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自学考试英语二真题20164月(带答案解析)

山东省2016年4月份高等教育自学考试英语(二)试题

I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point for each time).

1. All primary school children, including those in independent schools, were given milk free of ______ until 1970 when the government abolished this benefit.

A. cost

B. pay

C. grant

D. charge

2. Other church books were also printed, ____ were Greek and Lath classics, history books, and astronomy books.

A. whose

B. as

C. that

D. what

3. My next job was ______ an athletic company as a telephone customer service representative.

A. With

B. about

C. of

D. to

4. It took her a while to ______ to living alone when she went to college.

A. go

B. present

C. adjust

D. lock

5. ________ hard was the work that all of us got tired out that evening.

A. What

B. So

C. As

D. How

6. The college admission process ,an imperfect science, can rarely distinguish those students to _____ learning.

A. committed

B. convinced

C. participated

D. pursued

7. It is totally beyond the understanding of a Chinese English learner that native English speakers would be annoyed when they’re addressed “where are you going?”, ______ is a commonly used addressing among the Chinese.

A. that

B. who

C. What

D. which

8. He had time to spend on other things that seemed more ______.

A. worthwhile

B. worth

C. worthy

D. worthing

9. __________ that the church in Rome began to celebrate Christmas.

A. Not Until the 4th century

B. Until the 4th century

C. It was not Until the 4th century

D. It was Until the 4th century

10. If he ______ of Timmy, as he had of me, the separation between us would be complete.

A. disagreed

B. disapproved

C. devastated

D. drifted

II. Close (10 points, 1 point for each item)

All over the world, the mention of English education suggests a picture of “public schools”, but people do not always realize what place these institutions occupy in the whole education system. Oxford and Cambridge are universities each 11 about 12000 students out of a total of over 250000 students at all British universities.

12 from the so-called public schools there is a complete system of state primary and secondary education, which 13 in general the state education in most other countries. All children

must, 14 law, receive full time education between the ages of five and sixteen. Any child may 15 without paying fees, a school provided by the public authorities.

Among the universities Oxford and Cambridge hold a 16 position. Of cabinet ministers who went to universities ,nearly all went to one or the other of these two, and to Oxford in 17 .

The number of young people who can enter universities is limited by the 18 of the universities, 19 is less than enough to take all the young people who have the basic qualifications for universities admission. In practice, 20 , entry to universities is competitive.

11. A. have had B. Have C. Having D. has

12. A. Part B. Apart C. Separate D. Depart

13. A. resembles B. assembles C. assemble D. resemble

14. A. in B. by C. for D. as

15. A. participate B. come C. attend D. go

16. A. control B. dominant C. responsible D. charge

17. A. reality B. overall C. plus D. particular

18. A. expense B. fee C. capacity D. cabinet

19. A. what B. which C. that D. who

20. A. therefore B. however C. but D. besides

III. Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)

Passage one

Questions 20 to 25 are based on the following passage

One summer morning, my cousin Eddie asked me if I wanted to play football with some of his friends. He got mad because I gave him a confused look, and said I didn’t know how to play. Then he told me to learn the rules first. A couple of minutes later, he went into his room and pulled out an old videotape, so for the rest of the morning we sat down and watched all the videos as he explained all the rules of the game. I picked up really quickly. I understood the game at that point, but I just needed to learn the basic rules of football such as catching, throwing, and how run with the ball!

After we watched the videos, he took me outside and we threw the ball around. He liked the way I threw the ball, and he told me that I had a big chance at being a quarterback! Two days later, his friends called him and told him that it’s time to play. We played that day and ended up until we couldn’t see the ball anymore. I was exhausted when we finished playing.

Since that day, I knew football was my passion! I love the game so much that I still play it today, and till this day, I still thank my cousin for getting me into the game of football!

21. The writer’s cousin got mad because______.

A. the writer did not want to play football with him

B. the writer did not like playing football

C. the writer did not know how to play football

D. The writer did not want to play football with his friends

22. The writer’s cousin used a ______ to help explain the rules of the game to him.

A. videotape

B. picture

C. tape

D. book

23. The phrase “pick up” (Line 4, Paragraph 1) means ______.

A. find

B. master

C. notice

D. reach

24. The writer felt ______ after playing football with is cousin and his friends.

A. sad

B. surprised

C. tired

D. excited

25. The following statements are true EXCEPT______.

A. The writer learned the football rules by himself

B. after watching the videos, the writer and his cousin went outside and played the ball

C. since the day he played football with his cousin and his friends, the writer knew that he loved football

D. the writer thanked his cousin for getting him into the game of football

Passage two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

We don’t have beds in the space shuttle, but we do have sleeping bags. During the day, when we are working, we leave the bags tied to the wall, out of the way. At bedtime we unite them and take them wherever we’ve chosen to sleep.

On most space shuttle flights everyone sleeps at the same time. No one has to stay awake to watch over the space plane; the shuttle’s computers and the engineers at Mission Control do that. If anything goes worry, the computers ring an alarm and the engineers call us on the radio.

On the space shuttle, sleeping-time doesn’t mean nighttime. During each ninety-minute orbit, the sun “rises”and shines through our windows for about fifty minutes; the it “sets”as our path takes us around the dark side of the Earth. To keep the sun out of our eyes, we wear black sleep masks.

It is surprisingly easy to get comfortable and fall asleep in space. Every astronaut sleeps differently. Some sleep upside down, some right side up. When it’s time to sleep, I take my bag, my sleep mask, and my tape player with earphones and float up to the flight deck. Then I crawl into the bag, and float in sitting position just above a seat, right next to a window. Before 1 pull the mask down over my eyes, I relax for a while, listening to music and watching the Earth go by beneath me.

26. When it’s bedtime, astronauts put their sleeping bags ______.

A. near the windows

B. above the seats

C. in the flight deck

D. in any place the like

27. “Watch over” (Line 2, Paragraph 2) has the closest meaning to______.

A. take care of

B. look at

C. see

D. pay attention to

28. How long does it take for the space shuttle to go round the Earth?

A. Twenty-four hours

B. Fifty minutes

C. Ninety minutes

D. Nineteen minutes

29. According to the passage, in order to get comfortable and fall asleep in speech, it is necessary to______.

A. wear a sleep mask

B. sleep upside do

C. listen to music

D. sleep sideways

30. The best title for this passage can be______.

A. Bedtime Doesn’t Mean Nighttime

B. Traveling in Space

C. Sleeping in Space

D. Sleeping on the Space Shuttle

Passage three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

In most large Japanese companies, there is a policy of lifetime employment. What this means is that when people leave school or university to join an enterprise, they can expect to remain with that organization until they retire. In effect, the employee gets job security for life, and can only be fired for serious mistakes, in work. Even in difficult times of business, he or she is free from the fear of being laid off.

One result of this practice is that the Japanese worker identifies closely with his company and feels strong loyalty to it. By working hard for the company, he believes he is safeguarding his own future. It is not surprising that devotion to one’s company is considered a great virtue in Japan. A man is often prepared to put his firm’s interests before those of his immediate family.

The job security guaranteed by this system influences the way employees approach their work. They tend to think in terms of what they can achieve throughout their career. This is because they are not judged on how they are performing during a short period of time. They can afford to take a longer perspective than their Western counterparts.

This marriage between the employee and the company---the consequence of lifetime employment --- may explain why Japanese worker seem positive to love the products their company is producing and why they are willing to stay on after work, for little overtime pay, to participate in earnest discussions about the quality control of their products.

31. Lifetime employment in the Japanese company means that the employee______.

A. Leaves his Company only when business

B. gets a job soon after he leaves school or university

C. can work there throughout his career

D. can have his serious mistakes in work corrected

32. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A. Family and company interests are equally important

B. The Japanese worker is vary loyal to his company

C. One’s future is guaranteed through hard work

D. Devotion to one’s company is encouraged

33. Lifetime employment influences one’s ______.

A. Achievements at work

B. performance at work

C. career options

D. attitude toward work

34. The Japanese worker is fond of his company’s products because of ______.

A. His marriage with the daughter of the president

B. the close link between him and his company

C. his willingness to work overtime

D. his active participation in quality control

35. The passage mainly discusses______.

A. How lifetime employment works in Japan

B. what benefits employment has brought to Japanese workers

C. what lifetime employment is

D. how lifetime employment is viewed

第二部分非选择题(共50分)

IV. Word spelling (10 points, l point for two items)

36. 顾客n. c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

37. 容忍, 宽容n. t _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

38. 变化, 多样化n. v _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

39. 使暴露v. e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

40. 耽搁, 延迟v. d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

41. 小甜饼n. c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

42. 角色, 作用n. r _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

43. 主题, 题目n. s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

44. 弯, 使弯曲v. c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

45. 选择, 选择权n. o _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 46. 坚持v. p _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

47. 自信的, 确信的a. c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

48. 侮辱, 凌辱n. i _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

49. 奢侈, 奢华n. 1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

50. 校园, 校区n. c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

51. 伤痕, 伤疤n. s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

52. 装置n. d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

53. 获得, 得至v. o _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

54. 芯片, 碎片n. c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

55. 保持v. r _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

36. customer 37. tolerance 38. variety 39. expose 40. delay

41. candy 42. role 43. subject 44. curve 45. option

46. persist 47. confident 48. insult 49. 1uxury 50. campus

51. scar 52. device 53. obtain 54. chip 55. remain

V. Word Form (10 point, 1 point for each item)

56. But the problem is that memorizing English words mechanically would be devastating and ________

(efficient) if they did not know what had happened in British history.

57. The shock from the physical changes in the city, however, was nothing compared to the ________

(confuse) and hurt I hurt soon began to feel in my parents’ home.

58. How, otherwise, are we to understand the nature of ________ (hate), of cruelty, of power polities?

59. Both are ________ (harm) to health

60. ________ (disagree) between the colonies and the British Was becoming quite serious.

61. There are several ways to continue in ________ (high) education in the United States.

62. In this way, a university and a college are ________ (like)

63. If you are a moderator, you should begin by giving a quick ______ (introduce) of the people on the panel.

64. People will trade the time they now spend ______ (read) the paper for information they will find on the computer

screen.

65. An older woman would be ________ (like) to feel she was being made a kind of servant.

56. inefficient 57. confusion 58. hatred 59. harmful 60. disagreement 61. higher 62. alike 63. introduction 64. reading 65. likely

VI. Translation from Chinese into English (15 points, 3points for each item)

66. 中国在这个问题上标明了立场。Chins took a stand on these issues.

67. 不要在朋友困难的时候抛弃他。Never desert your friend when he is in the trouble.

68. 我父亲坚持认为我应该嫁给一个有名的艺术家。My father insisted that I should marry into a famous artist.

69.我不再将香港视做我的故乡, 感到无家可归。I no longer consider Hong Kong my home and feel homeless.

70. 你的大部分时间花在哪个部分? Where do you spend most of your time?

VII. Translation from English into Chinese (15 point).

71. The most important day I remember in all my life is the one on which my teacher, Anne Sullivan, came tome.

On the afternoon of that exciting day, I guessed vaguely my mother’s signs that something unusual was about to happen, so I went to the door and waited on the steps.

I felt approaching footsteps, I thought it was my mother and stretched out my hand. Someone look it. And, more important than that, to love me.

我的老师安妮萨利文小姐来到我身边的那一天, 是我一生中最重要的日子。

在那个激动人心的下午, 我从妈妈的活动中猜到要有什么不平常的事情发生。我走到门口, 在台阶上等着。

感到有人朝我走来, 以为是妈妈, 我就伸出了手, 有个人握住它, 把我拉了过去, 紧紧地抱在怀里。这个抱我的人, 就是那个将为我揭开生活的帷幕, 更重要的是, 也将把她满腔的爱倾注给我的人。