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2018宝山区高三英语一模卷

宝山区2018学年第一学期期末

高三年级英语学科教学质量监测试卷

(本试卷满分140分,考试时间120分钟)

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end

of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1. A. In two weeks. B. Within two weeks. C. Two weeks ago. D. For two weeks.

2. A. At a garage. B. In a parking lot. C. At a car shop. D. In a car showroom.

3. A. Sell the ice cream. B. Take a bite of the ice cream.

C. Make a wish.

D. Pass up the food.

4. A. $

5.00. B. $8.00. C. $3.00. D. $2.5.

5. A. She's unwilling to do it.

B. She is afraid of donating blood.

C. Donating blood is none of her business.

D. She's ready to donate blood.

6. A. Sick. B. Quite well. C. Excited. D. Confused.

7. A. She has only one coat so she can't choose.

B. She has a coat but she doesn't want to wear it.

C. She hopes that the man can lend her one.

D. She doesn't wear a coat since she hasn't one.

8. A. She's wondering how many hands she has.

B. She doesn't want to help the man.

C. She can't handle this suitcase by hand.

D. She would help the man in hand.

9. A. She can't prevent her family members from missing her.

B. She can't help her family because she is not strong enough.

C. She misses her family because she doesn't do well in the new school.

D. She misses her family because she doesn't get used to the school's life.

10. A. She was busy eating something delicious.

B. Johnson was too busy to talk to someone.

C. She didn't notice who Johnson was talking to.

D. Johnson was meeting the new guests then.

Section B

Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages and one longer conversation, and you

will be asked several questions on each of the passages and the conversation. The passages and the conversation will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

11. A. Waste from animal. B. Agricultural chemicals.

C. Industrial waste.

D. Safe containers.

12. A. Undamaged metal cans. B. All the boxes of juice or milk.

C. Leaking cans.

D. Waterproof containers.

13. A. You should clean up the cans only.

B. You should brush the cans and then put them in boiled water.

C. You should place the cans in safe areas.

D. You should make the cans clean and boil them thoroughly.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.

14. A. A laboratory assistant. B. A chemistry teacher.

C. A teacher of a laboratory.

D. A professor in the hospital.

15. A. He can make up the class.

B. He will be dropped from the class.

C. He will be reported immediately.

D. He will attend other classes.

16. A. It must be fastened tightly together.

B. It should be cut right away.

C. The students will be asked to leave the class.

D. The students' parents will be called to school.

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

17. A. Purple. B. Black. C. Natural. D. Gray.

18. A. Because she is afraid to appear in a magazine.

B. Because she thinks dyeing hair will do harm to hair.

C. Because she hopes to be different from others.

D. Because she is afraid to be punished by her parents.

19. A. Having it cut immediately. B. Letting it be.

C. Having it dyed again.

D. Dyeing it themselves.

20. A. Dye her hair right away. B. Buy some cheap dye.

C. Keep her hair natural.

D. Choose some special products.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of

the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

Ten year-old Annemarie Johansen lives with her family in Copenhagen, Denmark. There are soldiers on the streets, and the country (21) ______ (occupy) by the Nazis. There isn't enough to eat, and the world is at war. Then the Nazis decide to"relocate"the country's Jewish population.

The Danes don't know (22) ______ their friends and neighbors are being taken away. They don't know where they are going, either. But they do know that it is wrong and dangerous and that they must help.

Number the Stars is a very powerful novel. During World War II, the Nazis (23) ______ (kill) millions of people in Europe. Many of those people were Jewish. But in Denmark, almost all of

the Jewish population was saved. Number the Stars is a work of fiction, but it tells the true story of the Jewish (24) ______ (rescue) during the war. The moving plot is driven by justice, danger and excitement. But the book also deals with significant ideas that are much (25) ______ (big) than the story itself.

Annemarie must learn that evil doesn't just appear in fairy tales. It's a real thing that affects

real people. She must also struggle with questions of loyalty and sacrifice. Who would she die to protect? And is she brave enough (26) ______ (make) that sacrifice? Most importantly, Annemarie learns that (27) ______ (be) brave doesn't mean being fearless. It means doing the right thing despite the fact (28) ______ you are afraid. That's heavy stuff for a children's novel.

I have taught Number the Stars to many classes at many different levels. It has always been a popular choice. It uses simple language and sentences. It is easy to read and provides clear examples of literary techniques like foreshadowing(预示). But it is also interesting, and the characters are (29) ______ (engage) . The plot is full of tension.

Lois Lowry, the author, has written many award-winning novels for young people. Number the Stars is a remarkable example of the talent (30) ______ has made her so celebrated.

Section B

Directions:After reading the passage below, fill in each blank with a proper word given in the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one more word than you need.

A. common

B. voting

C. efforts

D. elected

E. end

F. protesting

G. say

H. exercised

I. argued

J. equal

K. rights

In most democracies today, people expect women to vote. Women are just as able to make decisions about their 31 leaders as men. But 200 years ago, most people didn't think so.

As late as the middle of the 19th century only men voted in most Western countries. A few countries or states let women vote in local elections. But women voting was far from 32 . At that time, people believed that women belonged in the home. That meant they should not get involved with public life.

But women in Europe, North America and New Zealand began 33 this situation. They believed that they should have a(n) 34 in their government's leaders. In 1792 an English

novelist named Mary Wollstonecraft 35 that women should be able to vote. In the United States, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were important figures. They met while campaigning to put a(n) 36 to slavery. In the process, they decided that women also should have more 37 .

Yet despite the 38 of these women neither Great Britain nor the United States was the first country to let women vote. That honor goes to New Zealand, which changed their law on September 19, 1893. This was because of women like Kate Shepherd. She led a group that presented petitions(请愿书)to their parliament three years in a row. Shepherd is now honored on New Zealand's $10 bill.

New Zealand was followed by Australia in 1902 and Finland in 1906. By this time, some U.S. states and territories allowed women to vote. But the country as a whole didn't give women the

right until after World War I.

In many countries, the right to hold political office came along with the right to vote. And women have 39 that right. In many countries, women have even held their country's highest office. All of that is due to the efforts of the women who fought for a(n) 40 voice.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B,

C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

The search for new, clean energy sources has occupied the attention of scientists and politicians for years. One common 41 for green energy is the wind. A new twist on this old resource could cause the energy output of wind-power plants to increase greatly.

Standard wind-power plants rely on strong support and 42 can only reach a height of 200 meters or so. Higher than that, winds tend to be stronger and steadier, but the challenge

is 43 how to obtain the energy from those winds.

Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands and Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences in Germany have formed a kite-power research group. The group is working to develop kites with inflatable(可充气的)wings 44 to electrical generators (发电机) on the ground.

The research group's goal is to design a kite that can operate on its own for 24 hours. Research has begun, but many challenges remain, including making the generators more 45 and perfecting the automatic flight control and the structure of the kites. Nevertheless in June 2012,

they demonstrated that their kites could operate 46 at an altitude of up to 700 meters.

Meanwhile, in Italy, researchers are working on a(n) 47 power generator that relies on kites when the generator called KiteGen, senses the wind blowing, kites are 48 from the ends of poles with high-resistance cables to control their height and angle. These cables are able to move the kites if the system senses coming objects 49 planes, helicopters or even individual birds. The kites themselves are light, tough and able to reach fairly high altitudes. They loop(绕行)around in the wind, which sets the center of the generator in motion, 50 electric current.

KiteGen has the 51 to be very cost-effective in the long run. After the original cost of designing and setting up the plant, little 52 investment will be necessary, apart from standard maintenance. The plant also requires 53 little space, which makes it ideal for cities

and means that multiple plants can be set up to provide even more 54 .

Kite power has the potential to greatly 55 on current wind-power strategies. In the future, it may be an efficient, cost-effective supplement to the other sources of energy we use, or even a replacement for some of them.

41.A.resolution B.proposal C.resource D.substitute

42.A.generally B.frequently C.continually D.regularly

43.A.carrying out B.figuring out C.breaking out D.picking out

44.A.chosen B.applied C.collected D.connected

45.A.efficient http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9b098c60988fcc22bcd126fff705cc1755275fe4.htmlplete C.powerful D.positive

46.A.actively B.passively C.automatically D.artificially

47.A.strange B.similar C.different D.original

48.A.fastened B.revealed C.tailored D.released

49.A.except for B.instead of C.such as D.due to

50.A.producing B.inventing C.promoting D.developing

51.A.qualification B.potential C.trend D.intention

52.A.normal B.formal C.additional D.alternate

53.A.concretely B.abstractly C.thoroughly D.relatively

54.A.energy B.strength C.technology D.opportunity

55.A.focus B.extend C.improve D.transfer

Section B

Directions:Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

Many people experience problems with their spine(脊椎) as they age. The tissue that protects the joints in the spine gradually breaks down. As a consequence, the bones in the spine begin to rub against each other. This further harms the tissue as well as the bones. The result is pain in the joints and, sometimes, in nerves near the spine.

This painful problem is actually a disease called osteoporosis. Some people are more at risk

of osteoporosis because of genes that they inherited from their ancestors. Extremely heavy people are also more likely to suffer from this disease because their extra weight puts much pressure on their joints. Fortunately, there are steps that people can take to help prevent osteoporosis from developing in their spine.

The most important step is exercise. Stretches can help the muscles around the spine relax and allow bones to shift into better alignment(排列). Strength exercises with light weights or body weight exercises like pushups can also help by strengthening the muscles around the spine. However, people should not overdo these exercises, as repeated motions can strain the muscles around the spine. Trying to lift heavy weights with poor technique can have the same effect.

Another important factor is diet. It affects the health of the spine because many vitamins are necessary for bones and nerves. These include B vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids, all of which

help keep nerves healthy. People can get more B vitamins and omega 3 fatty acids by taking supplements sold by stores. Another important factor is vitamin D, which is essential for strong bones. All of these vitamins and acids can be obtained from foods. Thus, people can help themselves by including them in their daily diets.

56. What does this article mainly explain?

A. Various aspects of a medical condition

B. The actions of viruses that cause illnesses

C. Drugs often used to solve physical issues

D. The location of organs in the human body

57. How does the writer begin this article?

A. By predicting improvement

B. By analyzing a series of data

C. By introducing minor injuries

D. By describing a gradual process

58. What can readers find in this article?

A. A warning about working out too hard

B. A method for improving sleep quality

C. A slogan used to promote health classes

D. A big criticism often aimed at doctors

59.What does the article imply about supplement?

A. They are mainly for youngsters.

B. They are commercial products.

C. They are now being researched.

D. They are seldom truly effective.

(B)

In late March of 2018, a tear in the earth about 15

meters wide and 20 meters deep suddenly appeared in

Kenya. It cut across roads and even split houses in two.

This crack appeared out of nowhere after heavy rains

and an increase in seismic(地震的) activity. Some

scientists believe that it's further proof that Africa is

slowly splitting apart.

Once, a very long time ago, Africa and South

America were one landmass before they separated.

Similarly, one day in the very distant future, a large

part of East Africa will split off from the rest of the

continent. This will create a new landmass and a new

ocean. The breakup is a result of plate tectonics (板块

运动), the gradual motion of different parts of the

Earth's crust.

When plates of the Earth separate and tear away from each other, it is called rifting. The result is a rift valley. Scientists don't understand the exact mechanism behind rifting, but the results are easy to observe in the East African Rift

System( EARS). That's why studying this part of the world is so important.

The East African Rift System begins in the north in Ethiopia, where three plates are moving away from each other. Two of them are continental plates, the African and Arabian plates. They

are tectonic plates that have a large landmass above water. The third is the Somali plate, considered a minor plate, which is steadily moving away from the other two. But don't plan on visiting the new ocean anytime soon. The plates are moving at a rate of about 6 millimeters a year. At that speed, millions of years will pass before a new ocean is formed.

EARS is not all bad news for Kenya. A rift valley is composed of an area where there is increased volcanic activity and thinned planetary crust. This makes it easier to take advantage of

the power of steam. For Kenya, this might be an answer to the country's electrical problems. The drought conditions that frequently occur there make it difficult to produce energy. But the geothermal (地热的) power plants going online in 2019 will allow them to produce clean energy with very little water.

60.What can be concluded from the passage?

A.A war will certainly break out in Africa.

B.A disaster will suddenly strike Africa.

C.A geological structure will change in Africa.

D.A new country will come into being in Africa.

61.Which of the following plates might be surrounded by water according to the passage?

A.East Africa.

B. Somali plate.

C. Arabian plate.

D. Africa plate.

62.What problem may be solved in Kenya thanks to the cracking?

A.Poverty.

B. Economy.

C. Drought.

D. Energy.

(C)

Are you worried about money? If so, I have some good news for you. Someone once said, "If all your problems can be solved with money, then you don't have any. "I get the point. Unless you are on the edge of losing everything and living in your car (which is a very sad thing that happens

to people every day), your perceptions of your problems may not be serving you well.

Let's take a look. Can you pay your living expenses and support your family? If so, you are OK. Even if you are a family that just barely breaks even every month, you have to count that as a blessing. Most of us also have those terrible, surprising unexpected bills. But unless you lose your job or your mind, don't you always find a way to take care of those expenses?

PERTINENT(切中要害的)QUESTIONS

To see if you worry too much about finances, ask yourself a couple of questions. Do you wake up worried about money? Do you check your bank balance and look at upcoming bills more than once every few days or even multiple times a day? If so, then you may have a little financial insecurity going on. Let's look at getting it under control. If it's making you crazy, it can make your family a little crazy too. This type of anxiousness is passed on to others, which is important

to remember whenever you have the urge to share your fears.

TOO MUCH INFORMATION

TMI (too much information) happens because it seems that by releasing pent-up(压抑的)

feelings of anxiety you will feel better and hopefully more supported. And this can happen, but not with your loved ones because they will take on your fear and magnify it. Talk instead with your financial advisor, your bank manager or your therapist. Laying your financial fears at the feet of your family is not good for them or for you. Yes, be honest about any problems, but if you get emotional, so will those closest to you.

POSITIVE ACTION

It's hard to be dispassionate about money, but honestly, it's really the best way to get this issue solved. You have to look at it from a practical standpoint. Go over your debts, look closely

at your assets and determine the best thing for you to do with your time right now.

Maybe you need to use this time to get your books in order on your computer or use it to job hunt or to promote your business. Then again, you may need to hire an accountant and go on some interviews. The point is simple: the only way to relieve yourself of the uncomfortable feeling of financial pressure is to take some kind of positive action.

63.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A.Financial problems are not vital ones in everyone's daily life.

B.You'd better calm down when you have financial problems.

C.You needn't worry about unexpected bills even if you're out of work.

D.When you have financial fears, remember to share feelings with others.

64.The passage implies that ______.

A.the best way to deal with money problem is to take positive action

B.as long as we share feelings with others, money fear will disappear

C.we should have an optimistic attitude toward financial fears

D.any problem we meet can be solved with the help of money

65.The phrase lay your financial fears at the feet of your family in the sixth paragraph

probably means ______.

A.to solve financial fears caused by your family

B.to help your family smartly avoid financial fears

C.to make your family responsible for financial fears

D.to encourage your family to face financial fears bravely.

66.The best title of the passage is ______.

A.Perceptions of money and value

B. Passion, money and family

C. Keeping balance of psychology

D. Dealing with money worries

Section C

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the sentences in the box. Each sentence can only be used once. Note that there are two sentences more than you need.

A.Other people experience false guilt because of high expectations for themselves.

B.It's possible that you feel guilty because you actually did something wrong.

C.Others try to cover up their guilt by blaming others or becoming angry.

D.It can also motivate people to avoid making similar mistakes later.

E.In this case, it's important to remind yourself that you have limits.

F.Moreover, guilt can result in physical and mental discomforts meanwhile.

Guilt is one of the most painful emotions that humans experience but also one of the most common. Nobody enjoys feeling guilty, but this emotion serves an important purpose: It alerts a person when he or she has done something wrong. This enables the person to make amends and work to heal relationships that were damaged by their actions. 67

Nevertheless, guilt can be destructive if it is not dealt with in the right way. It can cause people to avoid others because they are too embarrassed to apologize for their actions or inaction. Some try to avoid the pain of guilt by turning to other worse habits. 68 The proper response to guilt depends on what kind of guilt you're dealing with. For false guilt,

it's important to recognize that the guilt does not reflect an actual ethical failure.

For example, some false guilt focuses on falling to meet expectations you had for yourself.

69 No one is perfect, and no one can do everything, so admitting your limits is actually a sign of humility.

It's also important to acknowledge what you are feeling. Even when you don't need to feel guilty, these feelings are real and normal. Try to balance them with positive thoughts, but realize

that it often takes time for feelings to change.

70 If so, don't try to conceal it. Apologize and ask for forgiveness. Learn

from your mistakes, and try to avoid committing the same acts again. Getting on well with the person you hurt should make your guilty feelings fade.

Guilt is painful, but it can serve a good purpose if you use it well.

IV. Summary Writing

71. Directions:Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.

Have you ever been involved in an animal rescue? This is what happened to Winter the dolphin. Winter was found off the coast of Florida in December of 2005. She was just a few months old, alone, and caught in a crab trap. The ropes from the trap were wrapped tightly around her body.

The fisherman who found her called for help, and a rescue team soon arrived. The ropes had cut off the blood circulation to her tail. She was badly hurt. Her rescuers didn't think she would survive. Hoping for a miracle and racing against time to save her, the rescuers transferred her to

the Clearwater Marine Aquarium in Florida.

The doctors managed to save Winter, but sadly, not her tail. Her tail flukes were too damaged and had to be removed so Winter could live.

The little dolphin Winter survived against all odds, but she would never be able to swim normally without a tail. Thankfully the story doesn't end here. Winter was able to swim, but not

very well. Because she didn't have a tail, she moved her body in a side-to-side motion like a shark. But the doctors at the aquarium were worried that the unconventional movement would hurt her spine.

Kevin Carroll heard Winter's story and thought he could help. He is a specialist who designs and provides prostheses (义肢) for people. If he could help people, why not help a dolphin? He started working with Winter and came up with a solution for a new fluke and tail section.

Kevin designed a stretchy sleeve to fit Winter's body and protect her skin. Then a tail made of silicone and plastic was made to tightly fit over the sleeve. Now Winter can swim like other dolphins. And, she is a great inspiration to people who struggle with their own injuries.

V. Translation

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

72.交友时勿以貌取人。(base)

73.经历了一场大病后,他明白了生命无价。(suffer)

74.2018上海进口博览会展示了创新理念,促进了自由贸易。(meanwhile)

75.不管到哪里旅游,都应该尊重当地的风俗习惯。这样才能成为一名文明游客。(no matter) VI. Guided Writing

76. Directions:Write an English composition in 120—150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

尚华中学将举办英语周活动,学校正在向全体学生征集活动方案,题目是“My Favourite Programme”。假设你是尚华中学高三学生王云,请撰写一篇文章提出你的建议。内容如下:

推荐节目名称并简单介绍节目内容

具体介绍一下推荐节目的实施办法或注意事项

注意:请勿透露本人真实姓名和学校名称。