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倒装句及练习

必修5unit4语法

倒装句

英语的自然语序是主语+ 谓语(+其他成分)。

有时由于句子结构的需要或表示强调,就要采用倒装语序。将谓语部分或完全放在主语之前。只将助动词或情态动词或系动词放到主语之前称为部分倒装。将谓语动词放在主语之前称为完全倒装。

一、部分倒装(一般疑问句和特殊疑问句是部分倒装)

1、only在句首修饰(状语)副词、介词短语、状语从句。(修饰名词代词(主语)时不倒装)

∙Only by working hard can we succeed.

∙Only then did I realize that I was wrong.

∙Only when I left my parents for Italy did I realize how much I loved them.

∙Only he is the right person for the job.

2、否定或半否定意义的副词、连词或介词短语在句首,部分倒装

∙Little did he realize that we were watching his every move.

∙Not a single mistake did the little pupil make in his composition.

∙Never shall I forget the past bitter days.

∙Seldom have I felt so lonely now.

∙No sooner had we sat down than we found it was time to go.

∙Hardly had we started when the car got a flat tire.

∙By no means should we look down upon the people who are inferior to us.

Eg:

●not only…but also, 当not only位于句首,其引导的分句部分倒装。

Not only did they take away everything he had but also his German citizenship.

●not until 引导的从句放在句首,主句部分倒装

Not until you had shown me how to do it did I manage to do it.

●neither…nor…,neither 和nor在其引导的分句句首时,两个分句都部分倒装

Neither was the director for the plan nor was he against it.

3、频度副词在句首(often, frequently, always, many, times),部分倒装

∙Rarely did a debate attract so much media attention.

∙Frequently does my companion beat me at chess.

4So开头的句子(肯定句),说某人某事与前边提到过的相同时,部分倒装∙----My room gets very cold at night.

----So does mine.

5 neither, nor开头的句子(否定句)说某人某事与前边提到过的相同时,部分倒装

∙If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, neither will he.

∙Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and neither was I.

(上面的两种句式都可用So it is / was with sb./sth.来替换)

6、so…that…; such…that…句型,若把so或such及其所修饰的部分放在句首,主句部分倒

装,that引导的结果状语从句语序正常。

∙So sudden was the attack that we had no time to escape.

∙Such rapid progress did the boy get that his father gave his permission to travel.

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倒装句及练习

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