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2011北京各区中考英语一模试题(阅读D篇)

D

―You don‘t have to be great to get started, but you have to get started to be great.‖ I believe it is thought normal in today‘s society to just let life happen to us. I also believe that we sometimes damage our well-planned thoughts about success because it is easier to just carry on as usual rather than ?try‘ with the possibility of failure in mind.

The main reason why most people never get moving is because they have no real idea about what they want. Without a certain result already set in your mind, it is really difficult to get going, and even if you do, your motivation (动力) may soon disappear and you give up before too long. Why not consider what is really important in your life? Write down what excites you, what would truly make you happy and what problems you have. At the end of the week, take a careful look at the notes you have taken. You will soon begin to see a clearer picture of what direction you should be heading.

Knowledge is useless without action. You can read every book on any subject but your life will stay the same if you do not use that knowledge. This may seem clear but the reason why the self-help industry is thriving (繁荣的) is because people read and r ead and read but never use the information provided.

Knowledge is fantastic but it is not life changing until used. I love to read personal development material to keep a positive attitude towards my life, but I also re alize that if I don‘t set goals to achieve, then I will always be a talk the talk person who is great at giving advice but useless at realizing it. If you have no plans of practicing what you say, then it may be best to keep your mouth closed.

Do you want to know who you are? Don‘t ask. Act! Action will explain you. Whatever excuses we have for not living up to our talent, the fact is that time will always move forward. Be whatever you want to be and whatever you can be. Always remember the only limits we have are the ones we create for ourselves. Life is not what we think, it is what we experience when we act upon the thoughts we entertain.

58. In Paragraph Two, the writer wants to ________.

A. tell us what people need to get success

B. show us what people set in their mind

C. inform us why people should practice

D. explain why people stop going ahead

59. The underlined phrase ―living up to‖ probably means ________.

A. matching

B. showing

C. wasting

D. losing

60. What is the best title for the passage?

A. See a Clear Picture of Life.

B. Get Started to Be Great.

C. Set Goals to Achieve.

D. Act upon Thoughts.

58. D 59. A 60. D

阅读理解(共44分)

D

She was only about five feet tall and probably never weighed more than 110 pounds, but Miss Bessie was a towering presence in the classroom. She was the only woman tough enough to make me read Beowulf and think for a few stupid days that I liked it. From 1938 to 1942, she taught me English, history — and a lot more than I realized.

I shall never forget the day she scolded (批评) me into reading Beowulf. ―But Miss Bessie,‖ I complained, ―I ain‘t much interested in it.‖

Her large brown eyes became sharp. ―Boy,‖ she said, ―how dare you say ?ain‘t‘ to me! I‘ve taught you better than that.‖

―Miss Bessie,‖ I said, ―I‘m trying to join the football team, and if I go around saying ?it isn‘t‘ and ?they aren‘t,‘ the guys are gonna laugh me off the team.‖

―Boy,‖ she replied, ―you‘ll play football because you have guts (勇气). But do you know what really takes guts? Refusing to lower your standards to those of the crowd. It takes guts to say you‘ve got to live and be somebody fifty years after all the football games are over.‖

I started saying ―it isn‘t‖ and ―they aren‘t,‖and I still joined the team without losing my friends‘ respect.

Negroes, as we were called then, were not allowed in the town library, except to sweep floors or clean tables. But with the help of some nice whites, Miss Bessie kept getting books out of the white library. That is how she introduced me to the Bront?s, Byron and Keats. ―If you don‘t read, you can‘t write, and if you can‘t write, you might as well stop dreaming,‖ Miss Bessie once told me.

So I read whatever Miss Bessie told me to, and tried to remember the things she insisted that I store away. It could be embarrassing to be unprepared when Miss Bessie said, ―Get up and tell the class who Frances Perkins is and what you think about her.‖ Forty-five years later, I can still recite her ―truths to live by‖.

Miss Bessie noticed things that had nothing to do with schoolwork, but were essential to a youngster‘s development. Once a few classmates made fun of my worn-out hand-me-down overcoat. As I was leaving school, Miss Bessie patted me on the back of that old overcoat and said, ―Carl, never worry about what you don‘t have. Just make the most of what you do have —a brain.‖

No child can get all the necessary support at home, and millions of poor children get no support at all. This is what makes a wise, educated, warm-hearted teacher like Miss Bessie so essential to the minds, hearts and souls of this country‘s children.

57. The underlined words ―towering presence‖ in the first paragraph means _______.

A. Miss Bessie was strong enough to influence her students

B. Miss Bessie was watching the students all the time

C. the students thought she was tall and heavy

D. the students felt nervous in front of her

58. What can we infer from the passage?

A. Carl‘s friends c ame from poor families.

B. Carl hated to read Beowulf in public.

C. Miss Bessie wanted Carl to be a better man.

D. Miss Bessie didn‘t want Carl to play foot ball.

59. Miss Bessie asked Carl to read a lot because _______.

A. his parents were too poor to afford books

B. he was not allowed into the library

C. the whites didn‘t want the blacks to read

D. she expected him to have a goal in life

60. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage?

A. Dreams Go with Education

B. An Unforgettable Lesson

C. Unforgettable Miss Bessie

D. Reading Makes a Full Man

57. A 58. C 59. D 60. C

东城:

D

Breakfast is the most important meal of the day, but many people don‘t have it. Common reasons for not eating breakfast include shortage of time, not feeling hungry, traditional dislike for breakfast, and dieting(节食).

Breakfast simply means ―break the fast‖. You eat nothing for at least 6 to 12 hours each night. Even though you have been sleeping, you have still been burning energy. And in the morning your body needs energy for the day‘s work ahead.

A good breakfast should provide up to 1/3 of your total calories(卡路里)that your body needs for the day. Generally speaking, we eat 400 less calories for breakfast than for dinner. If breakfast doesn‘t interest you in the morning, try eating a lighter dinner earlier in the evening or save half your dinner for breakfast in the morning.

If you still aren‘t hungry in the morning, start with something small like juice or bread or have nutritious(有营养的)mid-morning snack later when you are hungry.

So, you say you‘re on a diet. Some people are afraid that eating breakfast will make them hungrier during the day and they will eat more. It is true that eating breakfast is likely to make you feel hungry throughout the day. That‘s because your body is working correctly. Although you may feel as if you are eating more all day long, in fact you‘re probably not.

Not eating breakfast may cause you to overeat, because a fall in blood sugar often makes you feel hungry later. To make things worse, since your body is in a slowed state, it will not be able to burn those extra calories well. If you feed your body healthy snacks and meals throughout the day, you may not become hungry so easily and eat too much when you have meals.

Since breakfast is the first and most important meal of the day, your choice is important. The best breakfast foods are fruits, juice, lean meat, and grain products such as bread, rice, noodles and cereals.

58. The underlined word ―fast‖ means ―a period during which someone ________.‖

A. moves quickly

B. works hard

C. goes without food

D. sleeps in bed

59. From the passage, we know that ________.

A. breakfast provides us most of the energy

B. breakfast may help to save the dinner

C. breakfast might make people overeat

D. breakfast helps our body work well

60. What is the best title for this passage?

A. Breakfast and Energy

B. Why Not Eat Breakfast

C. Breakfast and Dieting

D. What to Eat for Breakfast

57. A 58. C 59. D 60. B

朝阳:

D

Christmas is a time for shopping. But I think those of us who live in large ci ties in Asia would be cheating ourselves if we said this is the only time we are busy shopping. No, from Bangkok to Singapore, from Shanghai to Manila, shopping—especially shopping in large centers—is a year-round activity.

Shopping centers are good. They show Asia‘s surprising economic (经济的) growth, and how far we have come in such a short time. For many of the older generation who can remember a time when everyone lived in villages and there was no running water, the air-conditioned centre means comfort, choice, luxury (豪华) and better times.

Nowadays, it seems our usual activities happen in the centre—it‘s where we shop, eat, watch movies, meet our friends or just generally walk around.

Further more, we have come to regard shopping centers as important landmarks or tourist attractions(吸引). Whole generations of Asians are growing up to think that, besides home and school, the shopping center is the most natural place to be.

My idea about shopping centers is not that they are often big buildings that look quite different from other parts in a city, or that they promote (促进) shopping at a time when our planet can hardly afford it. My main idea about centers is that they don‘t really seem to make us happy. The large advertisements outside the stores could make us think that if we only had this pair of jeans, or if we hung out at this café drinking coffee, then we could feel more successful. But once we buy something, we only want to buy something more—as everyone already knows.

Shopping centers, even though they try to look as welcoming as possible, can be unkind places. To make us buy, they must make us feel that we are short of something, or that everyone else has something we do not yet own. We must want to surpass others or at the very least to keep up. How can this thought always trying to be cool bring us true joy?

The saddest thing is that the modern centre has stopped us from many beautiful, necessary and important activities. We have no one to blame (责怪) but ourselves. Instead of shopping, we could be cooking, visiting a nearby waterfall, going to the beach, reading a novel, taking a long walk, playing a sport, learning a dance or visiting each other‘s homes.

Every time we have a spare piece of land, all we can think of building on it is yet another centre. Perhaps instead, we should be building libraries, theatres, museums, sports halls, public swimming pools, parks—the list is endless. We might even consider leaving t hat land alone. This is something that the centre may have caused us to forget—in order to be happy, we must create as well as consume (消费).

57. What is the writer‘s attitude towards shopping centers?

A. He likes them very much.

B. He doesn‘t like them at all.

C. He likes them only a little.

D. He doesn‘t like all of them.

58. Why do more and more shopping centers appear in some Asian countries?

A. Because economy in the world develops very fast.

B. Because shopping centers have attracted tourists all over the world.

C. Because people go shopping in large shopping centers all year round.

D. Because shopping centers have become an important part in everyone‘s life.

59. What is the greatest disadvantage of shopping centers, according to the writer?

A. They don‘t seem to make us happy.

B. They lead us to buy more and more things.

C. They force us to give up many other activities.

D. They have us fall into endless competition with others.

60. Which of the following is not true?

A. It is very easy for us to find a shopping centre in a big city.

B. There are usually all kinds of services in a shopping center.

C. The government must be responsible for the writer‘s sadness.

D. Besides shopping, there‘re many other activities we can enjoy.

朝阳答案:

(D)57 B58 D59 C60.C

石景山:

D

Do you know that women‘s brains are smaller than men‘s? Normally t he women‘s brain weighs 10% less than men‘s. Since research has shown that the bigger the brain, the cleverer the animal, men must be more intelligent(聪明的)than women. Right? Wrong. Men and women always score similarly on intelligence tests, despite the difference in brain size. Why? After years of study, researchers have concluded that it‘s what‘s inside that matters, not just the size of the br ain. The brain is made up of ―grey matter‖ and―white matter‖. While men have more of the white matter, the amount(数量)of ―thinking‖ brain is almost the same in both men and women.

It has been suggested that smaller brain appears to work faster, perhaps because the two sides of the brain are better connected in women. This means that little girls may learn to speak earlier, and that women can understand sorts of different information at the same time. When it comes to talking to the boss on the phone, cooking dinner and keeping an eye on the baby all at the same time, it‘s women who come out on top every ti me.

There are other important differences between two sexes(性别). As white matter is the key to spatial(空间的)tasks, men know better where things are in relation to other things. ―A great footballer always knows where he is in relation to the other players, and he knows where to go,‖ says one researcher. That may exp lain one of life‘s great mysteries: why men refuse to ask for directions … and women often need to!

The differences begin when fetuses(胎儿)are about nine weeks old, which can be seen in the action of children when they are very young. A boy would try to climb a barrier before him or push it down while a girl would ask for help from others. These brain differences also explain the

fact that more men take up jobs that require good spatial skills, while more women speech skills. It may all go back to our ancestors, among whom women needed speech skills to take care of their babies and men needed spatial skills to hunt, according to one research.

57. Which of the following is TRUE according to Paragraph 1?

A. Grey matter controls thinking in the brain.

B. M en‘s brain is 10% less than wo men‘s.

C. Grey matter plays the same role as white matter.

D. Men and women have the same amount of white matter.

58. What can you infer from Paragraphs 2 and 3?

A. Men have weaker spa tial abilities.

B. Women do not need to tell directions.

C. Women prefer doing many things at a time.

D. Women do many jobs at a time better than men.

59. What can you learn from Paragraph 4?

A. Our children needed more spatial skills.

B. Women may have more feelings than men.

C. Young boys may be stronger than young girls.

D. More women take up jobs requiring speech skills.

60. The passage is mainly about _______.

A. ways of being more intelligent

B. differences between men and women

C. studies on brains between two sexes

D. studies on white matter and grey matter

57. A 58. D 59. D 60. C

昌平:

D

Can you imagine the very first modern Olympics in 1896 with no landing mats (海绵垫), no stopwatches and no photo finishes? In fact, c ameras and stopwatches were not used until the 1932 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, USA. Thanks for technology, Olympics have been developing at an unbelievable speed.

Today technology has completely changed sports. Take sports equipment for example. Electronic eyes hanging at the starting lines, together with digital cameras, could catch correct race time and also h elp to catch runners who ―jump the gun‖. As runners cross the finishing line, special digital cameras can also easily decide the winner. The days of

2011北京各区中考英语一模试题(阅读D篇)

―dead heats‖ are gone.

Technological developments are also good for athletes. New sports

suits, which get less wind effects, can help cut up to one-tenth of a

second from runners‘ race time. Top athletes, like Liu Xiang, are even

provided with hand-made sports shoes. These shoes are made to fit the

athlete exactly -- and there are some more changes in the shoes that

meet each runner‘s personal needs.

Technology has also changed the way of many sports. Take one example -- the pole vault. The landing mat makes a big difference to the vaulting style as athletes no longer need to worry about hurting themselves as they fall. Without these worries, athletes could jump higher. New swimming pools have been used to help swimmers swim with easier effort and sports scientists have worked out a new swimming style to improve the speed.

The increasing technological developments have led many sportsmen to suggest that the ―Olympic spirit‖ is being lost in a rush to break records and win medals. Many developing countries say that technology has become too important in sport and that athletes from developing countries are disadvantaged. There are no easy answers but one thing is sure -- we cannot turn back times. Technology cannot go backwards.

The underlined phrase ―dead heats‖ means __________.

A. sports equipment which was out of date

B. runners who jumped the gun while running

C. diseases which killed runners in hot weather

D. races in which runners finished at the same time

What infers from the fourth paragraph?

A. Scientists can measure the speed of swimming.

B. The pole vault was not quite safe in the past.

C. Pole vaulters jump lower with landing mats.

D. New pools have changed the style of swimming.

The purpose of the writer in writing this article is _______.

A to suggest we should keep up with the times

B to suggest we reduce technology in Olympics

C to suggest we train better athletes like Liu Xiang

D to suggest we care more about developing countries

58-60 DBA

房山:

D

What's your dream vacation? Watching wildlife in Kenya? Boating down the Amazon? Sunbathing in Malaysia? New chances are opening up all the time to visit the world. So we visit travel companies, compare prices, and pay our money.

We know what our vacation costs us. But do we know what it might cost someone else? It's true that many poorer countries now depend on tourism for foreign income. Unfortunately, though, tourism often harms the local(本地的) people more than it helps them.

It might cost their homes and lands. In Myanmar, 5,200 people were forced to leave their homes among the pagodas(佛塔) in Bagan so that tourists could visit the pagodas.

Tourism might also cost the local people their jobs and dignity(尊严). Local workers often find only low-paying jobs in the tourist industry. And most of the money do not help the local economy(经济). Instead, money return to the tour operators in richer countries, When the Maasai people in Tanzania were driven from their lands, some moved to poor places of the city. Others now make a little money selling things or acting for photos.

Problems like these were noticed more than 20 years ago. But now tour operators and local

governments are working together to begin correcting them. Tourists, too, are putting on the pressure.

The result is ―ethical(合乎职业道德的)tourism‖. Ethical tourism has people at its heart. New international agreements and rules can help protect the people's lands, homes, economies and cultures. The beginnings are small, though, and the problems are complex(复杂的).

But take heart. The good news is that everyone, including us, can play a part to help the local people in the places we visit. Tour operators and companies can help by making sure that local people work in good conditions and earn the money they should get.

They can make it a point to use only locally owned hotel, restaurants and guide services. They can share some money to help the local economy. And they can help the local people plan and manage tourism.

What can tourists do? First, we can ask tour companies to provide information about the conditions of local people. We can then make our choices and tell them why. And while we're abroad, we can:

Buy local foods and products.

Pay a fair price for goods and services and not bargain for the cheapest price.

Ask before taking photographs of people.

They are not just part of the scenery!

Let's enjoy our vacation and make sure others do, too.

57. Which of the following is not mentioned?

A. Local people protected the pagodas in Bagan well.

B. Tourists may stay in hotels opened by local people.

C. Local people are mainly provided with low-paying work.

D. Tourists had better not bargain with local people for a cheap price.

58. The underlined phrase "take heart" means" ".

A. pay attention

B. take care

C. cheer up

D. give up

59. According to the passage, the writer thinks .

A. tourism is not a promising industry

B. dream vacations should be spent abroad

C. the problems caused by tourism are easy to settle

D. tourists should respect local customs and cultures

60. What is probably the best title for the passage?

A. Tourism Causes Bad Effects.

B. Tourism Calls for Good Behavior.

C. Vacations Bring a Lot of Fun.

D. Vacations Cost More Than You Think. 57.A 58.C 59.D 60.D

平谷:

D

People cannot reach an agreement on the use of science and technology. For example, will radiation from electronic equipment destroy the environment? Should medical scientists change gene structures to prevent genetic disease or to create ―more perfect‖ human beings? While people are arguing about these and others, technology continues to influence our everyday lives—the

home, health and education, entertainment and communication, and so on.

Some people carry on active social lives with computers —their own or the ones in public places like cafes, social centers, libraries, and so on. Communicating with others in chat rooms, computer users can get to know people they might never meet in traditional ways. With live online video connections, two people with cameras in their computers can see and talk to each other from separate places.

With modern telephone technology, most people stopped writing lettters—especially personal letters and notes. But now, writing to communicate has returned in electronic form, or e-mail, which is a way of sending messages from one computer to another. For some computer users, the wish to communicate intelligently or creatively with others makes them want to write better.

Computer technology has also made it possible to run a house electronically. From turning lights on and off to starting the coffee and cooking the hot meal, computers are taking care of people at home. Many modern machines ha ve computer chips that allow their owners to program them. For instance, you can ―instruct‖ a microwave oven how to cook a dish. Most entertainment equipment operates with computer technology too. Computers can even start cars automatically so that on cold winter mornings you can get into a warmed-up vehicle and drive off.

Although much of th e technology in our everyday lives has good effects, there are some uses that raise questions. For example, are interactive media ( i.e., a combination of television, telephone, and computer) going to control minds, cause people to forget about family life and personal relationships? What effects will the genentic engineering of food have on people‘s health? High-tech medical treatments can make a person live a much longer life, but can they improve the health and happiness of human beings? Only time will tell, but, in the meantime, science and technology will continue to move forward.

57. What does the underlined word ― chips‖ mean?

A. thin pieces of potatoes

B. small holes

C. small pieces of wood

D. central parts

58.We can know from the passage that _________.

A. technology never stops changing our everyday lives

B. with computers each of us can live a comfortable life

C. people can do more activities with computers

D. the more you use computers, the better you might write

59. What can we infer from the underlined sentence in the last paragraph?

A. The longer you live, the happier you are.

B. High-tech medical treatments can‘t improve our health and happiness.

C. High-tech medical treatments can‘t help us with everything.

D.The writer questioned high-tech medical treatments somehow.

60. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Science and New Technology

B. Computers Change Our Lives

C. Everyday Uses of Technology

D. Only Time Will Tell

(D)57. D 58. A 59.D 60.B

(D)

Farmer Ed Rawlings smiles as he looks at his orange trees. The young oranges are growing well in Florida‘s weather. Warm sunshine and gentle rains, along with Ed Rawlings‘expert care, will produce a good crop(收成)of oranges this year.

However, Ed has to guard against Florida‘s changeable winter weather. In January and February, temperatures can destroy Ed‘s entire orange crop. Having farmed in Florida for the past 35 years, Ed is prepared for the frost(霜). When temperatures drop below freezing, Ed tries to save his crop by watering his orange trees. The water freezes and forms a thin layer(层) of ice around the trees. Strange as it may sound, this thin layer of ice actually keeps the fruit warm.

What happens is simple. When the trees are watered, the water loses heat and becomes ice. The warmth of the heat it loses is taken in by the fruit and keeps its temperature at a safe level. Ed has effectively used this method to save many orange crops.

But Ed still faces difficulties. The trees must be watered at the exact moment the temperature drops to the freezing point. Also, just the right quantity(数量)of water must be used. Too much water can form a thicker layer of ice that will break the tree‘s branches(树枝). Another difficulty is that wind blows away the heat, so Ed has to worry about not only when but also how often his trees should be watered, and how much water should be used.

Computer techn ology may help Ed with some of these worries. With equipment(设备), air and soil temperatures and wind speed can be measured. The information is fed into a computer which can calculate(计算) when the temperature will drop below freezing. The computer can correctly decide the quantity of water to be used and how frequently( ) the trees should be watered. Ed finds looking after his orange trees a lot easier with the help of a computer, and, his customers will have the benefits(利益) of computer—age oranges.

58. The passage is mainly about______.

A. a farmer expert cares for his orange trees

B. the different uses of computers

C. growing oranges in Florida‘s changeable weather

D. different ways of frost protection

59. Ed tries to protect his crop by______.

A. using a wind machine to drive away the cold air

B. equipping his orange trees with a computer

C. watering it at the proper time

D. picking his fruit at the first sign of frost

60. According to the passage, the computer technology______.

A. removes the need for frost protection

B. prevents temperature from dropping

C. tells farmers why outdoor temperatures change

D. helps the farmer get a better harvest

58. A 59. C 60. D

D

Our spiritual intelligence quotient, SQ (精神智商)helps us understand ourselves and live fuller, happier lives.

While we‘re all born with SQ, most of us even don‘t know that we have it. Luckily, you don‘t have to sign up for classes to learn how to enhance(加强) your SQ. Here are some simple steps that can lead you to this new level of understanding:

Sit Quietly. The step of developing SQ begins in solitude (独处)and silence. To tune in to its whisper, you have to keep away from your busy, n oisy, complicated life and make yourself do nothing at all. At home, for example, shut the door of your bedroom, take a few deep breaths and let them out very, very slowly.

Step Outside. For many people, nature makes their spirit free. Go outside to watch a beautiful sunset. Follow the flight of a bird; watch clouds floating overhead.

Find An Activity You Enj oy. It‘s important to find a hobby that helps you tune in to your spirit. Garden, walk or jog, arrange flowers, listen to music that touches your soul.

Ask Questions Of Yourself. Some people use their thoughtful time to focus on scriptures (经文). Others ask open-ended (无确定答案的) questions, such as ―What am I feeling? What are my choices?‖ But don‘t expect an answer to arriv e through some super-natural form of e-mail. Later that day you‘ll suddenly find yourself thinking about a problem from a perspective(角度) you never considered before.

Trust Your Spirit. While most of us rely on gut feelings (直觉) to warn us of danger, SQ usually nudges (渐渐推动)us, not away from, but toward some action that will lead to a greater good.

57. To enhance your SQ, you should first _______________.

A. stand loneliness and silence

B. make your life simpler and less busy

C. give up the daily things in your life

D. listen more to your whisper

58.The underlined phrase “tune in to your spirit”in the fifth paragraph probably means ________________.

A. get your spirit relaxed

B. keep up your spirit

C. listen to your spirit

D. change your spirit

59. What will happen after people ask questions of themselves?

A. People will lead to a greater good.

B. People will think about a problem in a different way.

C. People will expect answers through e-mails.

D. People will keep away from their busy life.

60. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Advantages and disadvantages of SQ

B. The relationship between your SQ and you

C. What SQ is and in what ways it can be improved

D. What SQ is and in what ways you can make your life easier BABC

D

Accepting an award may seem like a simple task, but each year the Academy Awards(奥斯卡奖) proves there may be more to it than you might think. Oscar history has seen its fair share of memorable thank-you moments, good and bad. So the question remains: what makes

a great acceptance speech? Here are three tips to keep in mind for your next shining moment:

1. Be thankful and simple. Make sure you thank the important people who helped you reach your goal. Don‘t be too arrogant or full of yourself but don‘t b e so modest(谦逊的) that the audience(观众) thinks you are looking down upon the honor. It‘s only natural to be a little excited, so use this to get on well with the audience. At this year‘s Oscars, The King’s Speec h director Tom Hooper told the story of how he only came to make the movie thanks to the help of his Australian mother, who was in the audience.

He showed grace and humility(谦卑) when he mentioned her: ―So, with this tonight, I honor you and the key point of the story is, listen to your mother.‖

2. Keep it short. Say as much as you can in as few words as possible. There‘s no need to thank every single person you know. As Oscar producer Bruce Cohen warned people at the annual nominees luncheon(年度提名人午宴) before this year‘s show, ―Nothing is more dangerous than a win ner reading a list of names.‖ Make each sentence meaningful and don‘t get too carried away.

3. Finally, make the best use of your moment. Don‘t be afraid to have a little fun and say something unforgettable Cleverness and humor will help your speech stand out in a good way and keep everyone entertained. Don‘t make rude and unfit jokes, especially about others. Such jokes may get everyone talking, but you may be the only one laughing in the end.

This time, Melissa Leo‘s use of the dirty word during her acceptance speech was the first in Oscar history. She said it before covering her mouth: ―I really don‘t mean to hurt the audience‘s feelings.‖

57. The underlined word ―arrogant‖ may mean ______.

A. honest

B. relaxed

C. excited

D. self-centered

58. To make a great acceptance speech one must ______.

A. thank his mother

B. be careful not to say too much

C. thank all the people who once helped him

D. be humorous and funny to make the audience laugh

59. What is true with Tom Hooper?

A. He has an Australian mother.

B. He thanked his father in the shining moment.

C. He is the hero of the film ―The King‘s Speech‖.

D. He used some dirty words in his acceptance speech.

60. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Giving a Thank-you Speech

B. Accepting the Academy Awards

C. Some Advice for the Acceptance Speech

D. How to Win the Academy Awards Successfully

57. D 58. B 59. A 60. C

通州:

D

There are several kinds of distances(距离) people keep. Dr. Hall names them intimate, personal, social, and public. Intimate distance is being very close to another, as in a family. Personal distance might be the kind people put between themselves at a party. Social distance is more businesslike and formal. Public distance is used by actors, politicians, and leaders before a large group.

Scientists are trying to find out how people use these different distances. They want to discover why, when, and where people allow closeness or use space to protect themselves from others.

Since proxemics is a new science, there aren‘t many conclusions about the meaning of spaces separating people. But you can make some general observations(观察) on your own. Take note how you use space on different situations. What message do you get from other people as they move close to you or away from you? Does distance give you a feeling that you are being ignored(忽视)? When do you feel crowded(拥挤的)?

Standing in line at a shop counter, you can learn about space. People keep just enough distance between each other so that they don‘t invade(侵犯) each other‘s area. If you should move in on another person‘s area, you would soon know it. That person would become nervous or turn around to show you the angry expression on his or her face. Or that person might simply tell you, ―Please

step back. I’m too crowded.‖

School is a good place to study how space is used and how people mark their own area. At school you probably have a desk or part of a table to call your own. How do you feel when you find someone sitting at your desk or covering your table with papers and books? Maybe you want to protect your area. You might tell the other person that it belongs to you. Then you might move his or her things aside. You might even ask that person to leave your area.

Whether people are close together or far from each other, space can tell you indeed. The most important thing in space dialogue is whether people respect one another‘s areas. Invading other people‘s space might mean trouble.

57. From the passage we can learn that ____.

A. close or not,there is distance between people

B. personal distance is between family members

C. close distance can make you feel comfortable

D. one must keep enough distance from others

58. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. You must protect your area from others‘ invading it.

B. Space among people is something important for us.

C. Distance can tell the relationship between people.

D. Scientists are studying why there are kinds of spaces.

59. What does the last sentence ―Please step back. I‘m too crowded‖ in Paragraph 4 mean?

A. Go away or I am leaving.

B. You take all my area as yours.

C. Come and see I am here.

D. You‘re standing too close to me.

60. The best title of the passage probably is ____

A. How interesting space is!

B. Space does speak indeed

C. Space can be everywhere

D. One should own his space

通州答案:

57. A

58. C 59. D 60. B

门头沟:

D

In Western countries, Christmas is usually a time for families to get together, have a big dinner and exchange(交换) presents. In Kirkwall, the capital town of the Orkney Islands in the north of Scotland, Christmas Day is also when about 200 men have a fight over a small ball. They call it a game!

2011北京各区中考英语一模试题(阅读D篇)

The ball is called the "Ba". It is made of leather and cork. There are two

teams, the "Uppies" and the "Doonies". The Uppies try to get the Ba to touch a

wall up the town. The Doonies try to get the Ba down to the sea. This game has

been played for more than 150 years and is getting more popular. Whether you are an Uppie or Doonie generally depends on family tradit ions(传统). Male (Men) tourists can choose any team. The two teams start in the middle of the town. A guest is asked to throw up the Ba at one o‘clock in the afternoon.

The Ba moves either by one team pushing the other or by someone putting it under their jersey(sweater) and running with it. You can kick or throw it but it's too heavy to go far. There is no time limit. The shortest ever game was only a few minutes. However, the longest ever was more than six hours.

There are no rules and the Ba can go anywhere. The Ba and all its players sometimes pass through somebody's house. Because of this, many shops and homes are protected by barricades. Surprisingly, few people get hurt. There are mostly tourists who get caught in the game when it suddenly moves quickly. There is no referee but the players control each other. If someone is too rough(粗暴), they are told to leave.

After the game, the winning team chooses a person to keep the Ba. This can often result in arguments and even fights within the same team. When the winner has been decided, many people go to his house for a big celebration afterwards.

57. People in Kirkwall have a special way to celebrate Christmas Day by .

A. exchanging balls with each other as a present

B. playing a special ball game between men

C. having a big family dinner

D. running after each other up and down the town

58. Men who come from other places for a visit .

A. can play for either the Uppies or Doonies

B. can not play for any team

C. must ask their father which team to play for

D. can only throw the Ba up

59. Which of the following is not allowed while playing?

A. Kicking or throwing the Ba.

B. Hiding the Ba in your clothes.

C. Hitting other players roughly for the ball.

D. Going into someone's house.

60. All the following things are part of the game in Kirkwall except that______.

A .the people there become less interested in the game

B. the game has a history of 150 years

C. the game can last as long as it can

D. the winning team has a celebration at a player‘s house in the end

57. B 58. A 59. C 60. A

顺义:

D

Languages keeps evolving(进化、发展), and English is no exception. It is a language that embraces(欣然接受)new words that may be cool today but gone tomorrow.

There are, however, some words and phrases that have stood the test of time. OK, which has become the international standard for expressing agreement, is a good example.

But why is this rather odd(奇怪的)expression so popular and so useful when we could use any number of other words to say the same thing?

Writing in The Times, Allen Metcalf, author of OK: The Improbable Story of America’s Greatest Word, writes: ―What OK provided that the others did not was neutrality(中性), a way to express agreement without having to offer an opinion.‖

For example, if someone asks you ―Shall we go for a walk after lunch?‖ you can simply respond ―OK‖. There you go – no extra opinions. Just straight, plain old OK.

So just where did this rather curious expression come from? The origins of OK have been widely disputed (辩论,争论). Some people have guessed that OK was the name of a person or a product.

Speakers of many different language s have had their say on this question, keen to claim the term as their own.

Writing an article for London‘s Metro newspaper, Metcalf states: ?O and K are present in every language of the world, as expressions that can be abbreviated(缩写) OK.‖ For example: French –―O qu-oui‖, ―yes indeed‖; German –―Ohne Korrektur‖, ― without correction needed‖; and in Latin or Greek, ―Olla kalla‖,―all good‖.

But, does it sound a little too informal with this popular little expression?

Apparently not.

In a speech wh ere he stated that his election (当选) would not be a radical (激进的) result to all problems, President Obama said: ―… even though I am president…, AI-Qaida is still a threat(威胁) and that we cannot pretend somehow that because Barack Hussein Obama got elected as president, suddenly everything‘s going to be OK,‖ he said.

So, there you go, straight from the president. It‘s OK to say OK, and th anks to the expression‘s widespread usage across the world, you can be understood anywhere.

58. Using the example of Obama, the author wants to show that________.

A. there is still a long way to go to defeat Al-Qaida

B. Obama likes to use OK when he speaks

C. OK is widely used even on formal occasions

D. the use of OK is encouraged in formal speech

59. According to Allen Metcalf, OK differs from other terms to express agreement, which of

the following opinions is true?

A. It is easiest way to say.

B. It doesn‘t need emotion.

C. It is the most commonly used.

D. It doesn‘t use in the formal speech.

60. What is the best title for the passage?

A.Why OK is OK everywhere?

B.It‘s OK to say OK in the world.

C.Where did OK come from?

D.Everything is going to be OK.

顺义答案:

57.A 58.C 59.B 60.A

丰台:

D

Many strong and out-of-control emotions are recognized as an illness. People who are always very sad have depression (抑郁症); those who worry a lot have anxiety.

But what about anger problems? Anger is largely viewed as a secondary emotion –one caused by other emotions. People are thought to be angry because they are sad, anxious or stressed. In the past, many doctors didn‘t accept the idea that anger could be a problem all on its own.

Today, though, a growing number of mental health experts think that anger is a serious problem that needs its own treatment.

How to tell the difference between ―normal‖ anger and ―anger problem‖ is difficult. After all, everyone gets really mad from time to time. Experts point out a few ways.

Disordered anger, as it is sometimes called, tends to be of greater intensity (强度). It takes very little to set off a person with an anger problem, and their responses (反应) are very strong. An example: While most people would get upset if a driver cut them off, someone with disordered anger might try to chase down the car and force it off the road.

And in cases of disordered anger, the person gets angry more frequently and his/her anger lasts longer. For most people, angry feelings disappear quickly. But people with anger problems often stay angry for days, weeks or even years; their feelings of anger don‘t disappear over time.

Consequences are also important to consider: Disordered anger often damages people‘s lives. ―It in terferes (干扰) with people‘s relationships and their jobs,‖ says Raymond Chip Tafrate, a US psychologist. ―Even their health is affected.‖

Anger clearly increases the risk of certain health problems, as many studies have shown. ―When a person is angry, their heart beats faster and their blood pressure goes up,‖ says Howard Kassinove, a professor at Hofstra University in New York. Over time, these changes take their toll on the body, he adds.

Experts suggest that people with an anger problem take anger-management programs. The pr ograms teach people to control their responses to stressful situations through the use of relaxation techniques. The programs sometimes include life-skills training as well: increasing someone‘s level of competence (竞争)– whether on the job or as a parent or partner – helps bring down stress and cut angry feelings.

57. A person who _________ most possibly has disordered anger in the experts‘ opinion?

A. can‘t get out of anger quickly

B. is dissatisfied with relationships

C. has high blood pressure

D. is worried about his job

58. What does the underlined word Consequences mean?

A. Responses.

B. Effects.

C. Reasons.

D. Feelings

59. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Anger is an secondary emotion that makes people sad and stressed.

B. Anger was recognized as an illness by most doctors in the past.

C. A person with an anger problem gets angry more often and easily.

D. The use of relaxation techniques is the best way to manage anger.

60. What is the best title of the passage?

A. Can anger be an illness?

B. Is it disordered anger?

C. Can anger influence our life?

D. Is anger management important?

丰台答案:

57.A 58.B 59.C 60.A