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人教版七年级下册英语必背短语和句型

七年级英语下册必背短语和句型(一)

Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?

1.play chess下国际象棋

2.play the guitar/piano/violin/drums 弹奏吉他/钢琴/拉小提琴/打鼓(乐器名词前要加the)

3.speak English/Chinese 说英语/说中文(说某种语言用speak)

4.join a club 参加俱乐部join us 加入我们(join后面接社团,组织名称或人)

5.music club 音乐俱乐部

6.art club 美术俱乐部

7.swimming club 游泳俱乐部

8.want to do sth. 想要做某事(后面可以接to do sth. 的动词有:

want, need, like, remember 记得, learn学习, have to必须等)

9.be good at sth. / doing sth. 擅长于be good with sb. 与某人相处友好

10.tell a story/ tell stories 讲故事

11.like(love) to do sth./ like(love) doing sth. 喜欢做某事

12.school show 学校演出

13.radio show 广播节目

14.talk to sb. 跟某人说

15.the old people's home 敬老院

16.music teacher wanted 招聘音乐老师

17.make friends with sb. 与某人交朋友

18.call sb. at+电话号码

19.help sb. with sth.= help sb. do sth. 帮助某人做

20.on the weekend/ on weekends 在周末

21.on weekdays 在工作日(周一到周五)

22.do Chinese kung fu 表演中国功夫

23.school music festival 学校音乐节

Unit 2 What time do you go to school?

1.go to school 去上学 go to work 去上班go home 回家 go to bed 去睡觉

2.get up 起床

3.get dressed 穿衣

4.brush one's teeth 刷牙

5.do one's homework 写作业

6.eat(have) breakfast / dinner / lunch 吃早餐/午饭/晚饭

7.take a shower 冲凉 take a walk 去散步

8.at five o’clock 在5点整

9.at half past six 在6点半

10.a quarter past eight 8点一刻

11.a quarter to ten (10点差一刻)9点45

12.an interesting job 一份有趣的工作(job 可数; work 不可数)

13.at night/ in the evening在晚上

14.be late for work/ school/ class 迟到

15.best friend 最好朋友

16.clean on'e room 打扫房间(clean 还有“干净的”意思)

17.half an hour 半个钟头

18.a lot of= lots of 很多

19.eat well 吃得好 eat quickly 吃得快 (副词修饰动词)

20. taste good 尝起来很好吃(感官动词look/ sound/ taste +形容词)

21.get home from school 放学回家

22.get home from work 下班回家

23.a healthy life 一种健康的生活

24.It's time for sth. / It's time to do sth. 该做某事的时候了

Unit 3 How do you get to school?

1. 到达某地:get to+地点 arrive in+ 大地点;arrive at+ 小地点

2. 交通方式表达法:take the train/bus/subway/taxi/boat to +地点 ride the/one's bike/ drive one's car (放句中) by bike/ train/ subway/ car/ taxi/ boat (放句末)

3.walk to school= go to school on foot 走路去上学

4. How long 多长时间,针对时间段提问回答:It takes sb.+时间+ to do sth.

5.How far 多远,针对两地间的距离提问回答:"It's ten kilometers/ miles.英里"或"It's five minutes' walk. 走路5分钟的距离"

6.bus stop 公交车站 bus station 汽车站

7.bus ride 公交车之行

8.be far from+地点: 远离某地 Eg: My home is far from school.

9. think of 认为

10. cross the river 横穿河流

11.between... and...在...和...之间

12.a 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩

13. be afraid of sth. 害怕某物

14.be like 像...一样

15. leave the village 离开村庄leave home 离开家

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/8e4c1961182e453610661ed9ad51f01dc28157ff.htmle true 实现

句型:

1. What do you think of...? = How do you like...? 你认为...怎么样?

2. It is +形容词+(for sb.)+to do sth. 做某事对于某人来说是...的

3. It is one's dream to do sth. 做某事是某人的梦想

Unit 4 Don’t eat in class.

1. in class 在课堂上

2. school rules 校规 make rules 制定规则 follow the rules 遵守规则

3. arrive late for class 上课迟到

4. be on time 准时

5. in the hallways 在走廊里 in the dining hall 在餐厅 in the classroom 在教室

6. listen to music 听音乐

7. fight with sb. 与某人打架

8. wear a hat 戴帽子 wear a dress 穿一件连衣裙 wear glasses 戴眼镜

9. bring sth. to +地点把某物带到某地来 take sth. to +地点把某物带到某地区

10. music player 音乐播放器

11. have to do sth.不得不;必须做某事

12. school uniform 校服

13. I see. 我明白了。

14. be quiet 安静的 be noisy 吵闹的

15. go out 玩出(玩)

16. on school nights 在学校(有课)的晚上

17. before dinner 晚餐前 after dinner 晚餐后

18. before/ after + doing sth. 做某事之前/之后

19. too many rules太多规矩 too much homework 太多作业

20. every morning 每天早上

21. make one's bed/ make the bed 铺床

22. leave sth. +地点把某物留在某地

23. run to school 跑去学校

24. make dinner 做饭

25. read a book/ read books 读书

26. New York 纽约(美国最大城市)

27. think about 思考,考虑

28. be strict with sb. 对某人严格

29. remember to do sth. 记得去做某事

30. learn to do sth. 学习做某事

31. keep+形容词:保持某种状态 Keep healthy/ quiet.

32. have fun= have a good time 玩的开心

33. Good luck (to you)! 祝你好运!

34. I know how you feel. 我知道你的感受。

语法:

1. 祈使句基本结构:动词原形开头,省略主语。

2.否定形式:①Don't +动词原形:Don't eat in class.

②No+ 名词/动名词: No photos. 不准拍照。No talking. 不要讲话。

3. 情态动词:can 能够做某事(表能力);可以做某事(表请求和允许)

4. can't 不能够做某事(表能力);不可以做某事(表不允许)must 必须做某事 mustn't 不准,禁止做某事

Unit 5 Why do you like koalas?

1. see the pandas 去看熊猫

2. kind of+形容词有点...

3. all kinds of+名词复数各种各样的

4. be from= come from 来自于

5. walk on two legs 两腿直立行走

6. all day 整天

7. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

8. be in (great) danger 处于极大的危险中

9. save the elephants 拯救大象

10. save water 节约用水/save money 省钱

11. "one of+名词复数" ...其中之一(此结构作主语时,谓语动词用单数)

12. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

13. get lost 迷路

14. cut down 砍到

15. lose one’s home 失去某人的家园

16. over= more than 超过,多于

17. be made of 用…制作句型:

18. Welcome to the zoo! 欢迎来动物园。

19. I like tigers a lot. 我非常喜欢老虎。(a lot = very much)

20. 提建议句型

①Why don’t you +动原?/ Why not+动原?为什么不做某事?

②Let’s +动原!让我们去做某事吧!③How about/ What about doing sth.? 去做某事怎么样?Unit 6 I’m watching TV.

21. watch TV 看电视

22. TV show 电视节目

23. read a newspaper/ newspapers 看报纸

24. talk on the phone 讲电话

25. make soup 做汤

26. clean the house 打扫房子

27. use the computer 用电脑

28. listen to a CD 听CD

29. go to the movies 看电影

30. not much 没忙什么

31. join me for dinner 和我一起吃中饭

32. eat out 出去吃饭

33. I’d love to. 我很乐意!

34. See you then. 到时候见。

35. drink tea 喝茶

36. tomorrow evening 明天晚上

37. boat race 龙舟比赛

38. America= the United States= the US美国

39. Dragon Boat Festival 端午节,龙舟节

40. any other+名词复数:任何其他一个…

41. host family 寄宿家庭

42. wish to do sth. 希望做某事

43. Best Wishes! 最好的祝福

44. study for a test 为考试而复习

Unit 7 It’s raining!

1. in New York/ Boston/ Moscow/ Toronto/ Sydney/ Tokyo/ Harbin在纽约/波士顿/莫斯科/多伦多/悉尼/东京/哈尔滨

2. sound like+名词/句子:听起来好像

3. take a message 带口信

4. call sb. back 给某人回电话

5. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

6. ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事

7. No problem. 没问题

8. have a good/ great time doing sth. 做某事很开心

9. in Canada 在加拿大

10. be happy to do sth. 很高兴做某事

11. be sorry to do sth. 很抱歉做某事

12. by the pool 在水池边

13. orange juice 橙汁

14. summer vacation 暑假

15. study hard 努力学习

16. be on a vacation 在度假 (表状态)

17. go on a vacation 去度假 (表动作)

18. write to sb. 写信给某人

19. hear from sb. 收到某人的来信

20. take photos 拍照

21. See you soon. 希望很快见到你。

22. See you tomorrow/ next week. 明天见/ 下周见。

23. See you later. 一会见。

打电话用语: 1. May I speak to Rick?

2. It that Rick (speaking)?

3. This is Rick (speaking)./ Rick speaking.

4. Can I take a message for you?

5. 用于现在进行时的时间状语:now, right now, look, listen

Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?

1. post office 邮局

2. police station 警察局

3. near here=around here 在这附近

4. around 6:00= about 6:00 大约6点

5. near= next to 靠近,在...附近

6. on Center Street 在中央街上

7. across from 在...对面

8. in front of 在...前面

9. in the front of 在...前部分

10. between... and...在...和...之间

11. in town 在镇上

12. (not) far from here 离这儿远/不远

13. go along/ walk along/ go down/ walk down... 沿着...走

14. Go straight. 直走。

15. in my neighborhood 在我住的街区

16. spent time+地点:在某地度过时光

17. spend time with sb. 和某人度过时光

18. look like 看起来像,长得像

19. clean air 清新的空气

20. enjoy doing sth. 享受/喜欢做某事

21. Time goes quickly. 时光飞逝!

22. Do you think so? 你这么认为吗?

23. I think so. 我是这么认为。

24. I don’t think so. 我不这么认为。

提供帮助句型;

1. Can/ May I help you?

2. How can I help you?

3. What can I do for you?

指路句型:

4. Go along Center Street.

5. Turn right/ left at the second crossing.

6. You can see it on your left/ in front of you.

7. The hospital is on the left, next to the bank.

Unit 9 What does he look like?

1. long straight blonde hair 金色的长直发

2. be of medium height/ built 中等身高/中等身材

3. a little+不可数名词:少量,一点点

4. a little +形容词:有点...

5. wear glasses 戴眼镜

6. a pair of glasses 一副眼镜

7. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤

8. police artist 警方画像师

9. a picture of the criminal 一张罪犯的画像

10. in different ways 用不同的方法

11. in the same way 用同一种方法

12. in the end= at last= finally 结果,最终

13. first of all= at first 首先

14. another (不确定数目中的)另一个

15. one...the other... 一个,另一个(两者之中的另一个)Unit 10 I’d like some noodles.

1. would like sth. 想要某物

2. would like to do sth= want to do sth. 想要做某事

3. a large/ medium/ small bowl of noodles 大碗/中碗/小碗面条

4. take one’s order 给某人点菜

5. What size 什么号/尺寸

6. on one’s birthday 在某人生日那天

7. on one’s +序数词+birthday 在某人...岁生日那天

on my tenth birthday 在我十岁生日那天

8. around the world= all over the world 世界各地

9. around China 全中国

10. make a wish 许愿

11. blow out the candles 吹灭蜡烛

12. in one go 一次性地

13. The wish will come true 梦想将会实现

14. The UK= England 英国

15. get popular 变得流行

16. be popular with sb. 受某人的欢迎

17. cut up the noodles 切碎

18. a symbol of long life 长寿的象征

19. bring sth. to sb. 给某人带来某物

20. good luck 好运

21. make/ let sb. + 动原:使/让某人做某事(使役动词用法)

22. different kinds of= all kinds of 各种各样的...

23. put on 穿上,戴上 put on your T-shirt/ hat

Unit 11 How was your school trip?

1. go for a walk =take a walk 去散步

2. milk a cow 挤奶(milk 挤奶,名词作动词)

3. ride a horse 骑马

4. ride a/the bike 骑车

5. feed chickens 喂鸡

6. on the farm 在农场

7. quite a lot 很多

8. quite a lot of+名词:很多...

9. ask sb. questions 问某人问题

10. grow apples 种苹果

11. grow up 长大

12. pick strawberries 摘草莓

13. pick up 捡起

14. show sb. around +地点:带某人参观某地

15. learn about 学习,了解

16. in the countryside 在农村

17. in a small village 在一个小乡村

18. in the city 在城市

19. go fishing 去钓鱼

20. go swimming 去游泳

21. go skating 去滑冰

22. go shopping 去购物

23. go boating 去划船

24. go camping 去露营

25. come out 出来,出现

26. worry about sb. 担心某人

27. Don’t worry. 别担心。

28. It’s so much fun. / It’s a lot of fun. 那真有趣。

29. visit a museum 参观博物馆

30. fire station 消防站

31. diary entry 日记

32. go on a school trip 参加学校旅游

33. along the way 沿途

34. gift shop 礼品店

35. buy sth. For sb. 为某人买某物

36. all in all 总之,总的来说

37. be interested in sth./ doing sth. 对...感兴趣

38. not at all 一点也不,根本不

39. 用于一般过去时的时间状语:

yesterday the day before yesterday

just now last night/ week/ month/ year three days ago(一段时间+ago) Unit 12 How was your school trip?

1. go to the cinema = go to the movies 去看电影

2. go to the beach 去海滩

3. play badminton 打羽毛球

4. on Saturday morning 在星期六早上

5. on Friday night 在星期五晚上(具体某天的早上,下午,晚上,用介词on)

6. some sheep一些羊(sheep的复数还是sheep)

7. work as+职业名词:从事...工作

8. over=more than 超过,多于

9. living habits 生活习惯

10. stay up late 熬夜

11. run away 逃跑

12. shout at sb. 对某人大喊大叫(带感情色彩,贬义)

13. shout to sb. 大声叫某人

14. second language 外语

15. fly a kite/ kites 放风筝

16. anything interesting 有趣的事情(形容词修饰不定代词,要后置)

17. Not really 不完全是,不见得

18. high school 高中

19. two weeks ago 两周前(一段时间+ago:多久以前)

20. as a special gift 作为一份特别的礼物

21. take sb. to+地点:带某人去某地

22. bring sb. to+地点:带某人来某地

23. put up 举起,架起

24. make a fire 生火

25. keep us warm 使我们暖和,取暖

26. each other 相互

27. go to sleep 入睡

28. go to bed 上床

29. get a surprise 吃惊

30. to one’s surprise 让某人吃惊的是

31. look out of 从...向外看

32. start to do sth./ doing sth. 开始做某事

33. jump up and down 上蹿下跳

34. wake up 醒来

35. wake sb. Up 把某人叫醒

36. a busy weekend 一个忙碌的周末

目标句型:

1. I was so tired that I went to sleep early. I was so scared that I couldn’t move.

so+形容词+that+句子:如此...以至于...

2. see/ watch/ hear/feel sb do sth. 看到/听到/感到某人做了某事

see/ watch/ hear/feel sb doing sth. 看到/听到/感到某人正在做某事

3. It’s +形容词+not to do sth. 不做某事是...的

4. 感叹句句型:

How+形容词/副词+主语(名词)+谓语

What a/an+形容词+单数名词+主语(人称代词)+谓语

What +形容词+名词复数/不可数名词+主语(人称代词)+谓语