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人教版新目标英语八年级上册单元笔记-Unit1-高天原创

人教版八年级英语上册知识点总结

Unit 1: How often do you exercise?

【语言目标】

会使用频率副词及短语;能描述课余时间的活动安排;会描述基本饮食结构。

1.How often do you exercise?你多久锻炼一次?

本句是对“动作发生的频率”进行的提问,其中“how often”是一个特殊疑问词。

所谓的“频率”指的是某个动作多长时间/多久发生一次。

试比较:How often do you swim ?你多久游一次泳?

How often does your father go to a movie?你爸爸多久看一次电影?

针对“how often”引导的问句所进行的回答:本单元常用的表示频率的短语有:once a week, twice a week, three times a month等等。当然,也可以用一些常见的频度副词来进行回答,如always ,usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never.

例:对划线部分提问:

He always takes a bus to school. 注:划线部分都是对“频率”的描述,所以答案为He takes a bus to school twice a week. How often does he take a bus to school?

He never takes a bus to school.

2.I always go shopping . Go +V-ing 表示“去xx”。常见形式还有:go swimming,

I often go skateboarding. go fishing,go walking...

3.I can't stand shopping. 我无法忍受购物。

“can't stand doing sth”意为:无法忍受xxx 。特别注意:stand 后跟V-ing 形式。对比复习mind doing sth " 介意xxx".

例:Can you stand _______(hang) out with that silly boy?

My father doesn't mind _______ (shop) this afternoon.

4.How often, How many, How much, How long 复习:

How often do you go to the movies?

你多久去看一次电影?[How often 对“频率”提问] How many hours do you sleep every night?

你每晚睡多少个小时?[How many 对“可数名词的数量”提问] How much milk do we need every day?

我们每天需要多少牛奶?[How much 对“不可数名词的数量”提问] How long do you study in No.6 Middle School?

你在六中学习了多长时间了?[How long 对“时间的长短”提问]

5. As for homework , most students do homework every day .

as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首,其后跟名词、代词或V-ing形式(即动名词)。

例:As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。