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自考英语真题训练:阅读理解专项练习试题及详解

自考英语真题训练:阅读理解专项练习试题及答案

阅读理解专项练习:

We live in a technological society. Almost every aspect of life in the modern world is influenced (for better or worse) by technology . Communications, transportation, manufacturing, mining and exploration, the service industries, medicine, agriculture all are dominated by methods and apparatus which are the results of technological advances. The basis of technology is science. without the fundamental discoveries and understanding provided by science, technology would be hit-or-miss(随意的) affair, lacking direction and making little progress. One can argue that our society is beginning to suffer from too much technology, but we will never return to the primitive life of our ancestors – technology is with us and it will remain with us.

Just as it is important to study history so that we can appreciate how the world came to its present state, it is important to learn some of the basic concepts of science so that we can appreciate the role that technology plays in modern society. For without some knowledge of the scientific principles by which technology operates, one can neither cope with technology nor assist in directing it into the proper channels.

In recent times, we have had the general attitude that whatever is technologically possible should be done. It is now becoming increasingly apparent that our scientific and technological progress has outstripped (超越) our capacity to perform or absorb everything that is possible. More and more, we will have decisions to make: in what directions should the thrust of our new discoveries be made? The situation requires that we make intelligent decisions –decisions based in a knowledge and an understanding of what can be done, what will be the benefits, and what will be the consequences. Scientists do not make these decisions; people make them. It is therefore

incumbent (义不容辞的) on every individual to acquire the basic knowledge that will permit him to participate intelligently in directing the course of our technological advancement.

26. According to the passage, technology can ____.

A. produce bad effects on society

B. suffer from hit-or-miss affairs

C. influence the course of science

D. restore life of the primitive age

27. According to the passage, one must learn basic concepts of science in order to ____.

A. assist in directing science in a proper way

B. contribute to the orientation of technology

C. discover the progress of science in history

D. find out about the existence of technology

28. Because the human capacity to perform or absorb everything that is possible has been outstripped, it is time for people to ____.

A. slow down the development of technology

B. reduce the role of science in modern times

C. take a new point of view about technology

D. reevaluate the lifestyle of human ancestors

29. According to the write, it is everyone’s responsibility to participate in deciding on ____.

A. how fast scientific advancement should be

B. how fast technological progress should be

C. what to acquire and what to skip in science

D. what to do and what to avoid in technology

30. The passage is mainly about _____.

A. the influence of technology on modern society

B. the importance of learning scientific principles

C. the impact of scientific progress on civilization

D. the difference between science and technology

答案:21-25:BDACA