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2011年辽宁专升本考试真题-英语

一、选择

1 Not one of us has a clear idea _________ to do.

A. what the others want

B. that the others want

C. which do the others want

D. what do the others want

2 ________, he managed to find time to go to see a doctor.

A. As he is

B. As he was busy

C. Busy as he was

D. Busy as he is

3 He has very poor life habit, and he also said he was usedto going to bed late, __________?

A. didn’t he

B. did he

C. wasn’t he

D. was he

4 Research _______ all over the world into the possible cause of cancer in the past few years.

A. was made

B. had been made

C. has been making

D. has been made

5 When we reached the port, we knew the ship hadn’t arrived yet. We _______.

A. needn’t have hurried

B. needed not to hurry

C. had not needed to hurry

D. didn’t need to hurry

6 After I look the Japanese culture course, I knew that the culture and customs of Japan are a little bit like _________ of China.

A. what

B. that

C. ones

D. those

7 I heard Mrs. Brown had a heart attack, I wonder how she has been ______in hospital.

A. getting off

B. getting across

C. getting on

D. getting through

8 After a long time’s hard work, I will have a ________ vacation to go to Beijing.

A. two weeks

B. two weeks’

C. two-week

D. two-week’s

9 When you_______, I know for certain that you will feel much better.

A. are waking up

B. have been waking up

C. wake up

D. have woken

10 He suggested that everyone of us ______ at the meeting.

A. shall present

B. present

C. be present

D. presented

二、阅读(一)

Personality is no a large extent internet??—A-type parents usually bring about A-type children. But the environment must also have a great effect. If competition is important to parent, it is likely to become a major factor in the lives of their children, too.

One place where children get A-type characteristics is school, which is a high competitive institution. Too many schools encourage their students to “win at all cost” and measure their success by achievement of this goal. This produces a two-layer system, in which A-type seems in some way better than B-type. But being too eager to win can have dangerous results.

Until now, the worst form of competition in school is the too much attention to examinations. It is a rare school that allows students to concentrate on those things they do well. The advantages of competition by examinations are somewhat questionable, but competition in the certain knowledge of failure is positively harmful. Obviously , it is not good that all A-type students change into B-types. The world need different types and schools have an important duty to fit a child’s personality to his possible future employment.

Perhaps selection for the caring professions, especially medicine, could be made less by good grades in chemistry and more by such considerations as warm heart and sympathy. It is surely mistaken to choose our doctors only from A-type students. B-type students are important and could be encouraged.

11 According to the passage, A-type students are usually_______.

A. impatient

B. considerate

C. aggressive

D. agreeable

12 The author is strongly opposed to the practice of examinations at schools because__________.

A. failure rates are too high

B. some students are bound to fail

C. the pressure is too great on the students

D. the way to judge students’ abilities on the results of examinations is doubtful

13 The selection of medical professionals is now based on_______.

A. super values

B. competitive spirit

C. academic performances

D. st udents’ senses

14 From the passage we can draw the conclusion that________.

A. B-type characteristics can never be better than A-type characteristics

B. the personality of any people is well determined at birth

C. one’s characteristics are controlled by one’s daily experience

D. the development of one’s personality is due to many factors

15 The word “questionable” means___________.

A. indifferent

B. no problem

C. doubtful

D. no doubt

二、阅读(二)

Real policemen, both in Britain and the United states, hardly recognize any resemblance(相似) between their lives and what they see about themselves on TV.

The first difference is that a policeman’s real life revolves around the law. He has to know exactly what actions are crimes and what evidence can be used to prove them in court. He has to know nearly as much law as a professional lawyer.

Most crime dramas on television are about finding the criminal. As soon as he is arrested, the story is over. In real life, finding criminals is seldom much of a problem, except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attack—where failure to produce results will affect the reputation of the police—little effort is spent on searching. The police have elaborate machinery, which eventually shows up the most wanted men. After having made an arrest, a detective really starts to work. In order to prove the criminal’s case in court he often has to spend a lot of time gathering evidence. There is a third big difference between the drama detective and the real one. The real detective comes up against an unpleasant moral problem resulting from two opposite pressures: first as members of a police force they always leave to behave in an absolute lawful way; secondly, as expensive public servants they have to get results. They can hardly ever do both. Most of the time some of them have to break rules in small ways.

16 It is essential for a policeman to be trained in the criminal law so that he can__________.

A. arrest criminals in the street

B. justify his arrests in court

C. know as much law as a professional lawyer

D. justify himself on TV

17 Only when very serious cases like murder and terrorist attack occur, will the police__________.

A. show up their elaborate machinery

B. fail to produce results

C. spend a lot of effort in finding the criminals

D. pay attention to their reputation

18 “The most wanted men” refers to__________.

A. the most dangerous criminals

B. most of the witnesses wanted

C. those the police are searching for

D. the men the police are most interested in arresting

19 The real detective faces an unpleasant moral problems because he_______.

A. is an expensive public servant

B. often feels rather depressed

C. has to break the law in order to preserve it

D. must always behave with absolute legality

20 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?

A. In real life, finding criminals is one of the policemen’s greatest problems.

B. The detective’s work is over once the arrest has been done.

C. The police spend a great deal of time finding evidence to support their arrests.

D. The police devote most of their working life tosearching for criminals.

二、阅读(三)

Cars play an important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor, he

doesn’t feel really poor when he has a car.

Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars i n large numbers. Maybe, he didn’t know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The cars made the United States a country one wheels. And it helped to make the United States what it is today.

There are three main reasons that the car has become so popular in the United States today. First of all the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go to any place without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the United States as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.

The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don’t like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don’t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the resolution will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.

21 Which of the following statements is true?

A. When an American owns a car, he will never be poor.

B. An American will feel poor unless he has a car.

C. In the United States even the poor own cars.

D. In the United States all the poor have no car.

22 What can we infer from this passage?

A. Americans travel a lot by their cars.

B. Americans seldom travel by plane.

C. Americans often use public transportation.

D. Americans spend a lot of money traveling by car.

23 Americans prefer their cars to other means of transportation for the following reasons EXCEPT___________.

A. they like to travel from place to place

B. traveling by car is not expensive

C. they have the spirit of independence

D. buses, trains and planes are too crowded

24 What does “a country on wheels” mean?

A. Cars play an impo rtant part in Americans’ lives,

B. The United States produces most cars of the world.

C. The United States depends on the car industry for its development.

D. Everyone in the United States owns a car.

25 According to the author, what really makes cars so popular in the United States?

A. Americans cannot move around without their cars.

B. Americans like to schedule their own time.

C. Americans do not feel poor when they travel in their cars.

D. The United States lacks public transportation.

三、英译汉

26 A criminal entrapped an elderly man in a bad investment and stole his money.

A. 犯罪分子使一位老人陷入投资的陷阱,偷走了他的钱。

B. 犯罪分子诱骗一位老人帮助他们进行错误的投资,并偷走了他的钱

C. 犯罪分子诱骗一位老人从事错误的投资,骗走了他的钱。

D. 犯罪分子使一位老人进行了一次糟糕的投资,并偷走了他的钱。

27 She began at the entry level as a clerk and worked her way up the ladder to become president of the company.

A. 她从职业岗位开始,后来,一步一步地向上爬,当上了公司的总裁。

B. 她从底楼的入门职员开始工作,后来,借助一把楼梯,爬上了公司总统的办公室

C. 她从入门当职员开始,后来,逐步晋升,当上了公司的总裁。

D. 她从最低岗位的职员开始,后来,逐步晋升,当上了公司的总裁。

28 We regret to inform you that we’ll have to cancel our order on account of your failure to deliver the goods punctually.

A. 我们抱歉通知你们为了及时交货,我们将取消在你们失误账面上的订货。

B. 我们遗憾地通知贵方,由于你们的失误,未能及时交货,我们只好取消订货。

C. 我们遗憾地通知你们,由于贵方未能及时交货,我方只得取消订货。

D. 我们抱歉通知你,为了保证及时送货,我们不得不取消让你修改错误账面的命令。

29 If you desire an interview, I shall be most happy to call in person, on the day at any time you may appoint

A. 如你渴望面试,我一定遵照所约定之时日,前往拜访。

B. 如有意面试,我会很高兴在你约定的任何日期时间去拜访你。

C. 如贵公司有意面试,本人一定遵照所约定之时日,前往拜访。

D. 如你渴望面试,我会很高兴在你约定的任何日期时间亲自给你打电话。

四、完形填空

Choosing an occupation is one of the most difficult problems______ a young person. Of course, some people “know” they want ________ doctors or pilots or engineers _________ the age of six. But most of us do not make a decision about an occupation or career until somebody or something forces us.

Choosing an occupation ______ time, and you have to think about a lot of things ________ you make a decision. You may find that you must take special courses for a particular kind of work or you ________ find that you will need some_______experience for a particular job.

Fortunately, you can turn_______a lot of people for advice for help. At school you are always ready to listen and to give you advice. But the most important thing is self-evaluation. Your self-evaluation should give you a clear picture of your interests and abilities______you should be able to start thinking of one or more occupations for yourself.

30 A. to B. of C. for D. toward

31 A. being B. be C. to do D. to be

32 A. during B. from C. at D. for

33 A. takes B. uses C. need D. wants

34 A. scan B. after C. before D. during

35 A. must B. ought C. may D. could

36 A. work B. working C. workable D. worked

37 A. for B. to C. toward D. up

38 A. over B. about C. out D. back

39 A. but B. though C. or D. and

五.词性转换

40 There’s a severe (short) ________of low-cost housing in the city.

41 The young man is very well (qualify)________to teach high school mathematics.

42 We are busy (prepare)__________for the final examination, so I cannot come to see you.

43 The scientists study carefully and record the (frequent)_________of earthquakes in this region.

44 With the fast (develop)___________of compulsory education, people should pay special attention to good manners.

45 Besides (commerce) ____________value, collecting stamps also has artistic value.

46 The books and magazines in the bookstore are(classify)________by subject.

47 The solider was punished for (obey) __________order.

48 He didn’t know how to express after listening to the (excite) ______news.

49 Because of lasting drought this spring, the farmers were (doubt) ________ about the dream of a harvest.

六.术语匹配

A.——Accounting Assistant B. ——Copywriter C.——Legal Adviser D.——personnel Manager E.——Maintenance Engager F.——Sales Supervisor G.——Securities Custody Clerk H.——Bond Trader I.——Financial Controller J.——Project Staff K.——Simultaneous Interpreter L.——Business Manager M.——Cashier N.——Administrative Assistant O.——Electrical Engineer

50 ()人事部经理

51 ()销售监管

52 ()出纳员

53 ()电气工程师

54 ()(项目)策划人员55 ()业务经理

56 ()证劵交易员

57 ()维修工程师

58 ()行政助理

59 ()文字撰稿人

七.简答题

The first paragraph of a typical business letter is used the main point of the letter. Begin with a friendly opening; then a quick transition to the purpose of your letter. Use a couple of sentences to explain the purpose, but do not go into detail the next paragraph.

Beginning with the second paragraph, state the supporting details to justify your purpose. These may take the from of background information, statistics or first-hand accounts. A few short paragraphs within the body of the letter should be enough to support your reasoning.

Finally, in the closing paragraph, briefly restate your purpose and why it is important. If the purpose of your letter is employment related, consider ending your letter with your contact information. However, if the purpose is informational, think about closing with gratitude for the reader’s time.

60 "What does the first paragraph of a typical business letter do?

The first paragraph usually states ________ of the letter

61 " What should one do after a friendly opening?

He/she should write _____________ of the letter.

62 "In which paragraph do you go into detail?

In ______________________________ .

63 " What are he forms the supporting details may take in the second paragraph?

They may take the form of background information, statistics or_______.

64 "How will one end his letter if the purpose of his letter is employment related?

He will end his letter with his_________________________.

八、段落翻译

65 Most meetings have an agenda. For a formal meeting, this document may be handed out in advance to all participants. For an informal meeting, the agenda may be simply a list of the points to be dealt with. The purpose of an agenda of an agenda is to speed up the meeting and keep everyone to the point.

九、应用文写作

66根据下面提供的信息写一篇英文电子邮件,文件写在答题卡相应位置。

说明:假定你是王军。根据以下内容以第一人称发一封电子邮件。

内容:

(1)发件人:王军

(2)收件人:Anna

(3)发件人电子邮箱地址:wangjun11007@http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9d0d8abc0975f46527d3e1ec.html

(4)收件人电子邮箱地址:anna11008@http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9d0d8abc0975f46527d3e1ec.html

(5)事由:王军在网址http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9d0d8abc0975f46527d3e1ec.html 上卖出了一本书,书名《电子商务导论》。(6)邮件设计内容:

1. 感谢对方购买《电子商务导论》:

2. 书已寄出,预计一周内到达:

3. 希望收到书后在网站上留下反馈意见:

4. 如果满意,希望向其他客户推荐:

5. 最近还会推出一些新的图书,欢迎选购:再次购买可以享受折扣。

Words for reference:反馈意见feedback,电子商务导论Introduction to E-commerce

注意:e-mail 的内容要写成一段落,不得逐条罗列。E-mail Message

From:_______________________

To:————————————

Subject: Feedback of transaction

Dear Miss Anna Brown:

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