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考研英语核心词汇速成胜经Unit 6

考研英语核心词汇速成胜经Unit 6

一、真题文章

Industrial safety does not just happen. Companies with low accident rates plan their safety programs, work hard to organize them, and continue working to keep them alive and active. When the work is well done, a climate of accident-free operations is established where time lost due to injuries is kept at a minimum.

Successful safety programs may differ greatly in the emphasis placed on certain aspects of the program. Some place great emphasis on mechanical guarding. Others stress safe work practices by observing rules or regulations. Still others depend on an emotional appeal to the worker. But, there are certain basic ideas that must be used in every program if maximum results are to be obtained.

There can be no question about the value of a safety program. From a financial stand-point alone, safety pays off. The fewer the injury claims, the better the workman's insurance rate. This may mean the difference between operating at a profit or at a loss.

二、译文

安全生产并非始自今日。事故发生率较低的公司往往制定安全计划,尽力安排计划的实施,并不断努力使其保持活力、发挥作用。当上述工作圆满完成时,一个无事故的作业环境便建立起来。在这里,因人员伤害而损失的时间便会保持在最低水平。

成功的安全计划因其侧重点不同而存在很大的差异。有些计划把重点放在对机械的安全防护上,有些则强调通过遵守规章制度来保证安全生产,还有一些是

依靠对工人采取动之以情的做法。但是要想获得最佳效果,在每个安全措施中,都要遵循某些基本的观念。

安全生产的价值毋庸置疑。单从经济角度来看,安全生产也是大有裨益的。伤害索赔越少,员工的保险率就越高。它可能意味着企业经营的盈亏。

三、考研核心词汇

establish / is5tAbliF / vt . 建立, 设立, 安置, 使定居, 使人民接受, 确定

v. 建立

[例] The club has established a new rule allowing women to join.

"俱乐部制定了一条新规章,允许妇女入会。"

[同义] demonstrate , fix , found , organize, prove, set, settle, show [反义] demolish / di5mCliF / vt. 毁坏, 破坏, 推翻, 粉碎

[派生] establishment / is5tAbliFmEnt / n.确立, 制定, 设施, 公司, 军

事组织

due / dju: / n. 应得物、权力, [复]应付款 adj. 应得的, 应付的, 正当的, 预期的, (车、船预定)应到的

[例] Our thanks are due to him. 我们要感谢他。

[同义] equitable, fair, fitting ,just ,proper, rightful ,square

[反义] undue / 5Qn5dju: / adj. 不适当的

[固定搭配] due to 因为;由…引起;由于;

differ / 5difE / vi. 不一致, 不同

[例] Chinese differs greatly from Japanese in pronunciation.

汉语发音跟日语大不相同。

[反义] coincide / 7kEuin5said / vi. 一致, 符合

[派生] difference / 5difErEns / n. 差异, 差别, 分歧, 争论, [数]差额,

差分adj. [数]微分的, [机]差动的

[固定搭配] agree to differ 求同存异, 彼此保留不同意见;beg to differ

恕不苟同;differ from 不同于; 和...不同; 和...意见不一致;differ in

在...方面不同;differ with sb. 与某人意见不同;

stress / stres / n. 重压, 逼迫, 压力, 重点, 着重, 强调, 重音 vt. 着

重, 强调, 重读

[例] I must stress that we haven't much time. 我必须强调我们没有多少

时间了。

[同义] accent, emphasis, force, importance ,insistence, pressure, strain, tension

[固定搭配] stress out Slang 极度受压经历如来自于工作的极端压力;

appeal / E5pi:l /n. 请求, 呼吁, 上诉, 吸引力, 要求vi. 求助, 诉请, 要求vt.控诉

[例] The government is appealing to everyone to save water.

政府呼吁每个人节约用水。

[同义] beg, entreat ,implore, plead

[派生] appealing / E5pi:liN / adj. 吸引人的, 哀诉似的, 恳求似的

[固定搭配] appeal to 向...呼吁[请求];

obtain/ Eb5tein / vt. 获得, 得到

[例] I haven't been able to obtain that book. 我还没能得到那本书。

[同义] acquire ,earn ,gain, get ,procure, receive ,secure

[反义] lose / lu:z / vt. 遗失, 浪费, 错过, 输去, 使失去, 使迷路, 使沉溺

vi. 受损失, 失败

[派生] obtainable / Eb5teInEb(E)l / adj. 能得到的, 可到手的

insurance / in5FuErEns / n. 保险, 保险单, 保险业, 保险费

[例] A balanced diet is an insurance against malnutrition.

均衡的食谱是防止营养不良的保证。

[派生] insure / in5FuE / vt. 给...保险 v. 确保

四、强化练习

1. We sincerely hope to ________ business relations with your esteemed corporation.

A. distribute

B. establish

C. arrange

D. erode

2. And where wealthy women _______ from most men is in their interests in socially responsible investing.

A. disagree

B. esteem

C. escalate

D. differ

3. __________ is not healthy, and it makes everyone angry.

A. Erection

B. Cruise

C. Stress

D. Cue

4. Computer technology enabled the researchers to _______ precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which relate to intellect (智能) and emotion, and determine the human character.

A. obtain

B. complain

C. compose

D. constitute

5. In a lifetime, many of us spend as much on________ as we do on other things.

A. coinage

B. insurance

C. cluster

D. casualty

答案: BDCAB