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★新冀教版七年级英语下1--8单元知识点总结

七年级Unit1--4短语及句型

Unit1

Lesson 1

1. go on a trip to 到……去旅行(游)

2. the capital city of ……首都

3. too … to … 太……而不能……

4. (be) far (away) from 离……远

5. from … to … 从……到……

6. work hard 努力工作(学习)

7. in school = at school 在学校

8. go shopping (去)买东西

9.May I go shopping?

Yes, you may./No,you may not.

Lesson 2

10. live in/on 住在……

11. come on one's trip to 来参加去…的旅游

12. talk to/with sb. on the telephone

在电话中跟某人交谈

13. May I speak to…?

Yes,this is …(speaking)

14. That's great/wonderful. 太好了。

15. leave for + 地点动身去……

16. on February first 在二月一日

17. arrive in + 大地方抵达某地

18. arrive at + 小地点到达某地

=get to=reach

Lesson 3&4

19.Is Mrs. Smith in?

20 plan to do sth. 计划做

21. how far (某处)多远

It’s … kilometers away.

22. two hundred/three thousand 二百、三千

23. How much does a train ticket cost?

一张火车票多少钱?

23. take/ catch a bus 坐车;乘车

24. take a train 坐火车

Lesson 5

25. stay with 和……呆在一起

26. have a week for 有一周(做某事)

27. want sth. 想要某物

28. want to do sth. 想要做某事

29. want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

30.make a plan for 为… 制定计划

change the plan for 改变…的计划

lesson 6

31. one/a pair of 一双/对/副……

32. need more sth. 需要更多某物

33. I’m packing my suitcase with my clothes!

34.How many pair of socks are you packing?

Lesson 7

35. at the ticket office 在售票处

36. How much for a ticket on the D138 from shijiazhuag to Beijing?

37. Do you want first or second class seats?

38. be excited 很兴奋/激动

39. love doing sth. 喜爱做某事

40. Don't do sth.! 别做某事!

41. sit down 坐下

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/830cd936551810a6f52486da.htmle on 快点

43.Have a good trip!祝旅途愉快

Unit 2

Lesson 9

1.get on the train 上火车

2.Excuse me,but you are in my seat.

3.have to 必须

4.You are in Seat 5 你坐5号座位

5.No problem. 没问题

Lesson 10

6.all around 四周

7. look out of 往……外面看

8. a big brown cow 一头棕色的大奶牛

9. a tall green tree 一棵绿色大树

10. a little red school 一所红色的小学校

11. point at + 较近处指着……

12 point to + 较远处指向……

Danny points to something far away.

13. look at … 看……

14.at the top of 在顶端

15. over there 在那边

Lesson 11

16. You scared me! 你吓到我了

17. Where are you from?

I’m from Canada.

18. I’m not sure.我不确定

19. Of course.当然

20. places of interest 名胜

Lesson12

21. wait for 等候

22. a snack 快餐

= fast food = take-away food

A can of tea 一罐茶

23. Nothing for me.我什么都不要

24. Anything else? 还要其它的吗?

Lesson13

25. Maybe she is in the classroom.

=She may be in the classroom

26. be quiet 安静

27. play with sb. 和某人一起玩

28. need to do sth. 需要做

Lesson14

29.How is it going in Canada?加拿大那边情形如何?

30.on one’s trip to…在去某地的旅途中

31. a city with a very long history 一个有着悠久历史的城市

32. talk with/to sb. 和某人交谈

33. sing to sb.softly 柔声地对着某人唱歌

34.have a great /good/nice/wonderful time

= have fun= enjoy oneself 过得愉快

Lesson15

35.get off the train 下火车

36.be crowded 拥挤的

37. look around 四处张望

38.There must be hundreds of people here.

39.take care of=look after 照顾照料

40.Beijing West Railway Station北京西客站

41. look for 寻找

42. get/take a taxi 找/乘出租车

43. slow down!慢点

44.hurry!快点

Unit 3

Lesson 17

1.in Chinese/English 用英语、汉语

2. take a taxi 打的/坐出租车

3. Don’t translate for me 不要为我翻译

4. on/in the street 在街上

5. drive quickly/slowly 开的很快/慢

6.so many + 复数名词如此多的……

7.be surprised 惊讶

Lesson 18

7. There are many children playing 有许多孩子在玩

8. There is too much string! 有太多绳子

9. I see some men flying kites 我看见一些人在放风筝

10. laugh loudly 大声笑

11. fly kites quietly 静悄悄地放风筝12. fly a kite 放风筝

13. hurt one's arm 伤着胳膊

14. Don't worry. 别着急(担心)。

15. put a bandage on 在……上绑绷带

16. become quiet 开始安静下来

Lesson 19

17. take a picture 照相

18. There is much to see and do. 有太多要看和要做的事

19. Are you okay? = Are you all right?

你还好吗?

20.run into 撞到

21.stand beside sb. 挨着某人站着

Lesson20

22. write home 写信回家

23. Don’t worry about us. 不要为我们担心

24. I’m putting the letter in an envelope

我把信装进一个信封里

25. in the top, right corner of the postcard.

在明信片的右上角

26. on the left/right 在左/右边

27.put the address 写地址

28. put the stamp 贴邮票

29. at the post office 在邮局

Lesson 21

30. Go straight down this hall.

沿着大厅一直走

31. send sb. an e-mail=send an e-mail to sb. 给某人发电子邮件

32. It costs five yuan per hour.一小时五元

32. write to sb. = write a letter to sb.给某人写信

33. I write you a letter, on paper with a pen.我给你用钢笔在纸上写信

34. be ready for sth. 为某事做好准备

35. at the top/bottom 在顶/底部

36. send messages to sb. 给某人发信息

37. by postcard, letter or e-mail 通过明信片,信件或电子邮件

Lesson22

38.We can take Bus 919 to the Great Wall.

39. We can go down this street and turn left at the traffic lights。

40. get on a bus 上公共汽车

41. a Chinese saying 一句中国谚语

42. stop talking and start walking

停止交谈,开始走路

43.How long is the Great Wall?

It’s more than 6500 kilometres long.

Lesson 23

44. go shopping 去购物

45. sit down 坐下

42. buy gifts for sb. 给某人买礼物

Unit 4

Lesson 25

1. It’s time for everyone to go home.到大家回家的时间了

2. have a lot of fun 过得很愉快

3. Don’t be sad.不要难过

4.I hope to see you again.我希望再次见到你

Lesson26

5. arrive home from 从……回到家

6. have a nice trip 旅途愉快

= have a good/great/wonderful trip

7.talk to sb. 和某人交谈

Lesson 27

8. the first/second /third day 第一/ 二/三天

9. We saw people flying kites there.我们看到人们在那儿放风筝

10. last week/month 上周(星期) / 月

11. If his parents say yes, it’s ok with me.如果他的父母同意,我也没问题。

Lesson 28

12. What happened (to …)?(……)怎么啦?

13. How was your trip to Beijing? 去北京的旅途怎么样?

14.I’m trying to find Taihe Hall, but I found a pillar instead.

15.You didn’t have fun in Beijing! Yes, I did.

Lesson 29

16,How did you get there? We went by bus.

17. too + adj. + for sb. 对某人太……

18. This cap is for you. 这个帽子是给你的

Lesson 30

19.receive(get) an e-mail/a letter from sb.收到某人的电子邮件、信件

20. ask for permission 请求允许

21.stay with sb.和某人呆在一起

22.practice sth./ doing sth. 练习做某事

23. tell sb sth.告诉某人某事

24. give sb. a big hug 给某人一个热情的拥抱

25. want to do sth. 想要做某事

want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事Lesson 31

26. Thank you for your invitation!谢谢你的邀请

27.as soon as 一……就……

28.have a great /good time 玩儿的高兴

29. by the way 顺便问一下、说一下

30. Danny is very excited to see you. 丹尼见到你很激动。

Unit 5 短语及句型

Lesson 33

1.at the airport 在机场

2.have a good trip 旅途愉快

3. wait for sb.等待某人

4.arrive at /in +地名到达某地

5. There he is! There comes the bus.倒装句。

6.One hour’s driving 一小时的驾程

7. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事。

Let's 包括对方:Let's go, Mr. Zhang. 张老师,咱们走。

8. It’s fun to do sth.

Lesson 34

1. w ould like sth.想要某物

2. would like to do sth. 想做某事

3. would like sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

4. I t’s time for sth=It’s time to do sth.该做某

Time for sth./doing sth.

It’s time for sb. to do sth.

5.What would you like for breakfast/lunch /supper?

6.Pass sb sth =pass sth to sb递给某人某物

7.need sb./sth. to do sth需要某人/某物做某事

8.cook on the stove 用火炉做饭

9. wash dishes in the sink 在水池里洗盘子

Lesson 35

1.Time to go to school. 该上学了

2.forget sth.忘了某物(remember记得)

forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

3. far from …离…很远

Lesson 36

1. be from =come from 来自

2. I'm the same/ different相同的/不一样的

3.We are the same age. 我们年龄相同

4. 对感谢的答语:

A:Thank you for your help.

B: You're welcome. /That's all right. /That's OK. /It's a pleasure. / Not at all.

5.the name of ……的名字

6.You speak good English.

=You speak English very well.

5. s peak English/Chinese 讲英语、讲汉语

6. b e glad to do sth. 很高兴做某事

Lesson 37

1. get to work 开始工作/上课

2.have a lesson/class 上课

3.be ready 准备好

be ready to do sth.准备做某事

be ready for sth为某事做准备

4.What’s the temperature?温度是多少?

What 可以用来问温度、数字、价格、日期、时间、职业等。

What's your number? /What's the price (价格) of the new car? What's the date today? /What's the time? What are you?

5. What shape is a donut? 面包圈是什么形状?

6.look like 看起来像

7. How is the weather? 天气怎么样?

= What's the weather like

8. minus fifteen degrees 零下15度

9. at zero degrees 在零度

10. ice in different shapes 不同形状的冰

11. some lines/triangle/squares of ice一些…..状的冰Lesson 38

1.make a chart 制做表格

make a fire 生火make money 赚钱make a noise 吵闹

2.dry the dishes/dry one's hair/dry the clothes.烘干盘子、头发、衣物

3.for 的总结:

Put a triangle for always. 代表

The gift is for you. 给、与、为

The children left for school. 到--- 向---

She is waiting for a bus. 为了、目的是

4.频度副词集锦:always- often- usually-sometimes- never

①置于实义动词之前He often goes to Xi’an by train.

②be动词,情态动词助动词之后

He is always happy.

Do you usually do your homework on time?

Lesson 39

1.询问时间:What time is it ?/ What’s the time?/When is it?

2.What's for supper? 4.after supper 晚饭后after school /class放学后/下课后

5.短语:

watch TV看电视sit in a chair 坐在椅子上

sit on a couch坐在沙发上play cards打牌

write a letter写信take a shower洗澡

read the newspapers、看/读报纸

in the corner 在角落里sit at the table 坐在桌旁wash hands before eating 饭前洗手

Lesson41

1. a t the desk 在课桌旁

2. t alk about sth 谈论

3. s tart/begin to do sth 开始做

4. p ut on 穿上

5. w inter jacket/coat 棉夹克、大衣

6. I t’s time for sb to do sth 到做某事的时间了

7. I t’t time for sth/doing sth

8. w rite a report 写报告

9. s kate on the ice 滑冰

10. ski on the snow 滑雪

Lesson 42

1. l ook happy/worried/sad 看起来高兴/焦虑/沮丧

2. i n winter/fall/spring/summer 在冬季/秋季/春季/夏季

3. w ear a scarf 围着围巾

4. p lay in the leaves 在树叶中玩

5. t hrow snowballs 扔雪球

6. m ake a snowmen 堆雪人

7. c ome on 加油

8. g et to work 开始工作

9. w ait for 等待

Lesson 43

1. m uch too 实在太…/真是太…

2. t oo much 太多

Lesson 44

1. i n front of 在…前面

2. o n weekends 在周末

3. h elp sb do sth 帮助某人做

4. r oll around in the leaves 在落叶中打滚

5. c lap for 为…鼓掌

6. a kind of 一种

7. b e filled with 充满

8. I t’s the best season to do sth 做…最好的季节Lesson 45

1. a ll around sb/sth 在某人/某物周围

2. w hite with snow 白色有雪的

3. W hat’s matter with …? …怎么了?

4. g o skating/skiing 去滑冰、去滑雪

5. p lay in the puddles 在水洼里玩

6. w ith no winter coat 不用穿棉袄

7. o n rainy days 在雨天

8. r un away 逃跑、跑开

9. l ove to do sth 喜欢做…

10. love doing sth

Lesson 46

1. I t’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到…做某事

2. s peak more loudly 更大声的说

3. r aise cne’s voice 提高了声音

4. t ake a deep breath 深呼吸一口

5. g o on a trip to 去…旅行

6. m ake maple syrup 做枫糖

7. h ave a picnic 去野餐

8. f eed the geese 喂鹅

9. g ive sb a big clap 给某人热烈鼓掌

10. not…any more 不在

Lesson 47

1. f all off 从…上掉下来

2. a sk sb to do sth 让某人做某事

3. w atch sb do sth 观看某人做某事

4. t ake a picture of sb 给某人照相

5. h ope to do sth 希望做某事

Unit 7

Lesson49

1. at the (sports) store 在(体育用品)商店

2. a ping-pong ball 一个乒乓球

3. this one (pron.) 这一个(只;……)

4. How much is + 单数名词(代词) ?

How much are + 复数名词(代词) ?

……多少钱?(问价钱)

5. …dollar(s) for sth. 买某物……元

6. like …very much 非常喜欢……

like …better 较喜欢……

like …best 最喜欢……

lesson50&51

7. at the gym 在体育馆

8. my favourite (n.) 我最喜欢的人/物

9. throw /catch the basketball 扔/接篮球

10. throw the basketball at the net 投篮

= put the basketball in the net

11. hit the ping-pong ball with the paddle 用乒乓球

拍拍球

12. hit the ball to sb. 将球拍向某人

13. teach each other sth. (两人)互教做某事

14. a good basketball player 一位优秀篮球运动员

15. play basketball with a ping-pong ball

用乒乓球当作篮球来打

16. a basketball game 一场篮球赛

17. the other team (两队中的) 另一队

18. A play against B = A VS B

A与B比赛

19. have fun doing sth. 做某事很有乐趣

20. yell/cheer for sb. 为某人加油/助威

Lesson53

21. be good for sb. 对某人有好处/益

be bad for sb. 对某人有害处

22. need to do sth. 需要做某事

23. how often 多长时间……一次……

24. once a day 每天一次

twice a week 每周两次

three times a month 每月三次

several times 几次

many times 许多次

lesson54

25. wake up 醒来;叫醒

26. get some exercise

= do some sports做运动

27. never do sth. 从来不做某事

28. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人一段时间做某事

29. make one's body healthy and strong

使某人的身体健康和强壮

30. help (to)do sth. 有助于……

31. need to get more exercise 需要得到更多的锻炼

32. on TV 从(通过)电视上

33. have to = must 得;不得不;必须

34. listen to sb. 听某人讲(话)

35. from Monday to Friday 从周一到周五

Lesson55

36. give up sth./doing sth. 放弃

37. brush one’s teeth 刷牙

38. stay up late 熬夜

39.spend some money on sth. 花费钱买某物

Unit 8

Lesson57

1. run with the kite 牵着风筝跑

2. make it fly 让它飞起来

3. run into a tree 撞上树

4. (lie) on the grass (躺)在草地上

5. look like 看起来像

Lesson58

6. enjoy sth. 喜爱某物(事)

enjoy oneself 玩得开心; 过得愉快

enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事

7. at the swimming pool 在游泳池(整个范围) in the swimming pool 在游泳池里(水里)

8. swim to …向……游去

Lesson59

9. write an exam 参加考试

10 be good at sth./doing sth.擅长于

11. do well in/on sth./doing sth.在某方面做得好

12. in the sea 在海里

13. the summer holiday 暑假

14.finish doing sth 做完某事

Lesson60&61

15. fly home 坐飞机回家

16. next week / year 下周/ 明年

17. some books about一些关于……的书

18. a souvenir of Canada 加拿大的纪念品Lesson62

19. have a party 开一个聚会

20. how long (时间, 物体)多长

21.say good-bye to sb. 向某人告别

Lesson63

22.look forward to sth./doing sth.盼望、期待

23. remind sb. of sth./sb.使想起某事、某人

24.think of 认为

25. each other彼此互相

26.wave good-bye to sb. 向某人挥手告别