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八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级上册单词巧记+句型语法剖析

Unit 9 When was he born

三点剖析

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

单词·巧记·典句·考点

national []adj国家的;全国的

【巧记提示】nation(国家)+al(形容词后缀

【经典例句】Yang liwei becomes the national

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

杨利伟成了民族英雄。

【考点聚焦】1)同根词:nationalism 民族主义

2)短语:national anthem 国歌

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

become []v.成为;变成

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【巧记提示】 be(是)+come(来)

【经典例句】 He hopes to become

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

他希望长大后当一名工程师。

【考点聚焦】1)become 后面可加名词、形容词,表示“成为……”。如:

I want to become a teacher.我想成为一名教师。

2)短语:became interest in 对……感兴趣

【活学活用】1.选择

When did she

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

A.became

B.become

C.is

D.was

答案:B

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

call []v把……叫做;称呼;为……取名

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【巧记提示】c+all(所有的)

【经典例句】You can call

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

你可以叫我马太。

【考点聚焦】1) call后面加双宾语。

2)常见的短语:call at 访问(某地);call for 要求,号召;call on 拜访

3)call还有“打电话”的意思。如:

Please call me when you come back.当你返回来的时候,给我打电话。【活学活用】2.选择

This is Tiger Woods,you can

A.call him

B.call he

C.call for him

D.call on him 答案:A

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

piece []n艺术品、音乐的)幅;篇;首

【经典例句】 What a beautiful piece

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

多好听的一首曲子啊!

【考点聚焦】1)a piece of+不可数名词如:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

a piece of cloth 一块布;a piece of wood 一块木头

2)在修饰后面的名词时,常把形容词放在piece的前面。如:

a long piece of wood 一块长木头

【活学活用】3.选择

Li Yundi could hum songs and different

A.musics

B.music

C.piece of music

D.pieces of music

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

答案:D

alive []adj活着的;在世的

【巧记提示】 a(形容词前缀)+live(居住)

【经典例句】An enemy officer was caught alive

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

一名敌方军官被活捉。

【考点聚焦】1)alive 只可作表语,不可作定语。如:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

Who is the greatest man alive? 谁是当今最伟大的人?

2)living 活着的,有生命的,living既可作表语,又可作定语。

【活学活用】4.选择

Lots of house were on fire(着火),the little girl was the only

A.living

B.live

C.alive

D.lovely

答案:C

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

number []n号码;编号

【经典例句】Please tell me your telephone number

请告诉我你的电话号码。

【考点聚焦】1)number缩写形式:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

2)number后面加数字。如:Room No.201 201房间

3)a number of 大量的,作主语时谓语动词是复数;the number of ……的数量,作主语时谓语动词为单数。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

A number of students are cleaning the playground.许多的学生正在打扫操场。

The number of students is 50.学生的数量是50人。

【活学活用】5.选择

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

A.A number of students

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

C.The number of student

D.Number of students

答案:A

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

stop []v停止

【经典例句】Let’s sto

我们在课堂上不要说话。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【考点聚焦】1)stop后面可以加名词。如:

Jim wants to stop the car.吉姆想让那辆车停下来。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

2)stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事情

3)stop to do sth. 停下来去做别的事情

【活学活用】6.选择

Shakespeare was a famous playwright(剧作家).He stopped

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

A.to write

B.wrote

C.writing

D.write

答案:A

短语·典句·考点

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

too...to... 太……而不能

【经典例句】He is too young to

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

他太小了以至于不能学习。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【考点聚焦】1)too...to...表示“太……以至于不……”,表达否定含义的句子。

2)在too+adj.+to结构中,形容词要用原形。如:

He is too young to join the army.他太小了不能参军。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

3)短语:never too...to...表示“不……还可以……”,表达肯定含义的句子。如:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

He is never too young to learn.他还没有小到不能学习。

【活学活用】7.合并为一个句子

My sister is young.She can’

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

My sister is young look after herself.

答案:too,to

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

take part in 参加

【经典例句】 Do you want to take part in the sports

你想参加运动会吗?

【考点聚焦】1)take part in参加活动。如:

Why not take part in the English Corner? 为什么不参加英语角呢?

2)join参加(组织、党派);attend 参加(会议、报告)

I decided to join the Party.我决定入党。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

I was ill,I couldn’t attend the meeting.我不舒服,我不能参加会议了。

【活学活用】8.选择

He a wri

A.joins

B.joined

C.takes part in

D.took part in

答案:D

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

because of 因为

【经典例句】He can’t go to school because of

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

他生病了不能上学。

【考点聚焦】1)because of后面加名词。

2)because of+名词相当于because+句子如:

He can’t go to school because of illness.= He can’t go to school because he was ill.

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【活学活用】9.同义句转换

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

I failed in the exam yesterday carelessness.

答案:because of

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

at the age of...在……岁时

【经典例句】At the age of 4 Mike beg

迈克四岁时就开始写诗。

【考点聚焦】at the age of...后面加数字来表示年龄,相当于when引导的时间状语从句。如:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【活学活用】11.词语释义

He began to learn the accordion at the age of four

A.before four

B.after four

C.when he was four

D.at four o’clock

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

答案:C

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

spend with sb.和某人一起度过

【经典例句】Arthur spends all his free time with his grandson

Arthur所有的空余时间都是和他的孙子度过的。

【考点聚焦】1)spend “花费”。在某物上花费是“spend...on...”。如:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

He doesn’t spend much time on his homework.他花在作业上的时间不多。

2)spend...(in)doing sth.做某事花费……如:

I spent an hour reading.我花了一小时读书。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

句子·剖析·拓展

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

When did he stop hiccupping?

他什么时候停止打嗝的?

【剖析】1)本句是疑问句的语序:疑问词+助动词+主语+动词?

2)句中出现了stop doing的结构表示“停止做某事”。

【拓展】

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

—He hiccupped for 69 years and 5 months.他打嗝有69年零5个月了。

【剖析】1)How long用来询问“多长时间”,句中的动词要用延续性动词。

2)其回答常常用for+一段时间来表示。如:for 10 years 10年了;for 20 hours 20个小时了

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

莫扎特在他四岁的时候就开始作曲了。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【剖析】年龄表达方法

(1)用基数词表达年龄,可以加上“...years old”

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

(2)用when引导的从句when I was three(years old)

(3)at the age of +基数词

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

(4)基数词+year old three year old,注意这种表达常作定语如a three year old boy。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

Arthur是一个慈爱的祖父,他所有的空余时间都是和他的孙子度过的。

【剖析】1)loving来修饰grandfather表示“慈爱的祖父”;

2)句中用spend来表示“花费时间/金钱”。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

【拓展】spend 和介词in,on搭配,要根据介词后面的单词词性来判断。如:

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

他买书已花了五百元。

He spent five hundred yuan on books.(介词on后面加名词)

He spent five hundred yuan in buying books.(介词in后面加动词)

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

当他还是个小孩子的时候,他就可以哼唱歌曲和比较难的乐曲。

【剖析】1)when “当……时候”,引导时间状语从句。句中常用过去式;

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

2)music 是不可数名词,一段音乐应该表达为:a piece of music。

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

例1—

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

A.When

B.Why

C.Where

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

思路解析:此句从答语“三年前”,就可以判断是针对时间的提问。答案:

绿色通道:根据答语来确定疑问词的选择是英语学习中常用到的方法。why—原因;where—地点;what—事件。

例2(经典回放)The light of this room was dim for Tom read last night.

A.too;to

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

C.too;not to

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

思路解析:too...to表示“太……以致不能”,肯定形式表示否定的意义,相当于

。本句意为“这个房间的灯太暗了,以至于汤姆昨晚没能看书”。答案:

绿色通道:英语中有些单词暗含有字面以外的含义,如:blue有“绿色”之意,还有“心

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

情郁闷”的意思。green是“绿色的”,还有“未成熟的,年幼的”的意思。

例3I saw Mr.Wang

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

A.went

B.goes

C.going

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

思路解析:see的意思是“看见”,它后面可接动词原形,表示“看见某人做某事的全过程”,也可接动词的-ing形式,表示“看见某人正在做某事”。本题中go into the school library是一个短暂的过程,且发生的时间是“just now”。答案:

黑色陷阱:本题容易错选B项。原因是没有完整考虑句子结构,即 see sb.doing sth.和see sb.do sth.这两个固定结构。

巧学法园地

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

与动词搭配、表示动作方向的介词用to还是用

八年级英语上册(unit 9 when was he born)单词巧记+句型语法剖析 人教新目标版

有些动词后面跟的介词to,有的动词后面要用介词for。

常用介词to的动词有:

常用介词for的动词有:leave,start,head,set off,set out,etc.