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pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

Unit 1 My day

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

基本句型:

1.When do you finish class in the morning? 你们上午的课到几点结束?

2.We finish class at 1 o’clock. 我们一点钟结束上午的课?

3.What do you do on the weekend? 你你周末做什么?

4.I often watch TV and play ping-pong with my father. 我经常看电视,也常和我爸爸一起打乒乓球。

5. Why are you shopping today? 你今天为什

句型转换:

1.肯定句?一般疑问句:I usually get up at 6:00. ?Do you usually get up at 6:00?

肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No, I don’t.

(第三人称时) He eats dinner at 6:00p.m.?Does he eat dinner at 6:00p.m.?

2.肯定句?否定句:I like playing the piano.? I don’t like playing the piano.

I can play the piano. ? I can’t play the piano.

知识延伸:

⑴同义词:play sports = do sports

eat breakfast/ lunch/ dinner = have breakfast/ lunch/ dinner

⑵同义句:What do you do? = What are you? 你是干什么的?

⑶一般将来时:(be going to)

The weather report says it is going to rain tomorrow. 天气预报说明天将要下雨。

作文:My day

Hello,my name is Sarah. I am a primary school student. I usually get up at 6:30 a.m. Then I eat breakfast and go to school at 7:00a.m. Every day I have lunch at 12:00 noon. At 5:10p.m, I go

home, and then I do my homework. I eat dinner with my parents and watch TV. I go to bed at 9:00p.m. This is my day. What about you?

My name is Anna. Today is sunny. I get up at 6:00. Then I eat breakfast and go to school.

I have four subjects. One Chinese class, one math class, one English class and one P.E. class.

At noon we have lunch at school. Afternoon, we have two math lessons and one music lesson. Math is too difficult. Then I go home and do my homework, next I have dinner with my parents and watch TV. I go to bed at nine o’clock.

Unit 2 My favourite season

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

1. 询问喜欢哪个季节:

⑴--- Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?

--- I like +季节+ best. (例:I like spring∕summer∕fall∕winter best)

--- 或:I like summer, because I can swim in the sea.

⑵--- What is your favourite season? 你最喜爱的季节是什么?

--- Spring∕summer∕fall∕winter is my favourite season.

2. 询问天气:

--- What is the weather like in fall in Beijing?北京秋天的天气是怎么样的?

--- It is sunny and cool.

3. 询问理由:

--- Why do you like winter best?为什么你最喜欢冬天?

--- Because I can play with snow and make a snowman.

4. 询问想要做什么

--- What would you like to do?

--- I’d like to climb∕play sports……( I’d = I would )

5. 询问具体季节

--- What season is it in March in Beijing? 北京的三月份是什么季节?

--- It is spring.

6. 询问能做什么

--- What can I do there? 我在那里能做什么?

--- You can go to the Great Wall. 你可以去长城。

7. 询问接下来打算去哪里?(be going to一般将来时)

--- Where are you going on vacation? 假期你打算去哪里?

--- I am going to Canada. 我将要去加拿大。

8. Summer is from June to August. 六月至八月是夏天。

9. How do I look? 我看起来怎么样?

10. Send me a postcard. 寄明信片给我。

11. How did THAT happen? 那是怎么发生的!

12. When is the best time to go to Beijing? Fall. 什么时候最适合去北京?秋天。

知识延伸:

1. 特殊疑问句:

⑴which 引导的特殊疑问句,询问喜欢哪个季节:Which season do you like best?

⑵why 引导的特殊疑问句,询问喜欢某个季节的原因:Why do you like summer?

⑶when 引导的特殊疑问句,询问什么时候:When is the best time to go to Beijing?

2. 第三人称单数形式:say—says (说) ask—asks (问) come—comes (来)

3. 单复数:tree—trees (树) leaf—leaves (叶子)

4. 同义词:fall—autumn 秋天

5. 同义句:Which season do you like best? ----- What’s your favourite season?

6. snowy 下雪的cloudy多云的rainy下雨的

7. 相似短语:play with snow 玩雪like to swim游泳( like+ to do)

play in the snow 在雪地玩like swimming 游泳( like + doing)

句型转换:

1. 肯定句?一般疑问句:⑴I like summer. ?Do you like summer?

肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No, I don’t.

⑵It is sunny and hot. ? Is it sunny and hot?

肯定回答:Yes, it is. 否定回答:No, it isn’t.

⑶The sky is very blue. ?Is the sky very blue?

The leaves are colourful. →Are the leaves colourful?

2. 划线提问:

⑴I like summer best. →Which season do you like best?

⑵My favourite season is winter. →What is your favourite season?

⑶It is sunny in May in Beijing. →What is the weather like in May in Beijing?

⑷I’d like to swim. →What would you like to do?

作文:My favourite season

㈠春天篇Hello, my name is xxx. There are four seasons in a year, and I like spring best. It is windy and warm. It has a Tree-planting Day, and I can plant trees with my parents. I can wear my new sweater. I love spring.

㈡夏天篇Hello, my name is xxx. My favourite season is summer. Why? Because summer is sunny and hot. I can swim in the swimming pool. I can eat ice cream and drink some juice. And I can wear my T-shirt and shorts. I like summer. What about you?

㈢秋天篇Hello, my name is xxx. Fall is my favourite season in a year. Because it is windy and cool. I can fly kites. I can go hiking or have a picnic with my friends. And I like to eat moon cakes when Mid-autumn Festival comes. I love fall very much. And you?

㈣冬天篇Hello, my name is xxx. My favourite season is winter. It is always windy and cold. I can play in the snow with my classmates. I can make a snowman and I can skate. I love winter! How about you?

全写与缩写:

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

动词原形→第三人称单数形式:

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

Unit 3 My school calendar

基本词汇:

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

基本句型:

1. 询问生日的时间:

⑴---- When is your / his / her birthday? 你的/ 他的/ 她的生日在什么时候?

---- My / his / her birthday is in June. 在六月。

⑵---- Is your / his / her birthday in July? 你的/ 他的/ 她的生日在七月吗?

---- Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

2. 询问日期:

---- What is the date today? / What date is it today? 今天几号?

---- It is June 1st. 今天六月一号。

区分:(问星期)---- What day is it today? 今天星期几?

---- It is Sunday. 今天星期天。

3. 问节日:

---- When is the Teachers’ Day? 教师节是什么时候?

---- It is September 10th.

4.询问一个月里有多少人生日:

---- How many birthday s are there in January? 一月有多少人生日?

---- There are … .

5. 询问谁的生日在某月:

---- Who has a birthday in October? 谁的生日在十月?(同义句:Whose birthday is in Oct.?)---- Me. 我。

6. ---- What are you doing,John?约翰,你在做什么?

---- I am making a birthday chart for our family. 我正在做我们家的生日表。

7. ---- Does she have a computer? 她有电脑吗?

---- No, she doesn’t. 不,她没有。

8. ---- Then she won’t be able to see the card. 那她不可能看见这卡片。(won’t = will not)

句型转换:

⒈肯定句→一般疑问句:

①把be动词(am/is/are)调到句首:

第一、二人称:My birthday is in June. ? Is your birthday in June?

第三人称:John’s birthday is May 1st. ? Is John’s birthday May 1st?

(这里主要讲的是生日,因此回答一律用it 来回答:Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. )

②以助动词do的适当形式引导:

第一、二人称:I have a computer. ? Do you have a computer? (Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ) 第三人称:She has a computer. ?Does she have a computer? (Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.) (当句子出现does的时候,句中的动词要使用动词的原形。)

⒉肯定句?否定句:在be动词(am/is/are)后+ not:

His birthday is in Jan. ? His birthday isn’t in Jan. ( is not = isn’t )

⒊划线提问:

⑴My birthday is in Feb.. →When is your birthday?

⑵Amy’s birthday is Apr. 9th. →Whose birthday is Apr. 9th ?

⑶John’s birthday is in Oct.. →Who has a birthday in Oct. ?

⑷There are five birthdays in Jan.. →How many birthdays are there in Jan.?

⑸The Children’s Day is June 1st . →When is the Children’s Day?

知识延伸:

⒈名词所有格:

⑴名词后直接+’s;如:Amy’s , John’s , your father’s

⑵以s结尾的名词后+ ’,如:Teacher s’ Day ,

⒉关于时间介词:

⑴指在某一月份内,月份前+ in,如:in January ,in May

⑵指在几点钟时,时间前+ at,如:at 8:00

⑶指具体某一天,或星期几时,日期、星期前+ on,如,on June 5th,on Monday

⒊关于序数词的写法与读法:

如:10月3日,写作:October 3rd;读作:October the third

作文:

㈠My birthday (我的生日)

Hello, my name is Sarah. My birthday is June 21st. It is in summer. I usually go shopping with my parents. I can eat ice cream and birthday cake on my birthday. I sing and dance with my friends.

I am so happy!

㈡My family’s birthday chart(我家人的生日表)

Hello, my name is Sarah. My birthday is in June. My father’s birthday is in June, too. And my mother’s birthday is in September. My sister’s birthday is in May. My brother’s birthday is in April. There are two birthdays in June!

Unit 4 When is Easter?

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

talk 讲话talk to和…讲话See you later. 再见hold on请稍等

call 电话speak to和…讲话Children’s Center 儿童活动中心just fine都很好

基本句型

⒈---- What are you doing? 你正在做什么?

---- I am doing the dishes. 我正在洗碗。

⒉Hello, it is Chen Jie. 你好,我是陈洁。

⒊This is Zhang Peng. 我是张鹏。

⒋I am talking to you. 我正在和你讲话。

⒌Do you want to go to the Children’s Center? 你想要去儿童活动中心吗?

⒍Can I speak to your mom, please? 我可以和你妈妈讲话吗?

⒎Please hold on. 请稍等。

⒏There is a call for you. 这里有找你的电话。

⒐How is everybody doing? 大家都在做什么?

⒑I am coming. Who is that? 就来了。是谁啊?

句型转换:

⒈肯定句→一般疑问句:把be动词(am/is/are)调到句首,第一、二人称互换:

第一、二人称:I’m drawing pictures. ? Are you drawing pictures? (Yes, I am. / No, I am not.)

第三人称:Amy is doing homework. ? Is Amy doing homework? (Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.) 【当第三人称是男性,回答时用he代替;是女性,则用she代替,若是复数则用they】

⒉肯定句→否定句:在be动词(am/is/are)后+ not :

I am doing my homework. →I am not doing my homework.

He is listening to music. →He isn’t listening to music. ( isn’t = is not )

⒊划线提问:

⑴I am drawing pictures. →What are you doing?

⑵Amy is writing a letter in the study. →What is Amy doing in the study?

Amy is writing a letter in the study. →Who is Amy doing in the study?

Amy is writing a letter in the study. →Where is Amy drawing pictures?

知识延伸:

⒈电话用语:

⑴介绍自己是谁时,可以用:“It is∕This is + 自己名字”。一定不能用“My name is…”

⑵询问对方是谁时,可以用“Who is that?”来提问,一定不能用“Who are you?”

⑶要找某人时,可以说:“Can I speak to + 要找的人”

⑷要告诉别人接电话时,可以说:“There is a call for you.”

⑸要别人稍等时,可以说:“Hold on please.”

⒉动词原型→现在分词(+ ing)的规则:

⑴一般情况下,直接在动词后+ ing,如:do---doing,draw---drawing

⑵以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e,再+ ing,如:write---writing ,take---taking

⑶以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果词尾只有一个辅音字母,则先双写这个辅音字母再+ ing,

如:run---ru nn ing ,swim---swi mm ing ,shop---sho pp ing

⒊现在进行时态的句子:

基本格式:主语+ be动词(am/is/are)+ V-ing(现在分词)+ 其他

例:I am listening to music. He is doing homework. They are running.

【注意:凡是出现now、look、listen等词,该句的动词则需要用现在分词形式】

Unit 5 Whose dog is it?

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

trunk 象鼻climber攀登者kangaroo袋鼠bird小鸟goose鹅tiger老虎monkey猴子elephant大象panda熊猫lion狮子animal动物cute可爱的nature park 自然公园

基本句型:

⒈Look at the tiger. It’s running. ( look at 是固定搭配,意思是:看)

⒉询问别人看到什么:

---- What do you see? 你看见什么了?---- I see …我看见…

⒊询问什么动物正在干什么:What is / are + animal + doing?

⑴动物个数是单数时:---- What is the elephant doing? 大象在做什么?

---- It is drinking water. 它在喝水。

⑵动物个数是复数时:---- What are the elephants doing? 大象们在做什么?

---- They are drinking water. 它们在喝水。

⒋描述某种动物在干什么:The… is / are …

The panda is sleeping. 熊猫在睡觉。The two rabbits are jumping.两只兔子在跳。

⒌What about the baby elephant? 小象呢?

⒍It is hungry. 它饿了。

⒎That elephant is drinking water with its trunk. 那只大象在用象鼻喝水。

⒏What a big nature park! (感叹句)多么大的一个自然公园啊!

⒐Here come two tigers. 这里就有两只老虎。

⒑Can tigers really swim? Yes, they can. 老虎真的会游泳吗?会。

⒒They are good climb er s. 它们是很棒的攀登者。

句型转换:

⒈肯定句→一般疑问句:把be动词(is/are)∕can调到句首,其他保持不变:

The tiger is running. →Is the tiger running? (Yes, it’s. / No, it isn’t. )

The pandas are sleeping. →Are the pandas sleeping? (Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. ) The tiger can swim. →Can the tiger swim? (Yes, it can. / No, they can’t. )

⒉肯定句→否定句:在be动词(am/is/are)、情态动词can后+ not

The tiger is running. →The tiger isn’t running. (isn’t = is not)

The pandas are sleeping. →The pandas aren’t sleeping. (aren’t = are not)

The tiger can swim. →The tiger can’t swim. (can’t = can not)

⒊划线提问:

⑴The tiger is running. →What is the tiger doing?

The tiger s are running. →What are the tiger s doing?

⑵I see five birds. →What do you see?

⑶I see five birds. →How many birds do you see?

知识延伸:

⒈在英语中,当表示妈妈时,无论是人类的妈妈还是动物的妈妈,都可以用she来指代。

如:----What is the mother elephant doing? 大象妈妈正在干什么?

----She is walking. 她正在走。

⒉be动词的用法:

我是am你是(他们是∕她们是∕它们是)are it跟着他、她、它

单数is 复数are

Unit 6 Work guietly

pep小学五年级英语下册知识点整理

woods树林interesting有趣的vegetable蔬菜honey蜂蜜sweet food甜食thing东西together一起tell告诉leave离开over there那里

基本句型:

⒈询问某人正在做什么:What + be动词+人物+V-ing.

---- What is Mike doing?

---- He is watching insects.

⒉询问某人是不是正在做某事:be动词+人物+V-ing?

---- Are they catching butterflies?

---- Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

⒊What do ants like to eat? They like sweet food. 蚂蚁喜欢吃什么?它们喜欢甜食。

⒋That is interesting. 太有趣了。

⒌Come and have a look at the ants. 过来看看这些蚂蚁。

⒍Do an experiment on me, please. 请用我来做实验。

⒎He is in the woods. 他在树林里。

⒏Tell him we’re leaving. 告诉他我们要离开了。

⒐She is running to us. 她正向我们跑来。

⒑She is over there. 她在那里。I am coming. 我来了。

知识延伸:

⒈表示用什么做实验时,要用on,如:Do an experiment on me, please.

⒉It is time to后面接动词原形,如:It is time to have lunch. 到吃午餐的时间了。

It is time for后面接名词,如:It is time for English class. 到英语课时间了。

⒊单复数:

butterfly—butterflies蝴蝶leaf—leaves叶子insect—insects昆虫

wood树木— woods树林ant—ants蚂蚁

★可数名词变复数的变化规则:

①一般在词尾加s,如:books、bags、fruits、girls、pens、

②以th结尾的名词,词尾+s,如:months、mouths、paths

③以s、x、z、ch、sh结尾的名词加es,如classes、boxes、peaches、fishes

④以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i再+es,如:family-families 、baby-babies

以元音字母加y结尾的名词直接在词尾+s,如:boy-boys、day-days、toy-toys

⑤以辅音+o结尾的名词,词尾+es,如:tomato-tomatoes 、potato-potatoes

但某些却是+s,如:photo-photos、

以元音+o结尾的名词,词尾+s ,如:zoo-zoos、radio-radios、kangaroo-kangaroos

⑥以f、fe结尾的名词变f、fe为ves,如:wolf- wolves、life-lives、knife-knives

★目前已学的不可数名词有:

bread面包rice米饭honey蜂蜜water水juice果汁meat肉milk牛奶