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英文法律术语

雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 draft 法案,草案
Government bill 政府议案
to pass a bill, to carry a bill 通过议案
to enact a law, to promulgate a law 颁布法律
ratification, confirmation 批准
law enforcement 法律的实施
to come into force 生效
decree 法令
clause 条款
minutes 备忘录
report 判例汇编
codification 法律汇编
legislation 立法
legislator 立法者
jurist 法学家
jurisprudence 法学
legitimation 合法化
legality, lawfulness 法制,合法
legal, lawful 合法的,依法的
to contravene a law, to infringe a law, to break a law 违法
outlaw, outside the law 超出法律范围的
offender 罪犯
to abolish 废止,取消
rescission, annulment 废除,取消
repeal, revocation, annulment 废除(法律)
cancellation, annulment, invalidation 废除(合同)
cancellation (支票)作废
annulment 撤消(遗嘱)
repeal rescission 撤消(判决)
revocation 撤消
immunity 豁免,豁免权
disability, legal incapacity 无资格
nonretroactive character 不溯既往性
prescription 剥夺公权
attainder 公民权利的剥夺和财产的没收
constitutional law 宪法
canon law 教会法规
common law 习惯法
criminal law 刑法
administrative law 行政法
civil law 民法
commercial law, mercantile law 商法
law of nations 万国公法,国际法
international law 国际法
natural law 自然法
labour laws 劳工法
fiscal law 财政法
Civil Suit Law, Code of civil law 民事诉讼法
Criminal Law 刑事诉讼法
Military Law 军法
Conscript Law 兵役法
Copyright Law 著作权法
penal code 刑法典
code of mercantile law 商法典
civil rights 民事权利,公民权利
right of asylum 避难权
human rights, rights of man 人权
(customs) duties 关税
death duty, death tax 遗产税
royalties 版税


律师词汇(a b)


案件受理费 court acceptance fee
案情重大、复杂 important and complicated case
案由 cause of action
案子 case

包揽诉讼 monopolize lawsuits
被告 defendant(用于民事、行政案件); the accused (用于刑事案件)
被上诉人 appellee
被诉人 respondent; defendant
本案律师 councel pro hac vice
本地律师 local counsel
毕业证 diploma; graduation certificate
辩护词 defense; pleadings
辩护律师 defense lawyer
辩护要点 point of defense
辩护意见 submission
29元外教VIP雅思口语课程
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里
律师词汇(c d)

财产租赁 property tenancy
裁定书 order; ruling; determination(指终审裁定)
裁决书 award(用于仲裁)
裁决书 verdict(用于陪审团)
采信的证据 admitted evidence; established evidence
草拟股权转让协议 drafting agreement of assignment of equity interests
查阅法条 source legal provisions
产权转让 conveyancing
出差 go on errand; go on

a business trip
出国深造 further study abroad
出具律师意见书 providing legal opinion
出示的证据 exhibit
出庭 appear in court
传票 summons; subpoena

答辩状 answer; reply
代理词 representation
代理房地产买卖与转让 agency for sale and transfer of real estate
代理公证、商标、专利、版权、房地产、工商登记 agency for notarization, trademark, patent, copyright, and registration of real estate and incorporations
代理仲裁 agency for arbitration
代写文书 drafting of legal instruments
待决案件 pending case
当事人陈述 statement of the parties
第三人 third party
吊销执业证 revocation of lawyer license
调查笔录 investigative record
调查取证 investigation and gathering for evidence
调解 mediation
调解书 mediation
外教VIP 十天口语提高一分
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(e f)


二审案件 case of trial of second instance


发送电子邮件 send e-mail
法律顾问 legal consultants
法律意见书 legal opinions
法律援助 legal aid
法律咨询 legal counseling
法庭 division; tribunal
法学博士学位 LL.D (Doctor of Laws)
法学会 law society
法学课程 legal courses
法学硕士学位 LL.M (Master of Laws)
法学系 faculty of law; department of law
法学学士学位 LL.B (Bachelor of Laws)
J.D ( juris doctor缩写,美国法学学士)
法学院 law school
法院公告 court announcement
反诉状 counterclaim
房地产律师 real estate lawyer; real property lawyer
非合伙律师 associate lawyer
非诉讼业务 non-litigation practice
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(g h)

高级合伙人 senior partner
高级律师 senior lawyer
各类协议和合同 agreements and contracts
公安局 Public Security Bureau
公司上市 company listing
公诉案件 public-prosecuting case
公证书 notarial certificate
国办律师事务所 state-run law office
国际贸易 international trade
国际诉讼 international litigation
国内诉讼 domestic litigation


合伙律师 partner lawyer
合伙制律师事务所 law office in partner-ship; cooperating law ofice
合同审查、草拟、修改 contract review, drafting and revision
会见当事人 interview a client
会见犯罪嫌疑人 interview a criminal suspect
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(j k l)


兼职律师 part-time lawyer
监狱 prison; jail
鉴定结论 expert conclusion
缴纳会费 membership dues
举证责任 burden of proof; onus probandi
决定书 decision


勘验笔录 record of request
看守所 detention house
抗诉书 protest
控告人 accuser; complainant
跨国诉讼 transnational litigation


劳动争议 labor disputes
劳动争议仲裁委员会 arbitration committee fo

r labor disputes
劳改场 reform-through-labor farm; prison farm
利害关系人 interested party; party in interest
律管处处长 director of lawyer control department
律师 lawyer attorney; attorney at law
律师惩戒 lawyer discipline
律师法 Lawyer Law
律师费 lawyer fee
律师函 lawyer’s letter
律师见证 lawyer attestation/authentication
律师见证书 lawyer certification/authentication/witness
律师卷宗 lawyer’s docile; file
律师刊物 lawyer’s journal
律师联系电话 contact phone number of a lawyer
律师事务所 law office; law firm
律师收费 billing by lawyer
律师网站 lawyer website
律师协会 National Bar (Lawyer) Association
律师协会会员 member of Lawyer Association
律师协会秘书长 secretary general of Bar (Lawyer) Association
律师协会章程 Articles of Lawyer Assocition
律师业务室 lawyer’s office
律师执业证 lawyer license
律师助理 assistant lawyer
律师资格考试 bar exam; lawyer qualification exam
律师资格证 lawyer qualification certificate
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(m p q)


民事案件 civil case
民事调解 civil mediation
民事诉讼 civil litigation


派出所 local police station; police substation
判决 judgement(用于民事、行政案件);
determination(用于终审);
sentence(用于刑事案);
verdict(由陪审团作出)
旁证 circumstantial evidence


企业章程 articles of association; articles of incorporation; bylaw
企业重组 corporate restructure
起诉状 information; indictment
取消律师资格 disbar
全国律师代表大会 National Lawyer Congress
缺席宣判 pronounce judgement or determination by default
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
考前口语热身大讲堂
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(r s)


人民法院 People’s Court
人民检察院 People’s Procuratorate
认定事实 determine facts
上诉案件 case of trial of second instance; appellate case
上诉人 appellant
上诉状 petition for appeal
涉外律师 lawyers specially handling foreign-related matters


申请复议 administrative reconsideration petition
申请加入律师协会 application for admission to Law Association
申请人 petitioner; claimant
申诉案件 appeal case
申诉人(仲裁) claimant; plaintiff
申诉书 appeal for revision, petition for revision
实习律师 apprentice lawyer; lawyer in probation period
实习律师证 certificate of apprentice lawyer
视听证据 audio-visual reference material
适用法律 apply law to facts
受害人 victim
书证 documentary evidence
司法部 Ministry of Justice
司法建议书 judicial advise
司法局 Judicial Bureau
司法局副局长 deputy director of Judicial Bureau
司法局局长 director of Judicial Bureau
司法统一考试 uniform judicial exam
送达 service of process
诉讼 litiga

tion; action; lawsuit
诉讼当事人 litigation party; litigious party
诉讼业务 litigation practice
诉状 complaint; bill of complaint; statement of claim
外教VIP 十天口语提高一分
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(t w)

推销法律服务 promote/market legal service

外国律师事务所 foreign law office
委托代理合同 authorized representation contract
委托代理人 agent ad litem; entrusted agent
委托授权书 power of attorney
物证 material evidence
嫌疑人 criminal suspect
项目融资 project financing
项目谈判 project negotiating
刑事案件 criminal case
刑事诉讼 criminal litigation
行政诉讼 administrative litigation
休庭 adjourn the court; recess
外教VIP 十天口语提高一分
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 律师词汇(x y z)


宣判 pronounce judgement; determination
宣誓书 affidavit


业务进修 attendance in advanced studies
一审案件 case of trial of first instance
与国外律师事务所交流 communicate with foreign law firms
原告 plaintiff


证券律师 securities lawyer
证人证言 testimony of witness; affidavit
执行笔录 execution record
执业登记 registration for practice
执业范围 scope of practice; sphere of practice; practice area
执业申请 practice application
执业证年检 annual inspection of lawyer license
仲裁 arbitration
仲裁案件 arbitration case
仲裁机构 arbitration agency
专门律师 specialized lawyer
专职律师 professional lawyer; full-time lawyer
撰写法律文章 write legal thesis
资信调查 credit standing investigation
自诉案件 private prosecuting case


雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 法律专业词汇中英对照(a,b)
action of debt 债务诉讼
acquit 无罪
adjourn 暂时停止执行
administrative decision 行政判决结果
ad damnum 主张一定数额的赔偿金
adverse judgement 不利的判决
affidavit 传票送达人所写的切结书
affirm 确定原判决
affirm defence 积极的抗辩
agency stage 行政机关的裁决
agency hearing 听证会
allegation 主张的事实
american law 美国法
an ex parte hearing 一方当事人到庭说明
an adversary hearing 双方当事人到庭辩论
answer 答辩状
appellate jurisdiction 上诉管辖权
appeal 上诉
appellant 上诉人
appellee 被上诉人
appropriate 永久占有
arrest the judgement 暂时终止法院判决结果
arraignment 刑事案件法官与当事人之间安排案件的程序
assigned counsel 公设辩护人
assumpsit 承诺履行
bailment 寄托制度
bail 保释
beyond the reasonable doubt 超越合理的怀疑
bill of Middlesex 早期诉讼当事人向国王秘书处申请的令状,同意发给后才能到
国王法院进行诉讼
bailliff 法庭内的法警
bias 偏见
bench

of conference 到法官室或法官面前进行会议
bond 提供担保
burden of proof 举证责任

雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 case law 案例法
cause of action 起诉理由
chancellor 衡平法官
chancery division 衡平法庭
circuit court 巡回法院
civil law 大陆法
civil right act 人权法案
civil procedure 民事诉讼法
clerk 书记官
closing argument 诉讼结论
co-defedant 共同被告
common law 普通法、习惯法、一致法、共同法
compurgation 宣誓采证法
compurgatory 宣誓采证法中的证人
complaint 起诉状
concurrent jurisdiction 竞合管辖权
consideration 约因
consortium 婚姻生活权;配偶权;亲权
contempt of court 藐视法庭罪
contract under seal 封印契约
contributory negligence 加工过失
corpus juris secundum 美国法律百科全书
counterclaim 反诉
court of common pleas 民诉法院
court of king's bench 王室法院
court of exchequer 财务法院
court of exchequer chamber 财务上诉法院
country court 乡镇法院
court of common bench 民诉法院
court of chancery 衡平法院
court of justice of the peace 地方治安法院
court of probate 遗嘱继承法院
court of divorce 婚姻法院
court of appeal in chancery 衡平上诉法院
court of crown cases reserved 皇室上诉法院
court of assize 巡回法院
court of outside the united kingdom 英国境外各法院
court of first instance 第一审法院
court of second instance 第二审法院
court of the international trade 国际贸易法院
court of appeals for the federal circuit 联邦巡回上诉法院
covenant 封印契约赔偿令状
cross claim 被告间诉讼
cross examnation 复向对方提出之证人
curia regis 国王的法院
damages 损害赔偿
debt 返还确定金钱的令状
decree 衡平法院作成的判决
deductive reasoning 演绎法
default judgement 一造判决
defendant 被告
defendant in error 被上诉人
demurrer 驳回
deposition 诘问内容作成的笔录
detinue 非法留置的动产回复令状
dialectical reasoning 论理(辩证)方法
direct examination 诘问自己提出辩证
direct verdict 法官指示陪审团作出直接判决
discovery process 发现程序
dismiss 驳回
dissenting opinion 不同意见书
district court 地方法院
diversity jurisdiction 多元管辖权
docket 案件登陆
dual system 双轨并行制度
due process 正当程序
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
考前口语热身大讲堂
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 ejectment 不动产侵害令状
en banc 法院全体法官共同审理
equatible right衡平上的权利
equatible defence 衡平抗辩
estate 遗产
ex post facto 溯及既往
expert witness 专家证人
express mention 明示其一排除其他原则
expressio unius est exclusio alterius 明示其一排除其他原则
exclusive jurisdiction 排他的管

辖权
exclusionary rule 证据排除法则
eyre system 巡回制度
felony 重罪
foreman of jury 陪审团主席
forms of action 严格的诉讼形式
forum 法院
fountain of all justices 正义的源泉
freehould interest in land 对土地有完全权利者
general assumpsit 不当得利令状
general jurisdiction 一般管辖权
geografhic jurisdiction 地域管辖权
grand jury 大陪审团
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 habeas corpus 人身保护令状
hearsay evidence 传闻证据
high court of justice 高级法院
holding 法院判决
house of lords 上议院
house of commons 下议院
hearing 听证会
impeach 质疑证人的可信度
impleader 第三人诉讼
implied promise 默示承诺
in personam jurisdiction 对人诉讼
independent source rules 独立咨询取得的证据
indictment 起诉
inductive reasoning 归纳法
inevitable discovery rule 当然发现原则
inferior court 美国联邦法院第一级法院统称小法院
information 检察官的起诉状
in good faith 诚信善意原则
injunction 禁止命令
instruction 法官向陪审团作指示
interlocutory appeal 中间上诉
intermediate appellate court 中间上诉法院
inerrogatory 诘问的问题
issues 争点
joint and several liability 连带赔偿责任
judicial act 司法法案
judicial committee of the privy council 枢密院司法委员会
judgement on the verdict 确定原判决
judgement notwithstanding the verdict 自行判决
jurisdiction over the subjuct matter 对物诉讼
jury 陪审团
juvenile court 青少年法院
judgement 法官作成的判决
king's bench division 王室法庭
king's council国王的咨询会议

外教VIP 十天口语提高一分
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 民商法学与经济法学专业词汇
Civil Laws, Commercial Laws and Economic Laws

按照出资比例:in proportion to one’s respective contributions to the investment
办理注销登记:cancel the registration
被代理人:the principal
被侵权人 the infringed
本人名义:in one’s name
标的subject matter
补偿制度compensation system
不动产登记制 Lot and Block System
财产法 property law
财产的添附 accretion of property; property accession
财产抵押权 property mortgage
财产继承权:the right of inheritance
财产关系和人身关系:property relationships and personal relationships
财产管理人 property administrator; custodian of property
财产混同 confusion; hotchpot
财产留置权 encumbrance
采用书面形式:in writing
仓单 warehouse voucher
草签合同 initial a contract; sign a referendum contract; ad referendum contract
长期合同 long-term contract
偿付能力 solvency capability of reimbursement
超越代理权:beyond the scope of one’s power of agency
撤消合同cancellation of contract
撤销合同 can

cel a contract; rescind a contract; avoid a contract
撤销权 right of rescission; right of revocation
撤销要约 revocation of offer; revoke an offer
撤销遗赠 cancellation o will; revocationi of will
承运人 actual fault of the carrier
承运人的留置权 carrier’s lien
诚信原则 principle of good faith
诚实信用原则:principle honesty and credibility; principle of honestry and good faith; good faith principle ; bona fide principle
船舶承租人 charterer
船舶抵押权 right of mortgage with respect to a ship; mortage of the ship; ship mortgage
船舶抵押权的设定 establishment of mortgage of the ship
船舶抵押的消灭 extinguishments of the mortgage of the ship
船舶抵押权登记 registration of ship mortgage
船舶留置权 possessory lien; lien of ship
村民委员会:the village committee
惩罚性的损害赔偿 punitive damages
乘人之危:take advantage of one’s unfavorable position
处分财产 dispose of properties
处分权 act of disposition
处分原则 principle of disposition
代理民事活动:be represented in civil activities by
代理权终止:the expiration of one’s power of agency
单独承担的责任 undivided responsibility
单方法律行为unilateral obligation
单方行政行为 unilateral administrative act
等价有偿:making compensation for equal value
对等原则 principle of reciprocity
对价consideration
对抗措施counter measure
对人权right in personam; personal right
对世权 real right; right in rem
恶意串通:conspire maliciously
恶意行为ill will mala fides
法人 judicial person; legal body
法人的权利能力 legal capacity of juristic person
法人的责任能力 capacity for responsibility of juristic person
法人权限 corporate power
法人人格 corporate personality
法人身份 status of a legal person
法人团体 corporation
法人资格 corporate capacity
法人组织章程:the articles of association of the legal person
负共同连带责任 liable jointly and severally
负全部责任 bear all responsibilities; in all charge
负有解释的义务 accountable
负有连带义务的每个债务人:each of the joint debtors
附带的条件 incident
附带要求 contingent claim
附带原因 contributory cause; inherent cause
附条件的民事法律行为:conditional civil juristic acts
附条件的权利 conditional right
赋予权力 entitle
个体工商户:individual businesses
个人合伙:individual partnership
各尽所能,按劳分配 from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs
给付定金:leave a deposit with the other party
工商行政管理机关:the administrative agency for industry and commerce
公民基本义务 fundamental duties of citizens
合同contract
合同法 contract law
合同副本 copies of the contract
合同规定 contract provisions/stipulations
合同履行地法 lex loci contractus
合同

期限contract period (or contract term)
合同条款contract terms (or contract clause)
合同有效期contract life
合同正本 originals of the contract
合伙人:partners
合议制 collegial system
核准登记的经营范围:within the range approved and registered
恢复原状 recovery of original state; restitution; restoration of he original conditions; retitutio in integrum
集体所有制企业:an enterprise under collective ownership
技术合同纠纷案件 controversy over a technology contract
监护人:guardian
经主管机关核准登记:approved and registered by the competent authority
居民委员会:the neighborhood committee
履行监护职责:fulfill duty of guardianship
埋藏物、隐藏物:buried or concealed object
买卖、出租、抵押、转让:be sold, leased, mortgaged or transferred
农村承包经营户:leaseholding farm households
平等主体:civil subjects with equal status
企业法人被撤销:the dissolution of an enterprise as legal person
企业法人分立、合并:the division and merger of an enterprise as legal person
企业法人解散:disbanding of an enterprise as legal person
契约自由 liberty of contract
取得不当得利:profits acquired improperly and without a lawful basis
取得法人资格:be qualified as a legal person
全民所有制企业:an enterprise owned by the whole people
让与 alien; alienate; assign; cede
让与的利益 benefit of cession
让与权 benefit of cessioni
设定义务的规则 rule of imposing duty
设立、变更、终止民事关系:establish, change or terminate civil relationship
所有权 ownership
书面合同 a written contract
双倍返还定金:repay the deposit in double
双方法律行为 bilateral legal transaction
擅自变更或者解除(民事法律行为):alter or rescind one’s act arbitrarily
他物权 right over the property of another
提供一定的财产作为抵押物:offer a specific property as a pledge
违反合同breach of contract
委托代理:entrusted agency
委托代理人:an entrusted agent
无过错责任 liability without negligence
无民事行为能力人:a person having no capacity for civil conduct
无因管理:act as manager or provide services in order to protect another person’s interests when he is not legally or contractually obligated to do so
下落不明 one’s whereabouts have been unknown
限制民事行为能力人:a person with limited capacity for civil conduct
享有连带权利的每个债权人:each of the joint creditors
行使代理权:exercise the power of agency
宣告为无(限制)民事行为能力人:declare … to be a person to be without or with limited capacity for civil conduct
遗失物、漂流物:lost-and-found objects, flotsam
以抵押物折价或者以变卖抵押物的价款优先得到偿还:to keep the pledge to offset the debt or have priority in satisfying his

claim out of the proceeds from the sale of the pledge
以合法形式掩盖非法目的:perform under the guise of legitimate acts which conceal illegitimate purposes
以欺诈、胁迫的手段:as a result of cheating or coercion
意思表示 show one’s intention
意思表示真实:the intention expressed is genuine
优先购买的权利:a right of pre-emption
优先权 priority, preemptive right
有过错的一方:the erring party
有连带责任的 conjunctly and severally
有权向债务人追偿:have the right to claim repayment from the debto
造成财产损失:cause any property loss
责任能力 capacity for responsibility
责任年龄 capacity of responsibility; year of discretion
债的标的 object of obligation
债的发生 creation of obligation
债的消灭 extinction of obligation
占有人有权留置该财产:the possessor shall have a lien on the property
指定代理:appointed agency
执行合同 carry out a contract, execute/implement/fulfill/perform a contract
主要办事机构:the main administrative office
追偿:claim compensation from
住所:domicile
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 刑法学和行政法学专业词汇
Criminal Laws and Administrative Laws

帮助当事人毁灭、伪造证据罪 crime of aiding a client to destroy or forge evidence
绑架妇女儿童罪 crime of kidnapping women and children
包庇、纵容黑社会性质组织罪 crime of harboring a mafia-style syndicate
包庇毒品犯罪分子罪 crime of harboring drug criminals
报复陷害罪case of retaliation and frame-ups
必要共同犯罪 indispensable joint crime
并科原则 doctrine of cumulating punishments
剥夺权利deprival of rights
不能犯 impossibility; unrealized offense
参加恐怖活动组织罪 crime of taking part in an organization engaged in terrorist activities
超越管辖权 excess of jurisdiction
超越职权范围 overstep one’s authority
惩办和宽大相结合combine punishment with leniency
惩办少数、改造多数的原则 principle of punishing the few and reforming the many
惩罚措施 punitive measure
惩罚性制裁 punitive sanction
惩罚与教育相结合 combination of punishment and education
处以刑罚 inflict punishment
处以有期徒刑 sentence to fixed-term imprisonment
触犯法律 break the law; violate the law
抽逃出资罪 crime of flight of capital contribution
抽象行政行为 abstract administrative act
出口骗税犯罪活动 criminal activities of cheating out of tax rebates in export
出售伪造发票罪 crime of selling counterfeit currency
出于对法律的无知 from ignorance of law
出于恶意 from malevolence
从轻处罚 gie a lesser punishment
从重处罚 give a severer punishment
单位受贿罪 crime of bribe taken by a unit
单一犯罪构成 single constitution of crime
盗伐林木罪 crime of illegally cho

pping down trees; crime of illegally felling trees
盗窃、抢夺枪支、弹药、爆炸物罪 crime of stealing or seizing guns, ammunition or explosives
盗窃犯 theft act; larcenist
渎职犯罪案件case of dereliction of duty
对象不能犯 object impossibility
多次作案 repeatedly commit crimes
罚不当罪 punishment does not fit the crime
犯意 criminal intent; mens real
犯罪低龄化 lowering ages of criminal offenders
犯罪动机 criminal motive
犯罪构成 constitution of a crime; constitutive elements of a crime
犯罪构成要件 special constitutive elements of crime
犯罪故意 criminal intent; guilty intent; meas rea
犯罪集团 criminal gang; criminal group
犯罪客观要件 objective circumstances of a crime
犯罪客体 criminal object; object of a crime
犯罪实行终了 completion of a criminal act
犯罪学 criminology
犯罪预防 crime prevention
犯罪中止 discontinuance of crime; desistance of crime
犯罪主观方面要素 subjective elements of crime
犯罪主体 subject of crime
犯罪着手 initiate a crime
犯罪组织 criminal organization
贩卖毒品罪 drug offense; crime of drug trafficking
防卫过当 unjustifiable self-defense
防卫挑拨 instigation of defense; provocation of defense
防卫限度 limit of defense
防止类似事件重演 prevent the recurrence of similar incidents
妨碍公务罪 crime of disrupting public service
妨害公共安全罪 crime of impairing public security
放弃权利 withdraw a claim; waive a right
非法持、私藏枪支、弹药罪 crime of illegally holding or hiding a firearm or ammunition
非法持有毒品罪 crime of illegally holding drugs
非法干涉 illegal intervention
非法干预 unlawful interference
非法出售增值税专用发票罪 crime of illegal selling invoice for exclusive use of VAT
非法活动 unlawful activities
非法利益 unlawful interests
非法手段 illegal means
非强制性行政行为 non-coercive form of administrative action
非正式的 informal; irregular
非政府机关 non-governmental organization
非主要条件 non-essential stipulation
非专业的 non-professional
诽谤罪 crime of defamation
隔地犯 offense of segregation by location
隔时犯 offense of segregation by time
工具不能犯 impossibility of instruments
故意犯罪 calculated crime; intentional crime
故意杀人罪 crime of intentional homicide
故意伤害罪 crime of willful and malicious injury
管辖:jurisdiction
惯犯 habitual criminal
惯例 custom and usage
过失犯罪 criminal negligence; involuntary crime; negligent crime
国家赔偿案件 case of state compensation
国家赔偿的归责原则 principle of culpability for state compensation
国家赔偿的双重过错原则 principle of dual faults for state compensation
国家赔偿法 state compensation law
国家赔偿主体 subject of state compensation
国家权力机关 state authority
国际审判机关

state judicial organs
国家行政机关 state administrative organs
国家意志 state’s will
国家职能 function of the state
国民待遇 national treatment
黑社会性质的犯罪集团 gangland criminal syndicate; mafia-style criminal gang
缓期二年执行 with a two-year reprieve
缓刑 probate cessat executio
集合犯 aggregate offense; collective offense
既遂犯 accomplished crime
继承法 inheritance law
继续犯 continuous crime
加重处罚 give an aggravated punishment beyond the maximum prescribed
假冒他人注册商标罪 crime of counterfeiting the registered trademark of another
假释 parole
假想防卫 imaginative defense
假想数罪 imaginatively several crimes
简单共同犯罪 simple joint crime
间接故意 indirect intent; indirect iintentino
教唆未遂 attempt of solicitation
劫持船只、汽车罪 crime of hijacking a ship or an automobile
劫持航空器罪 crime of skyjacking
结果犯 consequential offen
结果加重犯 aggregated consequential offense
结合犯 combinative crime; integrated offense se
拒不执行人民法院判决、裁定罪 crime of refusing o execute judgments or orders of the People’s Court
具结悔过 make a statement of repentence
具体行政行为 specific administrative act
具体罪名concrete accusation
绝对不确定法定刑 absolutely indeterminate statutory punishment
军人违反职责罪 crimes of soldiers violating military dutie
抗税罪 offense of resisting taxes
客体不能犯 object impossibility
空白罪状 blank facts about a crime
滥伐林木罪 crime of illegal denudation
累犯 recidivist; repeat offender; cumulative offense
连续犯罪 continuing crime
量刑 criterion for sentencing; sentencing criterion
量刑不当 criterion for sentence
量刑幅度 extent for discretionary action of sentencing
虐待罪 crime of abusing member of one’s family
挪用公款案 case of misappropriation of public funds
偶犯 casual offender; casual offense
情节加重犯 aggravated offense by circumstances
情节特别严重 when the circumstances are particularly wicked
情节严重、构成犯罪的 when the circumstances are so serious as to constitute a crime
取保候审 post a bail and await trial with restricted liberty of moving
扰乱公共场所秩序罪 crime of disturbing order at public places
刑法 criminal law
刑罚 penalty; punishment
刑事责任能力 criminal capacity
行政法 administrative law; executive law
行政法规 administrative laws and regulations
行政法学 administrative jurisprudence
行政解释 administrative interpretation
行政救济 administrative remedy
预防犯罪 anti-crime
治安管理 security administration
治安条例 security regulations
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
考前口语热身大讲堂
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 汉英法律专业词汇(法理、法制史、宪法学)
Jurisprudence, History of Legal Systems and Const

itution

按照法律规定according to law
按照确定的份额分享权力:be entitled to rights in proportion to his proper share of the credit
按照确定的份额分担义务:assume obligations in proportion to his proper share of the debt
案例教学法case system
案例汇编case book; case report; law report
柏拉图 Plato
《保护人权与基本自由公约》(1950) Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1950 (罗)
被视为be deemed as
被宣布为非法be outlawed; be declared illegal
比较法comparative law
比较法学comparative jurisprudence
比较法学派school of comparative jurisprudence
比较法制史 comparative legal history
比较分析法method of comparative analysis
比较刑法comparative penal law
比较刑法学comparative penal jurisprudence
必然因果关系positive causal relationship
边缘法学borderline jurisprudence
变通办法adaptation; accommodation
补充规定supplementary provision
补救办法remedial measures
不成文法unwritten law
不成文宪法unwritten constitution
不动产所在地法律 law of the place where the real property is situated; lex loci rei immobilisci
不可分割的权利impartible right
不可抗力 force majuere
不可侵犯性inviolability
不可让与性inalienability
不履行法律义务non-performance of obligation
不要式行为informal act
不要因的法律行为non-causal juristic act
不因实效而丧失的权利imprescriptible right
不作为abstain from an act; act of omission
部门法department law
部门规章regulation
参照 consult
参照具体情况 in the light of actual conditions
参照原文 consult the original
查士丁尼法典 Code Justinian; Codex Justinianus
查士丁尼法规汇编 Authenticum
超出法律范围的 outside of law
超出法律权限的 extralegal
超过权限 exceed authority; beyond jurisdiction
成文法 written law
成文宪法 written constitution
冲突法 conflict of laws; rules of conflict
冲突规则 conflict rule; rule of conflict
除(本法)另有规定外 except for otherwise stipulated (by this law)
除外条款 provisory clause
除外责任条款 exclusion clause
触犯公共利益 encroach on the public interests
触犯国际利益 go against the state’s interests
触犯人民利益 encroach on the interests of the people; go against the people’s interests
传统法律观念 traditional ideas of law
纯粹法学 pure theory of law
次要法规 by law
次要规则 secondary rule
从宽解释原则 doctrine of liberal construction
从权利 accessory right
达到法定年龄 come of age
大法 the fundamental law
大法官 Lord High Chancellor
大法官法院Court of Chancery
大陆法系 Continental Legal System
大律师 barrister
《大明律》Criminal Law of the Ming Dynasty (中)
大陪审团 grand jury
《大清律例》the Criminal Laws of the Qing Dynasty (中)

大宪章》(1215) Great Charter, 1215(英)
单行法规 specific regulations
单一法律体系 unitary legal system
单一制政府 unitary government
但书 proviso
当代法学动向current trend of jurisprudence
当然解释 natural interpretation
党纪国法party discipline and the law of the country
道德规范norm of morality
道德义务 moral obligation
《德国民法典》German Civil code
德拉古 Draco
地方各级人民代表大会 local people’s congresses at different levels
地方各级人民法院local people’s courts at different levels
地方各级人民检察院local people’s procuratorates at different levels
地方各级人民政府local people’s governments at different levels

第二读 second reading
第三读 third reading
二元论the dualistic theory
二元君主立宪制 dual constitutional monarchy system
二元论 the dualistic theory
二元论者dualist
二元制 bicameral system
法的本质 the nature of law
法的变化changes of law
法的定义definition of law
法的发展development of law
法的分类 divisions of law
法的概念concepts of law
法的规范作用normalized usage of law
法的继承succession of law

法律的理想ideal of law
法律的权威 authority of law
法律的失效lapse of law
法律的实施administration of law; law enforcement
法律的适用application of law
法律的统一 unification of law
法律的推定 presumption of law
法律的推理 analogy of law
法律的完整性 integrity of law
法律的效力范围 force’s scale of law
法律的效力形式 force’s form of law
法律的修改alteration of law
法律的演进 evolutin of law
法律的原理 principle of law
法律地位平等equal in legal status
法律对人的效力personal act of law
编纂法律方法 legal methodology
法律分类 classification of law
法律赋予权力 authority conferred by law
法律改革 law reform
法律概念 legal concept
法律根据 legal basis
法律工作者 legal professional
法律关系legal relation
法律关系的运行 process of legal relation
法律关系客体 object of legal relation
法律关系主体 subject of legal relation
法律规定provisions of law
法律规范 norm of law
法律规范的逻辑结构 logical structure of legal rule
法律规则体系 system of legal rules
法律含义 intendment of law
法律另有规定:otherwise stipulated by law
法律现象legal phenomenon
法律研究legal research
法律要件 legal requirement
法律依据 legal basis
法律意见 legal advice
法律意见书 legal opinion
法律意识 law-consciousness
法律意义 legal sense
法律用语 legal language
法律与正义先验论 a prior theory of law and justice
法律渊源 source of law
法律原本注释 gloss
法律原理 legal doctrines
法律原则 principle of legality
法律援助legal aid
法律约束 legal binding; legal restraint
法律

责任 legal responsibility
法律责任的道义基础 moral basic of legal obligation
法律责任的归结 imputaton of legal responsibility
法律责任的认定 determination of legal responsibility
法律责任的执行 enforcement of legal responsibility
法律责任客体 object of legal responsibility
法律责任主体 subject of legal responsibility
法律哲学 philosophy of law; philosophie du droit (法);philosophia juris
法律政策 policy of the law
法律职业道德 legal ethics
法律指导 legal counsel
法律制裁 legal sanction
法律制度 regime of law; legal system
法律秩序 legal order
法律主体资格 capacity as a subject of law
法律主张 proposition of law
法律属地原则 territoriality of laws
法律著述 legal literature
法律专家 legal expert
法律专业 legal profession
法律专著和教科书 legal treatise and textbook
法律咨询 legal advice
法律尊严 legal sanctity
法盲 legal illiterates
法权 right
法社会学 sociology of law
雅思口语8.5分经验分享
冬日不出门 家中一对一
口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 汉英法律专业词汇(法理、法制史、宪法学)
Jurisprudence, History of Legal Systems and Constitution
法系 legal system
法协会 law society
法学 jurisprudence
法学博士 doctor of jurisprudence
法学导论 leading principles of law
法学的范畴体系 the system of categories of jurisprudence
法学的范畴意识 the consciousness of category of jurisprudence
法学的基石范畴 fundamental categories of jurisprudence
法学方法 method of jurisprudence
法学方法论 methodology of jurisprudence
法学会 law society
法学教科书 law textbooks
法学理论 theory of law; legal theory
法学权威 an academic authority in law
法学士 bachelor of law
法学体系 system of jurisprudence
法学通论 first principles of law
法学院 faculty of law; law school
法医 forensic medicine
法医学 forensic medicine
法院 court
法院调查 judicial investigation
法院管辖权 competence of court
法院管辖以外的 extrajudicial
法院判决 court decision
法院系统 court structure
法院组织法 judicature act
法则 articles
法哲学 philosophy of law
法制legal institution
法制传统 tradition of law system
法制的精神 spirit of legality
法制的尊严 dignity of the legal system
法制观念 legal concept
法制观念淡薄 very weak in the understanding of law
法制教育 legal education; education of legal system
法制史 legal history; history of legal system
法治 rule of law
法治的机制 the mechanism of rule of law
法治的要素 the element of rule of law
非实质的 immaterial
非营利的 non-profit
非约束性条款 permissive provision
废止法律 annulment of law
分别管辖权 separate jurisdiction
分别财产制 separation of property regime
分别规定 separate provision
分担责任 share the respons

ibility
分工负责,互相配合,互相制约 divide responsibility for their own work; coordinate their efforts and check each other
分工负责制 division of labor responsibility system
分级管理 different levels holding different responsibilities
分配制度 distribution system
分析法理学 analytical jurisprudence
否决权 power veto; veto power
否认事实 denial of facts
服从法律 amenable to law; subject to the law
服从判决 accept a judgment
符合程序 be in order
符合法律 be in conformity with law
符合宪法 constitutionality
符合宪法的法律 constitutional law
符合原则 be in conformity with the principle
盖尤斯 Gaius
概括裁定 general verdict
概括继承 general succession
干扰司法公正 interference with course of justice
刚性条款 entrenched clause
刚性宪法 rigid constitution
岗位责任制 post responsibility system
高等法院 high court; high court of justice
高度集中 highly centralize
高度民主 high level of democracy
高度自治权 high degree of autonomy
高级法官 senior judge
高级法院superior court
高级人民法院 Higher People’s Court
高级人民检察院 Higher People’s Procuratortate
搁置 set aside; abeyance
格式条款 clause of style
公认的行为准则 established standard of conduct
规避法律 in fraud of law
规避义务 evade obligations
规范的法律规则 normative rule of law
规范法学 normative jurisprudence
规范性法律文件 normalizative document of law
规范性法律文件的规范化 normalization of normative legal document
国际法international law
国际法学 international jurisprudence
过错方 tort-feasor; wrongdoer
过错推定原则 doctrine of presumption
过错责任 liability for wrongs; tort liability
海事法院 court of admiralty
《汉穆拉比法典》 Code of Hammurabi
合并条款 consolidation of provisions
合法的个人财产 legal personal property
合法地位 legal status
合法权益 the lawful rights and interests
合法行为 lawful acts; legality of purpose
合宪性 constitutionality
衡平法 equity
衡平法规则 rule of equity
衡平法学 equity jurisprudence
衡平法院 Court of Chancery (美);Court of Equity (英)
后法取代前法 A later statute takes away the effect of a prior one.
后法优于前法 lex posterior derogat priori
户籍所在地:the place where his residence is registered
互为因果 reciprocal causation
基本法 fundamental law
基本法律规范 basic norm of law
基本方针 basic policies
基本权利和义务 basic rights and duties
基本司法概念和假设 basic legal conception and assumption
技术性法规 technical legal rule
家庭法 family law
建立法律关系create legal relations
教会法 canon law
《教会法大全》Corpus Juris Canonici
教会法学家 decretalists
解释法律的技术规则 technical rule of interpretation
解释权 power of

interpretation
近因 immediate cause
禁治产人 imbecile; interdicted person
经常居住地:habitual residence
经法律确认的 ascertained by law
经法律许可 authorized by law
经验法学 scholastic theories of law
纠问式审判 trial by inspection or examination
具有法律约束力的文件 legally binding instrument
具有同等效力的 with equal authenticity
具有约束力的判例 binding precedent
绝对衡平法 absolute equity
君主立宪制度 constitutional monarchy
开罗会议 Cairo Conference
凯恩斯主义 keynesianism
可撤销的法律行为 revocable juristic act
可让与性 alienability
可用法律强制执行的 enforceable at law
可预见的 foreseeable
可直接适用的法律 directly applicable law
可追溯的 retrospective
客观条件 objective condition
客观因素 objective factor
客体 object
扩充解释 amplified interpretation
理论法理学派 theoretical jurisprudence school
理性决定说 theory of rational decision
理性认识 conceptual knowledge
历史法学 historical jurisprudence
历史法学派 historical school of law
历史解释 historical interpretation
立法机构legislative body
立法权 law-making power; legislative power
立法委任权 legislation mandate
立法效力 legislative effect
立法议案 bills
立法者 law-maker; legislator
立宪 constitutionalism
利益冲突 conflict of interests
利害关系人interested person
连带法律关系 joint legal relations
连带责任 joint and several obligation
论理解释 logical interpretation
罗马法Roman Law; Jus Romanum
罗马法系 Roman-Law System
罗马皇帝优士丁尼一世 Justinian I
罗马法理学 jurisprudential
《罗马法律汇编》Roman Digest
罗马法学派 school of Romanists
罗马-日耳曼法系 Roman-Germanic family
罗马私法 Jus Privatum
逻辑解释 logical interpretation
马伯里诉麦迪逊案 Marbury vs. Madison
马克思主义法律理论 Marxism-leninism
马克思主义法学 Marxist jurisprudence
马克思主义法学家 Marxist jurist
没有事实根据的 unsubstantial
美国国际法协会 American Institute of International Law
美国海事法庭 Admiralty Courts of the U.S.A.
美国联邦地区法院 United States district courts
美国联邦法官 federal judge
没有法律依据的 lawless
没有判决先例的案件 case of first impression
《民法大全》Corpus Juris Civilis
民法典 civil code
民法法系Civil-Law System
民法通则: General Principles of the Civil Law
民法学 science of civil law
民事案件中“占有优势证据”的原则 “by a preponderance of evidence” in civil cases
民事权利能力:the capacity for civil rights
民事权益:civil rights and interests
民事诉讼法学 Civil Procedure Law
民事制裁 civil punishment; civil sanction
民政部门:the civil affairs department
明代法规 laws and regulations of Ming Dynasty
明示或默

示的 express or implied
默示表达 communication by implication
拿破仑法典 The Code Napolean
内部规章 internal regulations
纳妾制 concubinage
南京条约 (1843) Treaty of Nanking, 1843
拟制理论 fiction theory
拟制买卖 mancipatio
欧洲大陆法 continental law
偶然权利 contingent right
偶然因果关系 fortuitous causal relationship
偶然因素 accidentalia
偶因 accidental cause
排他的权利 right to exclude all others
派生的权利 derived right
派生取得 derivative acquisition
判例法系 Case Law System
普通法法系 Common-Law System
判例法系 Case Law System
判例汇编 reports; reports of judgments
普通法 common law
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口语马上提高0.5-1分看这里 汉英法律专业词汇(法理、法制史、宪法学)
Jurisprudence, History of Legal Systems and Constitution
普通法法系 Common-Law System
普通法上的补偿 common-law remedy
普通法上的过失 common-law negligence
普通法上的留置权 common-law lien
普通法学 general jurisprudence
强制办法 coercive method
强制规定 mandatory provisions
强制性法规 mandatory rule of law
强制性条款 mandatory term
侵犯财产权 property torts
侵权行为法 tort law
侵权责任 tortious liability
清理法规 check up laws and regulations
区域性法律体系 regional system of laws
取证 obtain evidence
确权之诉 affirmative petitory action; cause for ownership affirmation
确认之诉 action for confirmation; actio confessoria
权威解释 authentic interpretation
人法 human law, statute personalia
人格减等 capitis deminutio
人身不可侵犯 inviolability of the person
人身非财产关系 personal non-property relations
人身关系 personal relation
任意解释 arbitrary interpretation
《日耳曼法》Germanic law
柔性宪法 flexible constitution
三权分立 separation of powers
善意推定 presumption of good faith
商法 commercial law
商法典 code of commerce
社会法学 sociological jurisprudence
社会关系 social relations
社会规范 social regulation
社会连带主义法学 social solidarism jurisprudence
社会契约论 theory of social contract
社会团体:social organization
社会主义法学 socialist jurisprudence
社会主义法制 socialist legal system; socialist rule of law
神法 divine law
神权说 theory of divine right
审查制度 censorship; inspection system
审计监督 supervise through auditing
审计监督权 power to supervise through auditing
生效条款 operative clause
失效法律 expired laws
失效日 expiry date
施行细则 implementary provisions
实证主义法学派 the positivist school
《十二表法》 Twelve Tables
实体法 material law; substantial law
实体法上的抗辩 substantial defense
实体权利 substantive right
实用主义法学 judicial pragmaticism
实在法 positive law

在法学 positive jurisprudence
实在法学派 positivist
实在主义法学 positivist jurisprudence
实证法学 positive jurisprudence
实质条款 material stipulation
实质性的瑕疵 defect of substance
实质性解释 material interpretation
事实的推定 presumption of fact
事业单位:institution
适用法律 reference to the law; applicable law
适用范围 area of application; sphere of application
适用中国法律:be governed by the law of PRC (The law of PRC shall apply to)
溯及既往原则 doctrine of retroactivity
溯及力 retrospect; retrospective effect
损害赔偿 damages
梭伦 Solon
弹性宪法 elastic constitution
特别程序 special procedure
特别但书 special proviso
特别法 special law
特殊主体 special subject
提案motion; overture; proposal
提出抗辩 raise a plea; raise a plead
条约法 law of treaties
同态复仇 retaliation
推定合法presumption of legality
停止生效cease to have effect
外国法 foreign law
外国法制史 foreign legal history
外国人待遇 foreigner treatment
完全民事权利能力:full capacity for civil conduct
完全丧失行为能力的人 person entirely incapable of legal transaction
完全无行为能力 absolute disability
万民法 jus gentium
违法构成要件 essential condition of delict
违宪 violation of constitution
乌尔比安 Ulpianus
无国籍人:stateless persons
无条件解释 unconditional interpretation
无效的法律 void law
无效法律行为 void act; act without legal effect
物权 property
西塞罗 Marcus Tullius Cicero
习惯法custom law
细则 detailed rules and regulations; details by-laws
狭义解释 narrow definition
下文另有规定者除外 except as hereinafter provided
先决条件 precedent condition; prerequisite
现实主义法学 realism jurisprudence
现行法律 current law; existing law
限制解释 restrictive interpretation

判例法系 Case Law System
普通法法系 Common-Law System
判例法系 Case Law System
判例汇编 reports; reports of judgments
普通法 common law
普通法法系 Common-Law System
普通法上的补偿 common-law remedy
普通法上的过失 common-law negligence
普通法上的留置权 common-law lien
普通法学 general jurisprudence
强制办法 coercive method
强制规定 mandatory provisions
强制性法规 mandatory rule of law
强制性条款 mandatory term
侵犯财产权 property torts
侵权行为法 tort law
侵权责任 tortious liability
清理法规 check up laws and regulations
区域性法律体系 regional system of laws
取证 obtain evidence
确权之诉 affirmative petitory action; cause for ownership affirmation
确认之诉 action for confirmation; actio confessoria
权威解释 authentic interpretation
人法 human law, statute personalia
人格减等 capitis deminutio
人身不可侵犯 inviolability of the person
人身非财产关系 personal non-property relatio

ns
人身关系 personal relation
任意解释 arbitrary interpretation
《日耳曼法》Germanic law
柔性宪法 flexible constitution
三权分立 separation of powers
善意推定 presumption of good faith
商法 commercial law
商法典 code of commerce
社会法学 sociological jurisprudence
社会关系 social relations
社会规范 social regulation
社会连带主义法学 social solidarism jurisprudence
社会契约论 theory of social contract
社会团体:social organization
社会主义法学 socialist jurisprudence
社会主义法制 socialist legal system; socialist rule of law
神法 divine law
神权说 theory of divine right
审查制度 censorship; inspection system
审计监督 supervise through auditing
审计监督权 power to supervise through auditing
生效条款 operative clause
失效法律 expired laws
失效日 expiry date
施行细则 implementary provisions
实证主义法学派 the positivist school
《十二表法》 Twelve Tables
实体法 material law; substantial law
实体法上的抗辩 substantial defense
实体权利 substantive right
实用主义法学 judicial pragmaticism
实在法 positive law
实在法学 positive jurisprudence
实在法学派 positivist
实在主义法学 positivist jurisprudence
实证法学 positive jurisprudence
实质条款 material stipulation
实质性的瑕疵 defect of substance
实质性解释 material interpretation
事实的推定 presumption of fact
事业单位:institution
适用法律 reference to the law; applicable law
适用范围 area of application; sphere of application
适用中国法律:be governed by the law of PRC (The law of PRC shall apply to)
溯及既往原则 doctrine of retroactivity
溯及力 retrospect; retrospective effect
损害赔偿 damages
梭伦 Solon
弹性宪法 elastic constitution
特别程序 special procedure
特别但书 special proviso
特别法 special law
特殊主体 special subject
提案motion; overture; proposal
提出抗辩 raise a plea; raise a plead
条约法 law of treaties
同态复仇 retaliation
推定合法presumption of legality
停止生效cease to have effect
外国法 foreign law
外国法制史 foreign legal history
外国人待遇 foreigner treatment
完全民事权利能力:full capacity for civil conduct
完全丧失行为能力的人 person entirely incapable of legal transaction
完全无行为能力 absolute disability
万民法 jus gentium
违法构成要件 essential condition of delict
违宪 violation of constitution
乌尔比安 Ulpianus
无国籍人:stateless persons
无条件解释 unconditional interpretation
无效的法律 void law
无效法律行为 void act; act without legal effect
物权 property
西塞罗 Marcus Tullius Cicero
习惯法custom law
细则 detailed rules and regulations; details by-laws
狭义解释 narrow definition
下文另有规定者除外 except as hereinafter provided
先决条件 prece