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太原理工大学研究生基础英语试卷08-1

2008-1

Part I Listening Comprehension

Section A (1 Point each)

1. A. His paper has been published with the help of his adviser.

B. His paper has won an award with the help of his adviser.

C. His paper has been revised by his adviser.

D. His paper has got the approval from his adviser.

2. A. Tom is terribly ill. B. Tom is in low spirits.

C. Tom is bad-tempered.

D. Tom is nervous at the moment

3. A. He saw his boss in person for the first time.

B. He is now complaining in a different way.

C. He has made his boss change his attitude.

D. He has changed his opinion of his boss.

4. A. He was not fond of the concert.

B. He didn't like the tea offered at the concert.

C. He left early to have some tea with somebody else.

D. He doesn't want to tell the woman why he was not there.

5. A. He always looks down upon others.

B. He always lowers the value of others.

C. He always judges people by their appearance

D. He is always reluctant to take newcomers.

6. A. She is always stupid. B. She is always concentrated.

C. She is always careless.

D. She is always absent-minded.

7. A. She wants to leave a way out. B. She doesn't trust her boss.

C. She wants to repay her boss.

D. She wants to stay with her boss as long as possible

8. A. She should let her daughter decide.

B. She should choose what the teacher is interested in.

C. She should make the same choice as the other parents.

D. She should choose what she is interested in.

9. A. She felt very cold because of the weather. B. She was frightened by the scene.

C. She sent the two boys to the hospital.

D. She went to help the injured immediately.

Mini-talk one

10. A. He went mountain climbing. B. He went camping.

C. He went to a party:

D. He went to a concert.

11. A. He was lost in the forest. B. He was caught in a natural disaster.

C. He was woken up in the middle of the night.

D. He burned his dinner.

12. A. Because it was too noisy. B. Because he wanted to join the party.

C. Because he was too tired.

D. Because he turned on some music.

Mini-talk Two

13. A. They may be overweight. B. They may earn less money.

C. The may suffer from serious diseases.

D. They may have lasting damage in their brain.

14. A. Improving children's nutrition in their country.

B. Providing their people with cleaner conditions.

C. Improving health care for their people.

D. Providing their people with better education.

15. A. Preschool period. B. Teenage period.

C. Between birth and 15 years old.

D. Between pregnancy and two years old.

Section C (1 point each)

16. "Facebook" and "MySpace" are some of the most popular blog sites for_______________.

17.Blogs offer young people a place to show their writings and ______________.

18. Personal information puts teenagers at risk of being sought out by dangerouspeople who ______.

19. When teenagers include information on their blogs that canbe seen as a threat toothers they can ___________________.

20. Parents are advised to read their children's blogs to make sure they are not givingout__________.

PART II VOCABULARY (10 minutes, 10 points )

Section A (0.5 point each)

21. The city was virtually paralyzed by the transit strike for better wages.

A. subjectively

B. imaginably

C. positively

D. practically

22. In spite of the taxing business schedule, he managed to take some time off forexercise.

A. imposing

B. demanding

C. compulsory

D. temporary

23. The court held the parents accountable for the minor child's acts of violence.

A. responsible for

B. indifferent to

C. desperate for

D. involved in

24.The visitors were impressed by the facilities planned and programmedin terms oftheir interrelationships.

A. in units of

B. with reference to

C. in aspects of

D. on condition of

25. "There is a weird power in a spoken word," Joseph Conrad once said.

A. mighty

B. prospective

C. odd

D. formidable

26. Poverty and inadequate health care take their toll on the quality of a community'shealth.

A. destruction

B. contribution

C. charge

D. origin

27. This old man had trouble expressing the attachment he felt when arriving at his nativetown.

A. hospitality

B. affection C: appeal D. frustration

28. If you become reconciled to your lot, you will never get a new start in life.

A. submissive

B. resistant

C. tolerable

D. committed

29. The little girl felt increasingly uneasy while waiting for her mother at the bus-stop.

A. difficult

B. excited

C. relieved

D. restless

30. A high official is likely to win respect and trust if he can stick to his principles.

A. turn to

B. add to

C. keep to

D. lead to

Section B (0.5 point each)

31. To achieve sustainable development, the of resources is assuming newimportance.

A. conservation

B. reservation

C. exhaustion

D. devastation

32. The sale of alcoholic beverages is ________ to those above 21 in some regions.

A. confined

B. inhibited

C. obliged

D. restricted

33.The importance of protecting rainforests from human invasion is increasingly realizedby developing

and developed countries_______.

A. both

B. either

C. alike

D. apart

34. Before the 1980s, the idea of health insurance was quite _______ to those living inthe mainland of

China.

A. overseas

B. abroad

C. foreign

D. offshore

35. The government is expected to make new legislations to ______ foreign investmentin real estate.

A. manipulate

B. regulate

C. dominate

D.prevail

36. Despite the suspect's ________to be innocent, there is compelling evidence that hewas involved.

A. conviction

B. assertion

C. accusation

D. speculation

37. For many countries, being part of a global supply chain is like striking oil -- oil thatmay never

____.

A. run out

B. work out

C. turn out

D. call out

38. Having been an office secretary for some years, she always _______chores in aresponsible way.

A. goes on

B. goes for

C. goes without

D. goes about

39. Without clear guidelines ______, executives of hospitals are sometimes at a loss about what to do.

A. in order

B. in place

C. in need

D. in trouble

40. The age of other trees is variously estimated as ______ from two hundred to eighthundred years.

A. changing

B. differing

C. varying

D. ranging

PART III CLOZE TEST (10 minutes, 10 points, 1 point each)

Every year, as the price of goods rises, the inflation refuses to (41) even fromthe high educational institutions.

In the US, according to a 2005 survey by the College Board, (42) at stateuniversities rose by an average of 7.1 percent annually, after a year when inflation grewmuch less. At private schools it was up 5.9 percent. The survey which (43) morethan 3,000 colleges and universities did not provide clear reasons for the continuedincreases. It did say that the price of goods and services at universities have risen rapidly.Some of the fastest growth has been in employee health (44), and professionalsalaries.

Living expenses on campus have also (45). At the university of SouthernCalifornia student dining hall, a buffet meal cost $5.50 in 2004. But now it's $9.The US government often provides (46) assistance to students' lunch in primary and high schools, but these favorable policies usually don't (47) universities.

Some students said the food on campus is sometimes even more expensive than that atrestaurants (48) campus.

To compensate the rise in tuition and living expenses, the federal and stategovernments (49) universities and private sources have provided (50) forstudents. Of all the full time undergraduates about 62 percent have a grant covering 30-50percent of their tuition, according to the College Board.

41. A. stay away B. stand out C. step down D. set off

42. A. fares B. payment C. charges D. tuition

43. A. attended B. covered C. included D. composed

44. A. welfares B. advantages C. benefits D. goods

45. A. rolled up B. gone up C. sat up D. taken up

46. A. management B. economic C. policy D. financial

47. A. apply to B. suit for C. adjust to D. gear for

48. A. in B. to C. off D. over

49. A. as well as B. the same as C. as far as D. such as

50. A. grasps B. grains C. grounds D. grants

PART IV READING COMPREHENSION (45 minutes, 30 points, 1 point each)

Passage One

Did your mum and dad go to university, or did they leave school and go straight tothe Job Centre? The educational experience of parents is still important when it comes tohow today's students choose an area of study and what to do after graduation, accordingto The Future-track research in the UK.

The research was done by the Higher Education Careers Service Unit. It plans tofollow university applicants for six years from 2006 through their early careers.

The first year's findings come from a study of 130,000 university applicants. Theyshow significant differences in prospective students' approach to higher education,depending on whether their parents got degrees (second-generation applicants) or didn't(first-generation applicants).

First-generation applicants were more likely to say that their career and employmentprospects were uppermost in their minds in deciding to go to university. About one-fifthof this group gave "to enable me to get a good job" as their main reason for choosing HE.And 37 percent said that a degree was "part of my career plan".

A young person coming from a non-professional household where finances arestretched may find the idea of learning for its own sake to be a luxury. This explains theexplosion in vocational courses.

At PortsmouthUniversity, first-year student Kim Burnett, 19, says that shespecifically chose her degree in health research management and psychology to get asecure, well-paid job. Harriet Edge, 20, studying medicine at ManchesterUniversity, alsowanted job security. Her parents lacked college degrees, though the fact that her uncle is adoctor appears to have influenced her choice.

"Medicine is one of those fields where it's pretty likely you'll get a job at the end.That's a big plus, as the debt levels after five years of study are going to be frightening,"she says. Many experts believe that this situation affects those with no family tradition ofhigher education far more keenly. The fact that 26 percent of respondents said that theyneeded more advice implies that some students may end up feeling that their highereducation investment was not worthwhile.

For those with graduate parents, this lack of guidance may, the researchers suggest,be less of a problem. "But, for those without the advantages, lack of access to careerguidance before applying for higher education leaves them exposed to making poorerchoices," the survey concludes.

51. The main idea of the passage is that_________.

A. parents' experiences are more important for their children's education

B. parents' careers are vitally important for their children's degrees

C. students' approach to higher education correlates with their parents' educationalexperience

D. students' career and employment prospects are decided by their parents

52. "HE" in the 4th paragraph probably refers to __________.

A. health education

B. higher employment

C. Harriet Edge

D. higher education

53. A young person coming from a non-professional household ____________.

A. is less likely to get financial aid to go to university

B. is more likely to choose vocational education

C. maythink learning for pleasure is a good idea

D. may choose to study for a professional degree

54. In which of the following aspects do Kim Burnett and Harriet Edge have in common?

A. They both chose their majors because of their family influence.

B. They are both the first-year students in university.

C. Both of their parents lack college degrees.

D. Both of them chose degrees for job security.

55. It is implied that ____________.

A. the cost of a degree in medicine is very high

B. higher education investment in medicine is not worthwhile

C. a student without family medical tradition is less likely to choose medicine

D. medicine is a field where every degree-holder can get a job

56.Those with graduate parents may _________.

A. make poorer choices when choosing their majors

B. make better choices when applying for higher education

C. not need career guidance before graduation

D. have no problems in applying for a college

Passage Two

Last month, the public address system at Earl's Court subway station in London wasordered to get the noise down. Passengers, it seems, had had enough of being told theblindingly obvious: "Stand back or the train will run you over." "Don't lean on thedoors." "Stand back from the opening doors." "Do this." "Don't do that."

Bossiness is not just aural. It is also written. As a commuter, I'm continuallybombarded by notices on car walls. "Please take your feet off the seat." "Please turndown your personal stereo." And when I drive past the local primary, a sign flashes:"School. Slow down!"

The presumption behind these signs is that Britons must have everything spelled outbecause we are tow, uncivilized people who were raised by wolves.

Britain didn't use to be so bossy. When I was a boy, for instance, the local cinemaput a warning on screen before we settled down to watch. "Don't," it said, "make noises."In those days, long before mobile phones, it was the only bossiness we saw in the cinema.Since then, bossiness has become more commonplace. Television, that strongest guide topublic morals and lifestyles in this country, is alive with dominant people. On screen, wesee health experts holding some poor woman's breasts and demanding that she get inshape. Cooking programs tell us not to think of leaving toast crumbs on the kitchen table.

There is no point in blaming TV for this new bossiness. We want to be bossed. Wehave behaved badly and now we yearn to feel the whip to correct us. On July 1, smokingwill be banned in public places in England. My local government told churches in thearea last week that no-smoking posters must be prominently displayed by churchentrances.

I love this: the governments are bossing people to make them more bossy. They areinsisting that priests tell their congregations (教区的教民) what to do.

My local government isn't the only source of bossiness. I find it everywhere. But therise in bossiness does not seem to have been accompanied by a rise in sociallywell-adjusted behavior. In fact,the opposite. Perhaps this is because, if you feel as thoughyou are treated with contempt, you will respond with the same.

57. The case at Earl's Court subway station shows that _________.

A. it is very noisy in public places

B. it is necessary to warn the passengers of their safety

C. people have realized the importance of public order

D. people have been tired of being bossed

58. It is presumed that bossiness is everywhere because Britons__________.

A. need to be bossed to behave themselves

B. want to be reminded of how to behave well

C. must have everything spelled out

D. are raised in uncivilized society

59. It is suggested in the passage that____________.

A. now Britons behave much better than they did in the past

B. in the past Britons behaved much better than they do now

C. the dominant people on screen should be blamed for the new bossiness

D. television has misguided the public morals and lifestyles in Britain

60. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

A. Television should play a role in enhancing public morals.

B. The local government has got involved in the church activities.

C. The governments want to make themselves more authoritative by bossing people.

D. The rise in bossiness has helped the improvement of people's behavior.

61. The author writes this passage in a _________.

A. funny tone

B. criticizing tone

C. friendly tone

D. radical tone

62. What is the appropriate title of this passage?

A. British People Have Had Enough Bossiness Around

B. British People Want to Be Bossed

C. Bossiness in Great Britain: Its Past and Present

D. Bossiness in Great Britain Should Be Ignored

Passage Three

It began as just another research project, in this case to examine the effects ofvarious drugs on patients with a severe mood disorder. Using an advanced brain scanningtechnology--the clumsily named echo-planar magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging(磁共振光谱成像) procedure, or EP-MRSI--researchers at Boston's McLeanHospitalscanned the medicated and un-medicated brains of 30 people with bipolar disorder inorder to detect possible new treatments for the more than 2 million American adults whosuffer from the disease.

But something unexpected happened. A patient who had been so depressed that shecould barely speak became ebullient after the 45-minute brain scan. Then a secondpatient, who seemed incapable of even a smile, emerged actually telling jokes. Thenanother and another. Was this some coincidence? Aimee Parow, the technician who madethese observations didn't think so. She mentioned the patients' striking mood shifts to herboss and together they completely refocused the study: to see if the electromagneticfields might actually have a curative effect on depressive mood.

As it turns out, they did. As reported last month in the American Journal ofPsychiatry, 23 of the 30 people who were part of the study reported feeling significantlyless depressed after the scan. The most dramatic improvements were among those whowere taking no medication. The researchers are cautious. Says Bruce Cohen, McLean'spresident and psychiatrist in chief: “I want to emphasize that we are not saying this is theanswer but this is a completely different approach in trying to help the brain thananything that was done before."

It's a completely different approach because of the way the magnetism is applied tothe brain. But

it's an example of new research on an old idea: that the brain is anelectromagnetic organ and that brain disorders might result from disorder in magneticfunction. The idea has huge appeal to psychiatrists and patients alike, since for manypeople the side effects of psychiatric (精神的) drugs are almost as difficult to manage asthe disease itself. And 30 percent of the nearly 18.8 million people who suffer fromdepression do not respond to any of the antidepressants available now. People with othersevere mental disorders might benefit as well. And while no one fully understands exactlywhy or how the brain responds as it does to electrical currents and magnetic waves,fascinating new research is offering some possible explanations.

63. The first paragraph describes a project aimed at finding ____________.

A.who has bipolar disorder

B. what improves people's moods

C. whether magnetic scanning is a treatment

D.how some patients respond to some drugs

64. What does the passage say about bipolar disorder?

A.It mainly affects males.

B. It may cause drug addiction.

C. It is a mental problem.

D.It is hard to detect.

65. The word "ebullient" in Paragraph 2 can be best replaced by________.

A.considerate

B. quiet

C. excited

D. sorrowful

66. The researchers' attitude toward the new finding can be described as_________.

A. confused

B. amused

C. careful

D. skeptical

67. The new finding is significant because it shows that electromagnetic fields may

A.treat mental disorders

B. cause mental disorders

C. increase the effectiveness of some drugs

D.reduce the effectiveness of some drugs

68. The passage mainly_________.

A. reports a discovery

B. challenges a discovery

C. explains the problems with a discovery

D. describes the background of a discovery

Passage Four

My kids tell me that I am "so 20th century", which troubles me. A person likes tofeel that he is "with it", as we used to say in the 20th century.

So I have been thinking how I might change myself into a true 21st-century man.Clearly, in my advanced state of age I would be foolish to attempt some wild leap into thecontemporary fashion. And anyway, my distinctive taste attracts much favourablecomment.

But if my clothing is too characteristic to change, perhaps I should do somethingabout my lifestyle. So last week I took myself to the NEC for the Smart Home Showwhich is "the exhibition dedicated to all the latest trends in smart home technology".

It was a shock. How could I have lived for half a century without afingerprint-operated front door? ("Never lock yourself out of your home again!") Orvacuum cleaners that suck dust straight into a dustbin, via a system of pipes in your housewalls? (All you have to do is rebuild your entire home.) Or automatic garden sprinklerswhich are so smart that they turn themselves off when it starts to rain? Of course, youcould just look out of the window, observe that it's raining and turn them off yourself, butthat would be so 20th century.

Besides, those were just the simpler things. For the true smart-home owner, a plasma(等离子) TV fireplace is a must. At first glance it's just an electric fire with a mantelpiece,but press your remote and a giant TV screen rises from the mantelpiece. "Thieves won'teven know it's there," a spokesman claimed. Just as well. At £5,280,it would be a pity tohave it broken. But the real revolution has

happened in the bathroom. Never again needyou feel cut off from world events as you go about your washing. Forget the mirrors thatturn into TV screens. They're old hat. The buzz in bathrooms now is all about heatedtowel-racks that turn into TVs.

Enough! I was convinced: I want a smart home. There's only one problem: The cost.You are looking at £18,000 to £25,000 for an average home. Hmm. I won't be enteringthe 21st century just yet, then.

69. To be "21st century", the author decided to___________.

A. move to a new house

B. change the way he lived

C. improve his dressing style

D. talk in the most trendy fashion

70. The author's comment on the vacuum cleaner implies that___________.

A. he believed that it was useless

B. he wanted to purchase one himself

C. he hated to cause inconvenience

D. he thought that it was not worth the effort

71. What is the most revolutionary smart home technology according to the author?

A. The plasma TV fireplace.

B. The automatic garden sprinkler.

C. Mirrors that turn into TV screens.

D. Heated towel-racks that turn into TVs.

72. The Smart Home Show__________.

A. seemed too good to be true

B. was a true eye-opener for the author

C. left a negative impression on the author

D. appealed less to the middle- and old-aged

73. What does the author think of buying the smart home products?

A. He was interested, but found them too expensive.

B. He was fascinated, and determined to buy them.

C. He wasn't attracted, and wouldn't buy them.

D. He wasn't sure, so he would rather wait and see.

74. Which of the following words could best describe the author's tone?

A. Overstated.

B. Objective.

C. Ironic.

D. Passionate.

Passage Five

Never before has flying been so controversial. In the space of two years, theenvironmental damage done by planes has gone from being something quietly discussedby scientists and committed environmentalists, to a headline-grabbing issue no one canignore.

Even those who fly once or twice a year on holiday can't help but feel a growingsense of guilt, while those opting for trips by car, train or ferry have a self-righteousspring in their steps.

Now, however, the backlash is beginning. The tourism and aviation industries aremobilizing, and pointing out some awkward facts. Did you know that some ferries emit far more carbon dioxide than some planes'? That driving can release twice as much carbonas flying? A new report from Balpa, the pilot's union, even claims that planes can bebetter than train.

While there are the campaigners who plot their camp at Heathrow to protest the airtravel, in Kenya plans are being drawn up for a very different camp. Looking out from acliff over the deserts of Samburuland is a stunning hotel, the O1 Malo Eco-Lodge.Revenue from the small number of visiting tourists has allowed the 5,000 acres around itto be transformed from over-grazed cattle ranch to a conservation site. More impressivestill is the O1 Malo eye project. Up to 80 per cent of adults in the area suffer sight loss, sothe O1 Malo Trust runs regular surgical camps, bringing doctors from the UK to treatthem. In January, the camp gave 102 people back their sight. "It's very simple--all of ourvisitors fly here," said Julia Francombe, the founder. "If they stopped coming, it wouldkill us."

One thing on which all sides agree is that aviation is booming, so it becomes crucialto develop

new and less polluting aircraft. Airbus's claim that it can save the world withthe A380 may be far-fetched, but its "gentle giant" plane is far more efficient and quieterthan those of 20 years ago.

Some environmentalists, however, scorn these advances, saying such measures are a"delusion." "The aviation industry is likely to vastly overstate the gains that can be madefrom technological improvements but sadly a climate friendly plane isn't on the horizon,"says Emily Armistead of Greenpeace.

So the question is: who do you believe?

75. Pollution caused by planes used to _____________.

A. be heatedly debated in the scientific community

B. be a controversial issue no one could ignore

C. draw little attention among the general public

D. divert people's attention from more important issues

76. Compared with people who fly, those who choose cars or trains for travel_________.

A. feel equally guilty of causing environmental damages

B. seem to care more about the environment than about time

C. believe that they are doing the right thing for the environment

D. are more troubled by the latest facts on environmental pollution

77. The camps in Kenya are mentioned to_________.

A. demonstrate the necessity of flying

B. emphasize the problems of flying

C. persuade people to turn to flying

D. present the two sides of flying

78. Emily Armistead suggests that the aviation industry___________.

A. has not made great efforts to develop environmentally friendly planes

B. cannot come up with environmentally friendly planes in the near future

C. should not use environmentally friendly planes to solve their problems

D. will not save the world even with environmentally friendly planes

79. What is the author's position on air travel?

A. Air travel should be avoided if possible.

B. Air travel is not as problematic as people believe.

C. It is too early to say that air travel has caused damages.

D. It is hard to decide whether we should continue air travel

80. The best title for the passage is “___________”.

A. Should We Stop Flying?

B. When Can We Stop Flying?

C. What Will Happen If We Stop Flying?

D. Will Stopping Flying Make a Difference?

PART V TRANSLATION (30 minutes, 20 points)

Section A (15 minutes, 10 points)

British previous colonial policies led to the spread of English across the world. Thiswide use of English has been reinforced by the sweeping influence of the U.S.. However,the dominance of English as an international language is considered both a blessing and acurse. For one thing, it has accelerated the extinction of some languages. People havebeen wondering about the possibility of creating a global language which might holdpromises for an end to language-caused troubles and conflicts. Unfortunately, attempts toharmonize world languages have met with little success as a result of the

reluctance ofnative speakers of a particular language to adopt another language as their mother tongue.To discard one's native language is to have the distinct features of his nation erased.

Section B (15 minutes, 10 points)

根据最新统计,67%的美国人能上网,该比例是中国的6倍。尽管互联网作用巨大,但许多问题远远没有解决,如:病毒侵入和信息安全。即使这些问题最终有可能得到解决,也需要艰辛的努力和多年时间。

PART VI WRITING ( 30 minutes, 10 points )

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no lessthan 150 words under the title of "Should outsiders be allowed to study inuniversity classrooms?" Your composition should be based on theinformation given below:

Nowadays many universities ban outsiders to study in their classrooms. They sendsecurity personnel to guard each entrance to the classroom buildings. Only students andteachers may enter. Do you think universities should allow outsiders to study in theirclassrooms? Give at least two reasons to support your ideas.