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专科__英语二_山东大学网络教育考试模拟题及答案

College English Test for Non-English Majors of Adult Education

专科(英语二)模拟一

I. Vocabulary and Structure

There are 30 questions in this part. For each question there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the One that best answers the question.

1. True love cannot be C , and it is priceless.

A. brought

B. caught

C. bought

D. broad

2. Finally the crowd broke (up) _ D ____ several groups.

A. within

B. in

C. at

D. into

3. Being afraid of the dark, she always slept A the light on.

A. with

B. by

C. beside

D. of

4. John is not C whether Eddie likes the picture of him and his family.

A. ensure

B. assure

C. sure

D. surely

5. When he got C the train, he didn’t know where he was.

A. on

B. up

C. off

D. at

6. She went into the street and A a taxi home.

A. took

B. taking

C. taken

D. had taken

7. Why should we find some C to the problems brought by TV?

A. means

B. way

C. solution

D. method

8. This region B at an average of 4,000 meters above sea level.

A. lays

B. lies

C. locates

D. places

9. I was ___ C _ _ to find his article on such an ___ _ _ topic so ___ __ .

A. surprised, excited, bored

B. surprising, exciting, boring

C. surprised, exciting, boring

D. surprising, excited, bored

10. He ___ B __ his book on the desk last night.

A. lie

B. laid

C. lay

D. lain

11. Although they are brothers, they are entirely __ B __ each other .

A. get along well with

B. different from

C. satisfied with

D. ashamed of

12. Hardly __ C __ the classroom when the class began.

A. he had entered

B. he entered

C. had he entered

D. he was entered

13. Come here and give me a ___ D ___.

A. help

B. hands

C. support

D. hand

14. This post card is sent by _ B ___.

A. a friend of father

B. a friend of my father's

C. my father friend

D. my father friend's

15. It’s foolish to A your time.

A. waste

B. leave over

C. spend

D. damage

16. With a school record like a young woman, C why didn’t you try for a university scholarship?

A. I’m shocked

B. I’m amazed

C. I’m puzzled

D. I feel pity

17. Many companies are going C because of high interest rates.

A. bankrupt

B. bankruptcy

C. to a bank

D. to banking

18. It is only a A of time before the rebels surrender.

A. problem

B. means

C. thing

D. matter

19. An important quality of a mystery shopper is that he should be good A observation.

A. at

B. in

C. for

D. to

20. B we’d arrived there we had a wonderful time.

A. only

B. once

C. one time

D. one more

21. For him, it would be a D to be able to have a day off work.

A. importance

B. matter

C. good

D. luxury

22. …a mystery shopper will typically work several stores…, taking mental notes while inside, ….D

A. things to be remembered

B. things concerning the mind

C. things fixed in the mind

D. things done in the mind

23. If a secret shopper will be sent in, …, the candidate must have a particular profile that meets a high-end, luxury car-type buyer profile. B

A. different from others

B. worthy of note or unusual

C. full of details

D. hard to please

24. Jack and Smith D the work equally between them.

A. shake

B. shade

C. shed

D. share

25. The train arrived one hour behind __ C ___.

A. plan

B. timetable

C. schedule

D. date

26. How we __ A ___ a chance to visit your country!

A. longed for

B. looked for

C. waited for

D. went for

27. That was __ D ____ minority nationalities were treated in old China.

A. what

B. which

C. that

D. the way

28. It is necessary that he ___A__ _ for Beijing right now.

A. leave

B. leaves

C. will leave

D. left

29. What chance does a ___ C ___ man who never finished high school have?

A. forty-years-old

B. forty-years-olds

C. forty-year-old

D. forty-year-olds

30. Marriage C on true love often brings happiness.

A. decided

B. determined

C. based

D. relied

II. Cloze

There are 2 passages in the part. In each passage there are 10 blanks. For each blank are provided 4 answers. Choose the one that best completes the passage.

Television 31 its first serious appearance in 1939, but it did not become common until the early 1950’s. Since then, innumerable children 32 in front of the set. However, many people now worry about the effect of TV on the young. They wonder there had never been 33 invention. Why are they so afraid? Is television really harmful?

Like almost anything else, television has its good as well as its bad sides. It has 34 joy

and interest into the lives of the old, the sick, and the lonely. Without it, some of these people would have little pleasure and no window 35 the world.

Unfortunately, some television programs have been extremely harmful to the young. Children do not have enough 36 . They do not realize that TV programs often show an unreal world. Commercials lie in order to sell products that are sometimes bad or useless. Children believe them and want to 37 what they see on TV. They believe that they will make more friends if they use a certain soap—or some other product. They believe that the murders on TV 38 are normal and acceptable. By the time they are out of high school, most young people have watched about 15,000 hours of television, and have seen about 18,000 violent 39 . If they see violent deaths every day, how can they be shocked by murder in real life?

Television has certainly changed our lives and our society. 40 its good points, it has brought many problems. We must find a solution to these problems because—whether we like it or not—television is here to stay.

31-35:DCCDB 36A 37:imitate 38:A 39:B 40:D

31. A. brought B. took C. did D. made

32. A. grew up B. are growing up C. have grown up D. grow up

33. A. such B. so an C. such an D. so

34. A. got B. took C. carried D. brought

35. A. of B. on C. to D. for

36. A. experiences B. experience C. experiencing D. an experience

37. A. integrate B. make C. initiate D. initiate

38. A. screens B. faces C. surfaces D. appearances

39. A. dead B. deaths C. deads D. death

40. A. Come with B. With along C. Upon with D. Along with

Cars are an important part of life in the United States. 41 most people feel that th ey are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn’t feel really poor 42 he has a car.

There are three main reasons the car became so popular in the United States. 43 of all the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and 44 form of transportation. With a car people can go any place without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact 45 the United States never developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public 46 . Long-distance trains have never been as common in the United States as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service 47 by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.

The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is 48 really made cars popular. Americans don’t like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don’t like to have to 49 an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want 50 to have. 41-45:ABACB 46-50:DCBAB

41. A. Without a car B. Not with a car C. Without no car D. With not a car

42. A. although B. when C. whether D. but

43. A. First B. Firstly C. At first D. The first

44. A. cheap B. most cheap C. cheapest D. cheaper

45. A. which B. that C. where D. what

46. A. movement B. carriage C. shipping D. transportation

47. A. providing B. to provide C. provided D. provides

48. A. that B. what C. how D. which

49. A. follow B. further C. chase D. run

50. A. best B. most C. worst D. least

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some true-false questions. Decide whether each of them is true (T) or false (F).

Passage 1

In the old days, divers used to go down into the sea looking for ships that had sunk, because they hoped to find gold and jewels. Now divers still search for valuable things in sunken ships, but they also try to bring to the surface the ships themselves, or parts of them. The value of different kinds of metals has increased greatly over the last twenty or thirty years and even though a ship has been under the sea for many years, it may be worth a great deal.

One famous sunken ship is the "Lusitania", which sank off the southern coast of Ireland in 1915 with a loss of nearly 1500 lives. It has four huge propellers made of an expensive metal. Today each of those propellers is worth $300,000 or more. The ship, lying on the sea-bed has been bought by a man called John Light. He paid about $1,200,000 for the whole ship. He hopes to bring up those propellers and sell them. He also hopes to sell other parts of the ship, when he has brought them to the surface, for about $ 600,000.

T51. Divers try to bring up metals because some kinds of them are worth a lot of money.

T52. Now divers still search for valuable things and try to bring to the earth surface the ships themselves.

F53. John Light hopes he may be able to sell the whole ship of “Lusitania” for more than $1.5 million.

F54. The ship “Lusitania” sank off the southwestern coast of Ireland with a lot of people drowned. F55. In the past, divers hoped to bring up everything of a sunken ship except metals.

Passage 2

More and more people today are realizing the importance of regular physical exercise. In the past, work for most people involved manual labor in the fresh open air of the fields. However, nowadays an increasing number of people are employed in offices or factories. Their daily work does not provide them with the amount of exercise their bodies need. Therefore, they have come to spend part of their free time doing regular physical exercise.

There are many different forms of exercise to suit different tastes. For example, those who enjoy competitive sports may take up ball games. Those who prefer to exercise alone can have a run or take a walk in the morning or in the evening. Besides, people can go swimming in summer

and go skating in winter. In short, no matter what their interests are, people can always find one or more sports that are suitable to them.

However, the form of physical exercise must be chosen carefully. More harm than good will result if people choose the wrong form of exercise. For the aged, Qigong or Tai Ji Quan will suit them better than competitive sports. Those who have little spare time may have a regular run in the morning. Only if the kind of exercise is chosen properly and performed regularly, will it benefit people’s health, work and study.

T56. Nowadays, more people realize the importance of physical exercise.

F57. It is unnecessary to take some exercise every day.

T58. People who enjoy competitive sports may take up basketball or football.

F59. Physical exercise can do more harm than good to people because they will feel tired after it. T60.People can always find one or more sports that benefit their health, work and study.

IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

61. He answered me, but he spoke neither slowly nor clearly.

他回答了我,但是他说的既不慢也不清楚。

62. With the Mid-autumn Festival round the corner, she is getting more and more homesick.

当中秋节一天天临近,她变得越来越想家。

63. Hong Kong is one of the world’s most important financial centers and it is also an important port city.

香港是世界上最重要的经济中心之一也是一个重要的港口城市。

V. Translate the following sentences into English.

64. 这篇新闻报导是完全根据实际情况写成的。(be based on)

This news report is written not by basing on the truth.

65. 非常感谢你把自行车借给我。(thank for)

Thank you very much for lending me the bus.

66. 我通常每三个月回老家一次去看望父母。(as a rule)

I make it as a rule to go home once every three months to see my parents.

VI. Writing

Directions: For this section, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition on the topic MY HOMETOWN. You should write your composition in about 80 words, and base it on the points suggested (given in Chinese) below.

(1)你喜欢你的家乡吗?

(2)你(不)喜欢她什么?

(3)你准备为她做些什么?

My hometown is a beautiful place whose name is Shaoxing.The great changes have taken place in my hometown in the past ten years.A lot of tall buildings , factories and roads have been built. The environment in the city has been improved. There are trees and flowers here and there.

I love my hometown. I am sure my hometown will have a brighter future.

College English Test for Non-English Majors of Adult Education

专科(英语二)模拟二

I. Vocabulary and Structure

There are 30 questions in this part. For each question there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the One that best answers the question.

1. In arranging their marriage, a couple should not consider anything A love.

A. except

B. beside

C. besides

D. accept

2. The time is ___ B ___ for great societal changes.

A. live

B. rival

C. ripe

D. rise

3. Jack said hello to John’s parents and thanked them C their kindness.

A. from

B. with

C. for

D. by

4. With the Spring Festival __B ___, the stores are crowded with people.

A. at the corner

B. round the corner

C. in the corner

D. on the corner

5. How is your work getting D ?

A. up

B. with

C. down

D. along

6. Would you mind taking B of my home for me while I’m away?

A. advantage

B. charge

C. care

D. hole

7. Television did not become very common D the early 1960s.

A. unless

B. up to

C. onto

D. until

8. When giving the orders, the captain D stress on emergency of the work.

A. give

B. get

C. lay

D. laid

9. It was in 2001 __ B ___ my elder brother went to college.

A. when

B. that

C. in which

D. which

10. _ A ____ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A. It

B. As

C. That

D. What

11. There are about fifteen hundred languages in the world. But only __ A __ of them are very important.

A. a few

B. a little

C. few

D. little

12. I don’t agree to _ C ___ he said.

A. that

B. which C .what D. how

13. Do you think the tall hat __ B __ the little man?

A. does some good for

B. did any good for

C. does some good to

D. did any good to

14. It was ____B __ late to save the drowning boy as he had gone down for the third time.

A. so

B. too

C. such

D. much

15. He was B when he heard the bad news.

A. in high spirits

B. depressed

C. having a good time

D. cheerful

16. It has been D that the food people eat affects their health.

A. proving

B. prove

C. proves

D. proved

17. He had to learn to go D drinking while he was in Saudi Arabia.

A. out with

B. out of

C. with

D. without

18. You’ll have to work harder to A with the top students in your class.

A. catch up

B. hold up

C. go up

D. get up

19. Companies often B mystery shoppers to inspect their service.

A. rent

B. employ

C. hire

D. take

20. We always aim to give our A attention to our clients.

A. personal

B. single

C. only

D. once

21. We searched for the missing papers and finally B them in a drawer.

A. sought

B. discovered

C. looked at

D. looked for

22. Nowadays mystery shoppers are armed with a number of high-tech de vices…for recording the entire experience. D

A. all of the events occurring

B. things seen and lived through

C. the act of doing and observing

D. knowledge gained by doing and observing

23. Why is it difficult for the world to talk B clones and to reach an agreement?

A. over

B. about

C. with

D. beyond

24. We had a B lesson in children education yesterday.

A. deep

B. profound

C. deeply

D. steep

25. _ C____ many difficulties, they still went on with their experiment.

A. Face

B. Faced

C. Facing with

D. Faced with

26. Rain does not __ C ___ bring down the temperature.

A. necessarily

B. certainly

C. undoubtedly

D. completely

27.To my __ B____, this guy is a good-for-nothing.

A. heart

B. mind

C. thought

D. thinking

28. It is ____ C ___ to run into danger for nothing.

A. childlike

B. childhood

C. childish

D. childishly

29. If we believe something is good and true we should ___ C ___ to it.

A. hold up

B. keep on

C. hold on

D. keep up

30. They do not allow ____ B __ in this classroom.

A. smoking

B. to smoke

C. smoked

D. being smoked

II. Cloze

There are 2 passages in the part. In each passage there are 10 blanks. For each blank are provided 4 answers. Choose the one that best completes the passage.

Cars are an important 31 of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And 32 if a person is poor he doesn’t feel really poor when he has a car.

There are three main reasons the car became so 33 in the United States. First of all the country is a huge one and Americans like to move 34 in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. 35 a car people can go any place without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never developed 36 and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been 37

common in the United States as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is 38 expensive to be used frequently.

The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don’t like to wait 39 a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don’t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule 40 time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

31-35:BCDAC 36-40:CDCAA

31. A. role B. part C. effect D. basis

32. A. ever B. still C. even D. quite

33. A. qualified B. increasing C. developing D. popular

34. A. around B. on C. along D. forth

35. A. Through B. Since C. With D. As

36. A. an interested B. an affected C. an efficient D. a satisfied

37. A. quite B. very C. too D. as

38. A. very B. so C. too D. as

39. A. for B. on C. beside D. about

40. A. their own B. theirs own C. their D. theirs

Nowadays more and more people are concerned about their health. But how to keep healthy? Different people may give different answers 41 this question. In my opinion, it is essential to do the following.

First, it is absolutely necessary to take 42 exercise every day. Research shows that getting plenty of exercise makes the heart beat faster and the lungs work harder. This 43 the heart, reduces the chance of heart attack, and helps 44 blood pressure. That’s why more and more people are becoming active in various kinds of sports and exercises. Every morning 45 people get up early and take much exercise. Some practice Tai Ji Quan and swordplay 46 others run, jog, walk or dance to music. In the afternoon, there are also many people keen down sports. Some play basketball or volleyball or table tennis, others 47 gymnastics or track events. Through sports and exercises, people become healthier and stronger.

Medical researchers have proved that what people eat affects their health. They 48 people to eat more fruits and vegetables and less meat such as beef and pork because meat contains more fat than poultry and fish. Fat can build up in the arteries, block the flow of blood, and cause a heart attack or stroke.

Getting rid of bad habits 49 smoking and drinking alcohol is also an important way to keep healthy. Smoking and drinking alcohol injure one’s health a great deal, and therefore should be given up. Unfortunately few people follow this advice.

If people follow these three ways of keeping 50 , they can greatly improve their health. 41-45:DBDCC 46-50: ADABB

41. A. of B. at C. for D. to

42. A. any B. some C. many D. lots

43. A. strengthen B. strengths C. strength D. strengthens

44. A. low B. slower C. lower D. slow

45. A. much B. lots C. many D. great

46. A. while B. but C. yet D. during

47. A. bring in for B. take in for C. come in for D. go in for

48. A. advise B. advice C. devise D. device

49. A. for B. like C. to D. at

50. A. fits B. fit C. fitful D. fitfully

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some true-false questions. Decide whether each of them is true (T) or false (F).

Passage 1

First of all, watching TV is a good relaxation. After a day of hard work, we look forward to a good relaxation. Watching TV can meet our requirements by easing our minds and comforting our physical bodies because the pleasant music and pictures can keep us away from tension and fatigue.

Besides, watching TV is entertaining. There are so many kinds of entertainment, such as sports activities, performances, plays and movies in the world. Of course, it is impossible for us to be on every spot, even with the best means of transportation of our time. However, TV can bring them right in front of us and with them our life is full of joys.

Above all, watching TV is educational. Education TV service offers teaching programs on all subjects for people of different professions as well as for students, children and aged people. No doubt, it provides the widest education and has the largest audience. Every one of us, more or less, is benefited from watching TV. In a word, TV has great influence on people’s life, work and study.

T51. The writer of the passage thinks watching TV can do us good.

F52. Our life is full of joy because of TV.

F53. Only very few audience can be benefited from watching TV.

F54. Students cannot learn any subjects at home.

F55. TV is a means of entertainment; thus it cannot provide any education for us.

Passage 2

In the old days, divers used to go down into the sea looking for ships that had sunk, because they hoped to find gold and jewels. Now divers still search for valuable things in sunken ships, but they also try to bring to the surface the ships themselves, or parts of them. The value of different kinds of metals has increased greatly over the last twenty or thirty years and even though a ship has been under the sea for many years, it may be worth a great deal.

One famous sunken ship is the "Lusitania", which sank off the southern coast of Ireland in 1915 with a loss of nearly 1500 lives. It has four huge propellers made of an expensive metal. Today each of those propellers is worth $300,000 or more. The ship, lying on the sea-bed has been bought by a man called John Light. He paid about $1,200,000 for the whole ship. He hopes to bring up those propellers and sell them. He also hopes to sell other parts of the ship, when he has brought them to the surface, for about $ 600,000.

T56. Divers try to bring up metals because some kinds of them are worth a lot of money.

T57. Now divers still search for valuable things and try to bring to the earth surface the ships themselves.

F58. John Light hopes he may be able to sell the whole ship of “Lusitania” for more than $1.5 million.

F59. The ship “Lusitania” sank off the southwestern coast of Irel and with a lot of people drowned. F60. In the past, divers hoped to bring up everything of a sunken ship except metals.

IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

61. A friend to every body is a friend to nobody.

能够成为所有人的朋友也意味着成不了任何一个人的朋友。

62. In hot days, these swimming pools are jammed with people.

在大热天,这些游泳池里总是挤满了人。

63. The total area of China is about 9,600,000 square kilometers.

中国的总面积大概是960万平方公里。

V. Translate the following sentences into English.

64. 他们命中注定永不再相逢。(be destined to)

They are destined to never meet again.

65. 我们永远不会忘记在农村度过的那个暑假。(forget)

We will never forget the summer holiday we spent in country.

66. 在中学,我们学了英语、数学、语文和其他一些课程。(and some other)

In secondary schools, we learned English, mathematics, language and some other courses.

VI. Writing

Directions: For this section, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition on the topic TRA VEL. You should write your composition in about 80 words, and base it on the points suggested (given in Chinese) below.

(1)你喜欢旅行么?为什么?

你喜欢以什么方式旅行?为什么?

when you work a long time ,you may feel very tired!what can you do ?In my opinion, to go to travel is the best ture. I like travel. because travel is a good way to experience nature and enjoy beautiful scenery.Besides by travelling ,I can get away from something that troubles me,and meet some new friends.Travel can also help me obtain some knowledge which can't be got from books. I prefer eco-travel ,I can learn more about nature and environmental problems and then do what I can to protect the earth.

College English Test for Non-English Majors of Adult Education

专科(英语二)模拟三

I. Vocabulary and Structure

There are 30 questions in this part. For each question there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the One that best answers the question.

1. Marriage C on true love often brings happiness.

A. decided

B. determined

C. based

D. relied

2. The ___A_____ scheme is destined to fail from the very beginning.

A. foolish

B. fool

C. fooled

D. folly

3. D the Christmas season, all the people are very happy.

A. With

B. For

C. To

D. In

4. Have you got ___ D ___ for the coming examination?

A. easy

B. busy

C. lazy

D. ready

5. What is the C name of Britain?

A. officious

B. offices

C. official

D. office

6. Did you take B in the fighting yesterday?

A. the part

B. part

C. parts

D. /

7. All the parents worry about the C of TV on their children.

A. defect

B. result

C. effect

D. affect

8. We are fully prepared __ C ___ more hard work.

A. on

B. in

C. for

D. \

9. The noise __ B ___ me from sleep just now.

A. arouses

B. aroused

C. arise

D. raise

10. Soon he is inside the ___ B _ building where his company has offices.

A. sixty story

B. sixty-story

C. sixty stories

D. sixty-stories

11. You should be out playing __ B __ working indoors.

A. instead

B. instead of

C. but

D. nothing but

12. When she opened the door, she found a boy ___ A _ in the snow, weeping.

A. lying

B. laying

C. lie

D. lay

13. You mustn’t blame me ___B_ that; it wasn't my fault.

A. of

B. for

C. to

D. in

14. D his old age, he still went to his office on foot every day.

A. Because of

B. In spite of

C. Though

D. Despite of

15. He is very A with his money.

A. careless

B. worried

C. free

D. thoughtless

16. You are supposed to A carelessness, for it often leads to errors.

A. get rid of

B. get the rid of

C. get ride over

D. get ridden

17. How do English people use B ?

A. a knife and fork

B. knife and fork

C. the knife and fork

D. knife and forks

18. He seemed to feel the C of some explanation.

A. essential

B. wish

C. necessity

D. necessary

19. Sometimes it’s important for a mystery shopper to have the right B .

A. program

B. profile

C. progress

D. process

20. If you order the tickets by phone, you have to pay a $2 C charge as well as $13.50 for each ticket.

A. serving

B. serve

C. service

D. serves

21. The scientist played an important part in developing his country’s nucl ear power C .

A. process

B. profile

C. program

D. progress

22. It’s a challenging job but a rewarding one. C

A. easy and quick

B. light and profitable

C. useful or beneficial

D. hard or slow

23. People are rather B about the appearance of clones.

A. doubt

B. doubted

C. doubtful

D. doubting

24. The essays by foreign students are well-written ___D ___ some spelling mistakes?

A. beside

B. besides

C. except

D. except for

25. It is the boy’s laziness that __ A ___ his failure in the exams….

A. resulted in

B. resulted from

C. brought in

D. led into

26. Be sure to __ C ___ your work at the end of exam.

A. set aside

B. hang up

C. look over

D. catch sight of

27. Scientists didn’t know much about lung cancer __ C ____.

A. before long

B. long before

C. until recently

D. very soon

28. The manager said the plan was terrible and had ___ B ___ chance of success.

A. a few

B. few

C. a little

D. little

29. I had no sooner closed the door __ B ____ somebody started knocking on it.

A. as

B. than

C. before

D. when

30. True love cannot be C , and it is priceless.

A. brought

B. caught

C. bought

D. broad

II. Cloze

There are 2 passages in the part. In each passage there are 10 blanks. For each blank are provided 4 answers. Choose the one that best completes the passage.

Nowadays more and more people are concerned 31 their health. But how to keep healthy? Different people may give different answers to this question. In my opinion, it is essential to do 32 .

First, it is absolutely necessary to take some exercise every day. Research shows that getting 33 of exercise makes the heart beat faster and the lungs work harder. This strengthens the heart, reduces the chance of heart 34 , and helps lower blood pressure. That’s 35 more and more people are becoming active in various kinds of sports and exercises. Every morning many people get up early and 36 much exercise. Some practice Tai Ji Quan and swordplay while others run, jog, walk or dance to music. In the afternoon, there are also many people keen 37 sports. Some play basketball or volleyball or table tennis, others go in for gymnastics or track events. Through sports and exercises, people become healthier and stronger.

Medical researchers have proved that 38 people eat affects their health. They advise people to eat more fruits and vegetables and less meat such as beef and pork because meat

contains more fat than poultry and fish. Fat can build 39 in the arteries, block the flow of blood, and cause a heart attack or stroke.

Getting rid of bad habits like smoking and drinking alcohol is also an important way to keep heal thy. Smoking and drinking alcohol injure one’s health a great deal, and therefore should be given up. 40 few people follow this advice.

If people follow these three ways of keeping fit, they can greatly improve their health.

31-35:CADAB 36-40:BACCD

31. A. over B. of C. about D. for

32. A. the following B. a following C. that follows D. as follows

33. A. plenty B. a plenty C. the plenty D. plenties

34. A. attack B. struggle C. hit D. strike

35. A. reason B. why C. whys D. reasons

36. A. grasp B. take C. hold D. carry

37. A. on B. up C. down D. to

38. A. / B. this C. what D. that

39. A. on B. down C. up D. over

40. A. Unfortunate B. Fortunately C. Fortunate D. Unfortunately

The mechanics of eating

Correctly, no one should start eating until everyone has been served. 41 , if some people are served before others, the unserved should turn to the served, and say “Don’t wait; please start.” The served do 42 , but pick slowly at their food so that the others will be able to catch up.

The set of silverware 43 you at a classy dinner can be formidable, but the rule is simple: use it from the outside in. That is, you use the outside spoon 44 your soup, the middle one for dessert, and the inner one for your coffee.

We eat nearly everything with a fork, which most people 45 in the right hand. If something has to be cut up, you switch your knife to the right hand and 46 your cutting, then lay down the knife, switch the fork to the right hand and eat. English people prefer the efficiency of keeping the fork in the left hand and knife in the right.

Spoon-feeding

Foods too liquid to be eaten with a fork are eaten with a spoon. It is 47 form to drink from you soup bowl, which should not be lifted from the table. When you are 48 , lay the spoon on the plate under the soup bowl. You show that you have finished by laying the knife and fork side-by-side on the right-hand side of the plate.

The check

49 father and two brothers who went out to dinner may split the check three ways. In a family this is most unusual, but among friends, splitting the check is common. If you don’t owe me and I don’t owe you we have a nice 50 relationship.

41-45: DCBDD 46-50: CCDBD

41. A. However B. Somehow C. In spite of D. Whereas

42. A. such B. so C. it D. /

43. A. faced B. facing C. faces D. face

44. A. with B. at C. of D. for

45. A. have B. get C. grasp D. hold

46. A. grasp B. take C. make D. do

47. A. the B. a C. bad D. some

48. A. finish B. finishes C. finishing D. finished

49. A. Any B. Some C. The D. A

50. A. never B. ever C. evenly D. even

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some true-false questions. Decide whether each of them is true (T) or false (F).

Passage 1

AIDS, fifty years ago, didn’t exist. Fifteen years ago a few doctors and public health officials noticed the first cases. Within a few years it was clear that it has now killed almost 14 million people around the world.

Four years ago doctors came up with the first treatment to make a dent in the spiraling death rate. Today that treatment works for some patients, but it’s not clear how long results will last. And still there is no cure.

For the nearly 35 million people around the world now living with HIV, there may never be a cure. Once cells are infected with HIV, it is very difficult —perhaps impossible ―to rid them of the virus. The only sure way to stop AIDS is to prevent infection in the first place, and only a vaccine can do that.

Unfortunately HIV is one of the most changeable viruses known to science. After more than a dozen years, it is still rather difficult to produce effective vaccine.

Still the billions of dollars spent on AIDS research over the past 20 years has not been wasted. As scientists learn more about how HIV survives in the human body, they are realizing that drugs alone may not be enough. To contain the virus effectively, it may take a balance between drug treatments that can keep HIV levels low and a strengthened immune system that can then target and destroy the remaining virus. Until scientists find a vaccine, however, they may control but never cure the century’s final s courge.

F51. AIDS didn’t exist fifteen years ago.

T52. Scientists have found a vaccine which can prevent HIV infection.

T53. Although some treatment works for some patients with HIV, there is still no cure.

T54. HIV is a changeable virus so that it is very difficult to produce effective vaccine.

F55. We have wasted billions of dollars on AIDS research.

Passage 2

Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the differences between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught—to walk, run,

climb, whistle, ride a bicycle—compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer to that problem is, whether or not this is a good way of saying or doing this or that.

If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. L et’s end all this nonsense of grades, exams, and marks. Let us throw them all out, let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn and how to measure their own understanding, and how to know what they know or do not know. Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible to them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a body of knowledge to be learned at school and used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours. Anxious parents and teachers say, “But suppose they fail to learn something essential, something they will need to get on in the world?” Don’t worry! If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learn it.

(F)56. The best way for children to learn a language and other things is for them to make mistakes

and have them corrected by themselves.

F57. School teaching looks as if teachers think that children would notice a mistake and have it corrected themselves.

T58. When it comes to a matter of right answers, teachers should give children the answer book and let them correct their own papers.

(F)59. The author strongly suggests that without correcting children’s mistakes, they would grown

up into adults who are unable to think for themselves.

(F)60. The passage aims to say that it is necessary for parents to teach their children things that

they will need to get on in the world.

IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

61. The little hero prefers to die rather than surrender.

这个小英雄宁愿选择死也不愿投降。

62. The mystery was solved when the police discovered the murder weapon.

当警察发现谋杀工具时,秘密被揭开了。

63. We never know the value of water till the well is dry.

我们从来不知道水的价值直到这口井干枯了。

V. Translate the following sentences into English.

64. 办公室已把打字机换成了电脑。(switch…to)

The office has switched the typewriter to computer.

65. 她将去纽约,或者确切地讲,她将乘飞机去纽约。(or rather)

She will go to New York, or Rather, she will fly to New York.

66. 他开始明白为什么计划失败了。(set out)

He set out to understand why the plan failed.

VI. Writing

Directions: For this section, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition on the topic SELF-STUDY. You should write your composition in about 80 words, and base it on the points suggested (given in Chinese) below.

(1)你认为自学难还是不难?

(2)说出你的理由。

Self-study is a good way of improving our knowledge of things. Some of the great scientists and lecturer couldn't afford to go to school so they just studied at home without anybody's help. Sometimes self-study could be more affective then going to schools and listen to teachers telling you what to do, but sometimes it will be better to learn in schools to furtherly knowing whats going on.