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外研版英语九年级上册知识点总结

外研版英语九年级上册知识点总结Module 1 Wonders of the world

短语归纳

1.wonders of the world世界奇观

natural wonders 自然奇观man-made wonders 人造奇观

2.join in参加;加入(活动) = take part in

3. on the eastern coast of ...在.....的东海岸

4. in one’s opinion据某人看来;按某人的意见

5. more than = over 多于,超过

6. produce electricity 供电

7. millions of 数百万的;数以百万计的

8. would like to do sth. = want to do sth. 想做某事..

would like sb. to do sth= want sb to do sth想要某人做某事

9.get out of ...从....出来

10. go through 意为“穿过,强调从物体内部穿过”;look through浏览

11. fall away突然向下倾斜

12. look over 从(某物上面)看过去:仔细检查(check)look across眺望

look down to 俯视;向下看look down upon瞧不起某人

13.at the top 在.....顶部on top of 在.....上面

14. at the bottom of在.....的底部at the end of 在.....尽头,末端

15. be famous for意为“以.......而闻名”

16. do an interview做采访do an interview with sb. 采访某人

17. go down下去;下沉;坠落

18. wait for 等候

19. dozens of 许多

20. in height高度;在高度上

用法集萃

1.agree with sb 同意某人agree to do sth 同意做某事

2.would like to do sth 想要做某事

3.in +一段时间在.....(多长时间)之后,常用于回答How soon 的提问

4.have been/gone to 以及have been in的区别

5.because of+名词because+从句因为。。。。。

6.without doing sth 没有做某事

7.be afraid of doing sth. 害怕某事会发生/ be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事不要害怕犯错误,我们可以从中学习。

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes:we can learn from them.

8.one of +the +形容词最高级+可数名词复数最......的.....之一

9.look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事

Module 2 Public holidays

短语归纳

1.since then 从那以后

2. have a three-day holiday 有三天的假期

3. public holiday 公众假日

4. have one day off 有一天的休息时间

5. all kinds of 各种各样的

6. take a vacation spend a vacation 度假介词短语:on / for vacation

He is going to take a vacation to Beijing. = He is going to Beijing on / for vacation.

7.have a picnic去野餐

8. have fun = have g good / great time = enjoy oneself 玩得开心;过得愉快

have fun doing sth. 高兴做某事

9. as soon as…一…就…引导时间状语从句(主将从现)

I will call you as soon as I get there.

10. give thanks for 为某事/某物而感谢I gave thanks for your help.

give thanks to sb. 向某人表示感谢They gave thanks to me.

Say thanks to sb for sth=thank sb for sth因某事想某人表示感谢

11. lay the table摆设餐桌

12. tell a story= tell stories 讲故事tell a lie 撒谎tell a joke 讲笑话

13. as well也,位于肯定句句末。She likes swimming. I like swimming as well.

14. plenty of大量的,充足的,后接可数名词复数或不可数名词都可以,同a lot of。

15. make much progress取得很大的进步

make progress in (doing) sth. 在(做)某事方面取得进步

16.think about考虑;思考

17.make a plan for为......制定计划

18.wake sb. up叫醒某人get out of bed 起床

19. fall asleep睡着

20. in different ways以不同的方式

21. count down倒数

22. depend on依靠,依赖;取决于We can’t always depend on our parents.

depend on sb. to do sth. 指望某人做某事We shouldn’t depend on him to finish the work.

23.get together 聚会

24.apart from除......以外(还有), 相当于besides。

Apart from the cost, it will take a lot of time. 除了花费外,它还需要许多时间。

用法集萃

1.have+一段时间+off放多长时间的

2.复合不定代词/复合不定副词+形容词sth interesting

3.have fun doing sth做某事很开心

4.enjoy oneself=have fun=have a good time玩得开心

5.watch sb. do/doing sth观看某人做/正在做某事

6.teach sb. how to do sth教某人如何做某事

7.It's better to do sth.最好做某事

8.Don't you ...?(否定疑问句)难道你.......吗?

9.by doing sth 通过做某事

10.spend...(in)doing...花费......做........

Module 3 Heroes

短语归纳

1.choose to do sth. 选择做某事

2.stopping doing sth. 停止正在做的事stop to do sth. 停下去做另外一件事

3. attend university abroad 出国留学attend a meeting/lecture 参加一次会议/讲座

4. Whatever she does, she never gives up. 无论她做什么,她从不放弃。

whatever = no matter what 无论什么Take whatever you want. 你想要什么就拿什么give up doing sth. = stop doing sth. 放弃做某事You should give up smoking at once.

5. have a strong will 有坚强的意志

6. as well as 不但……而且;还She can speak English as well as Japanese.

as well as 同……一样好(同级比较的结构) He plays the piano as well as you.

7. take care of = look after 照顾;护理

take good care of …= look after …well 好好照顾

8. the + 形容词,表示某一类人,表示复数意义,若用作主语,谓语动词用复数形式。

the rich富人the poor穷人the sick病人the old老人the young年轻人9. so that以便; 为的是(从句中出现情态动词,so that引导的是目的状语从句)

He got up early so that he could catch the early bus.

10. at that time 那时候,在那时

11. on one’s own = by oneself = alone 独自;单独of one’s own某人自己的

The girl can finish the work on her own / by herself.

12. It’s useful for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人有用It’s useful for you to know the rules.

be useful to sb. 对某人有用This book is useful to young people.

be useful for (doing) sth. 某事/某物有用

13. without doing sth. 没有做某事(做伴随状语)without sth. 没有某物

He went to school without eating breakfast.

We went out without any money.

14. manage to do sth. 设法做成某事He managed to avoid an accident. 避免

15. continue doing sth. 继续做原来的事continue to do sth. 继续做另一件事

16. in the end = at last = finally 最后;终于In the end he finished the work on time.

17. die of 因……而死(内因)后跟hunger, cold, illness, a fever等名词。

The man died of his illness.

die from 由于…而死(外因)后跟wound, accident, over work, carelessness等名词。

The soldier died from his wound.

18. die for 为……而死He died for the country . die out 灭绝

19. take off (飞机等)起飞;脱下(衣服等)

20. in need of需要need n. The doctor told me I was in need of a good doctor.

21. be proud of 为……感到自豪31. set off/ out =start off/ out 出发;动身

leave for 离开去往某地set off for…动身/出发去…

22. get away 离开,逃离

23. on one’s way home在某人回家的路上

Module 4 Home alone

短语归纳

1.look after=take care of照顾

2.be careful with /of小心(对待).......

3.make sure确保

4.plenty of许多,大量

5. wake up醒;醒来

6.text message 短信

7. be about to do sth. 将要/打算做某事8. have a good trip 旅途愉快

9.a couple of两个10.turn off关掉;关闭(设备)turn on 开

11. sb. be/feel bored with sth. 某人对某事感到厌烦

12. come true实现I hope our dreams can come ture.

13.be worried about= worry about担心get worried 担心

14. on business出差15. at last最后;终于

16. have fun玩得高兴17.as soon as一......就......

18. hurry to do sth. 匆忙做某事19. ask sb. for sth.向某人要某物

20. hand in上交21. be unable to do sth.不能做某事

22. on time 准时23. help sb. with sth. =help sb. (to) do sth.

24. tidy up收拾;整理25. plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事

26. depend on依靠;依赖;取决于27. say goodbye to sb.和某人道别

28. see sb. off送别某人29. be busy doing sth. be busy with sth.

30. be /get ready for sth. 为某事准备好be/get ready to do sth. 准备好做某事

31. in a hurry 匆忙hurry up 赶快32. by accident= by chance 意外地,偶然地33. later on 以后,后来34. take away 拿走,带走

35. in danger 处于危险中36. all day long整天

37. point out 指出38. call the police 报警

39. clean up 清理40. fight with 与……打架

用法集萃

1. so+be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语........也是如此

2. so+形容词/副词+that从句如此......以至于

3. advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事 4 be about to do sth.即将做某事

5. a bit+形容词/副词有点.....

6. a few+可数名词复数几个......

7.be happy to do sth.做某事很高兴8. learn to do sth.学会做某事

Module 5 Museums

短语归纳

1.be against the rule 违反规定

2. in trouble 处于困境

3.No entry. 禁止入内。

4. no good不合适的,不方便的That’s no good. 那不行。

5. take a photo /photos / pictures 拍照

6. No photos. 禁止拍照。

7. No wonder. 难怪、不足为奇8. go upstairs/downstairs上楼/下楼

9. punish sb. for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而惩罚某人

10. be different from 与……不同

11. the answer to the question 那个问题的答案the key to the door 门的钥匙

12. physics experiments 物理实验

13. as well as 不仅……而且14. fill …with…把…装满…=be full of 15. find out 查明16. compare...with 把…和…相比较

17. people of all ages 各个年龄段的人18. be free 免费

19. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事allow doing sth. 允许做某事

20. make a noise 发出噪音21.write down写下

22. get into trouble陷入麻烦23. make sure确保;务必

24. in the whole world在全世界25. between... and...在.......和......之间

26. drop in顺便拜访drop in on sb. 顺便拜访某人drip in at sp. 参观某地

用法集萃

1.What a/an+形容词+名词单数!多么......一个......!What a big school!

2. What’s the matter (with sb.)?(某人)怎么了?

3. pay attention to (doing)sth.注意(做)某事

4. look forward to doing sth.期待做某事

5.pay attention to (doing) sth. 注意(做)某事

Module 6 Problems

短语归纳

1. too much + 不可数名词太多的

2.play the guitar 弹吉他

3. play musical instruments 演奏乐器

4.stop sb. (from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事

5. make a deal with sb. 与某人达成协议

6. fail the exam 考试不及格pass the exam 通过考试fail to do sth. 做某事没成功

7. want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

8. get into the habit of (doing) sth. 养成做某事的习惯

9. That’s /It’s a shame. = That’s /It’s a pity. What a shame/pity!真可惜;真遗憾

10. No deal. 不行。11. instead of (doing) sth. 代替/而不是做某事12. That’s not the point. 那不是重点。13. consider doing sth. 考虑做某事

14. last word 最终决定;最后一句话15. ask for one’s advice 征求某人的建议

16. come round to sp. 拜访(某地)She said she would come round to my house.

17. use sth. for (doing) sth. 把某物用于(做)某事We use knives for cutting things.

18. go wrong 出毛病;出故障19.get sb. to do sth 让某人做某事

20. try out 试用;试21. take off 起飞;脱下;卸载

22. no longer = not ... any longer no more = not …any more 不再

23. be angry with sb. 生某人的气be angry at sth. 对某事生气

24. get back 找回;要回25. make mistakes 犯错

26. at least 至少at most 至多

27. apologise to sb. for (doing) 因某事向某人道歉

=make an apololgy to sb. for (doing) sth.

28. pay the bill 付钱;29. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

30. warn sb. (not) to do sth. 警告某人(不要)做某事

31. by mistake 错误地32.hurry up 快点;赶快

33. get high marks 取得高分34. pocket money 零花钱

35. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事36. save up储存、贮藏

37. by mistake错误地38. get into trouble with sb. 与某人关系紧张

39. warn sb. of /about (doing) sth. 警告某人关于(做)某事

用法集萃

1.ask to do sth.要求做某事

2.decide to do sth.决定做某事

3.ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

4. finish doing sth.完成某事

5.It’s + adj. +to do sth. 做某事是…的.

Module 7 Great books

短语归纳

1. more…than…与其说…不如说…He is more a friend than a teacher.

He is more fortunate than intelligent.与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。

2. make sense合情理;明智,有意义make sense to sb. /sth. 对某人/某物有意义That does not make sense to me. 那对我没意义。

3. influence sb. / sth. 影响…= have an influence on sb. /sth. 对…有影响

I don’t want to influence you. He has a great influence on the government.

4. by the way顺便问一下

5. be supposed to do sth. = should do sth.应该做某事

6. not as/so..as... 不如.......

7. get into trouble遇上麻烦

8. in the middle of 在......中间/中部

9.take away拿走,带走run away逃跑,逃走

10. escape from…从…逃跑11. for a time 一度,一时,一段时间

12. be surprised to do sth.对做某事感到惊讶

be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊奇

in surprise 吃惊地,惊奇地

to one’s surprise/amazement/astonishment 令某人吃惊的是

13. more than + 名词不只是,不仅仅是Bamboo is used for more than buildings.

14. pay for (sth.)为…付钱;为.....付出代价pay off 偿清(债务),取得好的结果和回报

15.in everyday English用日常英语16. in the form of以......的方式,以.......的形式17.grow up成长,长大18.all the time总是,一直19.miss school缺课,逃学

20. laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人smile at sb.对某人微笑

21. turn the situation round扭转局势22. in return作为回报

23. be included in被包括在.......中24. for free无偿,免费25.get lost迷路,丢失用法集萃

1. describe ...as...把....描绘成....,把......说成......

2. I suppose (that)+从句我猜想

3. It's a pity that+从句遗憾的是.....

4. be pleased to do sth很高兴做某事

5. why don’t you do sth.? = Why not do sth.? 为什么不做某事?

6.What’s up?= What’s wrong?=What’s the matter? + with sb. /sth. 某人/某物有某事

7. It is thought to be = People think that 人们认为

Module 8 Sports life

短语归纳

1.stand for是.......的缩写;代表

2. train for 为……训练

3. play against和......比赛

4. beat sb.打败某人/团队win the match /prize 赢得比赛/奖品

5. no way决不;不可能

6. face the truth 面对事实

7. have no chance to do sth. /have no chance of doing sth. 没机会做某事

8. remember to do sth. = don’t forget to do sth. 记得做某事= 不要忘记做某事

9. be mad at/ with sb. = be angry with sb. 生某人的气

be mad on/about sb./sth. 特别喜欢某人或某物

be angry at /about sth. 对某事生气

10. nice work= good joy = well done做得好

11. cheer for sb. 为某人加油cheer sb. up 让某人开心/振作起来

12. success n. 成功succeed v. successful adj. successfully adv.

13. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

be encouraged to do sth. 被鼓励去做某事

14.have the ability to do sth. 有做某事的能力

have the ability in doing sth.有能力做某事

15. set up 建立,成立16. at the same time 同时

17. make /break the record 创造/打破纪录keep/ hold the record保持记录

18.at the same time同时19. in fact事实上,实际上

20. from now/then on 从现在/那时起

21. suffer …from…患(病),受(某病)折磨

22. continue to do sth.= go on to do sth.;

continue doing sth. = go on doing sth. 继续做某事

23. take pride in...以.......为骄傲=be proud of

24. prepare for...为......做准备prepare…for…为…准备…

25. first of all 首先,起初(强调次序)

above all 首要的是,最重要的是(强调要引起特别注意)

用法集萃

1.That’s no excuse. 那不是借口。

2.It is a pity that 令人遗憾的是

3. stop/prevent/ sb. (from) doing sth.=keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事Module 9 Great inventions

短语归纳

1. to some degree在某种程度上

2. put up挂;张贴;公布;举起;搭起;

3. take good care of好好照顾;好好看管

4. hear from sb. 收到某人的信

5. I wonder = I want to know 我想知道

6. in the future 在将来in the past 在过去

7. thousands of 数以千计的;成千上万的

8. lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人borrow sth. from sb. /sp. 从某人/某地借某物

9. be replaced by被......取代10. look through 快速阅读;浏览

11. go to sleep 入睡;睡着12. in those days 在那个年代

13. at a time 每次;一次14. by hand 用手;靠手做

15. as a result 结果;因此as a result of 由于;因为

16. make sb. /sth. + adj. 使某人/某物处于某种状态The bad news makes her sad.

17. in a way从某一点上看;在某种程度上18. compare …to…把…比作/看作

19. an amount of + 不可数名词大量的20. varied /all kinds of 各种各样的

21. wait and see 等等看;等着瞧22. keep away from 远离

23. do research=do a survay 做调查24. search for搜寻;搜查

25. write to sb. = write a letter to sb.结某人写信

26. what’s more 而且,更重要的是

27. communicate with 与……联系28. in the near future 在不久的将来

用法集萃

1. lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人

2. promise sb. to do sth. 承诺某人做某事

3. allow sb to do sth 允许某人干某事

4. instead of doing sth. 代替做某事

5. It seems +(that)从句看起来好像......

6. start to do sth.开始做某事

7. need to do sth. 需要做某事8. not与all连用表示“并不是所有的都”

9. It’s +形容词+to do sth.做某事是....的10. tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事11. learn to do sth学做某事12. in the序数词century在......世纪Module 10 Australia

短语归纳

1.Here we go我们这就去看看

2. according to 根据;按照

3. lie off/ to /in /on 位于

1). in表示A地在B地范围之内.如: Taiwan is in the southeast of China.

2). to表示A地在B地范围之外,即二者之间有距离间隔.

如: Japan lies to the east of China.

3.) on表示A地与B地接壤、毗邻.如: North Korea is on the east of China.

4. )off表示“离……不远的海上”.

如: New Zealand lies off the eastern coast of Australia.

4. keep a diary 写日记

5. at the time = at that time 在那时

6. at the moment现在;此刻

7. Sb. be surprised at sth.某人对…感到惊奇

8. far behind 与......相差很远

9. be /get used to doing sth. 习惯做某事used to do sth. 过去经常做某事

10. be proud to be 以是…而自豪 11.get along 和睦相处

用法集萃

1.ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要求某人(不)做某事

2.That’s why…那就是…的原因

3.That’s because…那就是因为…

4.keep sb. /sth. away 使某人/某物不靠近

5. brush sth. off sth. 把某物从某物身上刷掉

6. write a letter to sb. 给某人写信

Module 11 Photos

短语归纳

1. take photos拍照

2. You bet. = sure = of course = certainly 当然。

3. The thing is…. 重要的是

4. have difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

5.for the first time 第一次

6. be in with a chance to do sth. = be in with a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事have a chance to do sth. = have a chance of doing sth.

7. more than + 形/副词= very 非常more than happy = very happy 非常开心

8. read out 宣读9. be pleased with 对......感到满意

10. compared with…与…相比(作状语)

11. even though = even if 尽管(引导让步状语从句)

12. protect…against /from…保护…免受…

13. congratulations to sb. 向某人祝贺congratulations on sth. 为某事祝贺

congratulate sb. on sth. 为某事向某人祝贺congratulate v. 祝贺

14. thanks to sb. = say/ give thanks to sb. 向某人表示感谢

thanks to = because of 幸亏;由于

15. far (away) from离......远,远离

用法集萃

1.Why don’t you do...?为什么不做

2. What about doing sth.?做某事怎么样

3. be sorry to do sth.对做某事感到抱歉

4. protect +宾语+against保护......;使......不受

5. I have a feeling that… 我有种感觉

6. Would /Do you mind sb. /one’s doing sth.? 你介意某人做某事吗?

7.It takes (sb.)some time to do sth. (某人)花费时间做某事

Module 12 Save our world

短语归纳

1. spread over cities and villages 遍及城市和乡村

2. be a danger to 对……有伤害

3. ask for sb. 找某人,求见某人ask for sth. 要某物ask sb. for sth. 向某人要某物

4. divide …into…把…分成…

5. throw away 扔掉

6. be harmful to sb. /sth. = do harm to sb. /sth. 对某人/某物有害

do harm for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事有害

7. change...into = turn into把......变成...... 8. tons of 大量的,许多的

9. hope for sth. 期待/盼望某事

10. take steps to do sth. 采取措施做某事11. make a policy for 为……制政策

12. try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力做某事

13. clean up 打扫,清理

用法集萃

1.so much+不可数名词那么多so many +可数名词复数如此多

2. It’s no use doing sth. 做某事是没有用的

3. What...do with...?How …deal with…?.......怎样处理......?

4. If possible如果可能If so如果这样的话

5.It is better to do sth.最好做某事.