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音标表

英语国际音标

音标表

初一英语音标词拼读

[i:] [hi:t] [mi:t] [ni:t] [fli:] [fi:l] [si:] [wi:] [ri:?]

[i] [lid] [did] [pin] [klik] [fiks] [lift] [tin] [?wint?]

[e] [les] [eg] [tel] [felt] [tekst] [men] [lend] [swept]

[?] [f?n] [l?nd] [l?mp] [pl?n] [k?t] [fl?t] [m?t] [f ?t]

[?:] [b?:g] [g?:l] [f?:n] [t?:n] [h?:] [w?:k] [s?:v] [?d?:ti] [sk?:t]

[?] [?br?e?] [?sist?] [?k?l?] [?r?b?] [?ru:l?] [f??get] [?h?l?di] [u:] [fu:d] [bu:t] [lu:n] [ku:l] [lu:p] [lu:n] [su:n] [ku:l]

[u] [fut] [buk] [gud] [stud] [kuk] [bruk] [hud] [wud]

[?] [n?t] [b?s] [l?k] [s?n] [f?n] [l?n] [?s] [d?k] [n?mb?] [?:] [b?:l] [?:l] [f?:l] [t?:l] [sm?:l] [h?:l] [k ?:l] [b?:d]

[?] [g?t] [l?t] [?f] [n?t] [m?k] [f?ks] [s?k] [b?ks] [?s?ri]

[ɑ:] [ɑ:m] [ɑ:t] [kɑ:] [stɑ:t] [skɑ:] [fɑ:m] [hɑ:d] [lɑ:t]

[ai] [wait] [wai] [mai] [rait] [flait] [flai] [kaind] [faind]

[au] [kau] [hau] [?au?] [?flau?] [?tau?] [haus] [maus] [nau]

[ei] [neim] [feim] [gein] [leik] [seik] [?teibl] [keik] [ei]

[?u] [n?u] [g?ut] [h?um] [n?ut] [?uld] [k?ut] [r?u] [b?ut]

[u?] [pu?] [tu?] [lu?] [mu?] [bu?] [?u?] [?tu?rist] [m??? u?]

[i?] [di?] [ni?] [?wi?ri] [fi?] [? i?] [kli?] [ti?] [pai??ni?]

[?i] [?il] [b?il] [p?int] [n?iz] [v?is] [s?i] [??in] [??v?id]

[??] [h??] [p??] [f??] [?f??ri] [?w??ri] [ri?p??] [?k??ful] [st??] [?] [??st] [?in] [?i:p] [??b] [??m] [??rin?] [ri ?li??s]

[?] [?ben?] [?? ain?] [???] [w?:?] [m??] [??eri] [k?u?] [?] [br??] [?i:p] [?ɑ: p] [?ip] [??p] [fi?] [???uld?] [ri?sep??n] [?] [?le??] [?ple??] [?ju:??] [?ju:??li] [?telivi??] [?me??]

[j] [jes] [jet] [?jel?u] [jɑ:d] [j?m] [j?k] [?jest?dei] [j??]

[?] [?i?gli?] [l??] [l??] [s pri?] [si?] [?i:ti?] [??aini?]

[?] [?ri:] [???:ti] [?i?] [???k] [???nd?] [t u:?] [?ru:]

[e] [eis] [e?t] [ei:z] [e?uz] [e??] [eei] [?wee?] [?fɑ:e?]

[tr] [tri:] [tr ai] [tr ein] [tru:] [?tru:li] [?str ein?] [tru:?]

[dr] [dr ai] [dr aiv] [?dr aiv?] [dr?uv] [dri:m] [dru:] [drein]

[?] [m i:?] [si:?] [?stju:d??] [?mini?] [k??] [w ei?] [ l i?]

[?] [w?:?] [b?:?] [ki?] [h?n?] [??au zn?] [?h?nd?r?]

ea

/i:/ meat please tea read

/e/ head bread ready

/ i? / theater ear / ε? / bear

/ ?: / earth

ee

/i:/ meet see bee eir

/ ε? / their

Er

/ ? / worker

/ ?: / her

ere

/i ? / here

/ε? / where there ew

/ju: / new few

/u: / flew grew

igh

/ai / right high bright

ir

/?: / bird girl shirt

thirty

oa

/?u / boat coat

ong

/o? /long song

oo

/u/ book foot good

/u:/ moon balloon

or

/ ?:/ short fork port

/?: / word world work

oor

/ ?:/ door floor

ore

/?:/ more store sore

ou

/ au / out house

mouth

/ ?:/

four your

/au? / our

Ow

/ ?u / bowl window

/au / now cow flower

oy

/oi/ boy toy

ur

/ ?: / turn

辅音组合

th /θ/ thank mouth

/ δ/ this that with

tr

/tr/ tree train truck

dr

/dr/ dress driver

sh

/∫/ shirt wash short

ch

/t∫/ child chair catch

/ k / school Christmas

/ dз/sandwich

tw

/tw/ two twin twenty

wh /w/ white wheel what

/h/ who whose whom

ts

/ts/ jackets kites

ds

/dz/ birds friends

26个英文字母及发音音标如下:

A a [ei]

B b [bi:]

C c [si:]

D d [di:]

E e [i:]

F f [ef]

G g [di:] H h [eit?] I i [ai]

J j [dei] K k [kei] L l [el]

M m [em] N n [en] O o [?u]

P p [pi:] Q q [kju:] R r [ɑ:]

S s [es] T t [ti:] U u [ju:]

V v [vi:] W w ['d?blju:] X x [eks] Y y [wai] Z z [zi:]

英语发音规则

a

在开音节中[ei]

name plane Jane cake

在闭音节中[?]

bag dad hat map black back e

在开音节中[i:] he these me Chinese

在闭音节中[e]

bed let pen desk yes egg

i

在开音节中[ai]

bike drive time nice kite

在闭音节中[i]

fish big drink sit milk swim

o

在开音节中[?u]

those close go hoe home no 在闭音节中[?]

clock not box shop sock u

在开音节中[ju:]

student excuse duty Tuesday 在闭音节中[?]

bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super

音标表

音标表

音标表

字母组合固定音,千锤百炼习语感。

wh发音[h] 和[w], th 常发[W] 和[T];

ch/tch多发[t ?], 有时发音[?] 或[k];

sh [?], ph [f], gh 不发或发[f](词尾);

ge\dge 多发[dV], ck 发[k], kn [n];

ng 易发[?] [?g], qu发音[kw] 和[k]。

wr 发卷趋[r], 双写分节不分音。{ 动词或复数词尾s /es, 多发[s][z]/ 和[iz]; ts [ts] ds[dz]}

例词:

wh发音[h] 和[w],

wh ---[ ] which, white, what, where, when, why [ ] whose, who, whole

th 常发[W] 和[T];

th --- [ ] this, that, the, they, with [ ] thank, three, tooth, forth, eleventh

音标表

(t)ch ---[ ] chicken, chair, child, sandwich, catch, watch chase(追赶,追击)

[ ] ache, headache, chemist [ ] machine[me` ? en], chaise [? eiz]

]], ph [f], gh 不发或发[f](词尾);

sh ---[ ] shoe, ship, sheep, fish, wash, ash

ph ---[ ] photo, telephone, phrase

gh ---[ ] right, light, daughter [ ] laugh, cough

ge\dge 多发[?], ck 发[k], kn [n];

(d)ge ---[ ] orange, page, bri dge, fri dge, porri dge

ck ---[ ] black, kick, lock, back

kn ---[ ] knife, know, knock, knee(膝盖), kneel(跪下), knit (编织),

ng 易发[N] [Ng], qu发音[kw] 和[k]。

ng ---[ ] sing, song, long, wing [ ] English, hungry

qu ---[ ] quick, quite, quiet , quarter, require,

[ ] cheque, unique, technique,

wr 发卷趋[r] wr ---[ ] wrong, write, wrap, wrist,