文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 五年级下册英语素材-unit6 in the kitchen 复习知识点 译林版

五年级下册英语素材-unit6 in the kitchen 复习知识点 译林版

五下U6复习

一、单词发音及相关注意点:

(1)game:[ge?m] n.运动,比赛 n.游戏

(2)smell:[smel] v.有…气味,闻起来

(3)meat:[mi:t] n.(猪、牛、羊等的)肉(不可数名词)

(4)vegetable:[?ved?t?bl] n.蔬菜(可数名词,常用复数形式)

(5)tomato:[t??mɑ:t??] n.西红柿,番茄复数:tomato es

(6)potato:[p??te?t??] n.马铃薯,土豆复数:potato es

(7)ready:[?redi] adj.准备好的

(8)yummy:[?j?mi] adj.好吃的,美味的近义词:delicious

(9)love:[l?v] v.喜欢,喜爱

(10)bread:[bred] n.面包(不可数名词)

(11)win:[w?n] v.获胜,赢现在分词:wi nn ing

(12)yeah:[je?] adv.太好了,太棒了

(13)angry:[???gri] adj.生气的,愤怒的反义词:happy

(14)spot:[sp?t] n.斑,点

(15)catch:[k?t?] v.抓,抓住第三人称单数:catches

二、语法:

(1)现在进行时的一般疑问句:

①结构:询问:Be动词 + 主语 + 现在分词 + 其5他?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 + be动词.

否定回答:No,主语 + be动词 + not.(一般情况下必须缩写)

②用法:一般疑问句是疑问句的一种,它是指用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。有时候为了加强语气,也可以在肯定回答时用Sure. / Of course.等;否定回答时用I’m sorry.等。陈述句变一般疑问句句时,可以用以下口诀:一调二改三问号。在时态为现在进行时的句子中变化如下:一调:把句中的be动词调到主语前;二改:改换主语称谓,若主语是I/we 需改为相应的第二人称you;修饰语my/our改为your;your改为my;其他人称和内容不变;三问号:句末的句号改为问号。

例句:原句:Your mother is cooking in the kitchen.

一般疑问句:Is my mother cooking in the kitchen?

肯定回答:Yes,she is. 否定回答 No,she isn’t.

原句:I am an English teacher.

一般疑问句:Are you an English teacher?

肯定回答:Yes,I am. 否定回答 No,I’m not.

(2)可数名词和不可数名词:

①可数名词:可数名词是指能以数量来计算,可以分成个体的人或事物,因此有单数形式和复数形式。可数名词分为如下两类:个体名词:表示某类人或事物中的个体,如worker、factory、desk、cat、tree等;集体名词:表示作为一个整体来看的一群人或一些事物,如people、family、clothes等。

②不可数名词:不可数名词是指不能以数量来计算,不可以分成个体的表示概念、状态、品质、感情、或物质材料等的名词,一般没有复数形式只有单数形式,不能与数字one、two

五年级下册英语素材-unit6  in the kitchen  复习知识点   译林版

三、game的用法:

(1)用法:game表示“运动、比赛、游戏”时,作可数名词,主要用于球类、棋类等参加者必须遵循一定规则而进行的活动,这些活动可以是脑力的也可以是体力的,可以是室内的也可以是室外的;表示“运动会”尤其是国际性运动会时一般用复数形式,而且常与介词at搭配表示“在运动会上”。

例句:He wins gold medals at the Olympic Games.

(2)拓展:sport也可以表示“运动、比赛”,但sport一般指“室外运动”,如游泳、溜冰、爬山等,常用复数形式sports。

例句:Do you take part in the sports meeting?(the sports meeting通常指“学校运动会”。)

四、look for的用法:

(1)用法:look for意为“寻找”,强调找的“动作”;以前学过的find也有“找”的意思,但find意为“找到”,强调找的“结果”,两者含义和用法不同。

例句:I’m looking for my pen,but I can’t find it.

(2)拓展:与look相关的词组:look at…看…、Look out!小心/注意!、look out for…小心…、look out of…朝…外面看、look like看起来像、look around四周环顾、look up…(在字典上等)查阅…、look after照顾。

五、用“There is …. / There are …”描述数量的用法:

(1)结构:There is + 单数可数名词/不可数名词 + 其他。

There are + 复数可数名词 + 其他。

(2)用法:there be 句型是英语中常用句型,意思是“有”,表示“某地有某人或某物”。there在此结构中是引导词,已经没有“那里”的意思,无实际意义,句子真正的主语是be 动词后面的名词。如果主语是单数可数名词或不可数名词,be动词用is;如果主语是复数可数名词,be动词用are。

例句:There is a book on the desk.

There is some water in the cup.

There are five flowers on the tree.

(3)就近原则:当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词(be动词)要跟离它最近的名词保持一致。

例句:There is a pen and two pencils in my pencil box.

There are two pencils and a pen in my pencil box.

There is a pair of shoes under the desk.

There are two glasses of water on the desk.

六、ready的用法:

(1)用法:ready意为“准备好的”,常用于词组get/be ready to do sth意为“准备做某事”,to后接动词原形;get/be ready for sth意为“为某事做准备”,for后接名词。例句:We get/are ready to go.

We get/are ready for the English test.

七、询问食物味道怎么样的句型及答句:

(1)结构:询问:How is/are + 食物?

回答:It’s/They’re + 形容词.

(1)用法:我们以前学过的“how”是询问“方式、方法”,例如:“How do you come to school?”但在本文中“How is/are + 食物?”是询问食物味道怎么样的句型,这里的how 意为“…怎么样?”回答或描述食物味道时用“食物名称 + be动词 + 形容词.”的句型。例句:- How is the soup?

- It’s yummy.

八、a lot of的用法:

(1)用法:a lot of = lots of意为“许多,很多”,是一个定语性的短语,修饰跟在它后面的名词,既可修饰可数名词又可修饰不可数名词。a lot of和lots of 修饰的名词作主语时谓语动词不是由a lot或lots决定的,而是由它们所修饰的名词决定的。修饰可数名词的时候近义词为many,例如a lot of books = lots of books = many books;修饰不可数名词时近义词为much,例如a lot of water = lots of water = much water;many和much在语气上比较正式。

(2)拓展:a lot of 与 a lot:两者都意为“许多,很多”,但是除了意思相同在用法上有很大差异

①a lot of为定语性词组,修饰名词;a lot为副词性词组,可以修饰动词、形容词、副词等,例如eat a lot。

②a lot除了有“许多,很多”还有引申出来的“非常、十分”的意思,例如Thanks a lot. = Thanks very much.

九、drive…away的用法:

(1)用法:drive…away意为“赶走”,这里的drive不是以前学的“开车、驾驶”的意思。“drive sb/

sth away”意为“把某人或某物赶走”,如果要描述具体地点可以在away后加上介词from表示“把某人或某物从某地赶走”。

例句:The policemen drive the people away from the railway station.

十、字母组合qu的发音规则:

quick、queen等单词中的辅音字母组合qu发/kw/音,发音时舌后部隆起紧贴软腭,憋气后突然分开,气流送出口腔形成爆破音。紧接着舌后部向软腭抬起,舌位抬高,双唇收小并向前突出,声带振动,发音短促,立刻滑向其后的元音。类似单词还有question、quiz等。

十一、本课重要单词、词组、句型:

重要单词:game运动,比赛、meat(猪、牛、羊等的)肉、vegetable蔬菜、tomato西红柿,番茄、potato马铃薯,土豆、yummy好吃的,美味的、love喜欢,喜爱、

bread面包、smell有…气味,闻起来、ready准备好的、win获胜,赢、yeah

太好了,太棒了、angry生气的,愤怒的、spot斑,点、catch抓,抓住

重要词组:a football game一场足球比赛、cook meat烹饪肉、cook some tomato soup 做一些番茄汤、cook meat with potatoes做土豆烧肉、look for找,寻找、a

great cook一个伟大的厨师、drive…away赶走…、cook dinner in the kitchen

在厨房里做晚饭、wash some

vegetables洗一些蔬菜、look for some juice in the fridge在冰箱里找一些果汁、a

lot of pests and ladybirds很多害虫和瓢虫、two ladybirds on Sam’s hand

山姆手上的两个瓢虫、very angry很生气、seven spots七个斑点、catch a

ladybird from grapes从葡萄上抓一个瓢虫

重要句型:

(1)表示某人正在干某事的句型:His parents are cooking dinner in the kitchen. (2)询问某人是否正在干某事的句型及其答句:Are you cooking meat?

No,I’m not. I’m washing some vegetables.

(3)询问某处是否有某物的句型及其答句:Mum,is there any apple juice in the fridge? No,but there’s some orange juice.

(4)询问食物味道怎么样的句型及其答句:How’s the meat Taotao?

It’s yummy,Dad. I love it!

(5)表示把某物赶走的句型:Sam’s ladybirds drive the bad ladybirds and the pests away.

十二、针对性练习

(1)英汉互译:

1、cook meat ________________________

2、一场足球比赛 _____________________

3、wash some vegetables _____________

4、做一些番茄汤 _____________________

5、seven spots ______________________

6、做土豆烧肉 _______________________

7、drive…away ______________________

8、寻找 _____________________________

9、very angry _______________________ 10、一个伟大的厨师 __________________

五年级下册英语素材-unit6  in the kitchen  复习知识点   译林版

(3)用所给单词的适当形式填空:

1、What __________ your father __________(do)?

2、What __________ your father __________ now(do)?

3、Don’t sing! My little brother __________(sleep).

4、My friend often __________(study)in the library.

5、Look!They __________(have)a meeting.

6、Be quiet!Miss Li __________(talk)to the students in the classroom.

7、- Are there any __________(potato)in the fridge?

- No,there aren’t.

8、He comes __________(help)me.

9、It’s seven o’clock. It’s time __________(have)lunch.

10、The boy isn’t singing,he __________(dance).

(4)选择填空:

()1、We are usually very happy on __________ Day.

A. Childs’

B. Childrens’

C. Children’s

()2、- __________ he __________ in the classroom?

- Yes,he is.

A. Does;read

B. Is;reading

C. Does;reads

()3、- __________ any vegetables in the fridge?

- No.

A. Are there

B. Is there

C. Do there

()4、- Can you __________ the dog __________ for me?I’m afraid.

- Sure. Don’t be afraid.

A. leave;behind

B. look;for

C. drive;away

()5、- Are you __________ your pen?

- Yes,but I can’t find it.

A. looking at

B. looking for

C. looking out

()6、Listen!__________ the baby __________ in the bedroom?.

A. Are crying

B. Is cry

C. Is crying

()7、- __________ cap do you like?

- The black one.

A. Which

B. What colour

C. Whose

()8、My brothers __________ dinner at six o’clock in the evening everyday.

A. has

B. have

C. having

()9、- What __________ he like __________?

- He likes playing basketball.

A. do;doing

B. does;to do

C. does;doing

()10、My father is a __________ and he can __________ yummy food.

A. cooker;cook

B. cook;cooking

C. cook;cook

五年级下册英语素材-unit6  in the kitchen  复习知识点   译林版

Lily:Hello,this is Lily. __________

Helen:Hello,Lily. __________

Lily:What are you doing?

Helen:__________ What about you?

Lily:__________

Helen:Really?What are you cooking?

Lily:I’m cooking meat with potatoes.

Helen:__________

Lily:Thank you. I want to go to the zoo this afternoon. Do you want to join me?Helen:Great!How do we go there?

Lily:__________

Helen:OK. See you this afternoon.

Lily:See you.

(6)句型转换:

1、My parents are cooking dinner.(对划线部分提问)

______________________________________________________________________

2、My brother is eating fruit in the living room.(对划线部分提问)

______________________________________________________________________

3、His sister has some beautiful clothes.(改为否定句)

______________________________________________________________________

4、Our friends are playing basketball in the playground now.(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

______________________________________________________________________

5、you,home,helping,Lucy,at,are(?)

______________________________________________________________________

(7)阅读短文判断正(T)误(F):

It’s fine today. The sun is in the sky. Mr Green and his family are in the park. Mr

and Mrs Green are standing under the tree and looking at their children. Ann is flying a

kite. The boy in a white shirt and blue trousers is her brother. He’s reading a book. Ann’s little brother is too young. He can’t walk or run. He’s drinking milk. Ann’s sister isn’t in the park. She is at school.

()1、There are five people in Ann’s family.

()2、Ann is a boy.

()3、Ann’s sister is a student.

()4、Ann’s brother is flying a kite.

()5、Ann has two brothers.