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当前位置:文档库 > 【英语】九年级上册英语语法填空汇编专项训练及答案及解析

【英语】九年级上册英语语法填空汇编专项训练及答案及解析

【英语】九年级上册英语语法填空汇编专项训练及答案及解析

一、英语语法填空汇编

1.

阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号内所给单词的正确形式(每空最多不超过三个单词)

A king had two sons and asked famous teachers to teach them. After a few ________(year), the king fell badly ill. So he wanted to choose one of his sons as the next king, but which one would be the right person? He thought it over ________ a whole night. At last, he decided ________ (test) his sons.

One day, he gave a room to each of ________ (they), You must fill the room completely (完全地)with anything you wish. But there should ________ (be)no space left and you can't ask for advice from anyone!"

The next day the king ________(visit) his elder son's room. The room was completely filled with grass. The king felt sorry about it. Then he went to ________other room, but it was closed. His ________ (young)son asked him to get in and closed the door again. It was dark everywhere, so the king shouted at him ________ (angry), But suddenly the second son lighted a candle and the room was full of light. The king felt very excited and hugged him proudly. He realized: Wisdom(智慧) is more important than simple answers ________ are easy to get.

【答案】 years;for;to test;them;be;visited;the;younger;angrily;which/that

【解析】【分析】文章大意:国王有两个儿子,让著名的老师教他们,几年后,国王生病了,想找到一个聪明的王位继承人,让他两个儿子用自己想到的东西把房间填满,第二天分别去了两个儿子的房间,很高兴地拥抱了二儿子,他意识到智慧比简单的答案更重要。(1)句意:几年后,国王病的很严重。a few一些,后跟可数名词的复数形式,因此使用year的复数,故答案是years。

(2)句意:他仔细考虑了整整一个晚上。 a whole night是时间段,引出时间段的是介词for,故答案是for。

(3)句意:最后,他决定测试一下他的儿子。decide to do sth.,决定做某事,因此使用动词不定式,故答案是to test。

(4)句意:一天,他给了他们每人一个房间。of是介词,介词后使用宾格人称代词,将they改为them,故答案是them。

(5)句意:但是不应该有空间剩下,不能向任何人请求建议。本句为there be句式,should是情态动词,情态动词后使用动词原形,故答案是be。

(6)句意:第二天,国王参观了他的大儿子的房间。本文的基本时态是一般过去时,因此本句为一般过去时,应使用visit的过去式visited,故答案是visited。

(7)句意:于是他去了另一个房间。国王有两个儿子,分别对两人或者两件事进行描述,应使用短语one…the other…,一个……另一个……,故答案是the。

(8)句意:他的小儿子让他进去。又把门关住了。因为国王有两个儿子,先去的是大儿子的房间,后去的应该是小儿子的房间,大与小是相对的,因此都应使用比较级,故答案

是younger。

(9)句意:到处都很黑,国王生气地冲着他喊叫。angry修饰动词shouted,应使用副词形式angrily,故答案是angrily。

(10)句意:智慧比容易得到的答案更重要。本句为定语从句,先形式是answers,因此关系代词使用that或者which,故答案是which/that。

【点评】考查词汇在篇章中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握其大意,然后细读文章,字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素。最后通读一遍,检查验证。

2.阅读下面材料,在空白处按要求填入适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。(每空1个单词)

A group of boys gathered around a tree. "What a tall tree!" they said to each other. "It would be exciting to climb to the top!"

The group of boys then decided to play a game to see who could ________(climb) to the top of the tree first. Their ________(mother) were sitting not far away, looking on at them as they played.

One of the climbers was________(冠词)8-year-old boy named David. He was the________ (short) child in the group. Nobody thought he would win the competition.

Then the game started. All of the boys tried ________( they 1 best to climb as high as they could. ________(连词)they all made it halfway up the tree before David did, he reached the top of the tree first in the end.

His mother was proud to see this. She asked him, "David, how did you manage to reach the top of the tree so ________(quick)?"

"It was easy, "David said. "The other children ________(keep)looking down as they climbed. When they realized how high they were, they got scared and were afraid of ________(fall) down. I, however, looked only up. When I saw how close I was, I just went higher and higher until I reached the lop."

It is true in life that if we just keep going forward________(介词)looking back, we are more likely to reach our goals and achieve success.

【答案】 climb;mothers;an;shortest;their;Although/ Though;quickly;kept;falling;without

【解析】【分析】(1)句意:这群男孩于是决定玩一个游戏,看谁能先爬到树顶。climb 是动词,爬,could是情态动词其后是动词原形,故填 climb 。

(2)句意:他们的母亲坐在不远处,看着他们玩耍。mother是名词,妈妈,此处泛指故用复数,故填 mothers。

(3)句意:其中一个登山者是一个名叫大卫的8岁男孩。boy是名词单数,8以元音音素开头,故用不定冠词an表示泛指,故填an。

(4)句意:他是小组里个子最矮的孩子。没有人想到他会赢得这场比赛。short是形容词,矮的,根据定冠词the可知是形容词最高级,故填 shortest。

(5)句意:然后比赛开始了。所有的男孩都尽力爬到尽可能高的地方。try one's best to

do,固定搭配,尽某人最大努力做某事,they的形容词性物主代词是their,他们的,故填their。

(6)句意:虽然他们都比大卫先爬到了树的一半,但最后他还是第一个到达了树顶。根据they all made it halfway up the tree 和 he reached the top of the tree first in the end ,可知此处是让步状语从句的语气,although/ though,尽管,故填 Although/ Though。

(7)句意:大卫,你是怎么这么快就爬到树顶的?副词修饰reach,quick的副词是quickly,迅速地,故填 quickly。

(8)句意:其他孩子在爬山时不断向下看。根据 as they climbed 可知时态是一般过去时,keep的是动词,其过去式是kept,保持,故填 kept。

(9)句意:当他们意识到自己有多高时,就会感到害怕,害怕摔倒。fall是动词,落下,of是介词,其后是动名词falling,故填 falling。

(10)句意:这是真实的生活,如果我们继续向前,而不回头看,我们更有可能达到我们的目标和取得成功。根据keep going forward 可知是不要回头,without是介词,没有,故填 without。

【点评】考查语言综合运用能力,注意谓语的时态,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

3.用所给单词的适当形式填空,未给词的限填一词。

I used to be strongly against telling lies. I can't stand (忍受)lies. ________, a white lie changed my idea.

Several days ago, I invited some friends ________(get) together at a bar to celebrate my birthday. They promised to meet ________at 5 p.m. When that day came, I got to ________bar early. To my disappointment (失 M), only one friend arrived by 4:50 p.m. Did they forget my birthday? I had to keep________(wait) for them. Most of them said that they were ________ the way while some said they were still at home. I realized that they wouldn't come on time. At 5 p.m., there ________(be) just three people with me. I sat on my chair ________ (happy). How could they do this to me? They didn't care about me! I got so angry that I decided to leave. But just at that moment, a group of my ________ (friend) came into the room with a big cake in their hands, singing "Happy birthday to you". I was so________(surprise). Ever since then, I didn't hate telling white lies anymore.

【答案】 However;to get;me;the;waiting;on;were;unhappily;friends;surprised 【解析】【分析】作者曾经强烈反对说谎,无法忍受谎言。但一次他的朋友们在聚会上给他惊喜的经历让他自此以后不再讨厌善意的谎言。

(1)句意:然而,一个善意的谎言改变了我的想法。前句说:我曾经强烈反对说谎。我无法忍受谎言。这里又说一个善意的谎言改变了我的想法,说明出现了转折,这里不是并列句,位于句首逗号前,用however,但是,故填However。

(2)句意:几天前,我邀请了一些朋友聚在酒吧庆祝我的生日。invite sb to do意为"邀请某人做……",故填to get。

(3)句意:他们答应在下午5点见我。他们是要来赴约见我,动词meet后加人称代词宾格做宾语,我,me是宾格,故填me。

(4)句意:那天到了,我早早到了酒吧。名词bar意为"酒吧",这里是特指,表示就是那个要开派对的酒吧,用定冠词the,故填the。

(5)句意:我不得不一直等他们。keep doing,一直做……,wait,动词,等待,动名词是waiting,故填waiting。

(6)句意:他们中的大多数人说他们在路上,而有些人说他们还在家里。on the way,在路上,表示他们还没到,还在路上,故填on。

(7)句意:下午5点,只有三个人和我在一起。这是there be句型,陈述过去的事情用一般过去时,最近的主语是people,对应的be动词是were,故填were。

(8)句意:我不开心地坐在椅子上。没来多少人我肯定不开心,根据How could they do this to me?可知是不开心,副词修饰动词sat,unhappily,是副词,不开心地,故填unhappily。

(9)句意:但就在那一刻,我的一群朋友带着一块大蛋糕走进房间,唱着"祝你生日快乐"。a group of修饰可数名词复数,故填friends。

(10)句意:我是如此的惊讶。这里是在be动词后加形容词表示状态,形容词surprised 意为"惊讶的",故填surprised。

【点评】考查语言综合运用能力,注意谓语的时态,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

4.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。

At about thirteen years old, I felt very lonely. I didn't like my classmates, my parents or anyone else. My classmates didn't want to talk ________ me and my parents were always saying that other kids were ________(good) than me. I thought I was the ________(luck) person in the world.

One day I had a big fight with one of my classmates. I was so angry ________ I hit him in the face. Just at that moment, a boy stood up and ________(stop) the fight. He was the monitor of our class. After that, he often helped me and we became good ________(friend). Whenever I got angry or sad, he would help ________(I)to cool down. My life began to change because of the boy, my best friend. We spent a lot of interesting days together. ________ time goes by, I have become happier with people and things. And people around me have ________ (change), too. My parents don't shout at me ________ more and my classmates become friendly to me.

But now we go to different cities to study. How I miss the days when we were together!

【答案】 with;better;unluckiest;that;stopped;friends;me;As;changed;any

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了作者大约十三岁时,感到非常孤独不喜欢我的同学父母或其他任何人,后来因为一个男孩,生活开始改变。

(1)句意:我的同学不想和我说话,我父母总是说其他孩子比我好。talk with,固定搭配,和某人聊天,故填with。

(2)句意:我的同学不想和我说话,我父母总是说其他孩子比我好。than是比较级的标志,good的比较级是better,故填better。

(3)句意:我以为我是世界上最不幸的人。was是系动词其后是形容词luck是名词,lucky是形容词,根据the定冠词可知是最高级,故填unluckiest。

(4)句意:我非常生气,打了他的脸。so ...that,如此……以至于,固定搭配,故填that。

(5)句意:就在这时,一个男孩站了起来,停止了打斗。描述过去用一般过去时,stop 是动词,故填stopped。

(6)句意:从那以后,他经常帮助我,我们成了好朋友。主语是we故此处名词是复数,故填friends。

(7)句意:每当我生气或难过时,他会帮助我冷静下来。help动词后是宾格做宾语,I的宾格是me,故填me。

(8)句意:随着时间的推移,我对人和事越来越开心。此处缺少时间状语从句的连词表示伴随用as,故填As。

(9)句意:我周围的人也改变了。描述过去用一般过去时,change是动词,故填changed。

(10)句意:我的父母不再对我大喊大叫,我的同学对我变得友好了。not any,固定搭配,不再,故填any。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

5.语法填空

Long long ago, there was a small village in the Middle East. In the village there was________old man called Sthira. He lived by himself. His only son had gone far away to study. Sthira's friends________(wonder)whether his son would return,________Sthira always said," Whatever happens, happens for good."

One day the old man's son returned and the villagers were very happy for Sthira. He thanked the villagers and said________(polite),"Whatever happens, happens for good." However, later, Sthira's son broke his________(leg). Once again the villagers came to visit him and once again the old man thanked________(they) and said, "Whatever happens, happens for good." Some of the villagers were surprised________(hear) this. Why? What was good? His son's leg got badly hurt!

After a few days, the army came to the village and forced all the young men to________the army. When they found his son had a________(break) leg, they left him behind. Once again, all the villagers came to congratulate him on his________(good)luck. Like always, the old man was still thankful to them and said," Whatever happens, happens for good."

【答案】 an;wondered;but;politely;leg;them;to hear;join;broken;good

【解析】【分析】文章大意:从前,在一个小村里,有一个泰斯拉的老人,不管发生了什么他都认为是好事。

(1)句意:在一个村庄里有一个叫做泰斯拉的老人。man是单数,前面需要不定冠词,old是以元音音素开始的,因此使用an,故答案是an。

(2)句意:泰斯拉的朋友想知道他的朋友是否回来。根据句首的long long ago可知句子为一般过去时,故答案是wondered。

(3)句意:但是泰斯拉总是说“不管发生了什么,都是好事,”朋友想知道他的儿子是否会回来,泰斯拉却说不管发生了什么都是好事,所以使用but表示转折,故答案是but。

(4)句意:他感谢了村民们,然然后礼貌地说:“不管发生了什么,发生的都是好事。”polite修饰动词said,因此使用副词politely,故答案是politely。

(5)句意:然而,之后,太势力的儿子摔断了腿。摔断的不可能是两条腿,应该是一条腿,因此使用单数形式,故答案是leg。

(6)句意:村民在一次来看忘了他,他再一次感谢了他们。they做thank的宾语,应使用宾格人称代词,故答案是them。

(7)句意:一些村名听到后感到很吃惊。听到是吃惊的原因,应使用动词不定式做状语,故答案是to hear。

(8)句意:几天之后,军队来到村里,强迫年轻人参军。根据the army可知是强迫参军,force sb. to do sth.固定搭配,to已经给出,因此使用动词原形,故答案是join。

(9)句意:当他们发现他的儿子有一条断腿的时候,他们就把他留下了。break修饰leg,因此使用过去分词,故答案是broken。

(10)句意:村民再次来祝她好运。good修饰luck,没有任何比较,所以使用原级,故答案是good。

【点评】考查词汇在篇章中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握其大意,然后细读文章,字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素。最后通读一遍,检查验证。

6.语法填空

The Chinese first ________ (make)paper about 2,000 years ago. China still has pieces ________paper which were made as long ago as that. But Chinese paper was not made from the wood of trees. It was made from the hair-like parts of certain plants.

Paper was not made in ________ (south)Europe until about the year 1100. Scandinavia (斯堪的纳维亚半岛),which now makes a great deal of the ________ (world) paper, did not begin to make it until 1500. It was a German ________ (name) Schaeffer who found out that one could make the best paper from trees. After that, the forest countries of Sweden, Norway, Finland, and the United States ________ (become)the largest paper producers. Today in Finland, which makes the ________ (good) paper in the world, the paper industry is the biggest on the land. New papermaking machines are very big, and ________ (them) make paper very fast. The biggest machines can make a piece of paper that is 300 metres long and 6 metres wide ________ one minute.

When we think of paper, we think of newspapers, books, letters, envelopes and writing paper. ________there are many other uses. Only half of the paper that is made is used for books and newspapers, etc.

【答案】 made;of;southern;world's;named;became;best;they;in;But

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了全世界的造纸工艺。

(1)句意:大约2000年前中国制造了第一张纸。根据2,000 years ago可知2000年前是一般过去时的标志,make的过去式是made,故填made。

(2)句意:中国仍然有在那之前制作的纸。pieces of,固定搭配,张,故填of。

(3)句意:直到大约1100年,纸才在南欧制造出来。Europe是名词其前是形容词,

south是名词,southern是形容词,故填 southern。

(4)句意:斯堪的纳维亚半岛现在在世界报纸上占有很大份额,直到1500年才开始发行。paper是名词,此处是所有格,故填 world's。

(5)句意:是一个叫谢弗的德国人发现人们可以用树做最好的纸。name和German是被动关系,故用过去分词做后置定语,故填 named。

(6)句意:此后,森林国家瑞典、挪威、芬兰和美国成为最大的纸张生产国。描述过去用一般现在时,become的过去式是became,故填 became。

(7)句意:今天,在世界上造纸最好的是芬兰,造纸工业是世界上最大的。根据the biggest on the land可知此处是最高级,good的最高级是best,故填 best。

(8)句意:新的造纸机很大,而且造纸很快。此处缺少主语,故用主格,them是宾格,主格是they,故填 they。

(9)句意:最大的机器可以在一分钟内制造出一张长300米、宽6米的纸。此处缺少介词表示时间范围,in one minute,在一分钟之内,故填in。

(10)句意:但还有很多其他用途。此处缺少连词,此处表示前后的对比,故是转折关系连词but,故填But。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,语态,非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

7.语法填空

Dear Auntie Em,

Great news! Mrs Mumford just told me I had been chosen as one of the school________(student)to visit the University of Cape Town in South Africa this summer!She said the programme________(design)for some of the brighter teenagers to experience a different culture.________a good chance!

The only problem is: Mum and Dad________(simple)won't let me go. They said it was dangerous for me, a girl, ________(travel)alone. But my guess is that they think it too expensive. I kept telling________(they)I had been on a plane alone to visit you in Texas before. They needn't worry about me________this trip would be almost the same as that one.________(but)they just won't listen!

Will you help, Auntie Em? It will be________very important experience to my personal growth. Love, (and love you even________(much)if you manage to make Mum & Dad agree with

me. )

【答案】students;was designed;What;simply;to travel;them;because/as;But;a;more

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者因无法参观南非开普敦大学而向Auntie Em求助。(1)句意:芒福德夫人刚刚告诉我,我被选为今年夏天参观南非开普敦大学的学生之一!one of+限定词+名词复数,故填students。

(2)句意:她说这个项目是为了让一些聪明的青少年体验不同的文化而设立的。design

和programme是被动关系,主句是一般过去时,故从句是过去式的被动语态,主语是program么me,单数名词,故助动词是was,故填 was designed。

(3)句意:多好的机会啊!根据 a good chance 可知此处是感叹名词chance,故用what,故填What。

(4)句意:妈妈和爸爸绝对不会让我走。副词修饰动词let,simply是副词,绝对地,故填simply。

(5)句意:他们说这对我这个独自旅行的女孩来说很危险。it's+形容词+for sb to do,固定搭配,对某人而言做某事很……,故此处是不定式,故填 to travel。

(6)句意:我不停地告诉他们,我以前曾独自乘飞机去德克萨斯州看望过你们。tell是动词,其后是宾格做宾语,they的宾格是them,故填them。

(7)句意:他们不用担心我,因为这次旅行几乎和那次一样。从句是对主句的解释,故表示原因,故填because/as。

(8)句意:但是他们就是不听!作者安慰了父母很久,和他们就是不听表示转折故选,故是但是,故填But。

(9)句意:这对我的个人成长将是非常重要的经历。experience是名词,very以辅音音素开头,故此处用不定冠词a,表示泛指,故填a。

(10)句意:如果你能让爸爸妈妈同意我的话,我会更爱你。副词even后是比较级,much的比较级是more,故填more。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,语态,非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

8.阅读下面短文,按照句子结构和上下午连贯要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的词语的正确形式填空。

Jason and Andy are twins. They share a lot of things, including room, food and toys.

One Saturday, Jason and Andy went out ________(play)with a toy car. Both of them wanted to be the owner of the car, so they shouted at each other. ________(They) mother heard the boys arguing. She came out and told them to take turns to play with the toy car, but the twins wouldn't.

A few days later, Mother brought ________ pet home. "Can't we each have our own pet dog?" asked the boys. They were ________(tire) of sharing everything.

"No! The dog must ________ (share)." Mother said. "You will have to feed the dog and make sure it does not get into anything wrong."

Several days later, the dog got into mother's room ________(secret) and made a mess there. Jason saw the dog playing with mother's clothes. He quickly went to find Andy and told him ________ the dog had done.

"Oh, no! It's our duty to clean up the mess!" ________(cry) Andy. They boys picked up the clothes and put them away rapidly.

"Just think, Jason," said Andy, "what a big mess two ________(dog) would made!"

"I agree ________ you," laughed Jason, "Maybe sharing isn't so bad!"

【答案】 to play;Their;a;tired;be shared;secretly;what;cried;dogs;with

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了兄弟两人通过养狗学会了分享。

(1)句意:一个星期六,杰森和安迪带着一辆玩具车出去玩。go out to do,固定搭配,出去做某事,故填 to play。

(2)句意:他们的母亲听到男孩们在争吵。mother是名词,其前是形容词性物主代词,they的形容词性物主代词是their,他们的,故填Their。

(3)句意:几天后,妈妈带了一只宠物回家。dog是可数名词单数,前面应用冠词限定。pet以辅音音素开头,用不定冠词a,故填a。

(4)句意:他们厌倦了分享一切。be tired of doing sth.,固定搭配,厌烦做某事,故填tired。

(5)句意:“不!这只狗必须分享。”母亲说。share与dog是被动关系,must是情态动词,故用must be done,故填 be shared。

(6)句意:几天后,这只狗悄悄地进入母亲的房间,把那里弄得一团糟。副词修饰动词短语got into,secret的副词是secretly,故填 secretly。

(7)句意:他很快去找安迪,并告诉他狗做了什么。宾语从句中缺少宾语,故用what指代事或物,故填what。

(8)句意:哦,不!收拾烂摊子是我们的责任!”安迪喊道。描述过去用一般过去时,cry的过去式是cried,故填 cried。

(9)句意:两条狗会弄得多糟啊!dog是可数名词,two修饰可数名词复数,故在dog 后直接加s,故填dogs。

(10)句意:“我同意你,”杰森大笑说,“或许分享不是那么坏。”agree with sb.,固定搭配,同意某人,故填with。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,语态,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

9.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所給单词的正确形式。

Food waste is a world's problem. Every year, about 1.3 billion tons, or one-third of all the food produced is thrown away, according to a survey. ________(use)just 25 percent of that wasted food could feed 870 million hungry people, which would end world hunger. The people of France wasted 234 pounds of food per person, which is much better than some other________ (country).

In the past, France wasn't________at controlling food waste, but now the country takes the lead. A law was________ (make) by French government. It made France the first country in the world to prevent supermarkets from________(throw)away unused food. Now supermarkets of a certain size must donate unused food, or they will face a fine. ________ are other rules requiring schools to teach students about food sustainability (可持续性).They also ask companies to report the food waste numbers in their environmental reports. And restaurants should provide take-out bags.

These laws make it a standard to reduce waste." says Marie Mourad, a student in Paris who has ________ (write) several reports on French food waste." France is not the country that wastes the least food, ________ Frenchmen have become the most active because they want to be the

example in Europe.'* This step has influenced parts of French food industry. It is everyone's duty to fight ________ food waste. Everyone on the earth should ________ attention and take action.【答案】 Using;countries;good;made;throwing;There;written;but;against;pay 【解析】【分析】本文介绍了食物浪费的问题。

(1)句意:仅用这些浪费食物的25%就可以养活8.7亿饥饿的人,这将结束世界的饥饿。use是动词,使用,位于句首,用动名词做主语,故填Using。

(2)句意:法国人民每人浪费了234磅食物,比其他一些国家要好得多。country是名词,国家,some other+名词复数,一些其他的......,故填countries。

(3)句意:过去,法国并不擅长控制食物垃圾,但现在这个国家在这方面处于领先地位。be good at,固定搭配,擅长,故填good。

(4)句意:法国政府制定了一项法律。根据助动词was可知此处是被动语态,动词make 的过去分词是made,制作,故填 made。

(5)句意:它使法国成为世界上第一个防止超市丢弃不用的食品的国家。from是介词,其后是动名词,throw是动词,扔,故填 throwing。

(6)句意:还有其他的规定要求学校教学生食物可持续性。根据are可知,此处是there be句型,有,故填 There。

(7)句意:巴黎的一位学生,写过几篇关于法国食物垃圾的报道。根据助动词has可知此处是现在完成时,故填过去分词,write是动词,其过去分词是written,故填 written。(8)句意:法国不是一个浪费最少食物的国家,但是法国人之所以成为最活跃的国家,是因为他们想成为欧洲的榜样。根据France is not the country that wastes the least food,和Frenchmen have become the most active,可知此处表示转折关系,故填转折连词but,但是,故填 but。

(9)句意:与食物浪费作斗争是每个人的责任。fight against,固定搭配,与……作斗争,故填 against。

(10)句意:地球上的每个人都应该注意并采取行动。pay attention,固定搭配,主语,should是情态动词,其后是动词原形,故填 pay。

【点评】考查语言综合运用能力,注意谓语的语态,非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

10.语法填空

Chen Yujie studies at a boarding school in Ningbo, Zhejiang. She used to go back to her home in Cixi every week ________ (get) money from her parents.

It was not a short ride home and the trips were tiring. Chen hoped her parents could put the money on a bank card, ________ she didn't have to travel so often.

She decided to discuss ________ with her parents during TV time after dinner. "It's usually the most relaxing time for our family," said Chen.

She ________ the right time. After a few turns of lobbying(游说), her parents ________ agreed with Chen. For most teenagers like Chen, talking to parents can be difficult or even worrying. So they have to choose a right time.

American magazine Highlight recently surveyed 1,521 ________ (kid)aged 6~12 in the country, asking questions like" When you want to talk to your parents about something important, when is ________ best time to do it?". Results show that American kids seem to know when their parents are most receptive(乐于接受的). Mealtime is discovered to be their favourite time to talk to their parents. Bedtime comes ________ (two), followed by time spent in the car.

________ (China)teenagers seem to have a similar tendency(倾向)towards the problem. A newspaper in Zhejiang did a survey ________ it. The result shows most teenagers in the city would choose mealtime to talk to their parents.

So do you have anything to talk to your parents? Choose a good time.

【答案】 to get;so;it;chose;finally;kids;the;second;Chinese;of

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了青少年和父母交流的问题,对大多数青少年来说,与父母交谈可能很困难,甚至令人担忧。所以他们必须选择正确的时间。

(1)句意:她常常每周回到在慈溪的家为了从父母那里取钱。此处是不定式做目的状语,为了,故填to get。

(2)句意:陈希望她的父母可以把钱打到银行卡上,这样她不用经常回家了。根据put the money on a bank card和she didn't have to travel so often可知,把钱打到银行卡上的结果是这样她不用经常回家了,故此处是连词表示结果,so是连词,故填so。

(3)句意:她决定晚饭后看电视时和她的父母讨论这件事。discuss后缺少宾语,it指代把钱打到银行卡上这件事,故用it指代一件事,故填it。

(4)句意:她选择了正确时间。此处缺少谓语动词,根据下文choose mealtime to talk to their parents选择用餐时间和父母交谈,可知是选择时机,choose是动词,描述过去用一般过去时,choose的过去式是chose,故填chose。

(5)句意:在几次游说下,她的父母终于同意了陈的意见。副词修饰动词agreed,finally,终于,是副词,故填finally。

(6)句意:美国杂志最近重点调查了该国15216名6-12岁的儿童。基数词1521后是名词复数,故填kids。

(7)句意:当你想和你的父母谈论重要的事情,最佳时间是什么时候?best是最高级,故此处缺少定冠词the,故填the。

(8)句意:睡觉时间是其次。根据followed by time接着是时间,可知此处表示顺序,故用序数词,two是基数词,second是序数词,第二,故填second。

(9)句意:中国青少年似乎也有类似的处理问题的倾向。teenagers是名词其前是形容词,China是名词,中国,Chinese是形容词,中国的,故填Chinese。

(10)句意:浙江的一份报纸,做了一个调查。a survey of,固定搭配,……的调查,故填of。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

11.He was ________ (mention) in the letter.

【答案】 mentioned

【解析】【分析】句意:他在这封信里被提到了。mention是及物动词,根据句子机构可知是被动语态,be已经给出,行为动词使用过去分词mentioned,故答案是mentioned。【点评】考查一般过去时,注意动词过去式的变化规则。

12.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Ernest Hemingway, the son of a doctor and a music teacher, was born in 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. Hemingway's father________(teach) him early on how to hunt and fish, two activities Hemingway loved throughout his life. Instead of ________(go) to college, Hemingway became a reporter for the Kansas City Star.

Later, in Europe, he worked as a driver ________ the Italian army until he was wounded and shipped home, where he again wrote for newspapers. Two years ________, he moved to Paris, where he hoped to improve his writing. There he became friends with other ________(America) writers, including

Gertrude Stein and F. Scott Fitzgerald.

Hemingway developed ________ style of writing that was simple and direct. He chose words sparingly(俭省地), avoided using adjectives, and trusted the reader to understand ________(mean) of his writing. As he put it, "I always try ________(write) on the principle(原则)of the iceberg(冰山). There is seven eighths of it under water for every part that shows. "This style continues to influence Writers today. In his career(生涯), which lasted some 40 years, Hemingway earned the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize. He was one of the finest writers of the________(twenty) century.

For a while Emest Hemingway lived in Key West, Florida, where he had nearly 50 cats. One of them was a cat with six toes(脚趾), which a ship's captain had given him. Today his Key West home is a museum, and many cats still live there. Some of them are ________(child)of Hemingway's six-toed cat. Hemingway was married four times and had three sons. He died in 1961.

【答案】 taught;going;for;later;American;a;meaning;to write;twentieth;children 【解析】【分析】本文介绍了海明威及其写作风格。

(1)句意:海明威的父亲很早就教他如何打猎和钓鱼。描述过去用一般过去时,teach的过去式是taught,故填 taught。

(2)句意:海明威没有去上大学,而是成了《堪萨斯城明星报》的记者。of是介词其后是动名词,故填going。

(3)句意:后来,在欧洲,他在意大利军队当司机,直到他受伤并被运回家,在那里他再次为报纸写作。work for,固定搭配,为……工作,故填for。

(4)句意:四年后,他搬到巴黎,希望在那里提高写作水平。时间段+later,……之后,故填later。

(5)句意:在那里,他和其他美国作家成了朋友。writers是名词其前是形容词做定语,America是名词,American是形容词,故填 American。

(6)句意:海明威形成了一种简单直接的写作风格。style是名词单数,以辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a表示泛指,故填a。

(7)句意:他谨慎地选择词语,避免使用形容词,并相信读者能理解他作品的意思。understand后是动名词做宾语,故填 meaning。

(8)句意:我总是试图用冰山的原理写作。try to do,固定搭配,尝试做某事,故填to write 。

(9)句意:他是20世纪最优秀的作家之一。根据定冠词the可知,此处是序数词,twenty是基数词,twentieth是序数词,故填twentieth。

(10)句意:其中一些是海明威六趾猫的孩子。根据are,可知表语是名词复数,child的复数是children,故填children。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,非谓语动词,词性,介词搭配等多种用法。

13.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。

An old man went to India. When he got there, he saw some fruit for sale, but most of it was very cheap. The ________ (cheap) thing has a basket of red fruit.

"How much per kilo?" the old man ________ (ask).

"Two rupees (卢比)," the shopkeeper answered. Two rupees in India is almost nothing, ________ the old man bought a whole kilogram and started eating it.

However, as soon as he started eating, his mouth began ________ (burn), his eyes began to water, and his whole face became as red ________ the fruit. As he coughed and struggled to breathe, he jumped up and ________, screaming: "Ah! Ah! Ah!"

And yet he continued to eat the fruit. Some people who were looking at him shook their ________ (head) and said, "You are crazy! Those are chili peppers (辣椒)!You can't just eat them by the handful!"

The old man said to ________ (he),"I paid for them, so I must eat them."

This old man seemed pretty stupid. But are we so much smarter? All of us have ________ (spend)money and time on something-maybe a relationship, or a business, or a job-and sometimes, even if we know there's no hope that things will change, we still continue with it. What we can learn ________ the old man is this: if you've lost a lot over something that doesn't work, let it go and move on. It's better than continuing to lose.

【答案】cheapest;asked;so;to burn /burning;as;down;heads;himself;spent;from

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这篇短文主要讲述了一个人因为贪便宜,买了一些根本不能作为水果的辣椒。结果因为舍不得自己花的那些钱,坚持把它们吃完的故事。从而告诉我们放弃某些东西比继续损失要好。

(1)句意:最便宜的东西有一篮子红水果。cheap,便宜。根据上文语句but most of it was very cheap. 提示可知,此句应该用最高级,故填cheapest。

(2)句意:“每公斤多少钱?”老人问。ask,询问,由语句 An old man went to India. 提示

可知此句要用一般过去时,故填asked。

(3)句意:所以这位老人买了整整一公斤,开始吃。语句the old man bought a whole kilogram and started eating it.是Two rupees in India is almost nothing, 的结果,故填so。(4)句意:然而,他一开始吃东西,嘴巴就开始燃烧。burn,燃烧;固定结构begin to do sth,开始做某事,故填to burn/burning。

(5)句意:整个脸变得像水果一样红。固定结构as…as,与……一样,故填as。

(6)句意:他跳上跳下,尖叫着:“啊!啊!“啊!”固定短语,jump up and down,跳上跳下,故填down。

(7)句意:有些人看着他,摇摇头说:“你疯了!head,头,因前面some people,要用复数形式,故填heads。

(8)句意:老人自言自语道:“我付了钱,所以我必须吃。”固定短语,say to oneself,因主语是he,故填himself。

(9)句意:我们所有人都把时间和金钱花在了一些事情上。spend,花费,动词。因前面有助动词have,其后要用过去分词,故填spent。

(10)句意:我们可以从这位老人身上学到的是……。固定短语,learn from sb,向某人学习,故填from。

【点评】考查语法填空。通读全文理解大意,然后根据上下文或者所给单词的提示对所缺部分进行逐一解答。

14.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。

【英语】九年级上册英语语法填空汇编专项训练及答案及解析

It was a quarter past Tine Mr. Beet hadn't come back His wife was a bit worried. The super was cold and she had waited for two and a half hours. She was sitting by the table in a dark room. She closed her ________ (eye) and listened carefully. Her neighbour Mr. Turner's television was on. She liked the pop music, ________ she would not turn on hers.

Her husband worked in an office. He worked hard so that he was paid a lot. The things in his home, such ________ the television, the computer, the fridge and so on, were all left by his parents. He and his wife only had to pay ________ their food and clothes. They tried to save money. If they ever felt sick, they just bought some medicine instead of ________ (see)a doctor.

Suddenly the woman ________ (hear) someone coming upstairs. It was her husband who came back. She hurried to open the door. In the dark she could hear his deep breathing. As ________ as he sat down, she turned on the light and found he looked very tired.

"________ do you come back so late, dear?" asked the woman. "Didn't you take the bus?”

"No, I didn't take it. I ran after it and I saved two dollars this evening."

"That's great!" the woman said ________ (happy). "Run after a taxi next time and you ________ (save) even.

【答案】 eyes;but;as;for;seeing;heard;soon;Why;happily;will save

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了Beet夫妇虽然有钱,但是很节省,不开灯,也不坐公共汽车。

(1)句意:她闭上眼睛仔细听着。形容词性物主代词her后是名词,表示泛指用复数,故填eyes。

(2)句意:她喜欢流行音乐,但她不会打开她的电视。根据liked the pop music和would not turn on可知是表示转折,故用转折连词,但是,but,故填but。

(3)句意:他家里的东西,如电视机、电脑、冰箱等,都是他父母留下的。such as,固定搭配,例如,故填as。

(4)句意:他和他的妻子只需要付他们的食物和衣服的钱。pay for,固定搭配,付款,故填for。

(5)句意:如果他们感到不舒服,他们只是买了一些药,而不是去看医生。介词of后是动名词,故填seeing。

(6)句意:突然,那个女人听到有人上楼来了。根据t was her husband可知描述过去用一般过去时,hear的过去式是heard,故填heard。

(7)句意:当他坐下时,她打开灯,发现他看起来很累。as soon as,固定搭配,一……就,故填soon。

(8)句意:亲爱的,你为什么回来得这么晚?根据asked the woman可知此处是问原因,故是为什么,why ,故填Why。

(9)句意:太好了!女人高兴地说。副词修饰动词said,happy的副词是happily,故填happily。

(10)句意:下次追一辆出租车,你就可以节省更多。根据next time可知是一般将来时,故填will save。

【点评】考查语言综合运用能力,注意谓语的时态,非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

15.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

In Britain you aren't allowed ________ (drive) a car until you are seventeen. You have to get a special driving license ________ you can drive, When you're learning, someone with a full license always has to be in the car ________ you. You aren't allowed to drive the car on the road alone.

You don't have to go to a driving school. A friend can teach you. The person who teaches you isn't allowed to take money ________ the lesson unless he has got a teacher s license.

You have to take a ________ (drive) test to have a full license. If you don't pass the test, you will be allowed to take it again a few weeks later if you want to. In 1970, a woman passed her ________ (forty)test after 212 driving lessons! When you have passed your test, you are

allowed to go on driving as long ________ you like, if you are ________ (health). Britain's ________ (old) driver was a man who drove in 1974 at the age of 100. Before 1904, everyone was allowed to drive, even ________ (child). From then on car drivers must have licenses.

【答案】 to drive;before;with;for;driving;fortieth;as;healthy;oldest;children 【解析】【分析】本文介绍了英国在开车上路之前考取驾照的情况。

(1)句意:在英国,直到17岁你才被允许开车。be allowed to do,固定搭配,允许做某事,故此处是不定式,故填 to drive。

(2)句意:你必须得到一张特殊的驾驶执照才能开车。根据常识,开车前要考驾照,之前before,故填before。

(3)句意:当你学习的时候,一个有驾照的人总是必须在你的车里和你在一起。根据has to be in the car可知是和某人在车里,是介词,with,故填with。

(4)句意:除非有教师执照,否则教你的人不允许为了钱上课。for,介词表示目的,为了,故填for。

(5)句意:必须参加驾驶考试才能获得驾照。test是名词其前是形容词,此处是动名词做定语,表示用途,故填driving。

(6)句意:1970年,一名女子经过212节驾驶课,通过了第40次考试!根据限定词her 可知此处是序数词,forty是基数词,fortieth是序数词,故填fortieth。

(7)句意:如果你健康,当你通过考试后,只要你喜欢你可以继续驾驶。as long as,固定搭配,只要,故填as。

(8)句意:如果你健康,当你通过考试后,只要你喜欢你可以继续驾驶。are系动词后是形容词,health是名词,healthy是系动词,故填healthy。

(9)句意:英国最老的司机是1974年100岁时开车的人。driver是名词其前是形容词,此处根据100岁可知是最老的司机,用形容词最高级,故填oldest。

(10)句意:1904年以前,每个人都被允许开车,甚至是小孩。此处是名词复数表示泛指,child的复数是children,故填children。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。

16.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Only a mother's love is true love. When you are still a baby, your mother takes good care ________ you as much as possible. In your waking hours she always holds you in her arms. When you are ill, she stops her work at once to look after you day and ________ and forgets about herself. When you ________ (grow) up day by day,she feels very happy.

When you are old ________ to go to school, your mother still looks ________ you all the time. On cold winter days, she always tells you ________ (put) on more clothes. She always stands in the wind waiting for you back from school every day. When you hurry to leave home for school with little breakfast, she always feels worried about you at home, She ________ (usual) cares about your study and spends much money on your school things. When you do well at school, you ________ (see)the brightest smile on her face. Mother can do everything for you day

after day. Mother is always ready to give everything she has to her ________ (child). ________ true love it is in the world! We will remember it forever!

【答案】of;night;are growing;enough;after;to put;usually;will see;children;What

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文论述了母爱的伟大。

(1)句意:当你还是个孩子的时候,你妈妈尽可能地照顾你,take care of照顾,故答案是of。

(2)句意:当你生病的时候,他立即停止工作日夜照顾你。day and night,日日夜夜,固定短语,故答案是night。

(3)句意:当你一天天长大的时候,她感到非常高兴。grow生产,动词,根据day by day可知,句子时态为现在进行时,现在进行时的结构式be+doing,主语you是第二人称,be的形式为are,故答案是are growing。

(4)句意:当你年龄足够大,可以去上学的时候。be +形容词+to do sth.足够……而能够……,固定句式,故答案是enough。

(5)句意:你妈妈让然一直照看着你。look after照管,照看,固定短语,故答案是after。

(6)句意:在寒冷的冬天,他总是告诉你多穿衣服。tell sb do do sth.告诉某人做某事,固定句式,因此使用动词不定式,故答案是to put。

(7)句意:她通常会关心你的学习,在你的学习用品上花费很多钱。空缺处需要副词修饰动词,所以将usual改为usually,故答案是usually。

(8)句意:当你在学校表现地好的时候,你能看见她脸上最灿烂的微笑。本句为一种假设,主句使用一般将来时,一般将来时的结构式will+do,故答案是will see。

(9)句意:妈妈总是准备把她拥有的一切给了她的孩子。这里是泛指,指所有的有妈的孩子,应使用复数,child的复数为children,故答案是children。

(10)句意:世界上多么真实的爱啊!本句为感叹句,强调名词love,因此使用what引导,因为在句首,首字母应大写,故答案是What。

【点评】考查词汇在语篇中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握大意,然后细读文章字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素,最后通读一遍检查验证。

17.语法填空

【英语】九年级上册英语语法填空汇编专项训练及答案及解析

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a bell tower. It is famous for ________tilt (倾斜) 1o one side. Located behind the Cathedral of Pisa, the tower ________ (become) a symbol of Italy. It is one of ________ oldest buildings in Pisa's Cathedral Square.

The tower was not designed to lean, ________ because people built it on soft soils it gradually

tilted to one side. Even though some people don't think the tower is a ________ (success)building because of its tit, the tower has won a special place in history. The tower has also been used for experiments by the famous Italian scientist ________ (call) Galileo Galilei.

Every year, ________ (million)of tourists flock to the tower to take the classic photo pretending(假装) to hold up or knock down the tower. Tourists can also climb the 294 steps to the top inside the tower. There are seven ________ (bell) on top of it. It is said that you must visit the Leaning Tower of Pisa during the day. At night the shops are closed and it looks just so-so. However, if you visit it on a full moon night, the tower ________ (look) fantastic.

When you plan ________ (visit)Leaning Tower of Pisa, you should not miss some other sights near it, including Santa Maria della Spina and the Guelph Tower.

【答案】 its;has become;the;but;successful;called;millions;bells;looks;to visit 【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了意大利著名的比萨斜塔,它位于比萨大教堂后面。一开始设计的时候并不是斜的,因为地基的原因,慢慢向一侧倾斜。虽然人们认为这不是一个成功的建筑,但是在历史上赢得了特殊的历史地位。意大利著名科学家伽利略层在塔山做过著名的落地实验。每年有成百万的游客来这里旅游,拍照。

(1)句意:它因向一侧倾斜而著名。根据句意可知,这里的倾斜指塔本身的倾斜,使用与主语一致的物主代词its,故答案是its。

(2)句意:位于比萨大教堂的后面的斜塔成为了意大利的象征。我们知道它已经成为了意大利的象征了,因此使用现在完成时,现在完成时的结构是have/has+过去分词。主语the tower为第三人称单数,助动词使用has,故答案是has become。

(3)句意:它是比萨大教堂广场最古老的建筑之一。oldest为形容词最高级,形容词最高级前使用定冠词the,故答案是the。

(4)句意:塔不是设计的时候就是斜的,但是因为人们把它建筑在软的土地上,慢慢地就向一边倾斜。一开始设计的不是斜的,现在成为斜的了,与设计本身不符,因此使用转折词but连接,故答案是but。

(5)句意:即使人们因为倾斜不认为这是成功的建筑,但是它却在历史上赢得了特殊的地位。success作定语修饰building,因此使用形容词successful,故答案是successful。(6)句意:这座塔也曾被意大利科学家伽利略用来做实验。call以及后面的Galileo Galilei 作后置定语修饰scientist,意思为被叫做,因此使用过去分词called,故答案是called。(7)句意:每年,成百万的人游客聚集在塔前拍着经典照片,假装支撑着它,或者把它推倒。millions of固定短语,成百万的,故答案是millions。

(8)句意:塔顶有七个钟。bell钟,可数名词,根据seven可知应使用复数形式,故答案是bells。

(9)句意:然而,如果你在满月的时候去看斜塔,它看起来很迷人。本句为一般性的叙述,应使用一般现在时,主语the tower是第三人称单数,谓语使用三单形式looks,故答案是looks。

(10)句意:当你计划参观比萨斜塔时,被忘了欣赏附近其他的风光。plan to do sth.计划做某事,固定搭配,故答案是to visit。

【点评】考查词汇在篇章中的运用能力,答题时首先要跳过空格通读文章掌握其大意,然

后细读文章,字斟句酌逐一作答,注意考虑句型、语法、搭配、语境等因素。最后通读一遍,检查验证。

18.语法填空

Last night I went to a concert of Chinese folk music. ________ piece which was played on the echo especially moved me. I was made________(feel)sad and painful ________(strong).The piece ________(name)Erquan Yingyue, but it was one of ________(move)pieces of music that I've ever heard. The echo sounded so sad ________ I almost cried along with it as I listened. Abing, ________ was a folk musician, wrote the music. He could play many musical ________(instrument) with his father's help. By age 17, he was known ________ his musical skills. Today, Abing's Erquan Yingyue is a piece which all the greatest echo masters play and praise. It ________(become)one of China's national treasures.

【答案】 The;to feel;strongly;was named;the most moving;that;who;instruments;for;has become

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者对二泉映月这首曲子的感受和了解。

(1)句意:回声中播放的那首曲子尤其打动我。根据which was played on the echo可知做piece的后置定语,故piece表示特指用定冠词,位于句首首字母大写,故填The。(2)句意:我强烈地感到悲伤和痛苦。was made to do,固定搭配,被迫做,故填to feel。

(3)句意:我强烈地感到悲伤和痛苦。副词修饰动词feel,strongly,是副词,强烈地,故填strongly。

(4)句意:这首曲子叫二泉映月,但它是我听过的最动人的乐章之一。 name和piece是被动关系,描述过去用一般过去时,主语是piece名词单数故助动词是was,故填was。(5)句意:这首曲子叫二泉映月,但它是我听过的最动人的乐章之一。one of是最高级的标志,was是系动词其后是形容词,修饰物用ing结尾的形容词,故此处是moving是多音节单词,最高级是the most+moving的形式,故填the most moving。

(6)句意:回声听起来如此悲伤,我听着几乎要哭了。so...that,固定搭配,如此……以至于,引导结果状语从句,故填that。

(7)句意:阿炳是一名民间音乐家,他创作了这首音乐。定语从句中缺少主语指代人阿炳故用who,故填who。

(8)句意:在他父亲的帮助下,他可以演奏许多乐器。many修饰名词复数,故填instruments。

(9)句意:到17岁时,他的音乐技能已经广为人知。be known for,固定搭配,因……而出名,故填for。

(10)句意:它成为中国的国宝之一。现在完成时表示对现在的影响,或现在的结果,主语是it第三人称单数,故助动词是has,故填has become。

【点评】考查语法填空,注意谓语的时态,语态,非谓语动词,词性,连词搭配等多种用法。