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按使用频率排列常见的2000英语单词

General 大体上的,总的specific 明确的,特定的Common 普通的,不稀奇的rare 稀有的

Normal 正常的(期望的结果)strange

Ordinary 平常的,日常的(日常生活中能经常碰到的)different, special

Universal 广泛的,普遍存在的,

Usual 往常的,通常的

How are ordinary people able to live out their dreams?

普通人如何实现自己的梦想

Make sb do sth让/使某人做某事(强迫)

Have sb do sth请某人做某事(亲密的,对某人有些权威的)

Get sb to do sth 说服(使)某人做某事

Get sth done 让别人帮我做I must get my hair cut.

到达

Reach school 到达学校

Arrive at (到达小地点)

Arrive in(到达大地点,如城市)

Get to(到达大地点)

Be alert to sth 对…警觉(有危险)

Alert sb to sth 对sb发出警报(注意)sth 有危险

Restrict/confine/limit

restrict 区别于limit 的地方在于,restrict“限制”的是范围,而limit 侧重于表示“限制”到某个点

confine 具有limit 和restrict 两者的含义,但confine 的内涵是“约束”或“束缚”

We must limit our expense to what we can afford.

我们必须不使开支超出我们的支付能力

The trees restrict our view.

这些树局限了我们的视野。

The professor confined his remarks to scientific management.

那位教授把自己的讲话局限在科学管理方面。

通常a开头的很多形容词都只做表语,在词汇学上我们称之为表语形容词,例如asleep,alone,alike,alive,afraid,ashamed,available等等,如果拿来做定语,通常是后置定语,例如“He is one of the most significant scientist alive in the world”。

2000个单词走天下

我们在学习外语的时候,可能已经认识到有的单词在文章中频繁出现,而有的单词在一页书中最多出现一至二次,有的单词在一册书中也仅出现一至二次。所以每个单词在构成文章方面各起着不同的作用。一些反复出现、起着重要作用的单词虽然数量不多,但使用的频率很高,几乎占了整个文章的一半以上,而其他大量单词,起着一种修饰作用。

对此莫斯科国立语言研究所通过对英国、美国、法国、西班牙的34部文学作品的分析和研究,得出了一些可供参考的数据,见下表。

常用单词的文章构成能力占文学作品单词总数的百分比:

最初1000个单词

80.5%

第二个1000词

6.1%

第三个1000词

3.4%

第四个1000词

2.2%

第五个1000词

1.3%

合计5000个单词

93.5%

以英语为例加以说明。最常用的单词,即使用频率高的1000个单词平均占34部著作中语言量的80.5%,如果你掌握了2000个单词,就可以读懂书中的86%的内容,掌握了3000个单词,就可以读懂90%的内容,要是你掌握了5000个单词,就可以读懂93.5%的内容。若能达到10000,应该说阅读就不成为问题了。

下面是常见的2000英语单词按使用频率从高到低进行排列的,因为它是按国外英语单词的实际使用频率进行统计的,可能不太适合在中国的英语单词实际使用频率,但它有助你了解英语单词的使用情况。

1 the

2 be

3 of

4 and

6 to

7 in

8 he

9 have

10 it

11 that

12 for

13 they

14 I

15 with

16 as

17 not

18 on

19 she

20 at

21 by

22 this

23 we

24 you

25 do

26 but

27 from

28 or

29 which

30 one

31 would

32 all

33 will

34 there

35 say

36 who

37 make

38 when

39 can

40 more

41 if

42 no

43 man

44 out

45 other

46 so

47 what

48 time

50 go

51 about

52 than

53 into

54 could

55 state 国家,州,政府;国家的;状态(物理状态或心理状态fit state 适合的状态);说明,写明Refer to…as…. 把…称作….

56 only

57 new

58 year

59 some

60 take

61 come

62 these

63 know

64 see

65 use

66 get

67 like

68 then

69 first

70 any

71 work

72 now

73 may

74 such

75 give

76 over

77 think

78 most

79 even adv. 甚至,即使,连;(与形容词、副词的比较级连用)更加,愈发Even if/though conj.即使;尽管;纵然

Even so,尽管如此

Even then ,尽管那样

80 find

81 day

82 also

83 after

84 way

85 many

86 must

87 look

88 before

89 great 大型的,(数量或程度)大的,重大的,伟大的he didn’t live to a great ag e 他没有活到很大的岁数

90 back

91 through

92 long

93 where

94 much

95 should

96 well

97 people

98 down

99 own

100 just

101 because

102 good

103 each

104 those

105 feel

106 seem

107 how

108 high

109 too

110 place

111 little

112 world

113 very

114 still

115 nation

116 hand

117 old

118 life

119 tell

120 write

121 become

122 here

123 show

124 house

125 both

126 between

127 need

128 mean

129 call

130 develop

131 under

133 right

134 move

135 thing

136 general 大体的,总体的,各种的(多个项目或活动,因没有足够重要而一起提到)

In general 总体上

a general deterioration (恶化)in the quality of life. 生活质量的总体下降

The figures represent a general decline(下降,斜面)in employment. 这些数字表明就业率的总体下降137 school

138 never

139 same

140 another

141 begin

142 while

143 number

144 part

145 turn

146 real

147 leave

148 might

149 want

150 point

151 form v. 形成,构成,塑造n. 种类,方式,形状,表格the form of the body 体形

He contracted (感染) a rare form of cancer他患上了一种罕见的癌症

152 off

153 child

154 few

155 small

156 since

157 against prep. 靠着,反对,违背adv. 反对地

The vote for the suspension of the party was 283 in favour (赞成)with 29 against (adv.).

就暂时取缔该党而进行的投票结果是283票支持,29票反对。

Prep. 和…对比,对照,

Check the operator's productivity against agreed targets...

根据既定目标检验操作员的效率

158 ask

159 late

160 home

161 interest

162 large

163 person

164 end

165 open

167 follow

168 during

169 present

170 without

171 again

172 hold

173 govern vt. 管理,控制

174 around adv. 大约,在附近prep. 四周,在…周围,绕过move around the obstacle 绕过障碍物175 possible

176 head

177 consider consider doing something

178 word

179 program

180 problem

181 however

182 lead

183 system

184 set

185 order

186 eye

187 plan

188 run

189 keep

190 face

191 fact

192 group

193 play

194 stand

195 increase

196 early

197 course 科目,课程,做法,航线vt. 跑过(越过),追赶on course for something 既有可能得到…198 change

199 help

200 line

201 city

202 put

203 close

204 case 情况,实例,案例,箱In extreme cases 在极个别情况下

205 force

206 meet

207 once

208 water

209 upon prep. 在…上, 一…就

The door on the left, upon entering the church, leads to the Crypt of St. Issac.

一进入教堂,左侧的门就通往圣以撒之墓。

210 war

211 build

212 hear

213 light

214 unite vt. 联合

215 live vi. 活的,生活,adj. 活的

216 every

217 country

218 bring

219 center

220 let

221 side

222 try

223 provide

224 continue

225 name

226 certain

227 power

228 pay

229 result

230 question

231 study

232 woman

233 member

234 until Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted.

直到我开始工作,我才认识到了我已蹉跎了几多岁月。

Not until …在句首,主句用倒装。

235 far

236 night

237 always

238 service

239 away

240 report

241 something

242 company

243 week

244 church

245 toward prep 向,朝,趋向,接近(时间),靠近(地方),对

My attitude toward religion我对宗教的态度(对)

246 start

247 social ['s???(?)l] adj.社会的,社交的social classes社会阶层social event 社交活动society n. 社会

249 figure n. 数字,图表vt. 想(猜) That/It figure正如所料。

250 nature

251 though

表示“虽然”,两者大致同义,可换用,只是although 比though 更为正式:

Though [Although] it was raining,we went there. 虽然下着雨,但我们还是去了那

在as though(好像,仿佛),even though(即使,纵然)等固定短语中不能用although:

She closed her eyes as though she were tired. 她闭上眼,仿佛很疲劳似的。

although 一般不用作副词,而though 可用作副词,且一般放在句末(不放在句首),意为“可是”、“不过”It’s hard work; I enjoy it though. 工作很辛苦,可是我乐意干。

252 young

253 less

254 enough

255 almost

256 read

257 include

258 president

259 nothing

260 yet conj. 然而adv. 还,但是,已经

261 better

262 big

263 boy

264 cost

265 business

266 value

267 second

268 why

269 clear

270 expect

271 family

272 complete

273 act

274 sense n. 感觉,感官vt. 感觉到,意识到

275 mind bear/keep sth in mind 记住

276 experience

277 art

278 next

279 near

280 direct adj. 直接的,直达的(没有停,如直达飞机)adv. 直达地vt. 指向,指挥,管理,瞄准,对准

281 car

282 law

283 industry

284 important

285 girl

287 several

288 matter n. 事情(需要思考,解决的,一般包含问题),物质,物料,物品(印刷或阅读的)vt. 要紧,有关系no matter(how, what)不管…it doesn’t matter 不要紧

289 usual

290 rather rather than 而不是would rather do宁愿做adv. 相当的(尤指不愉快的事)

I'm afraid it's a rather long story.

我恐怕这是个相当长的故事。

291 per

292 often

293 kind adj. 和蔼的n. 种类all kinds of 各种各样的(强调作用)kind of 有点

It was kind of sad, really.

这真的有点伤感。

Respond in kind (以相同的方式)以牙还牙

294 among prep. 在…之中/中间

295 white

296 reason

297 action

298 return

299 foot

300 care

301 simple

302 within

303 love

304 human

305 along prep. 沿着,adv. 向前地walk along 向前走all along 一直

306 appear vt. 显得,出现,似乎,表现得appear to be 似乎是

He is anxious to appear a gentleman.

他急于表现得像一位绅士。

There appears to be increasing support for the leadership to take a more aggressive stance.

似乎有不断增长的对领导层采取更强立场的支持。

307 doctor

308 believe

309 speak

310 active adj. 主动地,积极的

311 student

312 month

313 drive

314 concern n. 担忧vt. 使担忧,关心,与…有关,有关于

It was just a little unfinished business from my past, and it doesn't concern you at all.

这只是我过去没有了结的一件小事,完全跟你没关。

[常用于被动语态]使关心;从事,参与,使卷入,使陷入,牵涉到(常与with 或in连用)

More than two students have been concerned in this affair.

这件事情牵涉到两个以上的学生。

315 best

316 door

317 hope

318 example

319 inform

320 body

321 ever adv. 曾经(在通常情况下,ever(曾经)不能用于肯定句中(包括肯定回答中),用once),在任何时候(用于否定句和疑问句don’t ever=never 从不), 以往任何时候(用于形容词或副词的比较级和最高级之后)强调

He once lived in Paris. 他曾经住在巴黎

Japan is wealthier and more powerful than ever before.

日本现在比以往任何时候都富有和强大。

Ever since, adv. Conj. 自从,从此

All someone ever does 某人只会…. All she ever does is complain.她就会抱怨。

As ever, 一如既往,向往常一样

322 least adj. 最少的,最小的adv. N.

323 probable

324 understand

325 reach vt. 到达(某地)达到(某一阶段)(伸展手臂或腿) 够到, (常指通过电话) 联系上(某人) vi. 伸手去(拿或够东西) vt/vi. 延伸到,延伸n. (人或物所能及的) 可及的范围,距离

Judy reached into her handbag and handed me a small, printed leaflet.

朱迪把手伸进手提袋中,递给我一张小小的印刷传单。

Can you reach your toes with your fingertips?

你能用手指尖触到脚趾头吗?

Has the doctor told you how to reach him or her in emergencies?

医生有没有告诉你在紧急状况下如何联系上他或她?

When people reach an agreement or a decision, they succeed in achieving it. 达成

326 effect n. 影响,效果,结果v. 实现,进行in effect 其实,事实上takes effect ,comes into effect 开始实施/生效

They effected a revolution in the country. 他们在这个国家进行了革命

for effect 短语

?为了给人印象;为了吸引注意力

?The Cockney accent was put on for effect.

这伦敦腔是为了给人以深刻印象而故意装出来的

?

327 different

328 idea

329 whole

330 control

331 condition

332 field n. 地,田,牧场,运动场,球场,专业,领域,学科,字段,栏adj. 实地的,野外的

V. (通常成功地)回答,处理(问题)

?VERB使…出场;让…参加比赛

?Field of vision 视野

333 pass

334 fall

335 note

336 special

337 talk

338 particular adj. 特定的,特殊的,特有的,独特的in particular 特别,尤其

?Why should he notice her car in particular?...

他为什么会特别注意到她的车?

挑剔的,讲究的

Ted was very particular about the colors he used 特德在用色上非常讲究

339 today

340 measure vt. 衡量;估量;评估;判定;测量,距离(或长度、宽度、数量等)为,

A measure of 相当数量;一定程度

With the exception of Juan, each attained a measure of success...

除了胡安之外,每个人都获得了相当大的成功。

341 walk

342 teach

343 low

344 hour

345 type

346 carry

347 rate

348 remain v. 保持;继续;持续(状态,条件…), 留在,停留于(某处remain in a place),仍然存在,继续存在n. 残余(物);剩余(物);遗迹

The situation remain s tense...

形势持续紧张

?The three men remain ed silent...

这3个人保持着沉默

349 full

350 street

351 easy

352 although

353 record

354 sit

355 determine v 决定(是…的决定因素);确定,查明;下决心,决意

?Science has determine d that the risk is very small.

科学已经探明其危险性非常小。

356 level n. 水平,程度,等级,adj. 平的,平坦的v.(人、风暴等)摧毁,夷平,荡平;扳平,拉平(成绩或比分)

level with someone (对某人)说实话;直言相告

357 local

358 sure

359 receive

360 thus

361 moment

362 spirit n. 精神;心灵;情绪;志气;毅力,烈酒

She was a very brave girl and everyone who knew her admired her spirit.

她是个很勇敢的女孩,每个认识她的人都钦佩她的毅力。

363 train

364 college

365 religion n. 宗教

366 perhaps

367 music

368 grow

369 free

370 cause n. 原因,诱因,理由,事业v. 引起,导致(一般不好的事情)

Make common cause with

Cause and effect 因果关系

371 serve vt. 为…服务,为…(国家/政党等)效力/效忠服役;

Serve a particular purpose 用作特殊目的serve as a particular thing 充当…使用

She ushered me into the front room, which serve d as her office...

她把我领进了她用作办公室的前厅。

372 age

373 book

374 board n. 板;理事会,董事会;(旅馆等提供的)膳食,伙食V. 上,登上(飞机,火车,轮船…)375 recent adj.进来的,最近的,最新的,近代的

376 sound

377 office

378 cut

379 step n. 脚步,台阶,门槛,步骤,阶段vi 踩in step 步伐一致out of step步伐不一致

In/out of step with someone 意见(不)一致

380 class

381 true

382 history

383 position

384 above

385 strong

386 friend

387 necessary

388 add

389 court n. 法院,法庭,网球、篮球、羽毛球或壁球等的)球场;宫廷

390 deal n. 交易,协议v 经营,买卖(If a person, company, or shop deals in a particular type of goods, their business involves buying or selling those goods)

391 tax

392 support

393 party

394 whether conj. 是否,无论,whether…or…不管…还是…

395 either conj. 两者之一(否定句中两者都不) either…or…要么…要么…(即没有…也没有)

Pron. 两者中的任何一个

396 land

397 material

398 happen

399 education

400 death

401 agree

402 arm

403 mother

404 across prep. (穿)过,在…另一边,在…各处adv. 从一边到另外一边,对面,…宽

Anyone from the houses across the road could see him.

在路另一边的那些房子里的任何一个人都能看到他。

This hand-decorated plate measures 14 inches across.

这个手绘盘子有14英寸宽。

405 quite

406 anything

407 town

408 past

409 view

410 society n. 社会,社交活动,社群,上流社会

411 manage

412 answer

413 break v. 破裂,破坏,损坏,违反,结束/打破(不利局面/僵局,沉默),毁掉/瓦解

414 organize

415 half

416 fire n. 火,火灾v. (引擎)点火,激起

fire someone with enthusiasm

417 lose v. 输掉,失败,遗失,失去/丧失

418 money

419 stop

420 actual

421 already

422 effort n. 努力,费力的事(something is an effort)

with effort 费力/吃力something is worth the effort 值得(努力去做)的

make the effort to do sth 尽力/尝试/勉为其难做

423 wait

424 department

425 able

426 political

427 learn

428 ***

429 air

430 together

431 shall

432 cover v. 盖,遮住,cover…with(in)…. 把…铺在….

433 common adj. 共有的,共同的(精力)

common 普通(时时发生)

general 普遍(大多数人或事物中流行)反义specific

ordinary (基本同common)侧重“平凡的,普通的”表示“随时可以碰到,不值得惊奇”,其反义词是superior

usual 通常的/惯常的(因风俗或个人习惯)而时常发生

434 subject

435 draw

436 short

437 wife

438 treat

439 limit

440 road

441 letter

442 color

443 behind prep. 在…后面, 跟在…后面,在(某一局势)背后(或幕后),支持

someone is behind you, they support you and help you

He had the state's judicial power behind him.

他有国家司法权作后盾。

Behind schedule 落后计划

444 produce

445 send

446 term n. 条款,术语,条款,学期,(工作、居住的)期间,期限v. 把A称作B (term A B, 特别的事)In terms of 从…角度

On one’s terms 按照…的条件/意见

the summer term 夏季学期

in the long term/short term/medium term 从长远/短期/中期来看

447 total n. 总计,总数,总体数量adj. 总计的,全部的vi. 共计,总数达

The unit's exports will total $85 million this year该部门今年的出口总额将达8,500 万美元448 university

449 rise vi. 上升,起身,起立,起床,(太阳,月亮)升起,(地面)隆起,(数量)增长vt. 使…飞起,抬高

He looked up the slope of land that rose from the house.

他抬头看了看从那所房子向上隆起的斜坡。

450 century

451 success

452 minute n. 分钟,片刻,会议记录vt. 做会议记录

You don’t need to minute that. 你不必记录那些

Wait/just a moment 等一下

At any moment 随时

一….就…. The minute you do this, you’ll lose control. 你一做这个,你就会失控。

453 remember

454 purpose

455 test

456 fight n. 斗争,奋斗,打架v. 与…作斗争,奋斗,参战,参加(竞选election),克制(情绪,渴望),打仗,打架Police fought a gun battle with a gang which used hand grenades against them.

警察与使用手榴弹的一个团伙进行了枪战。

I fought my way into a carriage just before the doors closed.

我正好在车门关闭之前挤进了一节车厢。

Lee had to fight hard for his place on the expedition.

李必须为他在考察队的一席之地而努力奋斗。

I told him how we had fought to hold on to the company.

我告诉他我们是如何为保住公司而奋斗的。

457 watch

458 situation

459 south

460 ago

461 difference

462 stage

463 father

464 table

465 rest n. 休息,其余部分(the rest)v. 休息,靠放,使…(倚)靠,依赖(rest on)

And the rest 诸如此类

a man with nice clothes, an SUV, and the rest.

…一个衣着考究、开一辆四轮驱动,诸如此类的男人

466 bear n. 熊vt. 忍受,承担(责任,费用)

467 entire

468 market

469 prepare

470 explain

471 offer vt 提供(offer sth to sb),表示愿意做(offer to do),提供(offer sth信息、忠告等),出价n.提议,出价

I ought to reconsider her offer to move in," he mused. “我应该重新考虑她搬进来的提议,”他若有所思地说。

472 plant

473 charge

474 ground

475 west

476 picture

477 hard

478 front

479 lie

480 modern

481 dark

482 surface

483 rule

484 regard

485 dance

486 peace

487 observe

488 future

489 wall

490 farm

491 claim

492 firm

493 operation

494 further

495 pressure

496 property

497 morning

498 amount

499 top

500 outside

501 piece

502 sometimes

503 beauty

504 trade

505 fear

506 demand

507 wonder

508 list

509 accept

510 judge

511 paint

512 mile

514 responsible 515 allow

516 secretary 517 heart

518 union

519 slow

520 island

521 enter

522 drink

523 story

524 experiment 525 stay

526 paper

527 space

528 apply

529 decide

530 share

531 desire

532 spend

533 sign

534 therefore 535 various 536 visit

537 supply

538 officer

539 doubt

540 private

541 immediate 542 wish

543 contain 544 feed

545 raise

546 describe 547 ready

548 horse

549 son

550 exist

551 north

552 suggest 553 station

554 effective 555 food

556 deep

558 alone

559 character 560 English 561 happy 562 critic

563 unit

564 product 565 respect 566 drop

567 nor

568 fill

569 cold

570 represent 571 sudden 572 basic

573 kill

574 fine

575 trouble 576 mark

577 single 578 press

579 heavy 580 attempt 581 origin

582 standard 583 everything 584 committee 585 moral

586 black

587 red

588 bad

589 earth

590 accord 591 else

592 mere

593 die

594 remark 595 basis

596 except 597 equal

598 east

599 event

600 employ