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讲练结合——状语从句

状语从句

◆定义:

一个____用作状语时,在语法上叫状语从句。这个句子可以修饰主句的_____._____._____ 或________。状语从句通常由一个___引起或起连词作用的____引起或由_____. __________等引起。

◆分类:

◆状语从句可表示

◆1) ________ 2) _________ 3) __________

4) _________ 5) _________ 6) _________

7) _________ 8) __________ 9) ________等

连词

一. 时间的状语从句

可由以下连词引导:

1) ________

2) _________

3) __________

4) _________

二. 地点状语从句:

三. 原因状语从句:

四. 目的状语从句

五. 结果状语

六. 条件状语从句:

七. 方式状语:

八. 比较状语从句:

九. 让步状语从句:

各种连词的用法

用when, while或as 填空:

1._______________ we were talking, Mr Smiths came in.

2._____ they came home, I was cooking dinner.

3.I was about to go to bed _______ I heard someone knock at t the

door.

4. ________ we were watching TV, he was studying.

5. He is fat _______ his brother is thin.

6. ______ she sang, tears ran down her face.

Conclusion:

A: 从句为”当……的时候”,从句谓语为性动词,主句谓语为性动词), 三者可通用.

B 当从句的谓语动词为性动词,只能用when; 表示””, 也只能用when.

C.从句和主句的谓语动词都为性动词时, 只能用while; while还可作并列连词,表示””.

D. 当强调主句和从句的动作同时发生时,只能用, 译为before与after:

1.Finish your homework now ______ you go out to play.

2.He had left the town the day ______ she arrived.

3.He had walked three days ____ he found water.

4.It was not long _____ he left his hometown.

5.I played football _____ I (had) finished my homework

6.Please tell her I’ll come ____ I do some shopping.

7.It will not be long _____ we meet each other again. Conclusion:

1. before作为连词, 有多种含义,必须根据上下文作出合理的判断. _____;_____;_____;_____;_____

2. before与after所引导的时间状语从句中, 用_____时表示_____时.

3. before与after 还可作_____词,后接名词或-ing形式.

4.before引导的从句是过去式, 主句是_____或_____. 主句为过去时,after从句可用_____代替_____.

till 与until:

1. He lived with his parents ________ he graduated from college.

2. Not ____ he told me did I know the truth.

3. The children won’t ________ (come/ be) home until/ till it’s dark.

4. It was _________ the war was over that he returned to his land. Conclusion:

1.主句为肯定句时, 主句的谓语动词应为延续性动词.

2. 当主句谓语动词为非延续性动词时,谓语动词应用否定式.

3. 位于句首时.只能用until, 不用till.

4. not…until可改写为: It is/ was not until… that强调句.”not+ until 引导的从句, 一同置于强调句中.

5. Till与until 还可作介词,后接名词. 如: I waited till/ until 3 o’clock. 其它的时间状语从句:

1.I__________ (be) at his bedside since he _______ (become) ill.

2.It _________ (be) two years since we _______ (begin) to use this

machine.

3._______________________he saw the monster, he turned pale.

4.The spy had _________ returned home than he was told to go to

another country.

5.We had ________returned home when it rained.

6._______ had we begun when we were told to stop. Conclusion:

1. Since表示”自从……以来”, 以过去某一时间为起点,持续到现在或过去的某个时候; since从句用过去时态, 主句一般用现在完成时.

2. It is/ has been…since…句型.

3. 表示”一……就……”, 可用_________

用because, as, since 与for填空:

1.--Why are you crying, Tom?

--- ______ I’ve broken your necklace, mom.

2. I went to bed early _______ I was tired.

3. I was not kind to him _______ he was poor.

4. I was not kind to him, _______ he was rude.

5. ________ I had a cold, I was absent from school.

6. My mother was ill and I sent for Tom, ___ he was a doctor.

7. _____ we are all here, let’s begin our class.

Conclusion:

1.回答why问句常用_________

2.because多表示所叙述理由是本句_________,常放_________

3.第3.句,用在表_________;在该用法中,因为not修饰整句,所以,because之前不可以加逗点,加了逗点,句意发生改变,就成了第4句。

4.as ,since 用于表示理由是_________,而理由以外才是叙述重点,两者多用于句_________。但是since重形式,as多表示理由以外的才是重点

5.for 不用于句首,在主句_________,补充说明理由。主句表推测时,用for说明原因。

判断下列句子对错并改正:

1.If I will have enough money next year, I will go to England.

2.If I am to blame, you are to blame.

3.I’d be very glad if you would come.

条件句的填空:

1.If I_______ (be) a bird, I would fly to you.

2.If you ________ (leave) home a little earlier this morning, you

_______________ (catch) the bus.

3.If the sun __________ (rise) in the west, I _________ ___(change)

my mind.

4._____ he _____ (fall) through the ice, he would have drowned.

5._____ bad weather stops me, I jog every day.

6._______ I hav e to sell my house, I’ll help those poor children to

go on with their studies.

7.I’ll go ___________________ you go.

8._______ anything important happens, please call me up. Conclusion:

1.条件状语从句中用_________时表_________时.

2.If 从句如果表示主语的意志,意愿, 或以you作主语表请求时,

则用_________或_________.

3._________不用于虚拟条件句.

4.In case引导状语从句; 而in case of后接_________

判断下列句子类型:

1. Y ou would let your children play where you can see them.

2. Y ou would let your children play in the place where you can see them. Conclusion:

让步状语从句

1.He went out, ________ it was raining.

2._________ they are poor, they buy a great many books.

3.Strange _________ it may seem, he remained single all his life.

4.Child ____ he is, he has learnt advanced mathematics.

5.No matter ________ happens, don’t be discouraged.

6.No matter ______ you go, you must write to your parents.

7.No matter ______ hard he tried, he couldn’t open the door.

8.No matter ______ you marry in the future, he must be an honest

man.

Conclusion:

1.although多用于句_________.

2._________可用于句首,句中; 还可用作副词,用于句末,译为:

_________.如: It’s hard work, I enjoy it though.

3.though引导的状语从句还可以把_________语提到最前面,而

although则不能这样用.

目的与结果状语从句

1.He got up early _____________________ he could catch the bus.

2.____________ he could catch the bus, he got up early.

3.This book is ____ rewritten ______ children can enjoy it.

4.I was caught in a shower, ________ all my clothes got wet.

5.It’s ____ cold _____ the lake has frozen.

6.There are ______ many books there _____ I don’t know which

one to borrow.

7.I ran _____ fast ______ I’d got a pain in my side.

8.It’s _____ good a book _______ I’ve read it again and again.

9.It was _____ a cold day _____ there was nobody on the street.

10.______ cold weather remained for three days _____ I had to stay

at home all day long.

Conclusion:

1. 由so that ; in order that 引导的目的状语从句中通常用_________

2. _________从句可放于句首,而_________ 引导的从句只能放在主句之后.

3. so…that引导目的状语时, so通常修饰_________词.

4. so that 引导_________状语从句时,就不用情态动词.

5. so…that引导结果状语从句时, so常用于修饰_________或_________词, 或用于修饰_________, _________,_________,_________.

6. so也可修饰单数可数名词,但顺序为: _________

7. such可修饰任何名词,当其修饰单数可数名词时, 语序为: _________

比较状语从句:

1.His brother is ____ handsome ____ he (is).

2.The movie was not ______ good ____ I had expected.

3.Y our bag is twice as expensive as _______ (me).

4.The driver drives faster _____ he used to (drive).

5._________ knowledge we learn, _________ (happy) we will be. Conclusion:

1.请保持_________前后一致.如:1, 3.

2. _________须加在比较结构的前面.如:

3.

3. _________常常省去.如:1,

4.

方式状语从句:

1.He stood up _____ (he wanted ) to leave.

2.She always talks to me as if she _____ (be) my sister.

3.He walked slowly as if he _______ (hurt) his leg.

判断下列句子的类型:

1.I will do as you advise.

2.As I expected , he won the match.

Conclusion:

1.

2.

3.

4.

走近高考——2011

1.(天津卷)5. regular exercise is very important.It’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime.

A.It

B. As

C.Although

D.Unless

2.(江西卷)29.Please call my secretary to arrange a meeting this afternoon, or _____ it is convenient to you.

A. whenever

B.however

C. whichever

D. wherever

3.(四川卷)

4. Frank insisted that he was not asleep I had great difficulty in waking him up.

A. whether

B. although

C. for

D.so

4.(北京卷)29. volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball.

A. Since

B. Once

C. Unless

D. While

5.(四川卷)

6.As it reported, it is 100 years ___________Qinghua University was founded.

A. when

B. before

C. after

D. since

6.(全国II)19. It was a nice meal,_______a little expensive.

A. though

B. whether

C. as

D. since

7.(陕西卷)19.____________all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post.

A. Since

B. While

C. If

D. As

8.(辽宁卷)25. No matter how , it is not necessarily lifeless.

A. a desert may be dry

B. dry a desert may be

C. may a desert be dry

D. dry may a desert be

9.(辽宁卷)29. He had no sooner finished his speech the students started cheering.

A. since

B. as

C. when

D. than

10.(全国新课标卷)22. Try she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open.

A. if

B. when

C. since

D. as

11.(浙江卷)4.One Friday,we were packing to leave for a weekend away __ my daughter beard cries for help

A. after

B. while

C. since

D. when

12.(湖南卷)33 Jack wasn’t saying anything but the teacher smiled at him ___ he had done something very clever.

A. as if

B. in case

C. while

D. though

13.(山东卷)28. He had his camera ready______he saw something that would make a good picture.

A. even if

B. if only

C. in case

D. so that

14.(重庆卷)30.To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off we are to shake hands with.

A.whichever

B.whenever

C.whoever

D.wherever

15.(福建卷)33.It was April 29,2011 Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony.

A.that

B.when

C.since

D.before

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