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浙江省兰溪市外国语中学2019——2020学年八年级第二学期期初测试英语试题卷(无答案)

兰溪市外国语中学2019学年第二学期期初测试

八年级英语试题卷2020.3

命题人:八年级英语组

第一部分听力部分(25分)

一、听力

第一节:听小对话,从A、B、C三个选项中选出正确的选项,回答问题。( ) 1. Who did the man go back to his hometown with?

A. His parents

B. His cousins

C. His friends ( ) 2. What does Mike think of the bigger backpack?

A. Cheap

B. Beautiful

C. Terrible ( ) 3. Where are they probably talking?

A. In a shop

B. At school

C. In a museum ( ) 4. Why does the girl look worried?

A. Because Jenny doesn’t lend her book.

B. Because Jack is angry with her.

C. Because she lost Jack's favorite book.

( ) 5. What's Bright’s favorite animal?

A. Tiger

B. Monkey

C. Lion

第二节:听长对话,从A、B、C三个选项中选出正确的选项,回答问题。

听下面一段较长对话,回答第6、7两个问题。

( ) 6. What does Steven’s brother do?

A. A driver.

B. A policeman.

C. A manager. ( ) 7. How tall is Steven's brother?

A. 1.85 meters

B. 1. 84 meters

C. 1.75 meters 听下面一段较长对话,回答第8~10三个问题。

( ) 8. What does Jack do now?

A. A teacher

B. A student

C. A pilot

( ) 9. How many countries has Jack been to?

A. Four

B. Five

C. Six

( ) 10. What is the name of the night zoo in Singapore?

A. Disney Park

B. Night Park

C. Night Safari

第三节:听下面一段独白,从A、B、C三个选项中选出正确的选项,回答问题。( ) 11. Li Hong's deskmate was in hospital last month because he_____.

A. hurt his right leg

B. hurt his right arm

C. hurt his left leg ( ) 12. Li Hong's deskmate was poor at_____.

A. English

B. Chinese

C. maths

( ) 13. _____, Li Hong and his deskmate studied together.

A. At Li Hong’s home

B. In the hospital

C. At school

( ) 14. Li Hong felt _____after helping others.

A. bored

B. interested

C. happy

( ) 15. Li Hong wants to be a member of_____ in the future.

A. a public service organization

B. a school meeting

C. a study organization

第二部分笔试部分(95分)

二、完形填空(每小题1分,共15分)

For a long time, people believed that the heart was the center of a person’s emotions. That is 16 the word “heart” is used in so17 expressions about emotional situations.

One expression is to “lose your heart” to someone. When that happens, you have fallen in 18 If the person who “won your heart” doesn’t love you, then you are sure 19a “broken heart”. In your pain and20 , you may decide that the person you loved is “hard-hearted” , and 21 , has a “heart of stone”.

If your friend does not seem to understand how 22 your broken heart is, you may ask her to “have a heart” . Your friend may be a cold-hearted person. In 23 words, she does not care about your situation.

“Chicke n-hearted” is another way of describing someone24 is not very brave . A chicken is not 25 for its bravery. So someone who is chicken-hearted does not have much 26 When you are frightened , your “heart is in your mouth”. You 27

say that your heart was in your mouth when you asked a bank to lend you some money to 28 a new house.

If that bank refuses you, don’t “lose heart”. Sit down with the29 and have a “heart to heart” talk. The bank may have a “change of heart” . It may agree to 30 you the money. Then you could stop worrying and “put your heart at rest” .

16. A. Why B.what C.where D.who

17. A. much B. many C.lots of D.some

18. A. water B. happiness C.love D.like

19. A. to think B.to believe C.to say D.to have

20. A. anger B.sadness C.danger D.tiredness

21. A. in danger B.in trouble C.in fact D. in person

22. A. painful B. careful C.harmful D.hard

23. A.a B.other C.every D.some

24. A.which B. that C. who D. whose

25. A.delicious B. proud C.careful D.famous

26. A.food B.water C.courage D.decision

27. A.might B.shall C.need D.must

28. A.ask for B.call for C.pay for D. buy for

29. A.cooker B.banker C.officer D.player

30. A. borrow B. send C.lend D. get

三、阅读理解。(每小题2分,共30分)

A

浙江省兰溪市外国语中学2019——2020学年八年级第二学期期初测试英语试题卷(无答案)

When to Wash Your Hands

●after using the bathroom

●before eating

●after coming in from outdoors

●after handing money

●after sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose

●before, during and after helping in the kitchen

●after taking out the trash(垃圾)

●after playing with pets

Why Wash Your Hands

To clear the dirt and germs.

( )31.How long should you wash your hands?

A.For 10 seconds.

B.It doesn't tell us in the passage.

C.As long as it takes to sing Happy Birthday.

D.As long as it takes to have a music class.

( )32.What comes first when you wash your hands?

A.Playing with pets.

B.Using warm water.

C.Cleaning between your fingers.

D.Reciting the alphabet.

( )33.According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A.People don't need to wash hands before eating.

B.People don’t need to wash hands after handing money.

C.People should wash your hands after playing with pets.

D.People shouldn’t wash your hands after using the bathroom.

B

Scientists wanted to know more about the moon. They thought the best way was to send men to the moon. The moon is

about 384, 000 kilometers away from the earth. A plane cannot fly to the moon because the air reaches only 240 kilometers away from the earth. But something can fly even when there is no air. That is a rocket.

How does a rocket fly? There is gas in the rocket. When the gas is made very hot inside the rocket, it will rush out of the end of the rocket, so it can make the rocket fly up into the sky.

Rockets can fly far out into space. Rockets with spaceships with men in them have been to the moon. Several rockets with spaceships with men have flown to another planet much farther away than the moon. One day rockets may be able to go to any place in the space.

( )34. The earth is about 384, 000 kilometers away from the________.

A. moon

B. universe

C. star

D. sun

( )35. A plane cannot fly to the moon because________.

A. there is no gas in the plane

B. the plane must be driven by a man

C. there is no air above 240 kilometers away from the earth

D. it is smaller than a rocket

( )36. The best title for the passage is________.

A. Flying to the Moon

B. Making a Rocket Fly

C. Learning More about the Moon

D. Inventing a Rocket

( )37. You might read this passage in a _____.

A. school newspaper

B. science book

C. storybook

D. guidebook

C

As you read the news about novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP,新型冠状病毒肺炎), you might feel a bit nervous. But China and other Asian countries have survived similar epidemics (流行病) in recent years.

In 2002 and 2003, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS, 非典型肺炎) struck 32 countries and regions around the world. China was hit the hardest, with 5,327 cases and 349 deaths on the Chinese mainland. Just like this new epidemic, SARS is caused by a type of coronavirus (冠状病毒). Similarly, it causes flu-like symptoms (症状), such as coughing and difficult breathing.

About nine years later, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS, 中东呼吸综合征) first appeared in Saudi Arabia (沙特阿拉伯). It is also caused by a type of coronavirus. Although this disease affected(感染) far fewer people than SARS (about 2,500 cases), it killed 858 of them, giving it a mortality rate (致死率) of 34 percent, according to NPR. The disease was eventually traced back to(追溯到) camels.

Both of these diseases are caused by viruses, which makes them very difficult to treat. However, we have learned from these previous outbreaks.

China’s experience in fighting SARS made it able to respond faster to NCP. China has also learned to seek international help and cooperation (合作) while fighting the disease this time.

( )38.From the story, we know that SARS _____.

A. is also caused by a type of coronavirus

B. is the deadliest virus in the world

C. only affected China in 2003

D. killed around 5,000 people

( )39.What do we know about MERS?

A. MERS doesn’t affect old people.

B. No people died from MERS.

C. MERS affected more people than SARS.

D. MERS has a higher mortality rate than SARS.

( ) 40.What does the underlined word “viruses” mean in the passage________.

A. 细菌

B. 寄生虫

C. 病毒

D. 微生物

( )41.According to the passage, how many people died in MERS ?

A. 349

B. 858

C. 2,500

D. 5,327

D

Last Friday I agreed to meet some friends at 6:00 pm in a coffee shop.The weather was sunny, so I decided to walk there.I arrived ten minutes early.I ordered a cup of coffee and sat watching people.There were some boys playing football on the street,and a small boy was running after the ball as it rolled(滚)across the road.Suddenly, there came a car.It was going very fast. When the driver saw the boy in his way, he braked (刹车)hard.But it was too late…The small boy was lying on the street without moving.To everyone's surprise,the car didn't stop.It drove away quickly.

People ran to the boy.There was a cut on the boy's head and he lost a lot of blood(血).The coffee shop owner telephoned the police.Soon an ambulance (救护车) arrived and took the boy to the hospital.

At 6:30 pm,the police arrived and started questioning people.About half an hour later, they asked me to go to the police station because I saw everything.I gave them all the information I knew because I really wanted them to catch the driver.I didn't leave the police station until 8:00 pm.After that I went home because I didn't want to talk to anyone.

The next day, the boy's parents called me to say thanks.They also told me their boy was fine and the driver was at the police station now.

( )42.Where was the writer at 5:50 pm last Friday?

A. At home.

B. On the street.

C. In a coffee shop.

D. At the police station.

( )43.Who called the police?

A. The writer.

B. The boy's friends.

C. The boy's parents.

D. The coffee shop owner.

( )44. which is the right order of the following?

① An ambulance arrived and took the boy to the hospital.

② A small boy was hit by a car, and it drove away quickly.

③ I arrived at a coffee shop to meet some friends.

④ The boy was fine and the driver was at the police station.

⑤ I went to the police station and gave them all the information I knew.

A. ①②⑤③④

B. ①③②⑤④

C. ③②①⑤④

D. ③④①④⑤

( )45.How might the writer feel at the end of the story?

A. Happy

B. Tired

C. Worried

D. Popular

四、词汇运用。(每小题1分,共15分)

A. 用方框中所给单词或词组的适当形式填空,每词限用一次。

浙江省兰溪市外国语中学2019——2020学年八年级第二学期期初测试英语试题卷(无答案)

46、That’s one of the most important ________I have ever entered.

47、Have you heard the ________ news on 2019-nCoV.

48、With the help of the Internet, we can take lessons at home________.

49、—How many times have you __________ the park? —Three times.

50、Of all the students in our class, Jim lives ________ from school. But he is never late for school.

B. 阅读下面短文,请根据所给的中文正确拼写单词,使短文的意思完整。每空限填一词。

Xu Zhimo was born in a big family. Xu wasn't a(n) 51 (普通的)boy when he was young. Different from 52 (其他的)little boys,he liked reading very much. Stories and 53 (小说)were his favourites.

Xu Zhimo's real name is Xu Zhangxu. He named 54 (他自己) Xu Zhimo after he went to England for further studies. Xu Zhimo studied in many famous 55 (大学), such as the Cambridge. He always practised 56 (写作) and did better and better in it. In the 57 (末尾),he became a world-famous writer.

Lots of people enjoyed his writing. His fans thought that Xu's works were so great that they couldn't 58 (描述)them with words. We have to say that his writing is really nice and touches his readers a lot. For example,“Very quietly I take my leave as quietly as I came here;Quietly I ware good-bye to the rosy clouds in the

western sky. ”It is a really beautiful poem.59 (如果) you have time,you can read it.

No one could be 60 (成功的) without hard work. He was really one of the greatest writers in the 1930s in the world.

五、语法填空(每小题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,在空格处填入一个适当的词, 或用括号中所给单词的正确形式。

Do you know Ma Yun?He is one of the greatest men in the world. He is the chairman of Alibaba Group. 61 September 19,2014,Alibaba went public(上市) and raised $25 billion. Ma who was once an English teacher has already 62 (be) one of the richest men in China.

Ma was born in 1964 in Hangzhou,Zhejiang Province. He 63 (grow)up as a happy kid. 64 he was a teenager,he wanted to learn English. Every morning,he got up at 5 am,rode 65 (he) bike for 40 minutes to a hotel near the West Lake and talked with foreign 66 (tourist) in English. He kept doing it for nine years.

The experience made him 67 excellent English speaker and also opened his eyes to see the world. During a trip to the US in 1995,Ma was shown the Internet for the 68 (one)time. He searched t he word “beer” on Yahoo,and found there was nothing there about China. Seeing the chance,Ma returned to China and set up a website called China Pages without even 69 (know)much about computers.

Four years later,Ma and his friends set up Alibaba Group in Hangzhou. So far Alibaba Group has 70 (develop) into the world's largest e-commerce (电子商务)company. It has popular shopping websites like Taobao and T-mall.

六、任务型阅读(每小题1分,共5分)

A good book can teach you things beyond your class. It can open your eyes and clear your minds. Here are a lot of ways to have a good reading habit (习惯).

Plan your time

You should give yourself at least thirty minutes in all for reading every day. When

time is set, nothing can change it. For example, make it a habit to read during breakfast or lunch time.

Always carry a book

Wherever you go, take a book with you. When you leave the house, make sure that you always carry a good book as well as your school things. Remember that a book always stays with you.

Find a quiet place

Find a place in your home where you can sit in a comfortable chair. When you read a book, no one will trouble you. There should be no televisions, computers, music or even noisy family members around you.

Have a library day

Have a library card, and you can read as many good books as possible in the library. Make it a weekly (每周的) trip to the library. You can save a lot of money. Blog it

One of the best ways to develop a good reading habit is to put it on your blog (博客). If you don’t have one, create one. It’s free. Ask your friends and family to share ideas and offer you suggestions.

浙江省兰溪市外国语中学2019——2020学年八年级第二学期期初测试英语试题卷(无答案)

七、书面表达(20分)

76. 每一个人都有自己梦想的职业。请你以“My dream job”为题写一篇短文。内容包括你的理想职业是什么,为什么你会有这样的想法,你打算如何实现它。

浙江省兰溪市外国语中学2019——2020学年八年级第二学期期初测试英语试题卷(无答案)

注意:(1)包含以上所有要点,内容可适当增加。

(2)文中不得出现真实的人名和校名。

(3)条理清晰,语句通顺,行文连贯。

(4)词数:80~100。

My dream job