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2015英语专四 真题及答案

Dictation

Male and Female Roles in Marriage

In the traditional marriage, the man worked to earn money for the family. / The woman stayed at home to care for the children and her husband. / In recent years, many couples continue to have a traditional relationship of this kind. / Some people are happy with it. But others think differently. /

There are two major differences in male and female roles now. / One is that both men and women have many more choices. / They may choose to marry or stay single. / They may choose to work or to stay at home. / A second difference is that, within marriage many decisions are shared. / If a couple has children, the man may take care of them /some of the time, all of the time or not at all. / The woman may want to stay at home / or she may want to go to work. / Men and women now decide these things together in a marriage.

Listening Comprehension

Section A Conversation

Conversation one

1. Why is the trip to Mars a one-way trip?

A. The return trip is too expensive.

B. There is no technology to get people back.

C. People don’t want to return.

D. The return trip is too risky.

2. According to the man, what is more important for those recruits?

A. Intelligence.

B. Health.

C. Skills.

D. Calmness.

3. What is the last part of the conversation about?

A. The kind of people suitable for the trip.

B. Interests and hobbies of the speakers.

C. Recruitment of people for the trip.

D. Preparation for the trip to Mars.

Conversation Two

4. What is showrooming?

A. Going to the high street.

B. Visiting everyday shops.

C. Buying things like electrical goods.

D. Visiting shops and buying online.

5. According to the conversation, the man had bought all the following things online EXCEPT

A. shoes

B. CDs

C. camera

D. Food

6. According to the conversation, the percentage of people who showroomed while Christmas shopping was

A. 3%

B. 33%

C. 42%

D. 24%

7. One reason for people to showroom is that they

A. want to know more about pricing

B. can return the product later

C. want to see the real thing first

D. can bargain for a lower shop price

Conversation Three

8. What is the conversation mainly about?

A. How to avoid clashes of exams.

B. How to schedule exams.

C. How to use the faculty lounge.

D. How to choose the courses.

9. What does the student have to do first in order to take the exams?

A. To choose a date on the draft schedule.

B. To find the information on the bulletin board.

C. To draw up the final schedule.

D. To arrange an invigilator.

10. According to the conversation, the Dean will

A. sign the sheet in the faculty lounge

B. take care of the bulletin board

C. consult the students

D. finalize the exam schedule

Section B PASSAGES

Passage One

11. Which of the following cities has the oldest Chinatown in North America?

A. New York.

B. San Francisco.

C. Boston.

D. San Diego.

12. The Chinatown in San Francisco attracts tourists a year.

A. 20 ,000

B. 100 ,000

C. 7 million

D. 17 million

13. Where can tourists see the fish markets?

A. In Stockton Street.

B. In Grant Avenue.

C. In Portsmouth Square.

D. In Bush Street.

Passage Two

14. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. Obesity can damage one’s health.

B. Obesity is a growing problem all over the world.

C. Obesity is directly related to one’s habit.

D. Obesity has affected both boys and girls.

15. The purpose of the three-year study is to

A. find out why some children find it difficult to go to sleep

B. learn more about the link between sleep and weight

C. identify the ways parents reduce their kids’ weight

D. see if there is difference in sleep patterns over the period

16. According to the study, the daily healthy sleep time for the 3rd to 6th graders should be around _____ hours.

A. 8

B. 9

C. 10

D. 11

17. According to the passage, obesity is most likely related to _____ .

A. sleep time

B. gender

C. race

D. Parents

Passage Three

18. According to a number of students, _____ is the main factor for early-age smoking.

A. gender

B. personality

C. environment

D. Money

19. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

A. Very few continue smoking throughout their teenage years.

B. Most early-age smokers soon stop experimenting.

C. Some early-age smokers never go beyond experimenting.

D. Children quickly become regular smokers by carrying cigarettes.

20. All the following are features of smokers EXCEPT _____ .

A. strong peer influence

B. low sense of achievement

C. high sense of rebellion

D. close family relationship

Section C NEWS BROADCAST

News Item 1

21. Why were some children offered only fruit and milk for lunch?

A. The school stopped providing school lunch.

B. Their parents failed to pay for school lunch.

C. Some parents preferred fruit and milk for lunch.

D. These children chose to have something different.

22. How did parents react to the school’s way of handling the situation?

A. They were upset.

B. They were furious.

C. They were surprised.

D. They were sad.

News Item 2

23. According to the news, what is the main advantage of the digital key?

A. Guests can pay without going to the front desk.

B. Guests can go direct to their rooms.

C. Guests can check out any time.

D. Guests can make room reservations.

24. The hotel company intends to have the system in _____ of its hotels in the next three months.

A. 2

B. 3

C. 100

D. 150

News Item 3

25. According to the court ruling, Shrien Dewani _____ .

A. will return to the U.K. for medical treatment

B. will remain in South Africa for medical treatment

C. will stand trial in South Africa once proved fit

D. will be extradited even if he is unfit to stand trial

26. What was Dewani accused of?

A. Having his wife killed.

B. Killing his wife in the U.K.

C. Being involved in a taxi accident.

D. Hiring a crew of hit men.

News Item 4

27. The U.N. new vote would allow all the following EXCEPT _____ .

A. the use of force by European Union troops

B. the suspension of an existing arms embargo

C. the extension of U.N. peacekeeping mission

D. the ban on travel and freeze of assets

News Item 5

28. What is the news mainly about?

A. Causes of early death in Russia.

B. Behavior of alcoholics.

C. Causes of alcohol poisoning.

D. Number of death over 10 years.

News Item 6

29. The total investment in film-making in Britain in 2012 was _____ .

A. £945 million

B. £1.07 billion

C. £500,000

D. £87,000

30. Hollywood studios prefer to make films in Britain because _____ .

A. The UK is a good film location

B. The cast usually comes from Britain

C. Hollywood emphasizes quality

D. Production cost can be reduced

Close

Electricity is such a part of our everyday lives and so much taken for granted nowadays 31 we rarely think twice when we switch on the light or turn on the TV set. At night, roads are brightly lit, enabling people and 32 to move freely. Neon lighting used in advertising has become part of the 33 of every modern city. In the home, many 34 devices are powered by electricity. 35 when we turn off the bedside lamp and are 36 asleep, electricity is working for us, 37 our refrigerators, heating our water,

or keeping our rooms air-conditioned. Every day, trains, buses and subways take us to and from work. We rarely 38to consider why or how they run 39something goes wrong. In the summer of 1959, something 40go wrong with the power-plant that provided New York with electricity. For a great many hours, life came almost to a 41. Trains refused to move and the people in them sat in the dark, 42 to do anything; lifts stopped working, so that 43 you were lucky enough not to be 44 between two floors you had the unpleasant task of finding your way down 45 of stairs. Famous streets like Broadway and Fifth Avenue in a(n) 46 became as gloomy and uninviting 47 the most remote back streets. People were afraid to leave their houses, 48although the police had been ordered to 49 in case of emergency, they were just as confused and 50 as anybody else.

2015英语专四 真题及答案

2015英语专四 真题及答案

Grammar and vocabulary

51. When you have finished with that book, don’t forget to put it back on the shelf,

?

A. will you

B. do you

C. don’t you

D. won’t you

52. Mary is hardworking than her sister, but she failed in the exam.

A. no so

B. no more

C. not less

D. no less

53. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Five miles seem like a long walk to me.

B. Ten dollars was stolen from the cash register.

C. Either my sister or my brother is coming.

D. Only one out of six were present at the meeting.

54. Which of the italicized parts expresses a future tense?

A. My friend teaches chemistry in a school.

B. I’ll give it to you after I return.

C. What is the matter with you?

D. London stands on the River Thames

55. It is not so much the language the cultural background that makes the film difficult to understand.

A. but

B. nor

C. like

D. as

56. There is no doubt the committee has made the right decision on the housing project.

A. why

B. that

C. whether

D. when

57.All the President’s Men one of the important books for the students who study the Watergate Scandal.

A. remain

B. remained

C. remains

D. is remaining

58. If you explained the situation to your lawyer, he able to advise you much better than I can.

A. will be

B. would be

C. was

D. were

59. Which of the following is a stative verb(静态动词)?

A. Drink

B. Close

C. Rain

D. Belong

60. Which of the following italicized parts indicates a subject-verb relation?

A. The man has a large family to support.

B. She had no wish to quarrel with her brother.

C. He was the last guest to leave.

D. Mary needs a friend to talk to.

61. The following are all correct responses to “Who told the news to the teacher?”EXCEPT .

A. Bob did that

B. Bob did so

C. Bob did this

D. Bob did

62. Which of the following is INCORRECT?

A. A bit of flowers

B. Few words

C. This work

D. Another two girls

63. Which of the following italicized words does NOT indicate willingness?

A. What will you do when you graduate?

B. They will be home by now.

C. Who will go with me?

D. Why will you go there alone?

64. When one has good health, should feel fortunate.

A. you

B. she

C. he

D. we

65. There nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an hour earlier.

A. to be

B. to have been

C. being

D. be

66. Two of her brothers were during the Second World War.

A. called on

B. called up

C. called for

D. called out

67. Bottles from this region sell at about $50 a case.

A. wholesale

B. totally

C. entirely

D. together

68. The product contains no colours, flavours, or preservatives.

A. fake

B. false

C. artificial

D. wrong

69. Davis accepted the defeat in the semi-finial with good grace. The underlined part is closest in meaning to .

A. cheerfully

B. wholeheartedly

C. politely

D. quietly

70.and business leaders were delighted at the decision to hold the national

motor fair in the city.

A. Civil

B. Civilized

C. Civilian

D. Civic

71. The city council is planning a huge road-building programme to ease congestion. The underlined part means .

A. clam

B. relieve

C. comfort

D. still

72. His unfortunate appearance was offset by an attractive personality. The underline part means all the following EXPECT .

A. improved

B. made up for

C. balanced

D. compensated for

73. The doctor said that the gash in his cheek required ten stitches. The underlined part means .

A. lump

B. depression

C. swelling

D. cut

74. During the economic crisis, they had to cut back production and workers.

A. lay into

B. lay off

C. lay down

D. lay aside

75. The university consistently receives a high for the quality of its teaching and research.

A. standard

B. evaluation

C. comment

D. rating

76. To mark its one hundredth anniversary, the university held a series of activities including conferences, film shows, etc. The underline part means .

A. celebrate

B. signify

C. symbolize

D. suggest

77. His fertile mind keeps turning out new ideas. The underlined part means .

A. abundant

B. unbelievable

C. productive

D. generative

78. The local newspaper has a of 100.000 copies a day.

A. spread

B. circulation

C. motion

D. flow

79. These issues were discussed at length during the meeting. The underlined part means .

A. eventually

B. subsequently

C. lastly

D. fully

80. A couple pf young people were giving out leaflets in front of the department store. The underline part means .

A. distributing

B. handling

C. dividing

D. arranging Reading comprehension

TEXT A

Inundated by more information than we can possibly hold in our heads, we are increasingly handing off the job of remembering to search engines and smart phones. Google is even reportedly working on eyeglasses that could one day recognize faces and supply details about whoever you are looking at. But new research shows that outsourcing our money- and expecting that information will continually and instantaneously available- is changing our cognitive habits.

Research conducted by Betsy Sparrow, an assistant professor of psychology at Columbia University, has identified three new realities about how we process information in the Internet age. First, her experiments showed that when we don’t know the answer to a question, we now think about where we can find the nearest Web connection instead of the subject of the question itself. A second revelation is that when we expect to be able to find information again later on, we don’t remember it as well as when we think it might become unavailable. And then there us the researchers’ final observation: the expectation that we’ll be able to locate information down the line leads us to form a memory not of the fact itself but of where we will be able to find it.

But this handoff comes with a downside. Skills like critical thinking and analysis must develop in the context of facts: we need something to think and reason about, after all. And these facts can’t be Googled as we go; they need to be stored in the original hard drive, our long-term memory. Especially in the case of children, “factual knowledge must precede skill.” says Daniel Willingham, a professor of psychology, at

the University of Virginia-meaning that the days of drilling the multiplication table and memorizing the names of the Presidents aren’t over quite yet. Adults, too, need to recruit a supply of stored knowledge in order to situate and evaluate new information they encounter. You can’t Google contest.

Last, there’s the possibility, increasingly terrifying to contemplate, that our machines will fail us. As Sparrow puts it, “The experience of losing our Internet connection becomes more and more like losing a friend.”If you are going to keep your memory on your smart phone, better make sure it’s fully charged.

81. Google’s eyeglasses are supposed to .

A. improve our money

B. function like memory

C. help us see faces better

D. work like smart phones

82. According to the passage, “cognitive habits” refers to .

A. how we deal with information

B. functions of human memory

C. the amount of information

D. the availability of information

83. Which of the following statements about Sparrow’s research is CORRECT?

A. We remember people and things as much as before

B. We remember more Internet connections than before

C. We pay equal attention to location and content of information

D. We tend to remember location rather than the core of facts

84. What does the author mean by “context”?

A. It refers to long-term memory

B. It refers to a new situation

C. It refers to a store of knowledge

D. It refers to the search engine

85. What is the implied message of the author?

A. Web connections aid our memory

B. People differ in what to remember

C. People need to exercise their memory

D. People keep memory on smart phones

TEXT B

I was a second-year medical student at the university, and was on my second day of rounds at a nearby hospital. My university’s philosophy was to get students seeing patients early in their education. Nice idea, but it overlooked one detail: second-year students know next to nothing about medicine.

Assigned to my team that day was attending – a senior faculty member who was there mostly to make patients feel they weren’t in the hands of amateurs. Many attendings were researchers who didn’t have much recent hospital experience. Mine was actually an arthritis specialist. Also along was a resident (the real boss, with a staggering mastery of medicine, at least to a rookie likes myself). In addition, there were interns. These guys were just as green as I was, but in a scarier way; they had recently graduated from the medical school, so they were technically MDs.

I began the day at 6:30 am. An intern and I did a quick check of our eight patients; later, we were to present our findings to the residents and then to the attending. I had three patients and the intern had the other five-piece of cake.

But when I arrived in the room of 71-year-old Mr. Adams, he was sitting up in bed, sweating heavily and panting. He’d just had a hip operation and looked terrible. I listened to his lungs with my stethoscope, but they sounded clear. Next I checked the log of his vital signs and saw that his respiration and hear rate had been climbing, but his temperature was steady. It didn’t seem like heart failure, nor did it appear to be pneumonia. So I asked Mr. Adams what he thought was going on.

“It’s really hot in here, Doc,” he replied.

So I attributed his condition to the stuffy room and told him the rest of the team would return in a few hours. He smiled and feebly waved goodbye.

At 8:40am, during our team meeting, “Code Blue Room 307!”blared from the loudspeaker.

I froze.

That was Mr. Adams’s room.

When we arrived, he was motionless.

The autopsy(尸体解剖)later found Mr. Adams had suffered a massive pulmonary embolism(肺部栓塞). A blood clot had formed in his leg, worked its way to his lungs, and cut his breathing capacity in half. His symptoms had been textbook: heavy perspiration and shortness of breath despite clear lungs. The only thing was: I hadn’t read that chapter in the textbook yet. And I was too scared, insecure, and proud to ask a real doctor for help.

This mistake has haunted me for nearly 30 years, but what’s particularly frustrating is that the same medical education system persists. Who knows how many people have died or suffered harm at the hands of students as na?ve as I, and how many more will?

86. Why was the author doing rounds in a hospital?

A. He himself wanted to have practice

B. Students of all majors had to do so

C. It was part of his medical training

D. He was on a research team

87. We learn that the author’s team members had .

A. some professional deficiency

B. much practical experience

C. adequate knowledge

D. long been working there

88. While the author was examining Mr. Adams, all the following symptoms caught his attention EXCEPT .

A. steady temperature

B. faster heart rate

C. breathing problem

D. moving difficulty

89. “His symptoms had been textbook” means that his symptoms were .

A. part of the textbook

B. explained in the textbook

C. no longer in the textbook

D. recently included in the textbook

90. At the end of the passage, the author expresses about the medical education system.

A. optimism

B. hesitation

C. support

D. concern

TEXT C

The war on smoking, now five decades old counting, is one of the nation’s greatest public health success stories-but not for everyone.

As a whole, the country has made amazing progress. In 1964, four in ten adults in the US smoked; today fewer than ten in ten do. But some states-Kentucky, South Dakota and Alabama, to name just a few-seem to have missed the message that smoking is deadly.

Their failure is the greatest disappointment in an effort to save lives that was started on Jan. 11, 1964, by the first Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health. Its finding that smoking is a cause of lung cancer and other diseases was major news then. The hazards of smoking were just starting to emerge.

The report led to cigarette warning labels, a ban on TV ads and eventually and anti-smoking movement that shifted the nation’s attitude on smoking. Then, smokers were cool. Today, many are outcasts, rejected by restaurants, bars, public buildings and even their own workplace. Millions of lives have been saved.

The formula for success is no longer guesswork: Adopt tough warming labels, air public service ads, fund smoking cessation programs and impose smoke-free laws. But the surest way to prevent smoking, particularly among price-sensitive teens, is to raise taxes. If you can stop them from smoking, you’ve won the war. Few people start smoking after turning 19.

The real-life evidence of taxing power is powerful. The 10 states with the lowest adult smoking rates slap an average tax of $ 2.42 on every pack-three times the average tax in the states with the highest smoking rates.

New York has the highest cigarette tax in the country, at $4.35 per pack, and just 12 percent of teens smoke –far below the national average of 18 percent. Compare that with Kentucky, where taxes are low (60 cents), smoking restrictions are weak and the teen smoking rate is double New York’s. Other low-tax states have similarly dismal records.

Enemies of high tobacco taxes cling to the tired argument that they fall disproportionately on the poor. True, but so do the deadly effects of smoking- far worse than a tax. The effect of the taxes is amplified further when the revenue is used to fund initiatives that help smokers quit or persuade teens not to start.

Anti-smoking forces have plenty to celebrate this week, having helped avoid 9 million premature deaths in the past 50 years. But as long as 3,000 adolescents and teens take their first puff each day, the war is not won.

91. What does “counting” mean in the context?

A. Including

B. Calculating

C. Relying on

D. Continuing

92. According to the context, “Their failure” refers to .

A. those adults who continue to smoke

B. those states that missed the message

C. finding of the report

D. hazards of smoking

93. The following are all efforts that led to the change of attitude on smoking EXCEPT .

A. cigarette warning labels

B. rejection by the public

C. anti-smoking campaigns

D. anti-smoking legislation

94. According to the author, raising tax on cigarettes .

A. is unfair to the poor

B. is an effective measure

C. increase public revenue

D. fails to solve the problem

95. What is the passage mainly about?

A. How to stage anti-smoking campaigns

B. The effects of the report on smoking and health

C. The efforts to cut down on teenage smoking

D. Tax as the surest path to cut smoking

TEXT D

Attachment Parenting is not Indulgent Parenting. Attachment parents do not “spoil”their children. Spoiling is done when a child is given everything that they want regardless of what they need and regardless of what is practical. Indulgent parents gives toys for tantrums(发脾气), ice cream for breakfast. Attachment parents don’t give their children everything that they want, they give their children everything that they need. Attachment parents believe that love and comfort are free and necessary. Not sweets or toys.

Attachment parenting is not “afraid of tears” parenting. Our kids cry. The difference is that we understand that tantrums and tears come from emotions and not manipulation. And our children understand this too. They cry and have tantrums sometimes, of cause. But they do this because their emotions are so overwhelming that they need to get it out. They do not expect to be “rewarded”for their strong negative emotions; they simply expect that we will listen. We pick up our babies when they cry, and we respond to the tears of our older children because we believe firmly that comfort is free, love is free, and that when a child has need for comfort and love, it is our job to provide those things. We are not afraid of tears. We don’t avoid them. We hold our children through them and teach them that when they are hurt or frustrated we are here to comfort them and help them work through their emotions.

Attachment parenting is not Clingy Parenting. I do not cling to my children. In fact, I’m pretty free-range. As soon as they can move they usually move away from me and let me set up a chase as they crawl, run, skip and hop on their merry way to explore the world. Sure, I carry them and hug them and chase them and kiss them and rock them sleep with them. But this is not me following them everywhere and pulling them back to me. This is me being a home base. The “attachment” comes from their being allowed to attach to us, not from us attaching to them like parental leeches. Attachment parenting is not Selfish Parenting. I don’t hover. I supervise, I follow, I teach, I demonstrate, I explain. I don’t slap curious hands away. I show how to do things safety. I let my child do the things that my child wishes to do, first with help and then with supervision and finally with trust. I don’t insist that my 23 month old hold my hand where we walk on the sidewalk because I know that I can recall him with my voice because he trusts me to allow him to explore and he trusts me to

explain when something is dangerous and to help him satisfy his curiosities safely. Most of the negative thing that I hear about “attachment parents”are completely off-base and describe something that is entirely unlike Attachment parenting. Attachment parenting is child-centric and focuses on the needs of the child. Children need structure, rules, and boundaries, Attachment parents simply believe that the child and the parent are allies, not adversaries. And that children are taught, not trained. 96. What makes attachment parents different from indulgent parents is that they .

A. show more love to their children

B. think love is more important

C. prefer both love and toys in parenting

D. dislike ice cream or sweets

97. According to the author, what should parents do when their kids cry?

A. Rewarding kids with toys

B. Trying to stop kids crying

C. Holding them till they stop

D. Providing comfort and love

98. What dose “free-range” mean according to the passage?

A. Willing to give kids freedom of movement

B. Ready to play games with my kids

C. Curious to watch what games they play

D. Fond of providing a home base

99. Which of the following is NOT attaching parenting?

A. Fostering their curiosity

B. Helping them do the right thing

C. Showing them how things are done

D. Standing by and protecting

100. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. How to foster love in children

B. Different types of parenting

C. How to build child confidence

D. Parent-child relationships

Writing

Section A COMPOSITION

How I Deal with Stress

You are to write in three parts.

In the first part, state the kind of stress you have experienced.

In the second part, explain how you deal with the stress.

In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

Section B NOTE-WRITING

Write on ANSWER SHEERT THREE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:

You are going to send a book to your friend Mary or John by express mail. Write a message telling him/her TWO reasons why you send the book.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness. 答案:

1-5:BDADA 6-10:DCBAD

11-15:BCACB 16-20:BACCD

21-25:BABAD 26-30:ABAAD

Close:

31. [D] 句意为:电是日常生活的一部分,如今,我们已经习以为常,以至于开灯或开电视时很少仔细考虑电的问题。so…that…是固定搭配,意思是“如此……以至于……”,故答案为[D]。

32. [C] 句意为:晚上灯光照亮的马路使人们自由通行,使交通畅通无阻。traffic 意为“交通”;pedestrian意为“行人”,与空格前的people词义重复; car和truck都指具体的车辆类型,含义过于狭窄。综合考虑,此处应填入traffic。

33. [B] 句意为:广告中使用的霓虹灯已经成为了每个现代化城市的一大特色。appearance意为“外观”;character意为“特征,特色”;distinction意为“区别”;surface意为“表面”。根据句意,答案为[B]。

34. [A] 句意为:在家里,很多节省劳动力的设备都是由电带动的。四个选项都是复合形容词,labour-saving意为“节省劳动力的”;time-saving意为“节省时间的”;energy-saving 意为“节能的”;money-saving意为“省钱的”。根据句意,此处填入labour-saving最合适。

35. [C] 句意为:即使当我们关上床头灯,睡得很熟时,电仍然在为我们工作……。only意为“只有”;rarely意为“少有地”;even意为“即使”;frequently意为“频繁地,屡次地”。根据句意,此处应填入even。

36. [B] fast asleep为固定搭配,意为“睡得很熟的”,故答案为[B]。quite意为“非常”;quickly意为“很快地”;closely意为“靠近地,接近地”,均不符合句意,故排除。

37. [D] move意为“移动”;start意为“启动”;repair意为“修复”;drive意为“驱动,使机器运转”。此处的动词与our refrigerators连用,填入driving最合适,意为“使电冰箱正常运行”。

38. [B] bother to do sth. 意为“费心做某事”;hesitate to do sth.意为“做某事犹豫不决”;remember to do sth.指“记得去做某事”。此处是说,我们费心思考它们为什么或如何运行,故答案为[B]。

39. [C] 句意:直到这些交通工具出问题时,我们才会费心思考它们为什么或如何运行。前半句出现了rarely,含否定意义,与until搭配使用,意为“直到……才……”,故答案为[C]。

40. [B] 句意为:1959年的夏天,负责给纽约供电的发电厂真的出了问题。当句子中没有其他的助动词时,可以在动词前使用助动词do表示对该动作的强调,助动词do随人

称和时态而变化。因此,did符合题意。

41. [A] 句意为:许多小时过去了,生活几乎停滞不前。come to a standstill是固定搭配,意为“停住,停滞不前”。terminal意为“终点”;breakdown意为“故障”;pause意为“暂停”,均不符合句意,故排除。

42. [B] 句意为:火车无法开动,车厢里的人坐在黑暗中无能为力,什么事也做不了。incompetent意为“没有能力的, 不能胜任的”;powerless意为“无能为力的”;hesitant 意为“迟疑不决的”;helpless意为“无助的”。此处指人处于停电的环境中无能为力,什么事也做不了,因此答案为[B]。

43. [D] 句意为:电梯也停止工作,即使你足够幸运,没被困在两层楼之间,也得自己不愉快地步行下楼梯。although意为“虽然”;when意为“当……时”;as意为“像……一样”;even if 意为“即使,纵然”。通过分析上下文,此处填入even if最合适。

44. [D] 句意同上。lock意为“把……锁起来”;place意为“放置”;position意为“把……放在适当的位置”;trap意为“困住,陷入困境”。根据上下文意思,此处应该选[D]。

45. [C] 句意同上。a flight of stairs是固定搭配,表示“(两个楼梯平台间的)一段楼梯”,本题中考查的是复数形式,故答案为[C]。

46. [A] in an instant是固定搭配,意为“瞬间,马上”,意思相当于immediately,故答案为[A]。in a minute意为“很快,马上”,一般用于将来时,不符合句意,故排除。

47. [D] as…as…为固定搭配,表示“像……一样”,故答案为[D]。

48. [A] 句意为:人们害怕离开自己的房子,因为虽然警察被要求随时待命,以防突发事件,但他们也像其他人一样疑惑和无助。for 表示原因,and表示并列关系,but表示转折,or表示选择。结合上下文,此处填入for最合适。

49. [C] 句意同上。stand aside意为“避开”;stand down意为“从要职上退下”;stand by意为“做好准备,待命”; stand in意为“站立于,坐落于”。根据上下文分析,此处应该指警察处于待命状态,故答案为[C]。

50. [A] 句意同上。helpless意为“无助的”;aimless意为“漫无目的的”;unfocused 意为“目光茫然的”;undecided意为“尚未决定的”。根据句意,此处应选[A]。

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