文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > such和so的用法

such和so的用法

such和so都可以用来表示程度,意思是“如此;这样”,但用法却不相同。1.such是形容词,用来修饰名词,名词前有无形容词都可以;so是副词,用来修饰形容词或副词,形容词后可以省略名词。例如:He is such a(big)fool.他是个(大)傻瓜。 He is so foolish(a man).他是如此愚蠢(的一个人)。2.单数名词前有不定冠词与形容词时,so和such的位置不同。前者为“so+形容词+冠词+名词”,后者为“such+冠词+形容词+名词”。例如:

I know such a clever boy.我认识如此聪明的一个男孩。

I know so clever a boy.我认识如此聪明的一个男孩。

3.so后即使有形容词,也不能修饰复数名词或不数名词,而such则可以。例如: They are such useful books.它们是如此有用的书。

He gave us such good food.他给了我们这么好的食物。

4.名词前有表示“多、少”意义的many,much,few,little等修饰词时,要用so,不用such。例如:

There are so many flowers in our school garden.我们学校的花园里有那么多的花。

You'll find English a bridge to so much knowledge.你会发现英语是通向如此丰富知识的桥梁。

I have so little money that I can't lend you any.我的钱很少,不能借给你。

5.当little表示“小”的意思修饰可数名词时,其前只能用such,不能用so。例如:

I have never seen such little sheep before.我以前从没见过这么小的绵羊。

such..that和so..that的区别和用法

such…that…与so…that…都可以用来引导结果状语从句,意为“如此……以致……”。

(1)such是形容词,它所修饰的名词可以是可数名词,也可以是不可数名词;名词前面可以带形容词,也可以不带。如果其后是单数可数名词,前面需加不定冠词a或an。因此,such…that…的句型结构可分为以下三种:

①such+a(n)(+adj.)+单数可数名词+that从句。如:

She is such a good teacher that all of us love and respect her.她是一位很好的老师,我们都敬爱她。

Table tennis is such an interesting game that people all over the wor ld play it.乒乓球是一项很有趣的运动,以致全世界的人都参加这项运动。

②such(+adj.)+复数可数名词+that从句。如:

They are such interesting books that I want to read them once more.这些书非常有趣,我想再读一遍。

③such(adj.)+不可数名词+that从句。如:

It was such bad weather that I had to stay at home.天气太坏,以致我不得不呆在家里。

(2)so是副词,与形容词或副词连用,其结构是:so+adj.(adv.)+that从句。如:

He ran so fast that I couldn’t catch up with him.他跑得那么快,我赶不上他。

I am so sleepy that I can hardly keep my eyes open.我太瞌睡了,眼睛几乎睁不开了。

注意:①当名词前面有many,much,few,little等表示数量多少的限定词时,应该用so,而不能用such。如:、

There were so many people in the street watching the fire that firefi ghters could not get close to the building.街上围观大火的人太多了,消防队员无法靠近大楼。。

②当单数名词前有形容词时,既可用so,也可用such,但不定冠词的位置却有所不同。如:

This is such an important meeting that you should attend it.

(=This is so important a meeting that you should attend it.)这是一次很重要的会议,你一定要参加。

后面不加,一般在前面加,详细分析如下:

so that引导目的状语从句时,表示“以便;为了”,从句中常使用

can /could /may /might /will /would /should等情态动词或助动词;引导结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用can和may等词,在so that前可以用逗号,意思是“因此;所以,以致”。如:

He got up very early so that he could catch the train.

他起得很早以便能赶上火车。(目的状语从句)

He raised his voice,so that everyone heard him.

他提高了声音,结果大家都听见了。(结果状语从句)

so...that意为“如此……以致”,只能引导结果状语从句,意为“如此……以致于”,其中so后面跟形容词、副词或由few,little,a little,many,much修饰的名词。例如:

He ran so quickly that I couldn't catch up with him.

他跑得太快,我赶不上他。

The box costs so little that I can afford it.

这个箱子很便宜,我买得起。

高海毅

2014-5-6 09:04:03

so…tha t 、such…that、so that的用法练习题

一.用so,such填空

1. he was_______excited that he couldn't get sleep

2. this teacher is_________kind that we all like him

3. he ran____________quickly that we all couldn't catch up with him

4.

this is_____________interesting a book that we all ebjoy reading it

5. they are__________intereting books that we all enjoy reading them

6. he has________many books that I can't count them

7. this is________ an interesting book that we all enjoy reading it

8. there was ____much food that we couldn't eat it all

9. I have___little money that I cannot afford a car

10. he is _____a good student that we alll like him.

11. he is ______good a student that we alll like him.

12. it was ____bad weather that he had to stay at home.

13. I've had ______many falls than i'm blick and blue all over 二.填空

1.

The little boy saved every coin_________ __________he could buy his m other a present on Mother's day

.当球迷们看到贝克汉姆的时候,他们如此激动以致于大喊大叫。(根据中文意思完成句子,每空一词。)(2003北京市海淀区)

2.

When the football fans saw Beckham, they got__________excited________ __they cried out.

3. . David was so careless that he didn't find the mistakes in his te st paper. (变为简单句)(2003福州市)

David was__________careless__________find the mistakes in his test pa per.

4. A:The boy is so young that he can't look after himself.

B:The boy is not__________to look after himself.(改写句子,使B句与A 句意思相近)

5. . The stone is so heavy that I can't lift it up.

It is__________a heavy stone__________I can't lift it up.(改写句子)

6. The book is______ interesting______I want to read it again

7. It was______a fine day______we couldn't wait to go out for a walk

8.

Jim is ______clever______he can work out this difficult problem easil y

9. My cousin ran______fast ______I couldn't catch up with him

10. He left in______a hurry______he forgot to close the window

11.

They are______lovely students______the teacher like them very much

12. Mr Zhang is______good a teacher______all the students like him

13. Bob has______few friends______he often feels lonely

三.单项填空。

1.

She bought a digital camera online she would save a lot of time. (200 3扬州市)

A.so that

B.as soon as

C.no matter

D.such that

2. .—__________fine day it is today! —Yes,the sunshine is__________

beautiful that I'd like to go swimming in the sea. (2003青岛市)

A. How, such

B. What a, very

C. How, so

D. What a, so

3.

The camera is __________expensive__________ I can't afford it. (2004年辽宁省)

A. so, that

B. such, that

C. so, as to

D. enough, that

4. . Miss Gao asked a question, but it was__________that nobody could answer it.

A.very difficult

B. too difficult

C. difficult enough

D. so diffi cult

5.

To my surprise,he could get over ____ difficult problems that he succ eeded at last.

A.so

B.such

一.用so,such填空

1. so

2. so

3. so

4. so

5. such

6. so

7. such

8. so

9. so10. such11. so12. such 13. so

二.填空1. so that2. so,that3. too , to4. old enough5. such, that 6. so...that...7. such...that...8. so...that...9. so...that...

10. .such...that...11. .such...that...12. .so...that...

13. 8.so...that...

三.单项填空。1. A2. D 3. D4. A5. B