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中科院英语听说教程听力原文及答案Unit 7

UNIT 7

Why Don’t You...?

Suggesting and Complaining

Introduction

There are many ways of trying to get people to do things for their own good. The expressions you use depend on:

A)How likely you think the other person is to accept the suggestion, and

B)Who you are and who you’re talking to—the roles you’re playing.

Remember that suggestions or advice on personal matters are usually given only to close friends or when someone asks for advice. North Americans like to “do their own thing” and “mind their own business”. But if you do want to make a suggestion, there are several useful expressions you can use. They bear a different degree of directness and politeness——from polite expressions to direct advice. Listen to these “I was wondering if you’d ever thought of...”, and “You’d better...” These are two expressions at opposite extremes of directions. Can you think of the others between them?

Answers to the Questions:

1. Close friends or someone asking for them.

2. A brief or strong expression such as “you’d better...”

3. No. They are only different in degree of politeness and directness.

Background Information:

Tips on Giving Suggestions and Persuading:

In order to give good valuable suggestions or persuade successfully, one has to show his understanding of the person and the issue. There should be a heart-to-heart talk. For instance, a good friend of yours hints that she really wants to commit suicide because she lost her love. If you persuade her in such superficial ways as saying “Well, think about your parents. or It’s not worthy, because your boyfriend is not a good man. There are many others better than he is,”you are not a likely helper. You should be aware that at that moment she is totally obsessed. She is about ready to give up on everything and she is not concerned with anyone, including her parents. The idea of having had a “bad”boyfriend can make her even less confident or completely forlorn. In this case, you should deal with it like “peeling a garlic”, helping her release the “energy” of love or hatred or whatever you may call it. It might be

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