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2019届高考英语第二轮知识点随堂巩固训练11

“语法填空+短文改错”组合练(二)

[题组(一)]

Ⅰ.语法填空

(2018·深圳市调研考试)Visiting Xi’an was once my dream.It became a reality when I was admitted to a training course in China along with two other __1__ (lady).Finally, the day arrived __2__ I landed at Xianyang International Airport in early August.As soon as I landed, I __3__ (feel) a change in the atmosphere.I saw people standing in queues __4__ (wait) for their turn at the immigration desk.Afterwards, we were transported to the office in the International Exhibition Center.China had invited participants __5__ twenty-three developing countries to share digital television broadcasting techniques with them.

In my 20 days in Xi’an, I got the opportunity to observe Chinese culture closely, __6__ thus it left an unforgettable mark on me.Now, Xi’an is like my second home.Since I came back to Pakistan, I have been missing Xi’an __7__ (bad).

My 20-day stay in Xi’an was __8__ great experience.It was a learning opportunity, and also a chance to __9__ (broad) my understanding of diversity.I learned that despite differences of colors, heights, races and religions, all human beings __10__ (tie) by the bond of humanity, and that the future of nations is global with development and peace.

语篇解读:作者通过去西安参加一个培训课程的经历,增加了对中国文化的了解,感叹文化是不分国界和种族的。

1.ladies数词two后接可数名词的复数形式,故填ladies。

2.when句意:八月初,当我降落到咸阳国际机场时,那一天

终于到来了。设空处引导时间状语从句,故填when。

3.felt根据从句时态提示词landed可知,主句也应用一般过去时。故填felt。

4.waiting此处为“see+宾语+宾补”复合结构,wait与people之间为主动关系,要用现在分词作宾补。故填waiting。

5.from设空处表示“来自……”,故填介词from。

6.and分析句子结构可知,句中不缺少成分,由此可知,是两个并列分句,且是递进关系,故填and。

7.badly修饰missing用副词,故填badly。

8.a experience作“经历”讲时,是可数名词,因此此处用不定冠词表示泛指。故填a。

9.broaden不定式符号to后接动词原形,故填broaden,意为“增长;扩大”。

10.are tied主语human beings与谓语动词tie之间为被动关系,且主语是复数,故填are tied。

Ⅱ.短文改错

(2018·云南师大附中模拟)Yesterday was my father’s birthday.We made many preparation for it.Early in the morning, my mother and I set off for the department store to find gift for Father.We chose very careful, eventually a warm sweater caught our eye but was purchased.

To showing my love for my father, I made a birthday cake under the help of my mother.In the evening, we got together to celebrate her birthday.With candles lit, we sang happy birthday out loud and clapped, that made the room alive with the sound of cheering.

Then we take a family photo to record the happy moment.When

I saw tears of joy in Father’s eyes, I was filled in with a feeling of accomplishment and happiness.

答案:第二句:preparation→preparations

第三句:gift前加a

第四句:careful→carefully; but→and

第五句:showing→show; under→with

第六句:her→his

第七句:that→which

第八句:take→took

第九句:去掉第二个in

[题组(二)]

Ⅰ.语法填空

(2018·黄冈市质检)Almost everyone in the world has friends.Friends are found anywhere, at anytime.Some of our friends can be similar to us, and some of them can have many __1__ (distinct) in some ways.Regardless of their similarities or differences, __2__ makes a great difference to have friends.

Having friends who are similar to us can be __3__ (benefit), because we can enjoy things together, such as going to clubs __4__ to the movies.In addition, we can share our opinions with our friends.

__5__,having friends who are different from us would also have some advantages.They are able to introduce us to new and different things; therefore, we’re provided with __6__ (expect) experiences in life.Furthermore, they could provide us __7__ a different view on a certain matter.

As for me, I prefer to choose friends similar to __8__ (I).I feel that friendship between us will be smoother and __9__

(enjoy).However, I never refuse a friendship __10__ (offer) by a friend who is different from me.

语篇解读:本文主要讨论了结交一些与自己兴趣爱好相同的朋友以及与自己性格爱好不同的朋友的优点。

1.distinctions设空处前有many修饰,应用可数名词复数形式,故填distinctions。

2.it本句缺少主语,Regardless of ...在句中作状语,to have friends为真正的主语,故用it作形式主语。

3.beneficial句意:结交与自己(兴趣爱好)相似的朋友是有好处的,因为我们可以一起分享很多东西,如去俱乐部或去看电影。设空处作表语,应用形容词。故填beneficial,意为“有益的;有利的”。

4.or/and句意见上一题解析。根据句意,going to clubs与(going) to the movies之间可为选择关系也可为并列关系,故用连词or或and 连接。

5.However本段表述结交与自己兴趣爱好不同的朋友的好处,与第二段内容形成对比关系,且本空位于句首,应填副词However。

6.unexpected句意:他们能够为我们引荐新的或不同的东西;因此,他们能带给我们一些意想不到的人生经历。设空处修饰名词experiences,应用形容词;根据句意可知,设空处表示“意想不到的”,故填unexpected。

7.with provide sb.with sth.为固定搭配,意为“为某人提供某物”。故填with。

8.myself/me设空处作to的宾语,此处可理解为宾语与主语同指一人,因此,用反身代词;也可理解为作to的宾语,用人称代词的宾格形式。故填myself或me。

9.more enjoyable设空处与smoother为并列关系,因此,也应用形容词比较级。故填more enjoyable。

10.offered句中已有谓语refuse,设空处应用非谓语动词;offer 与friendship之间为逻辑上的被动关系,因此应用过去分词作后置定语。故填offered,相当于which is offered by ...。

Ⅱ.短文改错

(2018·甘肃省诊断试卷)The most important festival in Tibet is the Tibetan New Year, in January 1st of the Tibetan calendar.It is for say goodbye to the past year and welcoming the New Year.From mid-December, people start to prepare or do festival shopping.A lot of activity are held in the streets of the Lhasa during the New Year Festival.There is an interested competition on this day.A young man from each family tried to get the first bucket of water from the river.It is believed be gold water.According to the Tibetan tradition, they will bring good luck, happiness and wealth to those which get it.

答案:第一句:第二个in→on

第二句:say→saying

第三句:or→and

第四句:activity→activities; 去掉Lhasa前的the

第五句:interested→interesting

第六句:tried→tries

第七句:be前加to

第八句:they→it; which→who

[题组(三)]

Ⅰ.语法填空

(2018·安庆市二模)Several countries in Asia celebrate the Lunar

New Year in their own way.But dragon and lion dances in Chinatowns all over the world have helped to make China’s New Year the most famous.These days growing __1__ (number) of people who are not of Chinese origin are joining in.In Tokyo window cleaners dress up __2__ the animals of the Chinese Shengxiao.America, Canada and New Zealand have published memorial stamps for the Year of the http://www.wendangku.net/doc/88a3301876232f60ddccda38376baf1ffd4fe345.htmlst year New York City made the Lunar New Year __3__ school holiday for the first time.

The spread of the Spring Festival is partly due __4__ recent immigration from China: 9.5 million Chinese people __5__ (move) abroad since 1978, many of __6__ are far richer than earlier waves of immigrants.

Aware of China’s growing economic and political influence, foreign leaders have noticed the occasion.Britain’s prime minister, Theresa May, has given a video address, a tradition __7__ (start) in 2014 by her predecessor (前任).This year’s World Economic Forum in Davos was held a week earlier than usual __8__ (avoid) conflicting with China’s New Year.

China hopes the festival will promote __9__ (it) cultural “soft power” abroad.So it may give Chinese people __10__ (satisfy) to see foreigners enjoy such festivities.

错误!

1.numbers growing numbers of为固定短语,意为“越来越多的”,修饰可数名词复数。

2.as dress up as ...为固定搭配,意为“装扮成,扮作……”。

3.a holiday作“假期”讲,是可数名词,因此,其前用不定冠词a。

4.to be due to为固定搭配,意为“由于……”。故填to。

5.have moved根据时间状语since 1978可知,此处用现在完成时。故填have moved。

6.whom此处为定语从句,先行词为9.5 million Chinese people,指人,在从句中作of的宾语,因此用whom引导该从句。

7.started根据空后by her predecessor (前任)可知,tradition 和start之间为逻辑上的被动关系,因此应用过去分词作后置定语。故填started。

8.to avoid句意:今年的达沃斯世界经济论坛比往年提前了一周举办,以避免和中国农历新年冲突。根据句意可知,________ (avoid) conflicting with China’s New Year在句中作目的状语,因此,应用动词不定式。故填to avoid。

9.its设空处指代主语China,与形容词cultural共同修饰“soft power”,因此应用形容词性物主代词。故填its。

10.satisfaction give sb.sth.为固定搭配,意为“给某人某物”。设空处应用名词,故填satisfaction。

Ⅱ.短文改错

(2018·河南省实验中学联考)I once bought the beautiful bracelet from a store and felt excited when I tried it on.Sadly, I was soon disappointed at that my naughty kids broke it.But instead of just feel sad, I chose to repair it myself.

To my greatly surprise, it didn’t take a long time to do it.As time went by, I found that I was not happy with just repairing my breaking bracelets.I started making new bracelets out the materials from my old http://www.wendangku.net/doc/88a3301876232f60ddccda38376baf1ffd4fe345.htmlter on, I begin to design on my own.

Then I made my first deal.Back in 2013, I posted my bracelets

on WeChat for the first time and several friends said that they wanted it.That was just the start.With much materials at hand, I made my designs into reality.

答案:第一句:the→a

第二句:去掉at

第三句:feel→feeling

第四句:greatly→great

第五句:breaking→broken

第六句:out后加of; one→ones

第七句:begin→began

第九句:it→them

第十一句:much→many

[题组(四)]

Ⅰ.语法填空

(2018·合肥市质检)Today I spent time __1__ (talk) to an old friend about some of the choices that we have made in our lives.We both agree that life has __2__ (basic) been good to us.And we are very __3__ (thank) for what we have been blessed with.

Today I would like you to think about your journey and where you see yourself in the next five years.Do you see that you have become exactly who you set out to be? If you are like me, you are working daily on those goals.I work on my __4__ (aim) because I am excited about that opportunity.

However, I do realize that sometimes life can get __5__ the way of our goals.I remember when my friend __6__ (decide) to buy her first house, she had everything __7__ (line) up.But at this time her father died, so she had to move back home __8__ (help) take care of

her mother.Her goal was delayed, but she didn’t give it up completely.And that’s exactly __9__ key to this all.In order to achieve your goals, you have to keep working on __10__.

语篇解读:你为自己的未来设定目标了吗?如今你是否完成了以前的目标?有时生活的琐事会阻碍我们实现目标,但只要不放弃,为目标而坚持,总会有实现目标的一天。

1.talking spend time (in) doing sth.为固定搭配,意为“花费时间做某事”,故填talking。

2.basically空格处修饰谓语动词has been,所以要用副词,故填basically,意为“基本上”。

3.thankful be动词后应用形容词作表语,be thankful for ...意为“对……感激”,为固定短语。

4.aims形容词性物主代词后应用名词作宾语,aim是可数名词,根据前面的goals可知,空格处要用复数形式,故填aims。

5.in get in the way of意为“挡路;阻碍”,故填in。

6.decided本句是陈述过去的一件事情,所以要用一般过去时,故填decided。

7.lined line up意为“安排,组织”,had在此为使役动词,且everything和line up之间是逻辑上的被动关系,故填lined。

8.to help空格处作目的状语,故填动词不定式to help。

9.the the key to ...意为“……的关键”,为固定短语,故填the。

10.them句意:为了实现目标,你就不得不一直为之努力。根据句意可知,此处是指前面的复数名词goals,故填代词them。

Ⅱ.短文改错

(2018·九江市二模)

Dear Jamie,

I am glad to share one of my favorite movie with you.The other day, I watch a movie called The Great Wall, which impressed me a lot of and I can’t wait to introduce it to you.

The Great Wall is one of the masterpieces directed by Zhang Yimou, especial with some famous actors like Matt Damon, Andy Lau and Zhang Hanyu in the film.Basing on the earlier Song Dynasty, The Great Wall tells audience what people fight against gluttons (饕餮).Actually, it is historical and martial arts movie, whose theme is about bravery and justice.

Personally speaking, the pictures and special effects in the movie is great and the story is very exciting.It is such excellent that it is well worth watching.I hope you can enjoy them as well.

Yours,

Li Hua 答案:第一句:movie→movies

第二句:watch→watched; 去掉of

第三句:especial→especially

第四句:Basing→Based; what→how

第五句:historical前加a

第六句:第一个is→are

第七句:such→so

第八句:them→it