文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 大学英语2

大学英语2

北京理工大学远程教育学院2008学年上半年

《大学英语2》期中试卷

Part I. Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. Each of them is given four suggested answers a, b, c and d. You should choose the one BEST answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with your pencil.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage

We have admitted the fact that verbal (言语的) and mathematical thinking are given a lot of attention at school and college, while thinking using the right side of the brain is not given very much attention. However, we also have discovered that it is rather important to encourage people to make full use of their powers of visual imagery (影像). Then how do we develop our visual thinking? Here are some techniques.

See actions and movement in your mind’s eye. Try to imagine these actions. Y ou arrive home, you go to your door, put your key in the lock and open the door. Y ou take off your coat. Y ou go into the kitchen and you make yourself a drink. Could you see these actions in you mind’s eye? It is a useful technique and one which can be improved with practice.

Hear, smell, taste and touch….in your mind.Try to close your eyes and see if you can hear, feel, taste and smell in your mind. Imagine pulling on rope. Y ou hear the roar of the sea. Y our bare feet are on the hot sand. The taste of salt is in the air. Now, you are no longer pulling; you are waving. The hot, soft sand is changing into hard, rough concrete. The sea no longer roars; you hear screaming tires of cars before they hit something. With practice, we can make enough use of our ability to imagine the whole range of our senses(感觉).

Create new objects and actions. Creative people must be able to imagine objects, people and scenes. They must also be able to imagine new combinations and relations. Imagine a washing machine. Y ou open the door and clothes fly out one after another. They dance in the air in front of you. Can you see this? Describe the washing to a friend.

All of us can do these things to achieve creative thinking, if we want.

1.According to the passage, school education stresses more on

a.thinking with the right side of the brain

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9fefd1fb770bf78a652954ce.htmling the left side of the brain

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9fefd1fb770bf78a652954ce.htmlbining both sides of the brain

d.developing critical thinking

2.When you see actions in your mind’s eye, you are expected to _____.

a.imagine your movement in detail

b.practice what you imagine

c.stop daydreaming

d.tell everything in your imagination

3.The word “roar” in the third paragraph probably means _____.

a. to whisper

b. to give out a loud cry

c. to make a long and loud sound

d. to make sharp voice

4.Which of the following is not true?

a.To achieve creative thinking, one should create new things in the mind.

b.It is useful to imagine the whole range of our senses.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9fefd1fb770bf78a652954ce.htmling the right side of one’s brain helps develop creative thinking.

d.It is no point practicing one’s visual thinking.

5.The main idea of the passage is _____.

a. why train the imagination

b. how to develop visual thinking

c. why use our senses

d. how to create new objects in the mind

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

My husband and I got married in 1981 and for the first ten years of our marriage I was very happy to stay home and raise our three children. Then four years ago, our youngest child went to school and I thought I might go to work.

My husband was very supportive and helped me to make my decision. He emphasized all of the things I can do around the house, and said he thought I could be a great success in business.

After several weeks of looking for a job, I found my present job, which is working for a small public relations firm. At first, my husband was very proud of me and would tell his friends, “My clever little wife can run that company she’s working for.”

But as his joking statement approached truth, my husband stopped talking to me about my job. I have received several promotions and pay increases, and I’m now making more money than he is. I can buy my own clothes and a new car. Because of our joined incomes, my husband and I can do many things we had always dreamed of doing, but we don’t do these things because he is very unhappy.

We fight about little things and my husband is very critical of me in front of our friends. For the first time in our marriage, I think it is possible that our marriage may come to an end.

I love my husband very much, and I don’t want him to feel inferior (低等的), but I also love my job. I think I can be a good wife and a working woman, but I don’t know how. Who can give me some advice? Will I have to choose one or the other or can I keep both my husband and my new career (职业)?

6.When was the passage most probably written?

a. In 1991

b. Around 1996

c. In 1981

d. Four years ago

7.The husband was supportive, for he _____.

a.praised her for all the housework she had done

b.took over what she used to do at home

c.encouraged her

d.made the decision for her

8.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

a.It only took several days for her to find the job she is now doing.

b.For the first time since their marriage, the writer doesn’t think her husband is as kind

as before.

c.Her husband stopped talking to her about her job when her career was approaching

success.

d.Her husband has been proud of her for every success she has won on the job.

9.As she was making more money, _____.

a.she did a lot of things she had dreamed of

b.she found a gap taking place between them

c.she could buy many clothes and a new house

d.she was very critical of her husband

10. The difficult position a working woman is in is a choice between ___.

a. husband and friends

b. career and pay

c. children and work

d. job and marriage

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

In my opinion, there is only one legitimate (合法的) handgun sport and that is aim practice. It is practiced at objects which are properly monitored and usually quite safe. Only certain handguns are true “sporting weapons”, seen as such by the sport’s lovers.

On the other hand, shooting at tin cans and other small objects in one’s backyard is not and should not be considered a serious sport. When uncontrolled, it can be a very dangerous practice.

Some opponents of handgun control have stated that we are out to stop all hunting and that controlling the handgun would severely affect hunting. That is simply untrue. Handgun control would in no way limit the freedom of the true hunter. Few if any hunters consider the handgun an effective hunting weapon.

There are a few hunters who do hunt with handguns, but most states place restrictions (限制) on the type of guns that can be used in hunting, the reason being that killing of game should be done in as humane (人道的) a way as possible. Some small handguns are more likely to wound the animal rather than kill it at once. Only long guns, rifles and shotguns are effective arms for hunting.

People must understand that handguns and hunters are separate matters. Because most of the hunters use a rifle or a shotgun, there is no reason why their search for game and sport should be affected by handgun control. Mixing the anti-hunting matter with the handgun matter confuses the killing of animals with the killing of people.

11.In the writer’s opinion, people should use handguns only when _____.

a.hunters shoot at animals

b.they aim at a criminal

c.objects are under control

d.objects are only small tin cans in the backyard

12.Most states limit the type of guns used for hunting because ____.

a.they want to control the use of guns

b.some guns are not effective

c.animals are very strong

d.hunters should take a humane approach toward animals

13.According to the writer, hunting is not affected by handgun control because ____.

a.hunters can use knives rather than guns to hunt animals

b.state government encourages hunters to use other guns

c.nobody cares what weapons are used to kill animals

d.most hunters use rifles rather than handguns

14.This passage mainly talks about _____.

a.the relation between hunting and handgun control

b.the importance of aim practice

c.how handgun control affects hunting

d.different types of guns used in hunting

15.It can be understood that _____.

a.handgun control greatly affects hunting

b.most hunters use rifles to hunt because of handgun control

c.handgun control and hunting are separate matters

d.shotguns are better in hunting because they can save anima ls’ lives

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage

More than one-sixth of the American working-age population --- close to 27 million people do no owe allegiance (效忠) to a single employer. According to Link Resources, the number will have risen to 36.5 million by the year 2001.

These people work mainly from home, selling their skills in the open marketplace. What is new is that it will influence social classes and it promises to redefine the nature of work in the 21st century.

Terri Lonier’s business, Working Solo Inc, offers advice to people who wish to go it alone and to big businesses eager to make use of those with skills. Lonier works in the Hudson V alley, 70 miles north of New Y ork. She reaches her followers through her web site (www. http://www.wendangku.net/doc/9fefd1fb770bf78a652954ce.html) and has clients (客户) all over America, most of them a continent away in California’s Silicon V alley. She says that the new working culture began to develop fast in the late 1980s and early 1990s, when personal computers became affordable to large groups of people.

The age of the computer has come with the period of big business downsizing and a growing concern about the quality of people’s lives. A good example is a Hollywood film Jerry Maguire. Dissatisfied with the inefficiency of his job, Maguire lectures his bosses on the importance of honesty and quality. However, Maguire is fired, but he rebuilds his life as a self-governed sports representative, discovering that the escape from the control of the company was the necessary first step towards greater happiness.

“This has happened very quietly. Traditional jobs will not be the only way we organize work in the future; soon they may not even be the most common way.”

16.What is the main idea of this passage?

a.Terri Lonier’s Mission.

b.Tom Cruise’s Sports Company.

c. A new working revolution

d. A new definition of working.

17.According to the passage, who are those who don’t owe allegiance to a single employer?

a.Those who aren’t satisfied with their employers

b.Those who have a web site.

c.Those who work under pressure.

d.Those who have a saleable skill.

18.What’s the business of Terri’s Working Solo Inc.?

a.Offer advice to individuals who wish to go it alone.

b.Offer advice to any business which is eager to employ self-governed employees with

skills.

c.Offer advice to businesses in California’s Silicon V alley.

d.Both A and B.

19.What’s is the meaning of “downsizing” in paragraph 4?

a.Going out of business.

b.Decreasing size.

c.Declining in importance.

d.Few limits in siz

e.

20.The passage implies that employees will have the following EXCEPT ___.

a. more freedom

b. more choice

c. more satisfaction

d. more working hours

Part II. V ocabulary and Structure

Directions: There are 40 items in this part. For each item there are four choices a, b, c and d. Choose the one word or phrase that BEST completes the meaning of the item. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with your pencil.

21. They had to examine the dead tiger before they had a _______ answer as to

who killed it.

A. positive

B. senior

C. virtual

D. vital

22. H e could be ________ about everything else in the world, but not about

Manet, his loving child.

A. visual

B. critical

C. favorite

D. essential

23. M easures had to be taken in face of the housing problem that ________ in

the city.

A. rose

B. raised

C. arose

D. produced

24. B y the side of the new teaching hall _________ , built in the 1930s.

A. there stands a library

B. stands a library

C. a library stands

D. does a library stand

25. N o matter what you say, I'm coming ________.

A. anyway

B. any way

C. in a way

D. in the way

26. I t rains one minute and shines the next. What ________ weather!

A. fine

B. awful

C. radical

D. tuneless

27. I got a little ________ when I learned that the appointment with the general

manager was changed to another time.

A. concerned

B. distracted

C. upset

D. awful

28. M other dropped the glass ________ she was standing up from her seat.

A. and

B. but

C. so

D. as

29. T he large wings of that bird _________ it to fly very high and fast.

A. make

B. enable

C. force

D. realize

30. T wenty years ago it was common to see people _________ from hunger on the

streets in that poor nation, but clearly the situation has improved greatly since then.

A. calling

B. preventing

C. resulting

D. collapsing

31. A fter a long period of regular exercise, I now _____ much less than I used

to.

A. weigh

B. like

C. grow

D. increase

32. S he had to __________ several times a night when her baby was ill.

A. call out

B. get ahead

C. wake up

D. come to

33. T he teacher praised and rewarded the good ________ of his students in

class.

A. status

B. behavior

C. function

D. signal

34. W e must ________ our attention on the question of reducing our cost.

A. pay

B. focus

C. absorb

D. promote

35. I t is said that ________ to the plan so far have been positive.

A. reactions

B. views

C. ideas

D. opinions

36. H ave you ever noticed that Jack always ________ a picture of quiet

self-worth?

A. impresses

B. focuses

C. projects

D. communicates

37. W e also use other forms of communication ________ we may be aware or

unaware.

A. to which

B. of which

C. which

D. that

38. T he train was ________ slow I was almost two hours late.

A. so

B. such

C. very

D. that

39. J ust imagine Mary ________ in her favorite chair back home.

A. to sit

B. sit

C. sitting

D. has been sat

40. M r. Thomas found the coins while ________ in his back garden.

A. digging

B. was digging

C. dug

D. being digging

41. Snap judgments, if ________, have usually been considered signs of

immaturity or lack of common sense.

A. taking seriously

B. taken seriously

C. take seriously

D. to be taken seriously

42. I'd offer to give you a lift if I ________ my car here.

A. have

B. am having

C. do have

D. had

43. ________ speech is the most obvious form of communication, we do use other

forms to communicate.

A. Since

B. When

C. While

D. As

44. The teacher handed _____ books at the beginning of the class.

A. on

B. down

C. over

D. out

45. The young professor ______ himself as an international leader in the field

of mathematics.

A. established

B. built

C. founded

D. found

46. His thoughts were _______ from the subject by the arrival of his friends.

A. attracted

B. suffered

C. distracted

D. related

47. She is a ______ woman who is certain of her ideas and actions.

A. significant

B. aware

C. confident

D. intense

48. ______ I admit that the problems are difficult, I don't agree that they

can't be solved.

A. For fear that

B. Because

C. While

D. Until

49. I'm going to spend the winter vacation in Shanghai, ______ I have

relatives.

A. because

B. which

C. that

D. where

50. With the job ________, he went to see a film with his colleagues.

A. done

B. doing

C. to do

D. do

Part III. Cloze

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked a, b, c and d below the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage, and then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with your pencil.

Creative thinking depends 51 what was unknown becoming 52 . Unconscious

53 unknown to us are the source of the instinctive thinking that is responsible for new

54 concepts. All of us have experienced the sudden 55 into consciousness of a new concept when we 56 thinking about it. 57 we can find examples of 58 among famous personalities in every field. For the 59 Descartes, fro example, a dream determined his 60 life path and provided a central concept about existence. The conscious mind of the mathematical genius Poincare actually 61 his unconscious 62 work. For Wagner, by 63 , his conscious mind at the moment of 64 knew nothing of the actual processes 65 which the sound of water became an 66 score. All

of these examples of creative thinking depend 67 some degree on signals from the unconscious. The more 68 insightful the person, 69 and 70 dramatic the signals become.

51. a. for b. on c. in d. at

52. a. clear b. clearing c. clean d. cleaning

53. a. procedure b. processes c. principles d. principal

54. a. organized b. organization c. organizing d. organize

55. a. enthusiasm b. enthusiast c. explosive d. explosion

56. a. weren’t b. wasn’t c. aren’t d. isn’t

57. a. Scarcely b. Elsewhere c. Hardly d. Somewhere

58. a. individual b. independent c. invention d. inventive

59. a. philosopher b. philosophy c. phenomenon d. physician

60. a. potential b. potentially c. protein d. pretend

61. a. watched b. watching c. watch d. watches

62. a. at b. in c. on d. for

63. a. concept b. contest c. contrast d. context

64. a. carriage b. creation c. creative d. carrying

65. a. by b. of c. in d. on

66. a. occupied b. orchestral c. occasion d. orchard

67. a. on b. in c. for d. at

68. a. deeply b. indeed c. highly b. truly

69. a. the sharper b. the more sharper c. sharper d. more sharper

70. a. less b. more c. few d. much

Part IV. Translation

Section A

Directions: Translate the following Chinese sentences into English. Write your translation on the Answer Sheet.

1.鲍勃和弗兰克一直不和,令他们尴尬的是,他们将到同一个部门工作。

2.像往常一样,当他的父母不喜欢他的穿着时,便开始唠叨(bug)他。

3.他是个有经验的商人;他做国际贸易已经有好几年了。

4.当你全身心地投入自己正在谈论的事情时,是那么专注,以至于完全没有感觉到害羞。5.有能力、成功的商人善于利用各种资源来赚钱。

北京理工大学远程教育学院2008学年上半年

《大学英语2》期中试题答题纸

教学站_____________ 学号_____________ 姓名___________ 成绩_______

Part I READING COMPREHENSION

1. a b c d

2. a b c d

3. a b c d

4. a b c d

5. a b c d

6. a b c d

7. a b c d

8. a b c d

9. a b c d 10. a b c d 11. a b c d 12. a b c d 13. a b c d 14. a b c d 15. a b c d 16. a b c d 17. a b c d 18. a b c d 19. a b c d 20. a b c d

Part II VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE

21. a b c d 22. a b c d 23. a b c d 24. a b c d

25. a b c d 26. a b c d 27. a b c d 28. a b c d

29. a b c d 30. a b c d 31. a b c d 32. a b c d

33. a b c d 34. a b c d 35. a b c d 36. a b c d

37. a b c d 38. a b c d 39. a b c d 40. a b c d

41. a b c d 42. a b c d 43. a b c d 44. a b c d

45. a b c d 46. a b c d 47. a b c d 48. a b c d

49. a b c d 50. a b c d

Part III CLOZE

51. a b c d 52. a b c d 53. a b c d 54. a b c d

55. a b c d 56. a b c d 57. a b c d 58. a b c d

59. a b c d 60. a b c d 61. a b c d 62. a b c d

63. a b c d 64. a b c d 65. a b c d 66. a b c d

67. a b c d 68. a b c d 69. a b c d 70. a b c d

Part IV TRANSLATION 71

72

73

74

75