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湖北省宜昌市高中英语 Unit 1 A land of diversity课课练二新人教版选修8

Unit1 A Land of diversity

第一节、语法填空

Exactly when the first people arrived in what we now know as California, no one really knows. However, 1. __________ is likely that Native American were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago.

Scientists believe that theses settlers 2. ________ ( cross) the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America by means of a land bridge which existed in prehistoric times. In the 16th century, after the 3. ________ (arrive) of the Europeans, the native people suffered 4. ____________ (great).

Thousands were killed or forced into slavery .5. _______ addition, many died from the disease brought by the Europeans. However, some survived these terrible times, and today there are more Native American 6. ________ (live) in California than any other state.

In the 18th century California 7. ___________ (rule) by Spain. Spain soldiers first arrived in South America in the early 16th century, 8. _________ they fought against the native people and took their land.

Two centuries later, the Spanish had settled in most parts of South America and along the northwest coast of what we now call the USA. Of 9. ______ first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men, 10. __________ ministry was to teach the Catholic religion to the natives.

第二节、短文改错

One day, I saw a poster which reads that a speech contest with the topic “honesty” would be held in the lecture hall the next Saturday morning.

With my parents’ encourage, I joined in the contest. At first I felt at loss about my speech draft. After referred to some magazines, I got down to my draft. Having tailored it for several time, I practiced my speech at home every day. My parents were more than pleased to see us so devoted.

Then came the day for my speech. A few bit nervous as I was, I managed to deliver my speech fluently. I’ve learned a lot of from the contest. Confidence comes hand

to hand with adequate preparations. Well prepared, I can do everything successful.

第三节、七选五

Building Trust in a Relationship Again

Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences. __36__Trust is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal(背叛). Whether we’ve been suffer from, lied to, misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore. __37__It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.

●__38__Having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.

●__39__If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

●You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. __40__Instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.

A. Learn to really trust yourself.

B. It is putting confidence in someone.

C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

D. Remember that you can expect the best in return.

E. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’ t bear to let it happen again.

F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.

G. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.第四节、阅读理解

Cycling to school or work is now faster and more efficient than any other types of transport in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark. The city has gone all out to encourage its cyclists — it has laid out more than 1,000 km of cycle lanes (车道), and improved traffic signals at the crossroads.

N o wonder Copenhagen’s cyclists hardly break traffic rules. Several of the city’s main streets are closed to cars and instead have only cycle lanes and cycle parking areas. Bike lanes along the major roads are wide and slightly raised. Copenhagen is developing 38 bike superhighways along the main city routes. The city’s light rail system has recently permitted cyclists to bring their cycles on board, and it is free of charge.

The city planners are absolutely committed to make cyclists feel safe. So when cyclists approach a major crossroads, sensors (传感器) a little way down the streets tell the traffic lights to give them a “green” signal, which means cyclists are rarely held up by traffic. It is simply a smooth continuous journey from home to school! Even in the bitterly cold winters, the cycle lanes are cleared of snow before car lanes.

Lately, however, the government is facing a new and curious problem. Many cyclists have now started leaving their cycles just about anywhere. Often, the biggest challenge faced by cyclists is getting their bike out of these huge piles without getting chain oil onto themselves. Perhaps the solution lies in turning more car parking spaces into cycle parking areas, or else, building multi-story or underground parking spaces for cycles.

Meanwhile, other urban cities are following this capital city’s example. London, Paris, New York, San Francisco, Beijing and many others are all adopting measures to encourage cyclists, inspired by the City of Cyclists.

30. Copenhagen is putting in a great deal of effort to make it _____.

A. more beautiful

B. less crowded

C. environment-friendly

D. tourist-friendly

31. To make cyclists feel safe, _____.

A. cycling is not allowed on snowy days

B. the light rail system is closed

at weekends

C. the city’s streets have been closed to cars

D. traffic lights are much friendlier to cyclists

32. What’s the main idea of the text?

A. Copenhagen is on the way to be a real cyclists’ city.

B. There is a strong need to set up more parking spaces for cycles.

C. Cycling to school or work is very popular everywhere in Denmark.

D. Strict traffic rules should be made to guarantee the safety of cyclists.