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8B江苏牛津英语暑假练习五含答案

一、选择填空

( )1. _________ hard work it is! But he is happy to do it.

A. What

B. What a

C. How

D. How a

( )2. Mother told me _________ a doctor’s life is _________

A. how; like

B. how; look

C. what; like

D. what; /

( )3. There used to be a theatre in the east of the town, _________ ?

A. usedn’t it

B. used there

C. didn’t there

D. didn’t it

( )4. Tom is from America, and he isn’t ________ chopsticks in China.

A. use to using

B. used to using

C. used to use

D. use to use

( )5. The girl was heard _________ last night from 7 pm to 8 pm.

A. sing

B. to sing

C. singing

D. sings

( )6. He has _________ little knowledge that he can’t teach _________ little children well.

A. such ; so

B. so ; such

C. so ; so

D. such ; such

( )7. The coat is ________ small for his brother to wear________.

A. too ; it

B. enough ; it

C. too ; /

D. enough ; /

( )8. The museum ________ in 1884. It has a history of more than 120 years.

A. set up

B. set out

C. was set up

D. is set up

( )9. About eighty per cent of the earth _______ covered ________ water

A. is ; in

B. are ; with

C. is ; with

D. are ; by

( )10. It’s time for you to _______ these books _________ the school library

A. return ; to

B. return back ; to

C. give ; to

D. give ; from

( )11. Mr. King is an _________ teacher .He likes to tell us some of his _________ in learning English.

A. experienced ; experienceing

B. experienced ; experience

C . experiencing ; experiences D. experiencing ; experience

( )12. My cousin ________ the fashionable jacket in the shop.

A.seems like

B. seems to like

C.like

D. seems to be like

( )13. We should do our best ________ poor children in many countries________ clean water and food.

A. to provide; with

B. to provide ; to

C. provide ; to

D. provide ; with

( )14. She uses her car _____________ for driving to work.

A. the most

B. mostly

C. almost

D. main

( )15. This online game can help you learn and have fun ________.That’s why all the students like it.

A. at times

B. in time

C. at the same time

D. on time

二、完形填空

Mr Evans lived in a city. He was a math 1 three year ago. He taught well and his students 2 him. So he decided to work in the middle school all his life. But a terrible accident 3 his life.

One spring he took his class to 4 a place of interest. The children saw a lot of 5 things and had a good time there. But on their way to school, their 6 was hit by a track because the young bus driver was drunk. Five students 7 and more than half the children were 8 in the accident. He was very 9 it and after he came out of hospital, he left school and became a 10 . He tried his best to stop the drivers from breaking the traffic rules. He worked hard and was strict(严格) with the drivers. So they were afraid of him.

One afternoon it was very hot. Mr Evans was 11 . He was standing at the crossing and watching the traffic. Suddenly he saw a 12 rushing the crossing. It ran so fast that it almost hit a man 13 a bike. He stopped it at once and saw a girl in it.

“14 your license(证件) to me, madam.” said Mr Evans.

The girl handed her bag to him and said, “Please look for it in the bag 15 . I can’t see anything without glasses.”

( )1. A. worker B. teacher C. doctor D. farmer

( )2. A. liked B. wished C. helped D. answered

( )3. A. beat B. won C. lost D. changed

( )4. A. go B. find C. visit D. travel

( )5. A. terrible B. dangerous C. safe D. interesting

( )6. A. bus B. train C. car D. ship

( )7. A. left B. lived C. died D. fell

( )8. A. beat B. stopped C. hurt D. caught

( )9. A. sad about B. afraid of C. interested in D. worried about

( )10. A. soldier B. policeman C. doctor D. cleaner

( )11. A. in the corner B. at home C. on duty D. in the office

( )12. A. runner B. policeman C. walker D. car

( )13. A. riding B. selling C. buying D. making

( )14. A. Throw B. Show C. Lend D. Copy

( )15. A. you B. I C. yourself D. myself

三、阅读理解

A

兄弟可以相依相伴,可以同甘共苦,也可以为彼此付出一切……请读读这篇感人的兄弟情的故事吧!

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin(顽童) was walking around the shining car. “Is this your car, sir?” he asked.

Paul answered, “Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised. “You mean your brother gave it to you and it did cost you nothing? Sir, I wish…” He hesitated(犹豫). Paul thought of course he knew what the boy wanted, but what the boy said surprised him greatly. “I wish,” the boy went on, “that I could be a brother like that.” Paul looked at the boy in surprise, and then he said again, “Would you like to take a ride in my car?” “Oh yes, I’d love to,” the boy answered.

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, “Sir, would you mind driving in front of my house?”

Paul smiled a little. He thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighbors that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again. “Will you stop where those two steps are?” the boy asked.

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled(残疾的) brother. He sat down on the step and pointed to the car.

“There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn’t cost him a cent. And some day I’m going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the n ice things in the Christmas windows that I’ve been trying to tell you about.”

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed elder brother climbed in beside him and the three began an unforgettable holiday ride.

( )1. The street urchin was very surprised when _______.

A. he met Paul

B. Paul told him about the car

C. Paul received an expensive car

D. he was walking around the car

( )2. From the story we can see the urchin _______.

A. wished to give his brother a car

B. wanted Paul’s brother to give him a car

C. wished he could have a brother like Paul’s

D. wished Paul could be a brother like that

( )3. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ______.

A. to show he had a rich friend

B. to show his neighbors the big car

C. to let his brother ride in the car

D. to tell his brother about his wish

( )4. We can find from the story that _______.

A. the urchin wished Paul to give his car to Buddy

B. the urchin wished to have a rich brother

C. the urchin had a deep love for his brother

D. the urchin’s wish came true in the end

( )5. The best name of the story is _______.

A. A Christmas Present

B. Paul, a Kind-hearted Person

C. A Brother Like That

D. An Unforgettable Holiday Ride

B

An eight-year-old child heard her parents talking about her little brother. All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money. Only a very expensive operation could save him now and there was no one to lend them the money.

When she heard her daddy say to her tearful mother, “Only a miracle can save him now,” the little girl went to her bedroom and pulled her money from its hiding place and counted it carefully.

She hurried to a drugstore (药店) with the money in her hand.

“And what do you want?” asked the salesman. “It’s for my little brother,” the girl answered. “He’s really, really sick and I want to buy a miracle.” “Pardon?” said the salesman.

“My brother Andrew has something bad growing i nside his head and my daddy says only a miracle can save him. So how much does a miracle cost?” “We don’t sell a miracle here, child. I’m sorry,” the salesman said with a smile.

“Listen, if it isn’t enough, I can try and get some more. Just tell me how much it costs.”

A well-dressed man heard it and asked, “What kind of a miracle does your brother need?”

“I don’t know,” she answered with her eyes full of tears. “He’s really sick and mum says he needs an opera tion. But my daddy can’t pay for it, so I have brought all my money.”

“How much do you have?” asked the man. “$ 1.11, but I can try and get some more,” she answered.

“Well, what luck,” smiled the man. “$ 1.11, the price of a miracle for little brothers.”

He took up the girl’s hand and said, “Take me to where you live. I want to see your brother and meet your parents. Let’s see if I have the kind of miracle you need.”

That well-dressed man was Dr Carlton Armstrong, a famous doctor. The operation was successful and it wasn’t long before Andrew was home again.

How much did the miracle cost?

( )1. What was the trouble in the little girl’s family?

A. Her brother was seriously ill.

B. They had no money.

C. Nothing could save her brother.

D. Both A and B.

( )2. In the eye of the little girl, a miracle might be _______.

A. something interesting

B. something beautiful

C. some wonderful medicine

D. some good food

( )3. The little girl said again and again “...I can try and get some more.” That shows _______.

A. she had still kept some money

B. she hoped not to be refused

C. There was no need to worry about money

D. she thought money was easy to get

( )4. What made the miracle happen?

A. The girl’s love for her brother.

B. The girl’s money.

C. The medicine from the drugstore.

D. Nobody can tell.

( )5. From the passage we can infer (推断) that _______.

A. The doctor didn’t ask for any pay

B. A miracle is sure to happen if you keep on

C. The little girl is lovely but not so clever

D. Andrew was in fact not so sick as they had thought

C

Henry was an office worker in a big city. He worked very hard and enjoyed traveling in his holidays.

He usually went to the seaside, but one year he saw an advertisement in a newspaper. “Enjoy country life. Spend a few weeks at West Hill Farm. Good food. Fresh air. Horse riding. Walking. Fishing. Cheap and interesting.”“This sounds a good idea,” he thought. “I’ll spend a month at West Hill Farm. I think I can enjoy horse riding, walking and fishing. They’ll make a change from sitting by the seaside and swimming.”

He wrote to the farmer. In the letter he said that he would like to spend all of July there. Then on the first of July, he left for West Hill Farm.

But four days later, he returned home.

“What was wrong with West Hill Farm?” his best friend, Ed, asked him. “Didn’t you enjoy country life?”“Country life was very good,” Henry said. “But there was another problem.”

“Oh. What?”

“Well,” he said, “the first day I was there a sheep died, and we had roast mutton for dinner.”

“What’s wrong with that?” Ed asked. “Fresh meat is the best.”

“I know, but on the second day a cow died, and we had roast beef for dinner.”

“Lucky you!”

“You don’t understand,” Henry said. “on the third day a pig died and we had roast pork for dinner.”

“A different meat every day,” Ed said loudly, “and you are complaining!”

“Let me finish,” Henry said. “on the fourth day the farmer died, and I didn’t dare (敢)stay for dinner!”

( )1. How did Henry find out about the farm?

A. He saw it in a newspaper advertisement.

B. His best friend told him.

C. He wrote to the farmer.

D. Maybe he learned it from the radio.

( )2. Henry came back home several days later because ______________.

A. he didn’t like the country life at all

B. the farmer wasn’t friendly to him

C. his holiday was over

D. he thought he might have to eat the farmer

( )3. “…and you are complaining!”, the word “complain” means __________.

A. 夸奖

B. 说三道四

C. 抱怨

D. 故弄玄虚

( )4. Which of the following sentences is true?

A. Ed could eat a different kind of meat every day.

B. Henry thought he could enjoy a change.

C. Henry couldn’t think of anything else to do, so he went to the farm.

D. The farmer died because of the bad meat he ate.

( )5. Which is the best title for the passage?

A. What a beautiful farm!

B. Have a good time.

C. A short holiday

D. Henry and the farmer.

D

Paragraph 1

Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day, they are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds; (2) citrus (柑桔) fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; 94) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal (谷类), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something like butter. Paragraph 2

People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that

none of the differences is really important. It doesn’t matter whether foods are eaten raw or cooked, canned (罐装的) or frozen (冷冻的). It doesn’t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o’clock in the afternoon or at eleven o’clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day.

Paragraph 3

There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on the earth. The first is to find some way to feed the world’s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy.

( )1. According to(依据)the scientists,which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch?

A. Chicken, apples, cereal and cabbages.

B. Potatoes, carrots, rice and bread.

C. Oranges, bananas, fish and tomatoes.

D. Beef, pork, fish and milk,

( )2. It is important for people to eat ______.

A. three times a day

B. dinner at twelve o’clock

C. cooked food all the time

D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day

( )3. People in different countries and different places of the world ________.

A. have the right kinds of food to eat

B. cook their food in the same way

C. have their meals at the same time

D. eat food in different ways

( )4. Which of the following is not true?

A. People in some places don’t have enough to eat.

B. There are too many people in the world.

C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry.

D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy.

( )5. If there is Paragraph (段落) 4, what do you think is going to be talked about?

A. When people eat their lunch.

B. What to do with the two problems.

C. How to cook food in different ways.

D. Why people eat different kinds of food.

四、根据提示写出正确单词

1.UNICEF is an ______________ (国际) organization. It’s very popular.

2.We should make a lot of______________ (调查) about this accident.

3.There has been great i______________ in the patient’s state of health.

4. A lot of ______________ (agree) have been signed between the two countries.

5.There were many more______________ (invent) in China than in any other country in old times.

6. A friend in need is a friend______________ (真正地)

7.She was very kind, so no one laugh at her because of her ______________ (丑陋).

8.Tom hopes that more d______________ can be sent to ORBIS to support their work.

9.I don’t think______________ (惩罚) will help parents teach their kids well.

10.You can do some ______________ (志愿的) work to help them.

五、用动词适当形式填空

1.Fridge is used______________ ( keep ) food fresh

2.Your health can ______________ ( affect ) by a lot of elements (因素)

3.They ______________ (operate) on a blind lady when we arrived.

4.How is your grandma?---She is still under ______________ (treat).

5.ORBIS ______________ (support) by the money that people donate.

6.His family is very poor and he can’t afford ______________ (finish) school.

7.Who is the man ______________ (perform) on the stage? He’s so amazing.

8.They have been used to ______________ (watch) the show on video so far.

9.The geography teacher told us that the moon ______________ (travel) around the earth yesterday.

10.We ______________ (not organize ) such a activity before.

六、中译英

1. 被培训成为一名志愿医生,我很自豪。

_________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 有眼睛上问题的人非常感谢马医生改善了他们的生活。

_________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 现代医学发展如此之快,以至于很多失明的案例可被治愈或预防。

_________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 这个护士过去害怕飞行,但是她现在习惯在这家飞行眼科医院工作了。

_________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 通过捐零花钱,我们已经帮助了很多贫穷国家孩子们继续他们的学习。

_________________________________________________________________________________________

一、单项选择1-5 ACCBC 6-10 BCCCA 11-15 BBABC.

二、完形填空1-5 BADCD 6-10 ACCAB 11-15 CDABC

三、阅读理解1.选B。根据第2段中的Paul answered, “Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised.可知答案为B。

2.选A。The urchin 指着Paul 的车对他的弟弟说:“And someday I’m going to give you one just like it…”所以the urchin 希望也能给他弟弟一辆车。

3.选D。The urchin 要Paul 把车停在他家门前后,立即扶着他残疾的弟弟出来,让他看看Paul的车,然后告诉弟弟他想为他做的事,所以他只是想告诉他弟弟他的愿望。

4.选C。The urchin 在坐过Paul 的车后没有忘记弟弟,并且承诺也要给弟弟买一辆车,可见他对弟弟有着一份深深的爱。答案选C,而A、B、D三项与文章不符。

5.选C。通读全文,我们不得不为The urchin 的行为所感动,他是一个好哥哥。文章就是讲述了他这样的一位好哥哥,C选项最合适。

1. 选D。根据第1段中的All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money可知答案。

2. 选C。由于这个小女孩的家很穷,而她的兄弟又病得那样重,所以她的父亲说Only a miracle can save him now,小女孩听了之后便翻出她所有的“积蓄”去药店购买miracle,由此可见,小女孩可能认为miracle 是一种什么很神奇的药。注:miracle的实际意思是“奇迹”,Only a miracle can save him now的意思是“只有出现奇迹才可能救得了他” (from http://www.wendangku.net/doc/a0bb34a8dd3383c4bb4cd2e5.html)。

3.答案是B。小女孩去药店,是为了购买“miracle”为弟弟治病。当她听到药店售货员说没有“miracle”卖的时候,当她被衣着得体的男士问及的时候,她都说“I can try and get some more”。她害怕自己被拒绝,所以才会多次说出这样的话。

4.答案是A。读懂文章可知,在药店,小女孩的真诚与善良打动了好心的医生,由于这位医生做了手术,她的弟弟得救了。因此正是小女孩对弟弟的爱才让奇迹发生的。

5.答案是A。根据文章最后一段话,可以推测Carlton医生被小女孩的善良所打动,为她的弟弟免费做了手术。

假日里,亨利喜欢到海边去旅游。有一次,他想去西山农场享受一下田园风光,并计划在那儿度过一个月的时间。可是令人惊奇的是,才去四天之后他就回来了。当朋友问起其中的缘由时,亨利说道:第一天,农场里死了一只羊,晚餐时美美地吃了一顿烤羊肉;第二天农场死了一头牛,又吃了一顿烧牛肉;第三天农场死了一头猪,结果又吃了一顿烤猪肉。可是,到了第四天,农场主死了,我不敢再留下来吃饭了。

1. A。第二段的首句“...but one year he saw an advertisement in a newspaper.”即是答案的出处。

2. D。本题考查根据语境进行分析判断的能力。由上下文,显然可知这是报纸上的一则广告信息。

3. C。本题考查通过上下文对词汇的推测能力。根据亨利的叙述可得出此答案。

4. B。这由“A different meat every day, and you are complaining!”一句可知。

5. C。本来打算要在乡村农场过一个暑假,结果四天之后就回来了。这能不是个短暂的假期吗?用此作标题既切合题意,又具有幽默的味道。

这篇短文分为三个落:第一段列举了科学家研究了人们每天要吃的食物;第二段讲述了不同国家的人们饮食习惯和饮食结构等各方面有很大差异。但这些对人来说都没不是很重要的,重要的是每天吃什么。第三段阐述了两个问题:如何解决世界人口的吃饭问题,既要吃饱,又要吃得健康。

1. A。本题属表层理解题。由第一段科学家建议七大类食品可知答案非A莫属。

2. D。由“The important thing is what you eat every day.”及第一段的内容可知D是正确答案。而根据第二段可知A、B、C皆为错误的。

3. D。第二段开头的“People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways.”这两句是解答本题的关键。

4. C。根据第三段所讲的内容,C项显然是错误的。

5. B。A、C和D都是在上文刚刚谈论过的,又根据第三段“There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on the earth.”所提的两个问题,可推知下文可能要谈论如何解决这两个问题。故答案为B。

四、根据提示写出正确单词

1. international

2. research

3. improvement

4. agreements

5.inventions

6. indeed

7. ugliness

8. donations

9. punishment 10.voluntary

五、用动词适当形式填空

1. to keep

2. be affected

3. were operating

4. treatment

5.is supported

6. to finish

7. performing

8. watching

9. travels 10. have’t organized

六、翻译句子

1.I am /feel very proud to be trained as / to be a volunteer doctor

2.People with eye problems are very grateful / thankful to Dr. Ma for improving their lives.

3.Modern medicine is developing so quickly that many cases of blindness can be cured or

prevented.

4.The nurse used to be afraid of flying , but now she is used to working in the flying eye hospital .

5.We have helped a lot of children in poor countries carry on with their study by donating pocket

money.