替前面的复数

eg:1) The weather in Beijing is colder than in Chongqing.

2) The population of China is larger than of India.

3) The apples on the tree are redder than in the basket.

14.too many + 可数名词复数

too much + 不可数名词

much too + 形容词

many too + 形容词

eg:1) There are too many people in the park on Sundays.

2) I don’t like eating too much candy.

Section B

1. increase by 增加了….

increase to 增加到了…

eg:1) Our pay has increased by ¥200.

2) Our pay has increased to ¥2800.

2. carry out:执行

eg:1) The policeman carried out a task just now.

2) China has carried out the one-child policy to control the population.

3.

1) so + be/助动词/情态动词+另一主语:表示前面提到的肯定情况同样适合另一主语,意为某人也如此

eg::a. Jane likes Chinese , (莉莉也如此).

b. She has been to Shanghai , (她的弟弟也如此).

2)Neither + be/情态动词/助动词+另一主语):表示前面提到过的否定情况同样

适合另一主语,意为某人也不……

little emperors”, .(我的父eg:a. No one likes “

母亲也不喜欢)

b. Lily didn’t go to school yesterday, . (Jane也没去上学)

c. He isn’t a teacher, .(我也不是)

3)so /neither +同一主语+ be / 情态动词/助动词:表示对前面的话的确认,意为的确如此/的确不是这样

eg:a. Lily likes English, (的确如此).

b. Li Ming doesn’t study hard, .(的确是这样)

特别提醒:1)Me, neither. = Neither +助动词/be动词/ 情态动词+ I

2)Me, too. = so +助动词/be动词/ 情态动词+ I

Section C

1. carry out:执行;实行

2. more than = over 超过;多余

3. Live in + 地点:居住在某地

4. China has the largest population in the world. (同义句)

= China has a larger population than any other country in the world.

5. because of:由于

6. be short of:短缺…; 缺乏…

7. so far:到目前为止;迄今为止

8. take many measures :采取措施

take measures to do sth:采取措施做某事

eg:1) We should take measures (protect)the environment.

2) The government will take many measures (control) the population.

9. work well in doing sth:在…方面起作用

eg:It works well in (protect) our teeth.

10. be known as = be famous as:作为…而出名

be known for = be famous for:因…而出名

11. have a long way to go: 有一条长长的路要走

12. face / solve / deal with a problem 面对/ 解决/ 处理问题

Section D

1. less than:少于;不到与more than 是一对反义词组

注意:more than = over

2. a couple of hours / days:几个小时/天

3. unless:连词意为除非在句中引导条件状语从句. 可改为if …not

eg:1) I won’t go to Lily’s birthday party unless I am invited. (同义句) = I won’t go to the Lily’s birthday party if I am not invited.

2) They won’t go climbing unless it is fine tomorrow. (同义句)

= They won’t go climbing if it isn’t fine tomorrow.

4. far away 遥远

5. places of interest:名胜古迹

6. keep up with = catch up with 跟上;赶上

※精讲精析

分数的表达

分子用基数词,分母用序数词,先说分子,再说分母,分子大于1,分母要加s eg:三分之二:two thirds

五分之三:three fifths

二分之一:one second

八分之五:five eighths

注意:谓语的数由分数所指的名词决定,即分数后的名词如果是复数,谓语的数就用复数,如果是不可数名词或单数名词,谓语的数就用三单形式

eg 1) One third of the students to go.

2) Two thirds of the teachers (be) men.

3) One fifth of the bread (go) bad.

4) A quarter of the students (be) girls

5) Sixty percent of her income(收入)on clothes.

※语法聚焦

现在完成时常与下列副词(just / already / yet / ever / never /before)连用

just:意为刚刚置于助动词have / has之后,实义动词之前

already:意为已经用于肯定句可置于句中have / has之后,也可置于句末. yet:用于否定句表示还没,尚未),用于一般疑问句时意为已经

ever:意为曾经多用于一般疑问句never:意为从来不多用于陈述句表否定before:意为在以前一般置于句末

用just / already / yet / ever / never /before填空

A

1)She knows nothing about the book because she has read it.

2)The early bus has left. You have to wait for the next.

3)_ Have they gone fishing?

_ No, .

4)Have they finished their work ?

5)Has Mary been to China?

6)I’ve been there and don’t want to go there any more.

B

A: Have you been to France?

B: No, I’ve been to any European countries, but Michael has. He says he has been to such a beautiful country before.

A: Have you see him ?

B: Yes, I have see him .