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Unit1_What's_the_matter_知识点

Unit 1 What’s the matter?知识点总结

1. 某人怎么了?

What’s the matter with sb? What’s the trouble with sb? What’s the problem with sb? What’s wrong with sb? What happened with sb? W hat’s up with sb?

Is there anything wrong with you?

2.(作文素材)

health问题和accidents 问题:

have a (bad) cold (重)感冒have a toothache牙痛

have a fever 发烧have a sore throat 喉咙痛,咽喉痛have a sore back 背痛have a backache

have a headache 头痛have a stomachache 胃痛;肚子痛have a nosebleed 流鼻血I feel sick

cut one’s 身体部位hurt one’s 身体部位

get hit on the head

常见建议:You should:

lie down and rest drink some hot tea with honey

see a dentist get an x-ray

take one’s temperature take some medicine

put some medicine on it put a bandage on it

take sb to the hospital put her head back

3.基本知识点

1.much too 太too much 太多(不可数)too many 太多(可数)

2. enough放在名前后,形副后。good enough足够好,enough money足够的钱

3. lie down躺下,ing形式lying

lie 躺,躺着,过去式lay,

lie 撒谎,过去式lied

4. fall down 摔倒fall过去式fell feel过去式felt

5. maybe 常用于句首,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

may be 常用于句中He may be angry.

6. get off (the bus) 下(公交车)get on 上车

7. agree with sb 同意某人agree to do sth. 同意做某事

8. have trouble (in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth 在做某事上有困难有麻烦get into trouble 陷入麻烦

9. right away=right now=at once立刻

10. advice 不可数名词,劝告,建议,give sb. advice on sth.就某事给某人建议;

advise [动词] advise sb. to do sth.

11. be used to sth./ doing sth.习惯于、适应了……、做某事

His grandpa was used to country life.

Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.

12. look forward to doing 期望,希望做某事

13. run out of用完,用尽

14.. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒险去做某事take a risk=take risks 冒险

15. important 形容词importance 名词

16. decision 名词,决定;抉择;make a decision(to do sth)决定做某事decide to do sth 决定做某事

17. be i n control of …掌管,管理be out of control 不受控制

18. mind doing sth. 介意做某事enjoy doing sth 喜欢,享受做某事

give up (doing) sth. 放弃(做)某事be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

finish doing sth 结束,完成做某事have fun doing 做某事有乐趣

19. stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情

stop to do sth 停下来正做的事去做某事

20. to one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的

21. thanks to … 多亏thanks for 因为做某事而感谢某人

22. think about…考虑think of 想起

23. ing修饰物,ed修饰人be interested in sth….对…感兴趣

24. cut off 切除cut up 切碎

25. keep (on)doing sth 持续做某事

26. go to a doctor 看医生see a dentist 看牙医

27. in time 及时on time 按时,准时

28. 注意What’s the matter?与I am sorry to hear that. 的用法。

如果已经描述出来了有不好的事情,比如住院了就不再问What’s the matter?而是用后者

29. die 死的动词,它的名词形式是death

30. get out of 从…离开

31. when除了表示当…时,还表示这时…。

32. 表示人的身体好用well

33. be similar to…与…相似the same as…与…相同

be different from…与…不同

34. see sb do 看到某人做过某事

See sb doing 看到某人正在做某事

35. as 作为…如:As a student, I should study hard. 作为学生,我应该努力学习。

36. with的反义词without,without a word 没有一句话。

37. six-year-old 可以做定语,六岁的,a six-year-old girl 一个六岁的女孩

six years old 六岁,I am six years old.

38. sick 生病的,a sick boy 一个生病的男孩

ill 生病的,不做定语,做定语的意思是坏,a ill boy 一个坏男孩

39. have a rest=take a rest 休息

40. wait for sb等待某人

41. mean to do sth 打算做某事mean doing sth 意味着做某事

42. take …to 把…带走到…bring…to…把…带来到…

43. so +(形容词)…that 如此…以至于such + (名词)…that

44. 肯定句变否定句和疑问句的时候一定要注意something与anything,some

和any,and和or.

45. go along 沿着next to 挨着

46. in a great danger 处于巨大的危险中