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中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

接 to do 还是doing sth?

初中英语中有许多动词后既可以动词不定式,即to do something ,又可接动名词,即doing something ,如:start, begin, like, hate, love, remember, forget, try, stop, learn, go on, need 等,其含义有的相近,有的意义迥然。

从意义上讲,可以将这些动词大致分为三类:

一、意义不发生变化。如:start, begin 等,因此start/ begin to do something/ doing something 均可表示开始做某事。如:

When did you begin/ start to learn/ learning English?

你什么时候开始学习英语的?

I often start/ begin to brush brushing my teeth at 6.30.

我经常在6.30时开始刷牙。

二、意义稍有变化。在有些词,如:like, hate 和love 后接动名词时表示一般的、经常性的行为;若接动词不定式则表示某一特定场合的具体的行为。如:

I like swimming but I don ’t like to swim with you today.

我喜欢游泳但我不喜欢今天与你一起游泳。

The boy hates asking someone for help.

这个男孩讨厌叫人帮忙。(这是他的一贯习惯爱好)

The boy hates to climb up the tree like that.

这个男孩讨厌像那样爬树。(这是一次具体的行为)

三、意义发生根本变化

1.若动名词的动作发生在该动词之前,后doing something ;若动作发生在该动词之后,则用to do something ,如:remember, forget, regret 等。

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

I remember meeting you in Shanghai three years ago.

我记得三年前在上海见过你。

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

I will never forget to meet you in Shanghai three days later.

我永远不会忘记三天后去上海见你。

2.含义根本不同

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

Would you please stop to help me mend my broken bike?

请你停下来帮我修一下我的坏自行车,好吗?

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

We all should try to answer the questions all by ourselves.

我们都应该尽力独立回答这些问题。

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

Let ’s go on to pick apples after finishing doing our homework.

做完家庭作业后,让我们继续去摘苹果。

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

I ’I have learnt driving a car.

我已经学会开汽车了。

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

中考英语专题复习todo或doingsth区别(新)-课件

{ We often hear someone sing Beijing Opera in the next room every afternoon. 每天下午我们经常听见有人在隔壁房间里唱京剧。

练习:

( )1.Yesterday we learned Lesson 1. Today let ’s go on Lesson 2.

A. learn

B. learning

C. learned

D. to learn

( )2.Though all of us are very tired, none of us stop a rest.

A. have

B. having

C. had

D. to have

( )3.Don ’t forget some food and drinks to school tomorrow.

A. bringing

B. to bring

C. taking

D. to take

( )4.It ’s very important for us teenagers to learn for their turn.

A. wait

B. waiting

C. to wait

D. waitting

( )5.Mary likes , but she hates in winter.

A. swim, swim

B. swimming, swimming

C. swimming, to swim

D. to swim, swimming

6.当你在街上时,记住要小心红绿灯。

7.你应该试着五分钟内回答所有的问题。

8.当我到达教室时,他们已经开始读英语了。

9.不要讲话。汽车来了。

10.你能发现他们正在抄别人的作业吗?

Key:

1-5DDBBC

6.Remember to look out for the traffic lights when you are in the street.

7.You should/ ought to try answering all the questions in five minutes.

8.They had begun to read/ reading English when I got to the classroom.

9.Stop talking. Here comes the bus.

10.Can you find them copying others’ homework now?