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2011长沙新东方范超老师写作笔记

新东方暑假考研强化班写作部分------FC讲授

L1

一、考什么?(考研考什么?考研写作考什么?)

1、阅读:50分25分→30分

写作大:20分10分→12分/14分

小:10分 5 分→7 分/8 分

翻译:10分5分

完型:10分5分

(得阅读者得天下,得写作者得天下)

2、作文小:介绍信(自荐信、推荐信)recommend grated

邀请信、感谢信(第五次课讲)

大:(第一次到第四次课)

subtle →subtly thought-provoking

二、考研写作六大原则:

1、印象原则:10±6分

①字迹:矮胖型,字母大小一样;②涂改:不要超过10%;

③段落:按提纲写(近几年都为三段:一、现象;二、推论作者意图;三、该怎么做)

2、提纲原则:严禁发表与提纲无关的言论,不需要任何思路创新,即将思想降至最低,将语言发挥到

极致。且一般为当年的次热点,绝不会考最热点,要考就靠永恒的话题。

2001年出现的举例段就是非常好的例子,没举例的,总的起评分就是12分。

切记:听话!!!!!!!!

P教18—2001年真题,第一段:象征含义;第二段:举例(只要举到的完全得分)。

P教17—2000:切勿企图标新立异;1998:历年臭名昭著的一个考题,不用看;1999:要看懂图表,但是有过企图标新立异的惨痛例子;

symbolic meaning

3、数量原则:(极其关键)

A、段落(提纲)(有几年有要求举例,万不能落,没距离就少了一点,该点的分就没了)

B、句子小:6——8句 P1:3——4句

大:12——15句 P2:5——7句

P3 :4句

C、字数小:100——110词常只限10行

大:200——220词

4、顺序原则:语言————→结构————————→内容(思路)

多变,少错但求无过,起承转合忽略不计

5、思维转化原则:互译(写不出的就不写,非写不可的就换简易的)

eg:孝敬父母使我们的传统美德?→(承担:under take )

It is our obligation to respect our aging parents .(该句话放在第三段最好)

obligate :义务(一个保卫祖国的战士不离开祖国的大门:我不离开gate)取其精华,去其糟粕?→精华:好的方面;糟粕:坏的东西,负面影响(consequence)等;

去:丢弃,放弃(abandone,throw away)

take the positive aspects,resist the negative consequence

原则:中英互译的必死,不要死扣中文。将中文降到最弱智的解释,英文保证正确。非写不可的的,一定转换思维:

eg:乱收费→“乱”:违法,未经学生同意的,过高的,不合理的(unreasonable)

大学扩招→越来越多人上大学;大学扩大了受教育的权利

籍贯→我的家乡是……;加我→让我成为你的朋友(add as your friend)

我绕来绕去也找不到教室→我怎么也找不到教室

你对我很重要→you are my water !!!!

6、语言变化原则:同一意义尽量使用不同方法表达,如

象征含义:symbolic meaning ;subtle 等。

※考研写作七宗罪:

①图sketch(手绘图)cartoon portrayal(肖像)

photo(照片)drawing

②解决问题:

address /deal wit h the problem→reverse the disturbing trend

dispose of(扭转令人不安的趋势)

vulgar(五阿哥)庸俗的vulnerable

③好beneficial

positive bring about far-reaching influence(带来深远影响)

favorable

④坏adverse AQ(抗逆境能力)IQ、EQ

negative

unfavorable

带来:cause

A对B不好:sound an alarm to sb敲响警钟

Smoking sounds an alarm to your health.

Pose(产生) a potential(潜在的) and probable threat on / to PPPT 押韵Smoking poses a potential and probable threat to your health.

⑤非常:extraordinarily、exceptionally、undoubtedly(毋庸置疑的)

⑥重要:vital、crucial、irreplaceable

Play an irreplaceable role to

⑦越来越:形容词:

副词:

三、summer plan

每天认真研究1—2篇范文(花30min—1h)(8.13——8.25)

每晚8点到10点将决定一个人将来能做什么事情!!!!!!(最好用在加练时间)

1、范文:讲义11页起:2004年范文一;2005年范文一;2006年推荐范文及翻译;王江涛之(三)和

谐社会;(四)沙尘暴;(六)环境污染;(七)交通问题;(八)学术问题;(九)职业道德;

(十)人口增长;(十二)中西方文化;(十三)上网成瘾;

2、研究结构不管(天龙八部会详细讲解)

语言表达词汇:找出3—5个关键词,积累新词

句子:1—3句话,作中英互译(只译看得懂却不会写的)

inspiration aspiration perspiration

四、单图P1的写法:(P教34—2002年真题范文)

①开门见山,说出图画干什么

②详细挖掘图画信息、作者意图

③总结

让所有藐视我的人一个一个被我秒杀!!!!!!!!!每天进步一点点!!!每天积累一点点RP!!!

L2

本节内容提要:2002年、2003年2001年范文搞定(两道单图题,一道双图题)

热身:P讲4and P教35

1、复习上节课内容——单图题P1的写法。

2、双图题P1的大致思路:(今年考察双图的可能是史上最高的)

Eg:2003年真题,这两幅图就共同反映同一朵花在不同条件下的命运/花在不同环境下发生的微妙变化subtle不可取代的:irreplaceable——→第一幅是花在温室的保护下活得很好greenhouse、protect——→第二幅图在没有保护的情况下,详情见P讲4ExampleⅡ:

The set of drawing above vividly depicts the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. 以上组图换subtly描绘(picture变来) (该句典型的总写)

As is shown in the cartoon,the flowers is placed in a comfortable green house /which shelters 换reflected (用一句话描述第一图的信息,后面的两句话就没必要了)保护from the threatening lightning and storm./……On the contrary,when removed from the green- 定语从句是第一段中能写出的亮点之一然而(两图对比的关系)

house and expsed to the driving rain ,the flower soon fades and withers ,with the patals case about on the ground. (一句话概括第二幅图)

总结:双图题P1的写法:(3句话)总揽两图信息——→分别展现单图

如图所示……第一幅图……然而……

------------------------------ 热身结束,进入王道----------------------------

1、P2的写法,初步涉及“天龙八部”,首先P讲4 ExampleⅠ第二段:

What the impressive photo conveys goes far from beyond a new fashion trend. Instead of, it

①浅由浅入深的思路,P讲15同(但这不是高手的风格,我们更推崇直接写深)②深

carries culture implications as well. The past several years have witnesses the phenomenon that

换reflects深层含义③现状+原因: 现状,for the reason that+句子,可以写成巨拉风的长句!!foreign people in ever expending / increasing / mounting numbers are attracted to the mysterious 越来越+N的较好看的写法任选一个自己喜欢的使用神秘的traditional Chinese culture, for the reason that to some extent a culture can be accepted, respected,

该写法一定记得在写现状时用!!!!!层进的修辞(并列加递进)且appreciated, and advocated internationally. In other words ,onenation’s distinctive culture can become ARAA or AAA押韵④影响独一无二的

international through world-wild economic and culture exchange. Since the trend of globalization seems

⑤总结(since)

increasingly far-reaching, culture exchanges can effectively and efficently improve mutual

影响越来越深远+adj EE (又快又好地)→有效地

undersatanding and friendship.

幸福临界感中,坏事总会过去,好事正在路上。调整心情,努力学习,积累人品!!!!

Accordingly / consequently, national culture ,the priceless fortune, should be preserved and

起本段只学语言,不理结构。无价之宝“保存和珍惜”→好事六大词treasured . ……However, when we are confronted with a different culture, we should be sensible

面对……常可用于第三段使用←明智的enough take the positive aspects,resist the negative consequence,and only in this way can we 取其精华,去其糟粕it is in this that we can↙改为promote culture development positively and make our world harmonious, prosperous,vigorous.

世界繁荣昌盛:和谐的、繁荣、有活力的SSS

1)押韵:发扬等:ARAA or AAA 多用于好的,也可以用于坏的文章中,找出坏现象的反面进行~

有效地:EE繁荣昌盛:SSS

教育:educate, enlighten EE无情的:ruthless, relentless RR

2)ExampleⅠP2 流程图:“论点→论据→结论”即“总→分→总”的结构

①浅:(用主语从句)发人深思:thought-provoking

②深:Instead、implication、reflect等(这句话是关键,是论点,是核心)

③现状(拟人、同位语从句)+原因(,for the reason that 进行论证、阐述)超长句!!!

④影响:In the other words

⑤总结:since

3)好事六大词:appreciated, advocated,accepted, respected,preserved,treasured

4)2010年考研性价比最高的四组词:

Ⅰ)图画:portrayal、sketch、photo、drawing、cartoon

Ⅱ)Show:reflect、imply、indicate、illustrate、demonstrate、reveal、convey、suggest Ⅲ)深刻含义:symbolic meaning, implication,connotation(画外音、言下之意)

Ⅳ)象征:naturally associated with, symbolic meaning

(因为缺失半节课的录音,欠半节课的笔记)

L3

今日主要任务:使用方法将1、2、3写一遍;掌握坏事的具体写法(ExampleⅣ)为天龙八部打基础

热身:

1、见P讲7的图画:小鸟站在树桩上哭。(Bird、crying、standing、axe……)

如何处理在第一段中两到三个动作连用的情况:

首先,找出所有动作,并区分出V主和V次

2011长沙新东方范超老师写作笔记

然后,保留V主将V次加-ing

最后,变成“N,V次-ing,V主”的结构,其中,V次-ing做插入语,作为第一段的亮点。Eg: P讲99:处理两个以上动词连用的方法

①The Master, standing by the reverside, sighed ,“May time pass on and on like this, never ceasing day

2011长沙新东方范超老师写作笔记

and night.”(子在川上曰“逝者如斯夫,不舍昼夜。”)sighe:感叹,感慨

②Fluttering through the air, we dance wing, life after life, forever a pair.(我和你缠缠绵绵翩翩飞,飞

越这红尘永相随)flutter:动物拍翅膀

③Disappointed with and despaired by N.O,I blew the building up.

2、P讲25,作业:用上刚刚讲的插入语的方法。练习第一段的写法。(答案在52页)

(On the contrary ; caption ; with the joy / confidence / optimism)

2、As is subtly suggested in the enlighteding sketch ,a pathetic and homeless bird, standing on a axe / cutting

tool with sorrow, which is naturally associated with the ruthless and relentless destruction, is crying for its lost home.

------------------------------ 热身结束,进入王道----------------------------

1、见P讲8图:见图首先确定本段为5句话;第一段尽量用简单的单词,将图描述清楚即可。

具体写法见:P讲5 ExampleⅣ

As is shown in the pictures, we can see clearly the subtle relationship / a ruthless and relentless fighting between we humans and the desert . In the first picture, people are running away from

the overwhelming desert. The caption indicates that “ As the sand advances, we retreat.”On the

字幕↘go ahead ↘get back contrary, the second picture dipicts that people, taking / carrying of tools, are coming to plant

with confidences and joys . The dcaption reads that“As we advance, the sand retreats.”

↘小词大用的好例子(校训等都可用)

1)简单流程图:总写一句话P1+C1 各一句话(共五句话)

P2+C2

2、今天的重点部分,最精彩部分,坏事第二段的写法:

①The purpose of the pictures is to convince us that due attention has to be paid to the prevalant and

直接写出深层含义企图说服迫切地流行的pervasive issue of enviromental protection. ②Owing to overwhelming clear cutting /the

普遍的PP 押韵②原因+现状Owing to +N / for the reason that +句子past several years have witnessed the phenomenon that the deaert is taking away our living space with a high /surprising / amazing / unprecedented spped.③In other words ,this

↘空前的③影响→“坏影响的六种写法”phenomenon not only pose a potential and probable threat on our sutainable development,

pppt

but also brings about an unfavorable consequence on ecosystem.④If we do not fight against

④威胁性总结(一般一句就够)sand hills, they will drive us away from the land. If we let this situation go as it is, our environment will become uncontrollable / unimginable / unpredictable / unforeseeable.

1)如何在考研第二段中写出影响:好4坏6

坏的:①undermine(vt)

②adversely affect

③sound an alarm to something

④put an enormous pressure upon

⑤bring about a(n) adverse / unfavorable consequence on

⑥pose a potential and probable thrent to / on

好的:①bring about a(n) far-reaching influence / impact on

②lay a solid foundation for

③play an irreplaceable role in

④serve as a catalyst for(促进)

2)威胁性总结:will become uncontrollable / unimginable / unpredictable / unforeseeable.= will deteriorate(v) (任选两个词使用即可)无法控制的/ 无法想象的/ 无法预测的/ 无看到前方的将恶化(高手)3)历年大作文命题趋势分析:

98 99 00 01※举例02 03 04※举例05 06 07※举例08 09 预测→10年(可能举例)

单双双单单双单单双单单单预测→双﹥单

坏坏坏好好坏好坏中好好中预测→坏﹥好

4)举例段的写法:(6—8句话)【11月份再来看这一段的写法】

①It can be aptly examplified by the folloing cases …“举例说明”告诉考官我要开始举例了

2011长沙新东方范超老师写作笔记

②例1+例2(各2—3句话):例1.Another case impoint is / Another fitting example is +例2

举例子的时候越简单越好,别出错。举例规则:由人及己(社会、他人→自己)

③总结一句话:on the whole, these examples effectively and efficently clarify the saying

that “中心论点”

Eg:见P教29的高分范文的经验和教训,得出结论——一要听话,二要不犯错就是最好的了。

见P讲11:2004年范文的举例段(看思想,不看语言,语言太难)总结句句式的来源

Confronted with the challenge of 面临Strive for 奋斗

L4

热身:

1、看图的第一件事:找出可写点。(漏点将按点扣分,自己增加联想出来的点不加分)

Eg:见2004年题:可写点有三,男孩跑(自信、带着笑、乐观的跑,流汗);地上那根线,两边分别写着“起点”、“重点”(被命名为be entitled as);字幕(简单翻译)。具体写P

教38范文:

如图所示:①The cartoon depicts a vivid scene in which =where+描写图画的一句话……

②The most striking(引人注目的)feature(特点)of the drawing is that ……

2、见讲义“天龙八部大纲篇”P46,图画描述段(即第一段)(3—4句)主要原则:①简单化原则:简

单主谓宾覆盖所有可写点,只有简单才不会犯错;②零错误原则;③纯原则:只描写图画

2011长沙新东方范超老师写作笔记

上的可写点,尤其第一句话

Eg: P教352003年范文:没有描写图画的悲惨教训;

P讲15(考官写的范文):enjoy a striking popularity(流行)/ aption(字幕)/ worship(崇

拜)/ we are informed(字幕的第二种写法,非常好!!!)

------------------------------ 热身结束,进入王道----------------------------

P讲46 ——————“天龙八部大纲篇”

一、图画描述段:

2、语法结构:定语从句+插入语(第一段实在要增加难点,可受用插入语、定语从句)

3、描述图画的Adj:thought-provoking / profound(深刻的)/ instructive(有教育意义的)/

enligtening(有启发意义的)/ impressive(印象深刻的)/ exaggerative

(夸张的)押尾韵vv

Adv:graphically / symbolically / explicitly(清晰地)/ subtly

4、如图所示的不同写法:(任选一到两句经常使用形成自己的习惯)

①The satirical(只能用于坏事总写句)sketch graphically portays a scene in which +句子(一般用于总

写/可写点1)

It is graphically / symbolically / explicitly / vividly illustrated / demonstrated in the 图that+同上

②What makes the drawing striking / intriguing(让人很感兴趣的)is the fact that +具体细节/ 可写点2

③The cartoon depicts a vivid scene in which =where+描写图画的一句话……

④The most striking(引人注目的)feature(特点)of the drawing is that ……

5、字幕描写的不同写法:(如果有两处字幕,就可以将两句都用上,即一主动,一被动)

①We are informed by the caption that

②The caption reads / indicates that

6、总结(不要太难的话,把图总结即可,而且还不一定需要,视情况而定:看字数是否够)

Undoubtedly / Unquestionably / Incontrovertibly / Indispensably……

7、第一段流程图:挖掘出2—3个可写点→把它串成2—3句话→最后润色成段

eg :P讲23模拟题,先找可写点,并思考如何表达比较好。教授站在讲台上、手上拿着试卷;他脚下踩着一堆纸——被命名为学术论文的;旁边还有人叫道“教授,黑板在下面→第一段主要描写这些内容即可

二、意义阐述段:(5—7句话)

1、由浅入深(若有话写则坚决放弃。讲义2002example1,example2 )

※Simple (and funy) as the 图is / are, the connotation sbtly conveyed should be taken into consideration with more insight (and penetration) / ……should involve more insightful analysis.

※The connotation behind the 图, which goes far beyond _____, should be analyed more insightfully.

起承上启下的作用,可用于首段末或是二段首

2、深层含义(全段核心,全文关键)(这句才是关键)eg:P教42 ;P讲15 “非常6+1”

①Inferred in this picture is viryually a (adj PP) social issue:________________________

②The perpose of this picture is to inform / convince us that due attention hua to be paid to the (adj pp)

issue of (接名词结构)。(此乃保底句)

③The picture arouses deep concern over the issue of / that _____, which is prevalant in contemporary

society.(简单化)

④This sketch does reflect a thougth-provoking social phenomenon which is not uncommon(“流行”

但该词组只能用于定语从句中)in china now.

⑤The fact that _______indicates that, ________(该句现在已不作考虑了)

⑥The unique metaphor in this enlightening drawing endows us with the conception / notion that _同4

①Undoubtedly, the photos have subtly reflected the social phenomenon that idol worship is prevalent

among the youth nowdays.

热身:见P讲15考官写的范文第二段:该段最大特点就是思路异常清晰!!!!!

①(深刻含义)Undoubtedly(“起), the photos have subtly reflected the social phenomenon that idol

worship is prevalent among the youth nowdays.②(象征点+现状)Backham represents(V.象征)the image of sport hero whose handsome appearance and unparalleled football skills…….③(举例)Likewise …….④(总结)Generally speaking, young people are inclined to adore the people who excle in appearance, itelligence or talent.

●每句前都可加表示“起”的关联词:undoubtedly / Apparently / To begin with(前提是没有第1句)------------------------------ 热身结束,进入王道----------------------------

3、象征点(这一点已经过时了,只有抽象图才有得写,复习2003年题即可)

4、原因/背景+现状描述:

1)万能理由:On account of / owing to / because of / with the quickening pace of life,(生活节奏加快)competition goes increasingly fierce in all walks of life(各行各业),imposing tremendous pressure on all individuals.(原因/背景)The past years have witnessed dramatic increase in the difficulty of examinations and employment. (现状描述)(2007)(任何情况都能写就有模板倾向,适当改写)Eg: 见P讲48“天龙八部详解篇”之4、原因(道德沦丧、制度不完善、社会压力过大……)“原因如下”(过渡句)的表述:

①Several factors, both individual and social, could account for the negative phenomenon.

②The reason for the phenomenon may be ocmplicated, but can we, to a large extent(很大程度上),

ascribe (归结于)it to the following interrelated factors.

分析:0原因

现状+ 1原因:for the reason that

双原因:过渡句+原因1+原因2

2)With the speedy social and economic development(原因/背景),youngersters in mounting / growing / increasing numbers(越来越的adj形式)admire the celebrities and super stars. (现状描述)3)There is no denying the fact that a great number of fans worship pop singers, film and sports stars (现状描述),for the reason that the handsome appearance and unique personality of them are undeniably fascinating, especially for the teenagers. (原因)(2006)

▲4)The past several years have witnessed the phenomenon that it is increasingly difficult for college graduates to find a suitable job , and two / several / various / a multitude of factors could account for the issue. On the one hand,_______. On the other hand ________.(多重原因:层次感和高手感的有效途径)

5、后果/影响:In other words, 好:influence (4)(最好自己创作1—2句话)

坏:sonsequence(6)

6、强行举例(举例论证)

▲1)it can be best / aptly examplified by the case of ___, who ___. / by the following case.

7、层进(关键)

1)It is uninersally accepted / acknowledged that ______is a traditional virtue / positive phenomenon, which should be accepted, respected , appreciated and advocted. (好事)

2)Yet, it is, to some extent / to a large extent, irgnored and neglected in current society. (坏事)

P讲49:It is undeniable that we must be best, which should be accepted, appreciated and advocated by all the businessmen. Regrettable(令人遗憾的)/However, it is ruthlessly and relentlessly ignored in.

8、总结:1)坏:威胁性总结

2)好:反面论证(用上RR“无情地”)

见P讲103:2008年范文(FC亲自执笔的)第二段是如何体现天龙八部的:

①深层含义→②原因→③现状→④原因1→⑤原因2→⑥反面论证

考研博客:http://www.wendangku.net/doc/8ba7cc5110a6f524ccbf8592.html/fanchao0827 (10.15之后开始更新)

公共邮箱:WWW.fc827827@http://www.wendangku.net/doc/8ba7cc5110a6f524ccbf8592.html密码:invincible (有本次课的笔记,PPT等)

天龙八部详解图

1、浅义(由浅入深)(simple as / instead)5、影响:好4;坏6

2、深意(全段核心)(非常6+1任挑一句)【论点】6、强行举例(2006)

3、象征点(适合于抽象:2003)7、层进:好;坏(选说反面,regrettably)

4、现状+原因(拟人句引入,超长句的来源)8、总结:(generally speaking :好;坏)【总结论点】1)应用关联词Apparently / To begin with

2)夹心式结构:2、8为论点,3、4、5、6、7不同角度的方式论据→2、8不能少。

三分天下法

1、深义(6+1任选)

2、过渡句“分如下三层”(起提醒考官的作用):This 图is thought-provoking in that it conveys the

following three layers of connotation(s).

3、Initially,(写现状)

4、Additionally,(写原因)

5、Finally,(写影响)

6、总结

L5

热身:补充“三分天下法”

三、建议措施段:(第三段,4句话冲顶,1+2+1,即总→分→总的结构)

1、主题句:

1)Accordingly / As aconsequence, on no account can we(决不能) fail to attach great importance to the

phenomenon reflected in the picture.

2) Accordingly, it is imperative(势在必行的) for us to derive positive implications from these

thought-provoking drawing. / to take the effective and efficient measure.

2、具体措施:提供了一些思考方向(作参考)

A.authorities;(8) http://www.wendangku.net/doc/8ba7cc5110a6f524ccbf8592.htmlcation;(8) C.public;(6) D.media E. self-effort;(3) F (6)

①P讲33(八)范文第三段:

As a consequence, ……. To begin with, relevant laws and regulations should be made to severely punish those who plagiarize other s’ works.(国家立法) In addition, we should enlighten / education the awareness of the young that academic honesty is extremely rital to us.(人民教育) In short, it is high time we took effective measures to reverse the disturbing trend illustrated (“扭转这种令人担忧的局面”改写法用在坏事的文章中十分有用!!!!!)in the cartoon.

②P讲31(六)范文第三段:

As a consequence, it is imperative for us to take drastic actions. On the one hand ……. On the other hand, there should be an increasingly loud voice from the public for measures against……

该句角度新鲜,且好坏都能用!!(……for+好事/ ……against+坏事)

③P讲31(三)范文第三段:(范围中的好句子记得不要一成不变的使用,不改就成模板了!!!)

……To begin with, we each individual should start from right here and now, and attach great value and

= place considerable emphasis upon sth (“重视”的最佳写法) importance to the urgency (换成“priority—考官的最爱词—首要的,首要性”更好)of the issue.……

3、总结:in this way ……

Only by doing sth can / will sb. +V

if / when +句子

Only by sparing no efforts to prepare for the graduate exam will survive and thrive.VV

4、预测未来:(3、4有时也可以合并)

5、第三段复习方案:现在不练,11月份后再花一段集中的时间来练:将所有范文的P3研究一遍,挑

选、整合成一段自己的,再反复多次的使用,风格自成!!!

“清晰地第一段,复杂的第二段,猥琐的第三段!!!!!”

2011年考研写作终极分析

1、图画描述:单图:3——4句

(简单化) 双图:3——5句(总写→分别描写)

2、意义阐述:(天龙八部?三分天下法)(5——7句:“总→分→总”的结构)

3、建议措施:(3——4句:总→分)

4、举例段:参见01;04;07年11月份以后再复习!!!!!!!

5、?段:原则:如果出现不熟悉段,坚持听话就是!!!!!!!!!!!!

Comments 包括包括了suggestions 和ideas

回去的复习方案:(8.25开始)考研写作的四大复习层次:

一、研究范文(8.25——9.25)

1、8.25——9.1将“天龙八部大纲篇、详解篇”做到极致

2、①讲义上的Example I、Ⅱ、Ⅳ;

②邮箱、博客的更新(10.15—12月间做);

③详解篇(坏:食品安全;好:西部大开发);

④二十大必背,句子不错,结构不咋地,挑出有用的;

⑤讲义上历年范文

3、紫书(教材)上00——09年的范文,(01年除外)

二、改写范文:(9.25——10.10)(这一不可以做可不做)

主要改写P1、P2。主要是为了熟悉套路。

三、中英互译(随时)(9.1——10.1)

目标:完成5——10篇范文的完整互译。E xⅡ、Ⅳ必须译!!!!!

四、开始写作(10.15——12.25)

考题一般来源于:“中国漫画网”“newscartoon”

1、历年范文(01除外)

2、模拟横某段时间集中练习某一段、某一部分,逐句、逐段地写下去。相对好些!!!!!

纵每一次都从头写到尾,进行整篇练习。

11月底开始限时练习。

附:格式问题:缩进式写法(大小作文都如此)

小作文不要加时间;大作文不要加标题

小作文!

1、P教3大纲样题:(题外话:李雷and韩梅梅的欲望人生^_^)

2、P讲60:基本框架

开门见山说意图:(what)我要干什么,有套句出现。

咨询建议一二三:必须写分点。

不同内容可分段:特殊情况,不是每篇都有

感谢可气不可少;期待回信成惯例:(at your earliest convenience 请您速回信)1)称呼:私人:Dear sb,

公文:Dear Sir or Madam / 职位(President、Editor、Mr 姓)/ To whom it may concern, 2)首段:1—2句

(背景+我是谁)+我要干什么

I am writing this letter for the perpose of doing……/ because……/ to inform you that……

And I would be granteful if you would take the following content into consideration / account.

3)中间段:4—5句

8字箴言:前因后果,虚拟自身。最好分为两到三点写。

4)末端:2—3句(酌情使用以下经典套话,切忌无视提纲!)(根据需要选2—3句即可,无需太多)

①I would like to express my sincere gratitude for your attention to my letter.(感谢看信)

②In addition, let me opologize for any inconveniences I may have caused.(诸多不便打扰了)

③I shall feel obliged by a reply at your earliest convenience.(请速回信)

④Your prompt and favorable reply would be highly appreciated.(请速回信)

⑤If you have any questions, please feel free / do not hesitate to contact me for more information.(at

123456)(有疑问请联系我)(专门用于介绍信中)

3、范文:

1)P讲61:A Letter of Request→反例,字数严重超纲,且思路不够清晰,不利于考官找得分点。

10月份后会在博客公布更好的范文

Study load is too heavy (可也太重); withdraw from two courses (退两门课); refund(退款) 2)P讲62:A Letter of Inquiry 136words 多了点。中间有不少废话;三点可以不分段,当然分段也没错。intend 信件中的“想”一定要这么写。

3)P讲63、64的几封信完全不用看,一篇考过两次了,一为边缘信。————→

①边缘信有:感谢信、备忘录、公告、邀请信(12月份的时候花一天时间看即可)

②P讲67—68 2006年小作文的提纲和考官给的范文:

要能从中提炼出考官通过范文试图传达的信息:不同内容可分段;结构很重要

4、P讲78 王江涛必备应用文的去留:

(ⅰ)一、订购信;二、求学信;七、商业书信:索赔信;十二、招聘启事:招聘教师———删,不看(ⅱ)五、感谢信;六、邀请信;八、备忘录/报告;九、告示——————————————边缘信(ⅲ)三、投诉信:范文很一般,看一下即可。

(ⅳ)四、求职信;十、自我介绍信;十一、推荐信算一类,比较重要,细看。

5、介绍信的一般写法:(史上从未考过)

P1:①与推荐人的关系;②写信的目的recommend

2011长沙新东方范超老师写作笔记

P2:①学业、工作(diligent、inclustrial)

TS(主题句)+②课外活动:(Students’ Union)

③性格优点:cooperative innovative(创新) amiable(性格好的)

P3:①再次强调推荐;②联系方式(必须要/最好的);③期待回信……

Eg : P讲83的推荐信(FC当时出国的时候的别人给他写的推荐信)

P讲72——73的求职信、推荐信的范文,在考前看看!!!!!

Extracurricular activities 课外活动

6、押韵的总结:

PPPT :Pose a potential and probable threat on / to

ARAA: can be accepted, respected, appreciated, and advocated

EE: effectively and efficently

SSS :harmonious, prosperous,vigorous.

RR:ruthless, relentless

EE:educate, enlighten

PP :prevalant and Pervasive

VV1 :survive and thrive.

VV 2:impressive and exaggerative

尾韵:inspiration,aspiration and perspiration

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