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词汇变形

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词汇变形复习学案

A

able adj. ability n. enable vt. disabled a. disability n. unable adj. absent adj. absence n.

absolute adj. absolutely adv.

academy n. academic adj.

accident n. accidental adj.

access n. accessible adj.

account n. accountant n. 会计/会计师

accurate adj. accuracy n.

acquire v. acquisition n.

achieve v. achievement n.

act v./n. action n. a ctor/actress n. active adj. activity n. actual adj. actually adv.

adapt v. adaptation n.

add v. addition n. additional a.

adjust v. adjustment n.

admire v. admiration n. admirer n. admirable adj.

adolescent adj. adolescence n.

admit v. admission n.

adventure n. adventurous adj.

advertise v. advertisement n.

advice n. advise v.

affect v. effect n.影响affection n.喜爱/钟爱/感情

afford v. affordable adj.

agriculture n. agricultural adj.

agree v. agreement n.

alcohol n. alcoholic a&n 酒精的/酒鬼

amuse v. amusement n.

analyse/analyze v. analysis n. (pl.) analyses

anger n. angry adj. angrily ad.

announce v. announcement n. announcer n.

anxious adj. anxiety n.

apology n. apologize v.

appear v. appearance n. disappear v. disappearance n.

apply v. application n. applicant n.

appoint v. appointment n.

appreciate v. appreciation n.

approve v. approval n. disapprove v. disapproval n.

argue v. argument n.

arrange v. arrangement n.

assess v. assessment n.

assist v. assistance n. assistant n.

arrive v. arrival n.

art n. artist n. artistic adj.

astonish v. astonishment n. astonishing adj. astonished adj.

associate v. association n.

assume v. assumption n.

athlete n. athletic adj.

attention n. attentive adj. attentively ad.

.

attract v. attraction n. attractive adj. attractively adv.

B

base n. basic adj. basically

bacterium n. (pl.) bacteria

bad adj. worse worst

basis n. (pl.) bases

bath n. bathe v.

bear v. bearable adj. unbearable adj.

beauty n. beautiful adj. beautifully ad. beautify vt.

begin v. beginning n. beginner n.

behave v. behavior n.

believe v. belief n. believable adj. unbelievable adj. belong v. belongings n. a sense of belonging归属感

benefit v. beneficial adj.

biology n. biological adj.

bear v. birth n. born adj.

blood n. bloody adj. bleed v.

botany n. botanical adj.

brave adj. bravery n.

breathe v. breath n. breathless adj.

Britain n. British adj.

broad adj. broaden v.

bury n. burial n.葬礼/埋葬

C

Canada n. Canadian adj./n. two Canadians

care n. careful adj. careless adj. carelessness n. casual adj. casually adv.

cautious adj. caution n.

celebrate v. celebration n.

center n. central adj.

certain adj. certainty n. certainly ad. uncertain adj. challenge adj. challenging adj.

change n&v changeable adj.

character n. characteristic adj.

cheer n. cheerful adj.

chemistry n. chemist n. chemical adj.&n.

child n. (pl.) children childhood n.

choose v. choice n.

civil adj. civilian n. civilization n.

cloud n. cloudy adj.

collect v. collection n.

colour/color n. colourful/colorful adj. colourless/colorless adj.

combine v. combination n.

comfort n./v. comfortable adj. uncomfortable adj.

commit v. commitment n.

communicate v. communication n.

communism n. communist adj./n.

compare v. comparison n.

company n. companion n. accompany v.

compete v. competition n. competitive adj. competitor n.

.

competent adj. competence n.

complete v. completion n.

compose v. composition n.

concentrate v. concentration n.

conclude v. conclusion n.

conduct v. conductor n.

confident adj. confidence n.

condition n. conditional adj.有条件的unconditional adj.无条件的congratulate v. congratulation n.

conscious adj. unconscious adj.

connect v. connection n.

consider v. consideration n. considerate adj.体贴的/考虑周到的consist v. consistent adj.

construct v. construction n. constructive adj.

consult v. consultant n.顾问

contradict v. contradictory adj.

contribute v. contribution n.

convenient adj. convenience n.

correct adj ./v. correction n.

cost n. costly adj.

courage n. courageous adj.

create n. creation n. creative adj. creativity n. crime n. criminal a&n

criterion (pl.) criteria

cruel adj. cruelty n.

cube n. cubic adj.

culture n. cultural adj.

curious adj. curiosity n.

cycle v. cyclist n.

D

danger n. dangerous adj.

day n. daily adj./n.

die v. dead adj. deadly adj. death n. decide v. decision n. decisive adj.

decorate v. decoration n.

defend v. defence/defense n. defensive adj.

delight n. delightful adj. delighted adj.

deep adj. deepen v. depth n.

deliver v. delivery n.

demand v./n. demanding adj.

depend v. dependent adj. dependence n. independent adj. describe v. description n. descriptive adj.

destroy v. destruction n. destructive adj.

determine v. determination n.

develop v. development n. developing adj. developed adj. devote v. devotion n. devoted adj.

differ v. difference n. different adj.

difficult adj. difficulty n.

direct v. direction n. director n.

.

disagree v. disagreement n.

dirt n. dirty adj.

disappoint v. disappointment n.

discover v. discovery n.

discuss v. discussion n.

distance n. distant adj.

distinguish v. distinction n.

diverse adj. diversity n.

divide v. division n.

doubt n./v. doubtful adj. doubtless adj.

drink v. drunk adj. drunken adj.

dust n. dusty adj.

E

east n. eastern adj.

easy adj. easily adv.

edit v. editor n. edition n.

educate v. education n. educator n.

effect n. affect v. effective adj.

electricity n. electric adj. electrical adj. electronic adj. employ v. employment n. unemployment n.

encourage v. encouragement n.

end n&v ending n. endless adj.

energy n. energetic adj.

engine n. engineer n.

England n. English adj./n.

enjoy v. enjoyment n. enjoyable adj.

enter v. entrance n.

equal adj. equality n.

equip v. equipment n.

Europe n. European adj.

evident adj. evidence n.

examine v. examination n.

excite vt. exciting adj. excited adj. excitement n. exist n. existence n.

expect v. expectation n.

expense n. expensive adj.

experience n.&v. experienced adj.

explain v. explanation n.

explode v. explosion n.

explore v. exploration n.

express v. expression n.

extend v. extension n.

extreme adj. extremely adv.

F

face n. facial adj.

fail v. failure n.

fair adj. unfair adj.

fit adj. unfit adj.

faith n. faithful adj.

fame n. famous adj.

.

far adj. farther/further farthest/furthest

favour/favor n. favourite/favorite adj.

fly v. flight n.

fluent adj. fluency n.

fog n. foggy adj.

fool n. foolish adj.

foot n. (pl.) feet

forbid v. forbidden adj.

forget v. forgetful adj.健忘的forgettable adj.易被忘记的unforgettable adj. fortune n. fortunate adj. fortunately adj. unfortunately adv. free adj. freedom n.

found v. foundation n.

France n. French adj./n.

friend n. friendly adj. friendship n.

fright n. frighten v. frightening adj. frightened adj. fun n. funny adj.

furnish v. furnished adj. furniture n.

G

gift n. gifted adj.

gold n. golden adj.

goose n. (pl.) geese

govern v. government n. governor n.

graduate v. graduation n.

grateful adj. gratitude n.

greet v. greeting n.

grow v. growth n.

guide v. guidance n.

H

happy adj. happiness n.

hard adj.&adv. hardship n.

harm n.&v. harmful adj.

he him his his himself

health n. healthy adj.

hear v. hearing n.

hot adj. heat n.

high adj. height n.

help n. helpful adj. helpless adj.

hero n. (pl.) heroes

honest adj. honesty n.

hope n. hopeful adj. hopeless adj.

humour/humor n. humorous adj.

hungry adj. hunger n.

I

I me my mine myself

ice n. icy adj.

imagine v. imagination n.

importance n. important adj.

impress v. impression n.

improve v. improvement n.

include v. inclusion n. inclusive adj.

.

independent adj. independence n.

inform v. information n.

injure v. injury n.

inspire v. inspiration n.

instruct v. instruction n. instructive adj.

insure v. insurance n.

intend v. intention n.

interrupt v. interruption n.

introduce v. introduction n.

invent v. invention n. inventor n.

invite v. invitation n. inviting adj.

it it its its itself

J

judge v. judgment/judgement n.

K

kind adj. kindness n.

knife n. (pl.) knives

know v. knowledge n.

L

large adj. enlarge v.

laugh v. laughter n.

law n. legal adj. illegal adj. lawyer n.

lazy adj. laziness n.

leaf n. (pl.) leaves

long adj. length n.

liberate v. liberation n.

library n. librarian n.

life n. (pl.) lives

like v.&prep. unlike prep. dislike v.

limit v./n. limited adj. limitation n.

literary adj. literature n.

little adj. less least

live v. life n. lively adj. living adj. alive adj. love n. lovely adj.

lonely adj. loneliness n.

lose v. loss n.

luck n. lucky adj.

M

major adj. majority n.

man n. (pl.) men

manage v. management n. manager n.

many/much more most

marry v. marriage n.

medium n. (pl.) media

measure v. measurement n.

medicine n. medical adj.

memory n. memorial n./adj.

mercy n. merciful adj.

mess n. messy adj.

mistake n. mistaken adj.

.

mix v. mixture n.

motivate v. motivation n.

mountain n. mountainous adj.

mouse n. (pl.) mice

move v. movement n.

mud n. muddy adj.

music n. musical adj.&n. musician n.

N

nation n. national adj. nationality n. international adj. nature n. natural adj. naturally ad.

necessary adj. necessity n.

noise n. noisy adj.

novel n. novelist n.

O

occupy v. occupation n.

office n. official adj.&n. officer n.

operate v. operation n. operator n.

organize/organise v. organization/organisation n.

origin n. original adj.

own v.&adj. owner n. ownership n.

ox (pl.) oxen

P

pain n. painful adj.

paint v. painting n. painter n.

participate v. participation n. participant n.

patient adj. patience n.

peace n. peaceful adj.

penny n. (pl.) pence

perform v. performance n. performer n.

permit v. permission n.

person n. personal adj. personally ad. personality n. persuade v. persuasion n. persuasive adj.

phenomenon n. (pl.) phenomena

physics n. physical adj. physicist n.

piano n. pianist n.

please v. pleased adj. pleasant adj. pleasure n.

poet n.诗人poem n.诗歌(可数) poetry n.诗歌(不可数)

poison n. poisonous adj.

polite adj. impolite adj.

politics n. political adj. politician n.

pollute v. pollution n.

poor adj. poverty n.

popular adj. popularity n.

possess v. possession n.

possible adj. possibly ad. possibility n. impossible adj. power n. powerful adj. powerless adj.

practice n.&v. practical adj. practise v.

pray v. prayer n.

prefer v. preference n.

prepare v. preparation n. prepared adj.

.

present v. presentation n.

press v. pressure n.

pride n. proud adj.

prison n. prisoner n.

produce v. product n. producer n. production n. productive adj. profession n. professional adj.

promise v. promising adj.

pronounce v. pronunciation n.

proper adj. properly adv. improper adj.

protect v. protection n.

prove v. proof n.

public adj. publicly adv.

punish v. punishment n.

Q

qualify v. qualification n.

R

race n. racial adj.

rain n. rainy adj.

real adj. really v. reality n. realize/realise v.

reason n. reasonable adj.

receive v. reception n. receptionist n. receiver n.

recognize/recognise v. recognition n.

recover v. recovery n.

reduce v. reduction n.

refer v. reference n.

refuse v. refusal n.

relate v. relation n. relative adj./n.

relax v. relaxation n.

rely v. reliable adj.

relieve v. relief n.

religion n. religious adj.

represent v. representative n./adj.

require v. requirement n.

reserve v. reservation n.

respond v. response n.

responsible adj. responsibility n.

revolution n. revolutionary adj.

ripe adj. ripen v.

rich adj. enrich v.

S

sad adj. sadness n.

safe adj. safety n.

sail n.&v. sailor n.

sale n. sell v.

salt n. salty adj.

satisfy v. satisfaction n.sc satisfactory/satisfying adj. satisfied adj. science n. scientific adj. scientist n.

secure adj. security n.

self n. selfish adj. unselfish/selfless adj.

separate v.&adj. separation n.