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中考总复习动词时态

动词时态

一、一般现在时:

1.表示习惯性、经常性发生的动作或存在的状态。

2.谓语:主语是单三,谓语就是单三(常加s/es);主

语是其它,谓语为原形。改为一般疑问句时,需在句首用助动词Do / Does,然后动词转换为原形;改为否定句时在主语后加don't / doesn't,动词用原形. (be动词除外)

3.动词单数第三人称构成方式:

①一般在词尾后加s。例如:play---plays enjoy---enjoys buy---buys ②以s,sh, ch , o结尾的加es. 例如: pass / wash / brush / teach / watch / go / do. ③以辅音字母加y结尾的,变y为i,在加es.例如:study / worry / fly ...④特殊情况: be---is have ---has

4.常与often / usually / never / sometimes / always / seldom / on Sundays / everyday/ once a week等时间状语连用。5主将从现,if / as soon as / when等引导的状语从句或表示普遍真理、客观存在的句子中。

A.用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. We'll stay at home if it ________(rain) tomorrow.

2.I'll tell him the news as soon as he _____(come) back.

3.Don't get off the bus until it_______(stop).

4.The teacher told us that the earth_____(go) around the sun.

B.选择填空

2.The children will climb the hill if it ____ tomorrow.

A. won't rain

B. didn't rain

C. doesn't rain

D. isn't raining

3. ---I’m sorry that John is out.---Please ask him to call me as soon as he _______.

A. come

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/97df853833d4b14e84246844.htmles

C. came

D. will come

7.I wonder if it will rain tomorrow.

A. want to know

B. don't know

C. think

D. ask

8.Why don't you go with me ?

A. Why not to go

B. Why not going

C. Why not go

D. Why go

9. The boy is able to draw a nice cat in five minutes.

A. may

B. can

C. will

D. must

D.句型转换

1.He does his homework at home every evening.(否定句)

He ____ ____ his homework at home every evening.

2. Jim has lunch at home every day.(一般疑问句)

______Jim _____lunch at home every day?

3. He has no brothers or sisters.(同义句)

He _____ ______any brothers or sisters.

5. He has no money with him, __________?(反意疑问句)

6. I think he is right.(否定句)

I ______ think he _____ right.

二、现在进行时:

1.表示正在进行或发生的动作。

2.谓语构成是:be+动词的ing形式。

3.动词的ing构成方式有以下几种:

①一般在词尾后加ing。例如:play / sleep / go ...

②以e结尾的取e,再加ing。例如:leave / make / have ...

③重读闭音节词,先双写结尾辅音字母,再加ing。例如:forget / swim / run / begin ...

④ie结尾的变ie为y,再加ing。例如:lie / tie / die

4.当句中出现"Look ! " ; " Listen !" ; "Don't make any noise !"等时,多与进行时连用。

5. 表示反复出现的动作,常表示说话人的某种感情如赞扬、厌烦等,常和always连用。

①Mr. Green is very kind, he is always thinking of others.

②When Edison was young, he was always asking so many strange questions.

6.表示位置移动的词,如go , come , leave , arrive等常用进行时表示将来,一般同表将来的时间状语连用。

①---Where are you going? ---To the shop.

②---When are you leaving for Beijing? ---Sometime next week.

③---Supper is ready, Linda!---Oh, I'm coming.

7. Here /there 开头时,常用一般现在时,表示正在进行。如:Look! Here comes the school bus. Listen! There goes the bell.

A.填空1. Look! The boys ___________ (play) football on the playground.

2. It's Seven o'clock now . The Smiths _________(have) breakfast.

3. Don't make any noise ! Your father ________(sleep).

4.Be quiet ! The students of Class 2 ________(have) an English class.

5. Look! There is a pet dog ____(躺) on the ground. Let’s go and play with it.

B.选择填空

( )1.---Peter , could you come and help me in the kitchen, please?

---Sorry, mum, I ____Lily with her English.

A. help

B. helped

C. have helped

D. am helping

( )2.---Excuse me, where is Lily? ---Oh, she ___the volleyball match on the playground.

A. watches

B. will watch

C. is watching

D. watched

( )3.Look! here ______the bus!

A. come

B. coming

C. to come

D. comes

三、一般过去时

1.表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。变为疑问句时,需在句首用助动词Did,然后动词转换为原形;改为否定句时,在主语后加didn't,然后动词转换为原形。(be动词除外).

2.常与yesterday / just now / last year / in 1964 / three days ago连用或since引导的从句。

3.行为动词的过去式构成方式:

①一般在词尾加ed。如:help---helped

②以e结尾的加d。如:like---liked

③重读闭音节词,先双写结尾辅音字母再加ed。

如:stop---stopped travel---travelled shop---shopped plan---planned ④以辅音字母加y结尾的,变y 为i,再ed.如:carry---carried study---studied worry---worried hurry---hurried

4.常用不规则行为动词的过去式:

A.填空:

1. It's a long time since we ______(meet) last.

2. ---____you ____(have) a good time last night? ---Yes, thanks.

3.---Have you ever been to the Great Wall before? ---Yes, I ______(go) there last spring.

4.---When ______you ______(find) your lost bike? ---Half an hour ago.

5. His parents ______(die) two years ago. Now he lives alone.

四、一般将来时

1.表示将来某一时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,

2.谓语构成:will+动词原形或be going to +动词原形。一般疑问句常提前Will,如果主语为第一人称时,需提前Shall,否定句will+not,缩写为won't.

3.常与tomorrow / next week / this evening / in three days / sometime next week等时间状语连用。

注意:

①在问对方是否愿意,或表示客气的邀请或命令时,常用Will you please (not) do sth?,回答时应为:Yes,

I will / No, I won't.

②There be 的将来时为:There will be... / There is (are)going to be.

A.选择填空

( )1.---Why are you in such a hurry, Mike? ---There___an NBA basketball match in ten minutes.

A. will have

B. are going to be

C. will be

D. is going to have

2.I don't know if it ______ tomorrow. If it ______, I'll stay at home.

A. rains ; rains

B. will rain ; will rain

C. rains ; will rain

D. will rain; rains

3.---Jim ,can you help me to wash the dishes ? ---Sorry, Dad. I _______to the shop.

A. go

B. went

C. am going

D.have gone

4.---Will you please ______with fire? ---Sorry, I won’t.

A. don’t play

B.not play

C.not to play

D. not playing

5. ---Don’t play football in the street. ---_______.

A.I won’t

B. I mustn’t

C.I can’t

D. I don’t

6. ---How soon _____your father ______back home? ---In half an hour.

A. did ; come

B. will ; come

C.are ; coming

D. has ; come

五、过去进行时

1.表示在过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作.

2.谓语构成:was / were+动词的现在分词。

3.常用的时间状语有at eight last night ; at this time yesterday ; when / while 引导的时间状语从句。A.选择填空

1.What _____ you ______(do) at this time yesterday?

2. I _______ (draw) a horse when the teacher came in.

3.While we ____________(talk), the teacher came in.

( )4 I ________ when he knocked at the door..

A. are sleeping

B. was sleeping

C. slept

D. sleep

( )5.---I called you at 7:30 yesterday evening, but there was no reply.

---Sorry. I _____ dinner with my friends.

A. had

B. was having

C. have had

D. had had

( )6. When I got there, he _____them to dance.

A. is teaching

B. teaches

C. was teaching

D. taught

六、现在完成时

1.谓语构成:have / has +动词的过去分词.否定式在助动词后加not,而疑问句则将have/has提至主语之前。

2.现在完成式的基本用法是:

①表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果,常与already / yet / ever / never / just / before / so far等连用。---Have you had your lunch yet?

---Yes, I have. I've just had it.

注意:如果强调事情发生的具体时间或地点,一定要用一般过去时。如:---Have you ever been to Beijing?

---Yes, I went there last spring.

②表示从过去开始持续到现在的动作或状态,常与for+时间段或since+时间点或since+从句(一般过去时); in the last / past few years(在过去几年间)等时间状语连用。动词要用延续性动词。

I have known Li Lei for three years. They have lived here since 1998. She has taught here since I came to this school. Great Changes have taken place in the past ten years.

3.常用的瞬间动词与与连续性动转化有:

die---be dead buy---have borrow---keep leave---be away (from) open---be open

join---be a member of / be in…start / begin---be on close---be closed catch a cold---have a cold

come / go---be+ 副词/ be in / at+ 名词become---be

get married---be married

注意:①短暂性动词常用于过去时或用于It is +时间段+since引导的时间状语从句(短暂性动词的过去时)。

②延续性动词常用于现在完成时。

3. have / has been to 与have / has gone to的区别。

have / has been to表示曾经去过某地,现在已经回来;have / has gone to表示现在去某地了,还没有回来。

Where's Jim ? He's gone to England with his family.

Though Bruce is young, he has been to many countries.

选择

( )1. ---How clean the bedroom is! ---Yes, I’m sure that someone _____it.

A. cleans

B. cleaned

C. has cleaned

D. had cleaned

( )2. ---Would you like to go to the cinema with me ? ---I am sorry I ______it twice.

A. see

B. will see

C. have seen

D. am seeing

( )3. His grandfather _____ for thirty years.

A. died

B. was dead

C. has been dead

D. has died

( )4. His brother _________ the club for two years.

A. has joined

B. has been in

C. joined

D. had joined

( )5.I _______ from my brother for a long time.

A. haven't heard

B. don't heard

C. won't heard

D. isn't heard

( )6.---What a wonderful dictionary! How long ____you_____it? ---Just for a week.

A.have ; bought

B. did ; buy

C. are ; having

D. have ; had

( )7.--Kate, shall we go back to our hometown tomorrow?---Good idea! We _____ for two years.

A. have left

B. have been away

C.left

D. will leave

( )8.He has _____ for three or four days.

A. got a headache

B. fallen ill

C. caught a cold

D. had a cold

( )9.---I'm sorry to have kept you waiting. ---Oh, not at all. I ____ here for only a few minutes.

A. have been C. had been C. was D. will be

( )10.My parents _______ Shangdong for ten years.

A. have been in

B. have been to

C. have gone to

D. went to

( )11.---How long have you ____the book?---For two weeks.

A.borrowed

B. kept

C. lent

D. returned

( )12.---Do you know Jack well? ---Certainly. We _____ friends since ten years ago.

A. were

B. have made

C. have become

D. have been

( )13.---May I speak to Mr. Green? ---Sorry, he __London. But he'll be back in two days.

A. has been to

B. has gone to

C. has been in

D. went to.

( )14. ---How long have you been in this city, Mr. Smith?---It _____ ten years since I came here.

A. is

B. was

C. will be

D. may be

C.句型转换。

1. I've already cleaned the classroom.(一般疑问句)

_____you cleaned the classroom ______?

2. He has already found his lost bike.(否定句)

He ________found his lost bike _________.

3. Susan has been in this city for over ten years.(划线提问)

______ _______ has Susan been in this city?

4. You've never ridden a horse, _______ _______?(反意疑问句)

5. Mr.Smith went to Beijing last week. and he hasn't come back yet.(同义句)

Mr. Smith has _________ ________ Beijing.

6. My father has been to Lanzhou twice.(划线提问)

How _____ _____ has your father been to Lanzhou?

7. It's three years since my sister got married.(同义句)

My sister ______ _______ married for three years.

D.同义句转换。

1. He came here three years ago.

He here for three years.

2. He borrowed this book a week ago.

He his book for a week.

3. His brother joined the army two years ago.

His brother a soldier since two years ago.

4. He arrived in Beijing last year.

He ____ in Beijing since a year ago

5. He bought this book three weeks ago.

He this book for three years.

6. The film began half an hour ago.

The film for half an hour.

7. He left China three years ago.

He from China for three years.

8. He died five years ago.

He _______ ________ _________ for five years.

9. Miss Liu became an English teacher 10 years ago.

Miss Liu ____ ____ an English teacher for 10 years.

10.My sister got married in 2001.

My sister has ________ married ______ 2001.

七、过去完成时

1.表示动作发生的时间是“过去的过去”。

2.谓语构成:had+动词的过去分词。

3.过去完成时的时间状语主要有by ,before 构成的短语,如:by the end of last term或when , before, after 引导的从句。

1.When I got there, the bus ____already _____(leave).

2.He said he ____________(see) the film before.

3.By the end of last term, we ________(learn) 1,000 new words.

( )4. The pop singers _____when I got to the music hall last night. What a pity!

A. have left

B. were left

C. had left

D. left

( )5.We _______ four books by the end of last term.

A. have learned

B. has learnt

C. had learned

D. learned

各种时态综合应用

( )1.We will have our sports meeting if it ___ tomorrow.

A. won't rain

B. didn't rain

C. doesn't rain

D. isn't raining

( )2.I won't go to see the film tonight, because I _____my ticket already.

A.lost

B. have lost

C. had lost

D. am lost

( )3.She _______in Beijing for twenty years.

A. is living

B.has lived

C. had lived

D. lives

( )6.Look ! The children ______ games near the lake.

A.is playing

B. are playing

C.play

D. plays

( )7.---Have you ever been to Beijing ? ---Yes, I _______there last spring.

A. have gone

B. went

C. had gone

D. will go

( )8. My father has been in Shanghai for 15 days. He ____back in 5 days.

A. will be

B. have been

C. had been

D. is

( )9.---When will you tell him the good news? ---I will tell him about it as soon as he _____ back.

A. comes

B. come

C. will come

D. has come

( )10.The teacher said light ________faster than sound.

A. travel

B. travels

C. travelled

D. is travelled

( )11.By the end of last term, we _______ 1.000 words.

A. have learned

B. has learnt

C. had learned

D. learned

( )12.She ______a book when I went to see her last night.

A.are reading

B. is reading

C. was reading

D. were reading

( )14.---Where's Jim? ---He _____ to Shanghai. He’ll be back in a week.

A.h as been

B. has gone C .had been D. had gone

( )15. ---When ____you ______ the dictionary? ---In 1998. A. had ; bought B. has ; bought

C. did ; buy

D. were ; buying

( )16.My uncle ____in that street since he came to this city.

A. has lived

B. is living

C. had lived

D. lived

( )17.There ____ a football match in our school tomorrow.

A.is going to have

B. will have

C. will hold

D. is going to be ( )19. It____ ten years since we last _____ in Beijing.

A. was ;met

B. has been ;met

C. was ;met

D. is ;meet

( )20. I _____Canada twice. It’s so beautiful.

A. have gone

B. have been

C. went

D. came

( )21. My father went to Shanghai yesterday. He ____back in two weeks.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/97df853833d4b14e84246844.htmles

B. has come

C. will come

D. came

( )22.---Is your father a Party member?

---Yes, he _____ the Party three years ago. He _____ a Party member for three years.

A. has joined ; has been

B. joined ; has been

C. joined ; was

D. was joined ; is