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中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练

宾语从句

一、直接引语变间接引语

1.人称的变化:一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新。

1). “一随主”指若直接引语中的主语为第一人称时,变间接引语时应与主句的主语人称一致.

She said “I like playing basketball”. She said that _____ _____ playing basketball .

2). “二随宾”指若直接宾语中的主语为第二人称时,变间接宾语时应与主句的宾语人称一致.

She asked Tom “Can I have a look at your picture”. She asked Tom if ______ could have a look at ______ picture . 3). “第三人称不更新”指若直接宾语中的主语为第三人称时,变间接宾语时人称保持不变.

She said to me “They want to help me”. She told me that _____ _____ to help me .

中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练

二. 宾语从句的考查宾语从句在句中作及物动词的宾语,或介词的宾语,或形容词的宾语。根据引导宾语从句的不同连词,宾语从句可分为三类。

1.考查宾语从句的语序:宾语从句的语序用陈述句语序。即“主语+谓语+……

Do you know when __________?

A.does the next train leave

B.the next train leaves

C.will the next train leave

D.the next train will leave

注:若从句时疑问句,但语序不变的有:

1).who在从句中作主语。Can you tell me _________?(谁将来这儿)

2).what’s wrong / the matter ? He asked what was the matter with me .

3).what happened I don’t know what happened yesterday .

4).which is the way to ….? Can you tell me which is the way to the park ?

2.考查宾语从句的引导词

1).若宾语从句时陈述句时,引导词用that 且that 可省掉。

She said “I’m gald to see you”= She said _____ _____ ______ gald to see me .

2).宾语从句时一般疑问句时,引导词用if 或whether . 一般情况下if /whether 可互换,但后有or not / or 、动词不定式或介词的后面时,只能用whether .

He saked me “Are you going to Wuhan ?” = He asked me ______ _____ _____ going to Wuhan.

I’m thinking about ______ to go there . A.if B.whether C.that

3).宾语从句时特殊疑问句时,引导词用特殊疑问词。

Do you know ________? I’m not sure ,Maybe he is a businessman .

A.who he is

B.who is he

C.what he does

D.what does he do

4).若宾语从句时肯定祈使句时,就改为ask /tell sb to do sth .若为否定祈使句,就改为ask /tell sb not to sth . “Don’t open the door” The teacher said . = The teacher told me _____ ____ ___ the door .

3.宾语从句的时态

1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从句该用什麽时态就用什麽时态。

Can you tell me _________? He is a doctor . A.what is he B.what he was C.what he is D.what was he

2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态(一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时)。

He asked ____________. A.what time it is B.what time is it C.what time it was D.what time was it

He told me that he ______ for the sports meet.

A.is preparing

B.was preparing

C.will prepare

D.has prepared

注:1) 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,其时态常用一般现在时。

Our teacher said that January_____(be) the first month of the year.

Our teacher said that the earth ___(go) around the sun.

2).若主句为could you …..?表示请求客气的语气,从句的时态仍然不变。

Could you tell me _______?

A.what he was doing

B.what was he doing

C.what he is doing

D.what is he doing

中考英语宾语从句专项练习题训练

Can you guess if they___ to play football with us ? I think they will come if they ____free.

A. come , are

B. will come , will be

C. will come , are

D. come , will be

Can you tell me when he____here tomorrow ? When he _____ here , please call me .

A. comes , comes

B. will come , will come

C. will come ,comes

D. comes, will come

5.宾语从句的简化:

1).宾语从句是陈述句时,且主、从句的主语一致,可简化为“动词+ to do sth”.

I hope I can meet you again . I hope _____ _____ you again .

2).宾语从句是疑问句时,且主、从句的主语一致,或从句的主语与主句的宾语一致。可简化为“疑问词+ to do sth”.

I don’t know what I should do next . I don’t know ____ ____ _____ next .

Could you tell me how I can get there ? Could you tell me ____ ____ _____ there ?

John didn’t decide which shirt he would buy . John didn’t decide _____ ____ _____ _____ .

3).hear / see / find + that + 从句,可改为“hear / see / find + sb (要用宾格) + doing sth”.

I heard that they were singing in the next room.= I heard _____ _____ in the next room .

We found that she was playing with the cat under the tree . We found _____ _____ with the cat under the tree.

一、用合适的连接词填空

1.Wang Hai told me_____he didn’t go cycling yesterday afternoon.(how,why)

2.Can you tell me______else is going to be on duty today?(who,whom)

3.She said_____it wouldn’t matter much .(that,if)

4.He always thinks______he can do better.(how,who)

5.I really don’t know________the bridge will be finished.(how long,how soon)

6.They don’t know_______we are going hiking.

7.She wanted to know_______her coat would be ready the next day.

8.I was really surprised at______ I saw.

9.I don’t know______so many people crowding round him

提高型

1. I don’t know _____ he will come tomorrow. _____ he comes, I’ll tell you.

A. if; Whether

B. whether; Whether

C. if; That

D. if; if

2. Could you tell me ____ the radio without any help?

A. how did he mend

B. what did he mend

C. how he mended

D. what he mended

3. Could you tell me ____ do with the money?

A. how to

B. what should I

C. how I should

D. what I should

4. Can you tell me how many English words ____ since 1996?

A. have you learned

B. did you learn

C. you have learned

D. you learned

5. Miss Li wants to know _____ next week.A. when my uncle leaves B. when will my uncle

C. where my uncle will stay

D. where does my uncle stay

6. Can you tell me when ____?

A. does the ship leave

B. the ship will leave

C. the ship leave

D. will the ship leave

7. Alice wanted to know ____ her grandmother liked the bag.

A. That

B. If

C. Which

D. what

8. I don’t k now ____ Jane was late for school this morning.

A. Who

B. What

C. Whom

D. why

9. They don’t know ____ their presents are.A. whenB. whyC. what

10. Mike asked the girl in the shop ____ the watch ____ cheap enough.(1998云南)

A. that; is

B. if; was

C. that; was

D. whether; is

11. I think he ____ back next week.A. comeB. will comeC. cameD. has come

12. Xiao Mao told me he ____ a film with his mother the next day.

A. would see

B. will watch

C. would look

D. will see

13. Could you tell me if it ____ tomorrow?A. rainB. will rainC. rainingD. rains

14. He said that he ____ speak a little English when he was five.A. mightB. wouldC. couldD. can

15. I want to know if they ____ the spring sports meeting next month.

If they ____ it, I must get ready for it.

A. hold; will hold

B. will hold; hold

C. hold; hold

D. will hold; will hold

综合型

1. –Do you remember ____ he came?-Yes, I do, he came by car.A. how B. whenC. thatD. if

2. That woman wanted to know _____ her daughter liked the sweater.A. whetherB. whatC. thatD. which

3. Have you decided when _____ for London?

A. will you leave

B. you will leave

C. are you going

D. you are going

4. –Excuse me. Could you tell me ____? -Certainly.

A. when can I get to the station

B. I can get to which station

C. which station can I get to

D. how I can get to the station

5. –What did your mother say, Tom? -She asked me why ____.

A. my sister crying

B. my sister was crying

C. is my sister crying

D. was my sister crying

6. I wonder what time _____ arrive.

A. does the train

B. will the train

C. the train

D. the train will

7. I wondered _____ our teacher did that for.A. thatB. ifC. whatD. why

8. Did you hear _____?A. what did I sayB. what I saidC. that I saidD. I said which

9. Can you tell me which room _____?

A. does he live in

B. does he lives

C. he lives in

D. he lives

10. The little boy often asks me what ______?

A. will our life of tomorrow

B. will our life tomorrow be like

C. our life of tomorrow like

D. our life of tomorrow will be like

11. Do you really know _____ used?

A. how widely English is

B. how wide is English

C. English is how widely

D. how is English wide

12. Would you please tell me ______ with Peter? He looks unhappy.

A. what’s the matter

B. what wrong is

C. the wrong is what

D. what wrong it was

13. –Excuse me, where _____? Do you know? -Yes. I know where _____?

A. Jim lives; he lives

B. does Jim live; do he live

C. Jim lives; does he live

D. does Jim live; he lives

14. I didn’t know _____ and _____.

A. what’s his name; how old he is

B. what his name was; how old he was

C. what his name is; how is he old

D. that was his name; he was how old

15. My friend hasn’t decided _____ on a trip to Wuxi on holiday.

A. if he goes

B. when will he go

C. if he’ll go

D. where he go

16. Did you ask her what ______ outside?

A. was happened to him

B. he had happened

C. he happened

D. had happened to him

17. The man in the shop asked the woman _____

A. which kind does she like

B. which kind she is

C. which kind is she likes

D. which kind she likes

18. No one told us _____, so we need your help.

A. how should we do

B. what should we do

C. how to do it

D. what to do it

19. I don’t know ______ the day after tomorrow.

A. when does he come

B. how will he come

C. if he comes

D. whether he’ll come