当前位置:文档库 > 英语全国卷真题及答案


英语全国卷真题及答案 The pony was revised in January 2021

2019年全国I I卷英语高考题第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)




My Favourite Books

Jo Usmar is a writer for Cosmopolitan and co-author of the This Book Will series(系列)of lifestyle books. Here she picks her top reads.


Roald Dahl

I once wrote a paper on the influence of fairy tales on Roald Dahl’s writing and it gave me a new appr eciation for his strange and delightful words. Matilda’s battles with her cruel me parents and the bossy headmisres,Miss Trunchbull,are equally fumy and frightening,but they’re also aspirational.

After Dark

Haruki Murakami

It’s about two sisters-Eri,a mod el who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping,and Mari, a young student . In trying to connect to her sister. Mari starts changing her life and discovers a world of diverse ”night people” who are hiding secrets.

Gone Girl

Gillian Fynn

There was a bit of me t hat didn’t want to love this when everyone else on the planet did but the horror story is brilliant. There’s tension and anxiety from the beginning as Nick and Amy battle for your trust. It’s a real whodunit and the frustration when you realise what’s goin g on is horribly enjoyable

The Stand

Stephen King

This is an excellent fantasy novel from one of the best storytellers around. After a serious flu outbreak wipes out 99.4% of the world’s population, a battle unfolds between good and evil among those let. Randall Flagg is one of the scariest characters ever.

21. Who does “I” refer to in the text?

A. Stephen King.

B. Gillian Flynn.

C. Jo Usmar.

D. Roald Dahl

22. Which of the following tells about Mari and Eri?

A. Cosmopolitan.

B. Matilda.

C. After Dark.

D. The Stand.

23. What kind of book is Gone Girl)

A.A folk tale.

B.A biography.

C.A love story.

D.A horror story.


“You can use me as a last resort(选择), and if nobody else volunteers,then I will do it.” This was an actual reply from a parent after I put out a request for volunteers for my kids lacrosse(长曲棍球)club.

I guess that there’s probably some demanding work schedule, or social anxiety around stepping up to help for an unknown sport. She may just need a little persuading. So I try again and tug at the heartstrings. I mention the single parent with four kids running the show and I talk about the dad coaching a team that his kids aren’t even on … At this point the unwilling parent speaks u p,“Alright. Yes, I’ll do it.”

I’m secretly relieved because I know there’s real power in sharing volunteer responsibilities among many. The unwilling parent organizes the meal schedule, sends out emails, and collects money for end-of-season gifts. Somewhere along the way, the same parent ends up becoming an invaluable member of the team. The coach is able to focus on

the kids while the other parents are relieved to be off the hook for another season. Handing out sliced oranges to bloodthirsty kids can be as exciting as watching your own kid score a goal.

Still, most of us volunteers breathe a sigh of relief when the season comes to a close. That relief is coupled with a deep understanding of why the same people keep coming back for more: Connecting to the community(社区)as you freely give your time, money, skills, or services provides a real joy. Volunteering just feels so good.

In that sense, I’m pretty sure volunteering is more of a selfish act than I’d freely like to admit. However, if others benefit in the process, and I get some reward too, does it really matter where my motivation lies?

24.What can we infer about the parent from her reply in paragraph l?

A. She knows little about the club.

B. She isn’t good at sports.

C. She just doesn’t want to vol unteer.

D. She’s unable to meet her schedule.

25.What does the underlined phrase“tug at the heartstrings”in paragraph 2 mean

A. Encourage team work .

B. Appeal to feeling.

C. Promote good deeds.

D. Provide advice.

26. What can we learn about the parent from paragraph 3

A. She gets interested in lacrosse.

B. She is proud of her kids.

C. She’ll work for another season.

D. She becomes a good helper.

27. Why does the author like doing volunteer work?

A. It gives her a sense of duty.

B. It makes her very happy.

C. It enables her to work hard.

D. It brings her material rewards.


Marian Bechtel sits at West Palm Beach’s Bar Louie counter by herself, quietly reading her e-book as she waits for her salad. What is she reading

None of your business! Lunch is Bechtel’s “me” time. And like more Americans, she’s not alone.

A new report found 46 percent of meals are eaten alone in America. More than half(53 percent)have breakfast alone and nearly half(46 percent)have lunch by themselves. Only at dinnertime are we eating together anymore,74 percent,according to statistics from the report.

“I prefer to go out and be out. Alone,but together,you know?”Bechtel said,looking up from her book. Bechtel,who works in downtown West Palm Beach,has lunch with coworkers sometimes,but like many of us,too often works through lunch at her desk. A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder. She returns to work feeling energized. “Today,I just wanted some time to myself,”she said.

just two seats over,Andrew Mazoleny,a local videographer,is finishing his lunch at the bar. He likes that he can sit and check his phone in peace or chat up the barkeeper with whom he’s on a first-name basis if he wants to have a little interaction(交流). “I reflect on how my day’s gone and think about the rest of the week,” he said. “It’s a chance for self-reflection, You return to work recharged and with a plan.”

That freedom to choose is one reason more people like to eat alone. There was a time when people may have felt awkward about asking for a table for one,but those days are over. Now,we have our smartphones to keep us company at the table. “It doesn’t feel as alone as it may have before al the advances in technology,” said Laurie Demerit, whose company provided the statistics for the report.

28. What are the statistics in paragraph 2 about?

A. Food variety.

B. Eating habits.

C. Table manners.

D. Restaurant service.

29. Why does Bechtel prefer to go out for lunch?

A. To meet with her coworkers.

B. To catch up with her work.

C. To have some time on her own.

D. To collect data for her report.

30. What do we know about Mazoleny?

A. He makes videos for the bar.

B. He’s fond of the food at the bar.

C. He interviews customers at the bar.

D. He’s familiar with the barkeeper.

31. What is the text mainly about?

A. The trend of having meals alone.

B. The importance of self-reflection.

C. The stress from working overtime.

D. The advantage of wireless technology.


Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts. The microorganisms(微生物) from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the International Space Station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week. How is NASA overcoming this very tiny big problem It’s turning to a bunch of high school kids. Bu t not just any kids. It depending on NASA HUNCH high school class, like the one science teachers Gene Gordon and Donna Himmelberg lead at Fairport High School in Fairport, New York.

HUNCH is designed to connect high school classrooms with NASA engineers. For the past two years, Gordon’s students have been studying ways to kill bacteria in zero gravity,

and they think they’re close to a solution(解决方案). “We don’t give the students any breaks. They have to do it just like NASA engineers,” says Florence Gold, a project manager.

“There are no tests,” Gordon says. “There is no graded homework. There almost are no grades, other than‘Are you working towards your goal?’ Basically, it’s ‘I’ve got to produce this product and then, at the end of year, present it to NASA.’ Engineers come and really do an in-person review, and…it’s not a very nice thing at time. It’s a hard business review of your product.”

Gordon says the HUNCH program has an impact(影响) on college admissions and practical life skills. “These kids are so absorbed in their studies that I just sit back. I don’t teach.” And that annoying bacteria

Gordon says his students are emailing daily with NASA engineers about the problem, readying a workable solution to test in space.

32.What do we know about the bacteria in the International Space Station?

A. They are hard to get rid of.

B. They lead to air pollution.

C. They appear different forms.

D. They damage the instruments.

33. What is the purpose of the HUNCH program?

A. To strengthen teacher-student relationships.

B. To sharpen students’ communication skills.

C. To allow students to experience zero gravity.

D. To link space technology with school education

34. What do the NASA engineers do for the students in the program?

A. Check their product.

B. Guide project designs

C. Adjust work schedules.

D. Grade their homework.

35. What is the best title for the text?

A. NASA: The Home of Astronauts.

B. Space: The Final Homework Frontier.

C. Nature: An Outdoor Classroom.

D. HUNCH:A College Admission Reform.



Imagine a child standing on a diving board four feet high and asking himself the question:“Should I jump

This is what motivation or the lack of it can do. Motivation and goal setting are the two sides of same coin.36Like the child on the diving board, you will stay undecided.

37More than that, how should you stay motivated to achieve the goal

First, you need to evaluate yourself , your values your strengths, your weaknesses, your achievements, your desires ,etc. Only then should your you’re your goals

You also need to judge the quality and depth of your motivation. This is quite important, because it is directly related to your commitment. There are times when your heart is not in your work.38 So, slow down and think what you really want to do at that moment. Clarity (清晰)of thoughts can help you move forward.

Another way of setting realistic goals is to analyze your short and long term objectives, keeping in mind your beliefs, values and strengths. Remember that goals are flexible.39 They also need to be measurable. You must keep these points in mind while setting your goals.

Your personal circumstances are equally important. For example, you may want to be a Pilot but can’t become one because your eyesight is not good enough.40You should reassess your goals, and motivate yourself to set a fresh goal.

You will surely need to overcome some difficulties, some planned, but most unplanned. You cannot overcome them without ample motivation. Make sure that you plan for these difficulties at the time of setting your goals.

A. This can affect your work.

B. So how should you motivate yourself?

C. However, this should not discourage you.

D. So why should we try to set specific goals?

E. They can change according to circumstances.

F. Motivation is what you need most to do a good job.

G. Without motivation you can neither set a goal nor reach it




It’s about 250 miles from the hills of west-central lowa to Ehlers’ home in Minnesota. During the long trip home, following a weekend of hunting. Ehlers41about the small dog he had seen42alongside the road. He had43to coax(哄)the dog to him but, frightened, it had44.

Back home, Ehlers was troubled by that45dog. So, four days later, he called his friend Greg, and the two drove46. After a long and careful47. Greg saw, across a field, the dog

moving48away. Ehlers eventually succeeded in coaxing the animal to him. Nervousness and fear were replaced with49. It just started licking(舔)Ehlers’ face.

A local farmer told them the dog sounded like one50as lost in the local paper. The ad had a51number for a town in southern Michigan. Ehlers52the number of Jeff and Lisa to tell them he had53their dog.

Jeff had54in lowa before Thanksgiving with his dog, Rosie, but the gun shots had scared the dog off. Jeff searched55for Rosie in the next four days.

Ehlers returned to Minnesotan, and then drove 100 miles to Minneapolis to put Rosie on a flight to Michigan. “It’s good to know there’s still someone out there who 56enough to go to that kind of57,”says Lisa of Ehlers’ rescue58.

I figured whoever lost the dog was probably just as 59t o it as I am to my dogs,” says Ehlers. “If it had been my dog, I’d hope that somebody would be60to go that extra mile.”

41. A. read B. forgot C. thought D. heard

42. A. read B. trembling C. eating D. sleeping

43. A. tried B. agreed C. promised D. regretted

44. A. calmed down B. stood up C. rolled over D. run off

45. A. injured B. stolen C. lost D. rescued

46. A. home B. past C. back D. on

B. explanation

C. test

D. search



48. A. cautiously B. casually C. skillfully D. angrily

49. A. surprise B. joy C. hesitation D. anxiety

50. A. predicted B. advertised C. believed D. recorded

51. A. house B. phone C. street D. car

52. A. called B. copied C. counted D. remembered

53. A. fed B. adopted C. found D. cured

54. A. hunted B. skied C. lived D. worked

B. on time

C. in turn

D. in vain

55. A. on


56. A. cares B. sees C. suffers D. learns

57. A. place B. trouble C. waste D. extreme

58. A. service B. plan C. effort D. team

59. A. equal B. allergic C. grateful D. close

60. A. suitable B. proud C. wise D. wiling 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)


A 90-year-old has been awarded“Woman Of The Year” for61(be)Britain’s oldest full-time employee-still working 40 hours a week. Now Irene Astbury works from 9am to 5pm daily at the pet shop in Macclesfield,62she opened with her late husband Les. Her years of hard work have63(final)been acknowledged after a customer nominated(提名)her to be Cheshire’s Woman Of The Year.

Picking up her“Lifetime Achievement”aw ard,proud Irene64(declare)she had no plans65 (retire)from her 36-year-old business. Irene said,“I don’t see any reason to give up work. I love coming here and seeing my family and all the friends I66(make) over the years. I work not because I have to, 67 because I want to.”

Granddaughter Gayle Parks,31-who works alongside her in the family business-said it remained unknown as to who nominated Irene for the award. She said,“We don’t have any idea who put grandma forward. When we got a call68(say)she was short-listed,we thought it was69joke. But then we got an

official letter and we were blown away. We are so proud of her. It’s70(wonder).”







注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Since I was a kid, I`ve considered different job I would like to do. First, I wanted to be a fireman, whose uniform looked so coolly. Then, when I was in the five grade, I wanted to be a teacher because I liked my English teacher too much. When I studied chemistry high school, I reconsidered mg goal or decided to be a doctor. They were two reasons for the decision. One was that I was amazing at

the fact that a sick person could feel much more better after seeing a doctor. And the other is that I wanted to help people in need.











1—5 BCBAC 6—10 CABAC

11—15 BACCB 16—20 ACABA


21—25 CCDCB 26—30 DBBCD 31—35 AADAB 36—40 GBAEC 第三部分语言知识运用


41—45 CBADC 46—50 CDABB 51—55 BACAD 56—60 ABCDD 第二节

61. being 62. which 63. finally 64. declared 65. to retire

66. have made

67. but 68. saying

69. a 70. wonderful