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当前位置:文档库 > 2018秋【西南大学】[0481]《大学英语B》作业(资料)

2018秋【西南大学】[0481]《大学英语B》作业(资料)

【西南大学】[0481]《大学英语B》

试卷总分:100 得分:100

第1题,【单项选择题】16. Without water from the Nile River, Egypt ______ a farming country and become a desert.

A.A. will cease to be

B.B. would cease to be

C.C. will cease being

D.D. would cease being

第2题,【单项选择题】35. Casey: Hello?Fred: Hi, Stacey?Casey: This is Casey. __________Casey: Stacey, a guy.Stacey: Hello? This is Stacey speaking.Fred: This is Fred.

A.A. You got the wrong person.

B.B. I am not she.

C.C. Who is this speaking?

D.D. She is in the kitchen. Just a minute, please.

第3题,【单项选择题】31. Jason: So, Annie, what do you do? Annie: __________

A.A. I am cooking some fruit pie for the buffet.

B.B. I am free now. What can I do for you?

C.C. I am an actor.

D.D. How do you do?

第4题,【单项选择题】23. Can you ______ an insect having eight eyes and still having poor eyesight?

A.A. imagine

B.B. suppose

C.C. think

D.D. expect

第5题,【单项选择题】37. Tom: Don't forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow.Jim: __________

A.A. I don't .

B.B. I won't.

C.C. I can't.

D.D. I haven't.

第6题,【单项选择题】24. Fingerprints form an unchangeable mark ______ despite changes in the individual's appearance or age.

A.A. mark

B.B. sign

C.C. remark

D.D. signature

第7题,【单项选择题】62. Each boy and girl ____given a gift on Christmas Day.

A.A. is

B.B. are

C.C. were

D.D. was

第8题,【单项选择题】26. His failure to pay his debts ______ their opinion that he was not to be trusted.

A.A. confirmed

B.B. checked

C.C. convinced

D.D. tested

第9题,【单项选择题】34. Paul: __________Jason: Phew! These bags are so heavy that I cannot go on one more step.Paul: Just put them down. Let me open the door.

A.A. Here you are!

B.B. Here it is!

C.C. Here we are!

D.D. Okay, see you tomorrow.

第10题,【单项选择题】18. There is little, ______, farming in that area and all you can see is miles of wild countryside.

A.A. if so

B.B. if such

C.C. if no

D.D. if any

第11题,【单项选择题】64. Jim is the only one of the staff members who ____to be promoted.

A.A. are

B.B. have been

C.C. is

D.D. has been

第12题,【单项选择题】63. Nobody but Jack and Jane ____ made great progress in the class recently.

A.A. have

B.B. has

C.C. had

D.D. has been

第13题,【单项选择题】25. I think their plan will work, but they themselves are very ______ about it.

A.A. certain

B.B. suspicious

C.C. confident

D.D. doubtful

第14题,【单项选择题】66. Not only he but also I ____to work hard and pass the exam.

A.A. want

B.B. wants

C.C. wanted

D.D. wanting

第15题,【单项选择题】32. Interviewer: __________ Interviewee: Not at all. Go ahead please.

A.A. What's your major in university?

B.B. Would you mind if I ask you several questions?

C.C. How did you get to know our company?

D.D. Why do you choose our company?

第16题,【单项选择题】38. Sandy: It's lovely today. Shall we go and play football?Bob: __________ When shall we meet?

A.A. Yes, we shall.

B.B. It's very kind of you.

C.C. You are all right.

D.D. That's a good idea.

第17题,【单项选择题】76. Statistics ____ that most of the published and quoted scientific articles are related to medical science.

A.A. has shown

B.B. is shown

C.C. show

D.D. shows

第18题,【单项选择题】20. The singer on the stage has a young ______ face and a voice of an_____.

A.A. boy...angel

B.B. boy's...angel

C.C. boy...angel's

D.D. boy's...angel's

第19题,【单项选择题】33. Lisa: __________ Ben: I have been working as an accountant for years.

A.A. What's your occupation?

B.B. What's your work?

C.C. What about working for our company?

D.D. Can you tell me where you are from?

第20题,【单项选择题】70. Many a writer of newspaper articles ____ to writing novels.

A.A. has turned

B.B. have turned

C.C. being turned

D.D. are going to turn

第21题,【单项选择题】71. Either the teachers or the president ____ the meeting.

A.A. attends

B.B. attend

C.C. are attending

D.D. have attended

第22题,【单项选择题】40. Salesgirl: Good morning! What can I do for you?Customer: Yes, please. __________ Can you suggest some light and cool material?Salesgirl: What about that white cotton T-shirt?

A.A. How much do you sell a T-shirt?

B.B. Have you any smaller size?

C.C. I'm afraid this T-shirt is too big for me.

D.D. I'd like to buy some T-shirt.

第23题,【单项选择题】27. Our government strongly holds the principle we will ______ be the first to use nuclear weapons.

A.A. by any means

B.B. by all means

C.C. by no means

D.D. by every means

第24题,【单项选择题】69. A horse and carriage ____ not much used nowadays.

A.A. is

B.B. are

C.C. were

D.D. is to be

第25题,【单项选择题】73. None of your projects ____.

A.A. working out

B.B. work out

C.C. is worked out

D.D. are worked out

第26题,【单项选择题】61. Bread and butter ____ what Americans usually have for breakfast.

A.A. are

B.B. is

C.C. was

D.D. were

第27题,【单项选择题】14. Not until actually faced with water scarcity ______ appreciate the value of water to a region.

A.A. one can

B.B. one cannot

C.C. can one

D.D. cannot one

第28题,【单项选择题】67. Every means ____tried but with no end.

A.A. have been

B.B. have had

C.C. has been

D.D. are

第29题,【单项选择题】17. Although he refused to act on my suggestion, he had to admit that ______ what I said.

A.A. it was something in

B.B. there was something as

C.C. it was something as

D.D. there was something in

第30题,【单项选择题】29. Being aware of the potential objections, they launched a ______ reform at the beginning stage.

A.A. humble

B.B. modest

C.C. timid

D.D. middle

第31题,【单项选择题】15. Most people don't think of a stamp as a receipt, but that is ______ it really is a proof of just how much money you paid in advance for mail delivery.

A.A. boy...angel

B.B. boy's...angel

C.C. boy...angel's

D.D. boy's...angel's

第32题,【单项选择题】65. Many a child ____to walk before he can speak.

A.A. learn

B.B. learns

C.C. learned

D.D. have learned

第33题,【单项选择题】75. Statistics ____ his most difficult subject and they are all worried that he wont pass the test.

A.A. is

B.B. are

C.C. was

D.D. were

第34题,【单项选择题】36. Susan (wife): It is a beautiful day. Let's do something.Andy

(son): __________Nathan (father): I'm sorry, but I'm busy today. I have to work.

A.A. No, I am not feeling like doing anything.

B.B. How about going to the beach together?

C.C. I can go rollerblading(滑冰) with Jack.

D.D. What shall we do?

第35题,【单项选择题】19. In his lecture, the education expert emphasized the fact that nowadays children are exposed to many influences ______ that of their families.

A.A. rather than

B.B. other than

C.C. except for

D.D. but for

第36题,【单项选择题】68. My house and home ____ at 108 Maryland.

A.A. are

B.B. is

C.C. were

D.D. is being

第37题,【单项选择题】30. The union threatened a strike but called it ______ at the last minute.

A.A. off

B.B. out

C.C. back

D.D. Up

第38题,【单项选择题】21. According to the Constitution, any national agreement has to be ______ by a two-thirds majority in parliament.

A.A. approached

B.B. appointed

C.C. approved

D.D. appreciated

第39题,【单项选择题】72. Neither of your suggestions ____ sense.

A.A. makes

B.B. make

C.C. is made

D.D. are made

第40题,【单项选择题】74. Going to bed early and getting up early ____ a good habit.

A.A. is

B.B. are

C.C. were

D.D. was

第41题,【单项选择题】22. The issue of e-commerce did not ______ any detailed discussions at the conference.

A.A. take delight in

B.B. give rise to

C.C. give way to

D.D. take advantage of

第42题,【单项选择题】28. The two soldiers spent many years together, fighting ______ and sharing their victories and disappointments.

A.A. face to face

B.B. side by side

C.C. back to back

D.D. step by step

第43题,【单项选择题】39. Mary: Happy birthday to you, Kate. This is for you.Kate: __________

A.A. Thank you so much. How nice of you!

B.B. How much is it?

C.C. Sorry, I haven't got any gift for you.

D.D. Oh, it's a watch.

第44题,【阅读理解题(单选)】Passage 2Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles(困难). People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off (挡开)illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting (转移...注意力)us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - financial aid, material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.

1)、 46. Interpersonal relationships are important because ______.

A. A. they are indispensable to people"s social well-being

B. B. they waken people"s desire to exchange resources

C.C. they help people to cope with life in the information era

D. D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

2)、 47. Research shows that people"s physical and mental health ______.

A. A. relies on the help they get form others

B. B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C. C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

D. D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

3)、 48. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "cushions" (Line 1, Para.2)?

A. A. Adds up to.

B. B. Does away with.

C. C. Lessens the effect of.

D. D. Lays the foundation for.

4)、 49. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ______.

A. A. instrumental support

B. B. informational support

C. C. social companionship

D. D. financial aid

5)、 50. Social companionship is beneficial in that ______.

A. A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives

B.B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes

C. C. it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable

D. D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

&B&C&A&D

第45题,【阅读理解题(单选)】Passage 4Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors(流星)but also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food, which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage.Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called "rem". Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0.1 rem without being damaged; the figure of 60 rems has been agreed on. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage-a person may feel perfectly well, but the cells of his or her sex organs may be damaged, and this will not be discovered until the birth of deformed(畸形的)children or even grandchildren. Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high radiation and, during the outward and return journeys; the Apollo crew accumulated a large amount of rems. So far, no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported, but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere, working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but no really effective ones have been found so far.

1)、 58. The harm radiation has done to the Apollo crew members ______.

A. A. is insignificant

B. B. seems overestimated

C.C. is enormous

D. D. remains unknown

2)、56. According to the first paragraph, the atmosphere is essential to man in that ______.

A. A. it protects him against the harmful rays from space

B.B. it provides sufficient light for plant growth

C.C. it supplies the heat necessary for human survival

D. D. it screens off the falling meteors

3)、 57. We know from the passage that ______.

A. A. exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal

B. B. the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming

C.C. radiation is avoidable in space exploration

D. D. astronauts in spacesuits needn't worry about radiation damage

4)、 59. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

A.A. the Apollo mission was very successful

B. B. protection from space radiation is no easy job

C.C. astronauts will have deformed children or grandchildren

D. D. radiation is not a threat to well-protected space explorers

5)、 60. The best title for this passage would be ______.

A.A. Astronauts in the Outer Space

B.B. Research on Radiation

C.C. Effects of Space Radiation

D.D. Importance Protection against Radiation

&A&B&B&C

第46题,【阅读理解题(单选)】Passage 3 When cars first started appearing on the streets of the world, few people took them seriously. They were toys-play things for grown men who didn't have much to do. No one thought that the automobile would ever become the world's most popular form of transportation.There seems never to have been a civilization without toys, but when and how they developed is unknown. They probably came about just to give children something to do.In the ancient world, as is today, most boys played with some kinds of toys and most girls with another. In societies where social roles are rigidly determined, boys pattern their play after the activities of their fathers and girls after the tasks of their mothers. This is true because boys and girls are being prepared, even in play, to step into the roles and responsibilities of the adult world.What is remarkable about the history of toys is not so much how they changed over the centuries but how much they have remained the same. The changes have been mostly in terms of craftsmanship, mechanics, and technology. It is the universality of toys with regard to their development in all

parts of the world and their persistence to the present that is amazing. In Egypt, the Americas, China, Japan and among the Arctic (北极的)peoples, generally the same kinds of toys appeared. Variations depended on local customs and ways of life because toys imitate their surroundings. Nearly every civilization had dolls, little weapons, toy soldiers, tiny animals and vehicles.Because toys can be generally regarded as a kind of art form, they have not been subject to technological leaps that characterize inventions for adult use. The progress from the wheel to the oxcart to the automobile is a direct line of ascent (进步). The progress from a rattle (拨浪鼓)used by a baby in 3000 BC to one used by an infant today, however, is not characterized by inventiveness. Each rattle is the product of the artistic tastes of the times and subject to the limitations of available materials.

1)、 52. One aspect of "the universality of toys" lies in the fact that ______.

A. A. technological advances have greatly improved the durability of toys

B. B. the improvement of craftsmanship in making toys depends on the efforts ofuniversities

C. C. the exploration of the universe had led to the creation of new kinds of toys

D.D. the basic characteristics of toys are the same the world over

2)、53. Which of the following is the author's view on the historical development of toys?

A. A. The craftsmanship in toy-making has remained essentially unchanged.

B. B. Toys have remained basically the same all through the centuries.

C. C. The toy industry has witnessed great leaps in technology in recent years.

D. D. Toys are playing an increasingly important role in shaping a child's character.

3)、54. Regarded as a kind of art form, toys ______.

A. A. follow a direct line of ascent

B. B. also appeal greatly to adults

C. C. are not characterized by technological progress

D. |D. reflect the pace of social progress

4)、 51. The reason why the toys most boys play with are different from those that girls play with is that ______.

A. A. their social roles are rigidly determined

B. B. most boys would like to follow their fathers' professions

C. C. boys like to play with their fathers while girls with their mothers

D. D. most girls would like to follow their mothers' professions

5)、 55. The author uses the example of rattle to show that ______.

A.A. in toy-making there is a continuity in the sue of materials

B.B. even the simplest toys can reflect the progress of technology

C.C. it often takes a long time to introduce new technology into toy-making

D.D. even a simple toy can mirror the artistic tastes of the time

&B&C&A&D

第47题,【阅读理解题(单选)】Passage 1The United States covers a large part of the North American continent. Its neighbors are Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. Although the United States is a big country, it is not the largest in the world. In 2000, its population was over 222 million.When this land first became a nation, after winning its independence from England, it had thirteen states. Each of the states was represented on the American flag by a star. All these states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew toward the west, new states were added and new stars appeared on the flag. For a long time, there were 48 stars. In 1959, however, two more stars were added to the flag, representing the new states of Alaska and Hawaii.Indians were the first people of the land which is now the United States. There are still many thousands of Indians now living in all parts of the country. Sometimes it is said that the Indians are "the only real Americans". Most Americans come from all over the world. Those who came first in greatest numbers to make their homes on the eastern coast of North America were mostly from England. It is for that reason that the language of the United States is English and that its culture and customs are more like those of England than those of any other country in the world.

1)、 42. After winning its independence, the United States ______.

A. A. had nothing to do with England

B. B. made India part of its land

C. C. mainly developed westward

D. D. took over parts of Canada and Mexico

2)、 44. Why is English the language of America?

A. A. English is the native language of the Indians.

B. B. Most Americans come from all over the world.

C. C. Most of the people who first settled in America were from England.

D. D. Canada is America's nearest neighbor.

3)、 43. The United States didn't have ______ states until ______.

A. A. thirteen; 1959

B. B. fifty; 1959

C. C. fifty; this land first became a nation

D. D. fifty; 1964

4)、 45. The best title for the passage is "______".

A.A. The States of America

B.B. The Language of America

C.C. The United States of America

D.D. The Culture and Customs of America

5)、41. Which of the following is TRUE?

A.A. America is the largest country in the world.

B. B. The United States lies next to Canada and Mexico.

C. C. America covers most part of the North American continent.

D.D. Mexico is to the north of Canada.

&C&B&C&B

第48题,【翻译题】65. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.

正确答案:65. 泰德和威廉已经在同一个屋檐下生活了五年了。

第49题,【翻译题】67.In Foreign Languages Department, a checking machine is used to correct the students' test papers.

正确答案:67.外语系用阅卷机给学生批卷。

第50题,【翻译题】70. The more passions we have, the more happiness we are likely to experience.

正确答案:70. 我们的激情越多,我们有可能体验到的快乐就越多。

第51题,【翻译题】73. A year is divided into 12 star signs.

正确答案:73. 一年被分为12个不同的星座。

第52题,【翻译题】61. Please give this book to whoever comes first.

正确答案:61. 请把这本书给最先来的人。

第53题,【翻译题】66. A lot of natural resources in the mountain area are to be exploited and used.

正确答案:67.那个山区有许多自然资源有待于开发利用。

第54题,【翻译题】64. Tom was such a hardworking student that he soon came out first in the class.

正确答案:64. 汤姆是一个学习十分用功的学生,以至于不久他就成了班里学习最好的学生。第55题,【翻译题】69. There is a large amount of energy wasted due to friction. 正确答案:69. 由于摩擦而损耗了大量的能量。

第56题,【翻译题】72. It is silly of you not to forgive others for their faults.

正确答案:72. 你不能原谅别人的错误是愚蠢的。

第57题,【翻译题】68. The students are encouraged by their teacher to do more listening, reading and writing.

正确答案:68. 老师鼓励学生多听,多读,多写。

第58题,【翻译题】63. Apples here like water and sunshine.

正确答案:63. 这里的苹果喜欢水和阳光。

第59题,【翻译题】71. Do you have an appointment with my president?

正确答案:71. 你跟我们的董事长预约了吗?

第60题,【翻译题】62. Though it was late, they kept on working.

正确答案:62.尽管已经很晚了,他们还在继续工作。

第61题,【阅读理解题(单选)】Passage 2Since we are social beings, the quality of our

lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles(困难). People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off (挡开)illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting (转移...注意力)us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support - financial aid, material resources, and needed services - that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.

1)、 46. Interpersonal relationships are important because ______.

A. A. they are indispensable to people"s social well-being

B. B. they waken people"s desire to exchange resources

C.C. they help people to cope with life in the information era

D. D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

2)、 47. Research shows that people"s physical and mental health ______.

A. A. relies on the help they get form others

B. B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C. C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

D. D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

3)、 48. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "cushions" (Line 1, Para.2)?

A. A. Adds up to.

B. B. Does away with.

C. C. Lessens the effect of.

D. D. Lays the foundation for.

4)、 49. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ______.

A. A. instrumental support

B. B. informational support

C. C. social companionship

D. D. financial aid

5)、 50. Social companionship is beneficial in that ______.

A. A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives

B.B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes

C. C. it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable

D. D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

1)、 46. Interpersonal relationships are important because ______.

A. A. they are indispensable to people"s social well-being

B. B. they waken people"s desire to exchange resources

C.C. they help people to cope with life in the information era

D. D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

2)、 47. Research shows that people"s physical and mental health ______.

A. A. relies on the help they get form others

B. B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C. C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

D. D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

3)、 48. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "cushions" (Line 1, Para.2)?

A. A. Adds up to.

B. B. Does away with.

C. C. Lessens the effect of.

D. D. Lays the foundation for.

4)、 49. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ______.

A. A. instrumental support

B. B. informational support

C. C. social companionship

D. D. financial aid

5)、 50. Social companionship is beneficial in that ______.

A. A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives

B.B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes

C. C. it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable

D. D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

1)、 46. Interpersonal relationships are important because ______.

A. A. they are indispensable to people"s social well-being

B. B. they waken people"s desire to exchange resources

C.C. they help people to cope with life in the information era

D. D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

2)、 47. Research shows that people"s physical and mental health ______.

A. A. relies on the help they get form others

B. B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C. C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

D. D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

3)、 48. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "cushions" (Line 1, Para.2)?

A. A. Adds up to.

B. B. Does away with.

C. C. Lessens the effect of.

D. D. Lays the foundation for.

4)、 49. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ______.

A. A. instrumental support

B. B. informational support

C. C. social companionship

D. D. financial aid

5)、 50. Social companionship is beneficial in that ______.

A. A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives

B.B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes

C. C. it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable

D. D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

1)、 46. Interpersonal relationships are important because ______.

A. A. they are indispensable to people"s social well-being

B. B. they waken people"s desire to exchange resources

C.C. they help people to cope with life in the information era

D. D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

2)、 47. Research shows that people"s physical and mental health ______.

A. A. relies on the help they get form others

B. B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C. C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

D. D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their