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中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

主谓一致和倒装句专项

复习

01 命题趋势考标导向化

主谓一致是初中阶段的重要语法项目之一,经常出现在近几年的中考试卷中。考查重点是主谓一致:语法一致原则、意义一致原则和就近一致原则,其中语法一致原则和就近一致原则是历年的考查热点。从命题形式来看,主要以单项选择为主,在完形填空、句型转换和翻译句子中有时也会涉及此考点。

02 定义概念清晰化

主谓一致是指谓语动词与主语在人称和数上保持一致。主谓一致必须遵循三个原则,即语法一致原则、意义一致原则、就近一致原则。

语法一致原则是指主语和谓语在语法形式上保持一致,即主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,谓语也用复数形式。意义一致原则是主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致,即主语形式上为单数,但意义为复数,则谓语动词用复数形式;若主语形式上为复数,但表示单数意义,则谓语动词用单数形式。就近一致原则也叫邻近原则,是指谓语动词的单、复数形式取决于最靠近它的主语。

03 知识归类知识网络化

中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

,如果表示的是单数意义,则谓语动词用单数形式;如果表示的是复数意义,则谓语动词用复数形式。如:

What we need is time.我们需要的是时间。

What she needs are good books.她需要的是一些好书。

2.and连接并列主语,若前面有each,every,many a,no等词修饰时,谓语动词通常用单数形式。如:

Each boy and each girl has got a present.每个男孩和女孩都收到了一份礼物。

【题组训练】

( )1.(2014·黔东南)Climbing hills _____ good for our health.

A.are

B.is

C.was

D.were

( )2.(2014·咸宁)—What are you going to do this weekend?

—I together with my classmates ____ going to climb Mount Qian. A.is B.am C.are D.Were

( )3.(2014·达州)—I called you at 5:00 yesterday afternoon,but no one answered.

—Sorry,I with my parents______ at that time.

A.was shopping

B.were shopping

C.are shopping

D.went shopping

( )4.(2014·孝感)A number of volunteers ____ from far away cities.

A.is

B.are

C.is come

D.arc come

( )5.(2014·白银)The zoo keeper is worried because the number of visitors ________ smaller and smaller.

A.become

B.are becoming

C.is becoming

D.have become

分类图解

使用情况例句

使用情况例句有些集体名词如crowd,family, team, group, government, class, staff, public等,它们作主语时,谓语动词的数要根据具体语境而定:若它们表示一个集体单位,则动词用单数形式;若表示集体中的成员,则谓语用复数形式。His family isn’t large.His family are fond of watching sports programs.

有些集合名词如people, police, cattle, poultry(家禽)等,形式上是单数,而意义上却表示复数,因此谓语动词用复数形式;有些名词如news, means, works, physics, politics, maths等,形式上是复数,而意义上却表示单数,因此谓语动词用单数形式。The police are searching for the murder. Physics is really difficult for me

“the + 某些形容词”可以表示一类人,

作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

The young are energetic.

某些代词或短语如half(of),plenty (of),the rest(of),(a)part(of)等作主语时,谓语动词应视其“具体所指”即所修饰的名词来决定单、复数。Half of the work has been finished.

Half of the workers have finished their work ahead of time.

表示重量、度量、时间、长度、价格、数学运算等的词或短语作主语时,通常视为一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式。Two pounds isn’t so

heavy.

Two months is a long

holiday.

Ten yuan is enough.

Ten minus five is five.

特例清单

s结尾的地理名称,如果是国名,如the United

States,the Netherlands等,谓语动词用单数形式;如果是群岛、

山脉、海峡、瀑布等地理名称作主语,谓语动词用复数形式。如:

The United States is a developed country.美国是一个发达的国

家。

The Niagara Falls are perhaps the most splendid waterfall in the

world.尼亚加拉大瀑布或许是世界上最壮观的瀑布。

2.none如果指量,动词用单数;若用来指数目,与可数名词

连用,谓语动词用单、复数形式皆可;none如果代指不可数名词,

则谓语动词用单数。如:

None of the money belongs to me.没有一分钱是属于我的。

None of the students has/have been to Egypt in our class.我们班

没有一个学生去过埃及。

3.“all/most/half/the rest of+名词”作主语,谓语动词与of

后面的名词的数保持一致。如:

Most of her money is spent on clothes.她的大部分钱被花在衣

服上了。

Half of the students watch TV twice a week.一半的学生一周看

两次电视。

【题组训练】

( )6.(2014·广东)—Do you need more time to complete the task?

—Yes.Another ten days ______ enough.

A.is

B.was

C.are

D.were

( )7.(2014·宜宾)Look! The police _____ the food onto the bank

of the river.

A.am carrying

B.is carrying

C.are carrying

D.are carried

( )8.(2013·广安)—Maths ______ my favorite subject.What about

you?

—Physics _______.I think it’s very interesting.

A.is;is

B.are;are

C.are;is

( )9.(2012·佛山)Thanks to the organization,some money ______

given to the poor children.

A.was

B.were

C.are

( )10.(2012·自贡)—How soon can you finish this job?

—Two days ____ enough for me to finish the work.I need a week.

A.isn’t

B.aren’t

C.is

分类图解

使用情况例句

由or, either…or…, nor,

neither…nor…,whether…or…,not

…but…,not only…but also…等连

词连接并列主语时,谓语动词必

须与它相邻的主语保持一致

Neither you nor he is wrong.

Not only Jim but also his

friends are enjoying the film.

Here/there be句型中句子的主语

在be之后,系动词必须与它相邻

Here are some books and

paper for you.

中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

【题组训练】

( )11.(2014·广安)—Neither Tony nor I ____ interested in playing Weibo.

—You are out.

A.am

B.is

C.are

( )12.(2014·白银)There ______ great changes in such kind of PDAs(掌上电脑)in the last few years.

A.has been

B.have been

C.has had

D.have had

( )13.(2014·济宁)Across from my home,_______ a shop which sells things from foreign countries.

A.it is

B.it has

C.there is

D.that is

( )14.(2014·重庆)There ______ lots of sheep and pigs on my uncle’s farm now.

A.was

B.were

C.is

D.are

( )15.(2013·安顺)Neither my sister nor I ______ been to America before.

A.have ever

B.have never

C.has ever

D.has never

?倒装句

中考英语复习-主谓一致和倒装句

【题组训练】

( )16.(2014·黄石)—Sorry Sir,I’ve made so many mistakes in this paper.

—It’s OK._____.This paper is very difficult.

A.So have other students

B.So do other students

C.Neither do other students

D.Neither have other students

( )17.(2014·南充)—He hasn’t seen that interesting film before.—_________.

A.So have I

B.Neither have I

C.Nor do I

D.So do I

( )18.(2014·云南)—Kunming is really a comfortable city to live in. —_________.The weather is pleasant.

A.So it is

B.So is it

C.So it does

D.So does it

( )19.(2014·遂宁)—Will you go to Peter’s party this Saturday evening?

—I haven’t decided yet.If you don’t go,________.

A.so will I

B.neither do I

C.neither will I

( )20.(2014·白银)—Has your mother been to London?

—Yes,and _______ .We went together.

A.so have I

B.so I have

C.neither have I

D.neither I have

04 整合集训反馈层级化

( )1.One of my friends ______ moved to America. I miss her so much.

A.has

B.have

C.is

D.are

( )2.This is my twin sister, Lucy. Not only she but also I______ good at drawing.

A.is

B.am

C.are

D.be ( )3.Ten minutes ago, there _____ an eraser,a pen and some books on the desk.

A.is

B.are

C.was

D.were ( )4.Linda,with her parents, ______ the Wolf Hill, and they will be back this afternoon.

A.have gone to

B.has been to

C.have been to

D.has gone to

( )5.In 1850,about a third of the USA ______ covered with forests(森林).

A.were

B.has been

C.are

D.was

( )6.The population of the world ______ still _____ now.

A.has;grown

B.will;grow

C.is;grown

D.is;growing

( )7.As the saying goes, no news _______ good news. A.is B.are C.has D.have

( )8.Most of the boys who are good at playing basketball_____ in good health.

A.is

B.are

C.was

D.were

( )9.—Have you got any water to drink?

—Here you are.There ______still some in the bottle.

A.are

B.has

C.is

D.have

( )10.Cindy together with her parents often _____ to the movies on weekends.

A.go

B.goes

C.has gone

D.have gone

( )11.—Which would you like,tea or coffee?

—Either______ OK,but I prefer coffee _____ tea.

A.is;to

B.are;with

C.is;with

D.are;to

( )12.The whole family _______ enjoying the beautiful music now.

A.is all

B.all is

C.all are

D.are all ( )13.—How much would you like to pay for the pair of shoes?

—Twenty dollars _______ enough.

A.be

B.is

C.are

D.am ( )14.—Physics _____ more difficult than math, do you think so?

—Yes,I think so.

A.is

B.are

C.has

D.have

( )15.Everyone _______ I come from Sichuan. Actually, I come from Shanxi.

A.thinks

B.don’t think

C.think

D.doesn’t think

( )16.Each man and woman _____ the same rights(权利).

A.had

B.has

C.have

D.is having

( )17.Climbing hills ______ of great help to our health. A.was B.were C.is D.are

( )18.Each of the girls here ________ to the West Lake twice.

A.have gone

B.have been

C.has gone

D.has been

( )19.Neither my father nor my mother _____ rock music.They think it’s too _______.

A.likes;noisy

B.likes;noise

C.like;noisy

D.like;noise

( )20.______ of the land in this district ______ covered with trees and grass.

A.Two fifths;are

B.Two fifth;are

C.Two fifth;is

D.Two fifths;is

( )21.Something _____ gone wrong with my TV set.

A.has

B.have

C.is

D.are

( )22.Talking aloud on a mobile phone ____ impolite. A.are B.seem C.is D.look

( )23.Everyone except Bill and Jim _______ there when the meeting began.

A.was

B.is

C.are

D.were

( )24.Half of the students _____ made the suggestions. A.has B.have C.is D.are

( )25.—How many classes do you usually have a day? —Six classes a day.And each of them ______ 45 minutes.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/918a33391b2e453610661ed9ad51f01dc2815799.htmlst

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/918a33391b2e453610661ed9ad51f01dc2815799.htmlsts

C.have

D.are

参考答案:

(十三)主谓一致和倒装句

题组训练

1—5BBABC6—10ACAAA11—15ABCDA16—20ABACA

整合集训

1—5ABCDD6—10DABCB11—15ADBAA16—20BCDAD21—25ACABB