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一战的起因

浅析一战爆发的起因

学院:历史文化学院专业:历史学

学号:20095161141 姓名:李晶

摘要:第一次世界大战,究其根源是资本主义发展不平衡性的加剧,导致后起的帝国主义国家强烈要求重新瓜分世界。19世纪末20世纪初,资本主义由自由竞争阶段发展到以垄断为特征的帝国主义阶段,各国政府代表本国垄断资本集团为获取最大限度的利益,积极对外推行侵略扩张政策,在世界各地争夺殖民地。老牌殖民帝国英、俄、法占据了世界绝大部分殖民地,德、日、美等新兴的帝国主义国家所拥有的殖民地却相对很少,这种经济发展和殖民地分配的不均衡导致帝国主义国家之间的矛盾日趋尖锐,新兴的帝国主义国家强烈要求重新瓜分世界。其次,资本主义国家周期性的经济危机和国内阶级矛盾的尖锐化也使帝国主义各国统治不稳,各国纷纷扩军备战、寻找同盟,企图通过对外发动侵略战争来缓和国内阶级矛盾。

关键词:一战、瓜分世界、德国、英国、同盟国、协约国

Abstract:The First World War, traces to the source is the capitalism development imbalanced aggravating, causes the young or up and coming generation the imperialist nation intense request to carve up the world. 19 century's ends 20 shiji chu, capitalism develops from the free competition stage take monopolizes as the characteristic imperialism stage, various countries' government represents our country monopoly capital group for the gain benefit maximum limit, the positive foreign carrying out aggression expansionist policy, competes for the colony in the world. Old-style imperialist country UK, Russia, France occupied the world major part colony, the colony which Germany, Japan, US and so on emerging imperialist nation had relatively have been very actually few, this kind of economic development and the colony assignment were imbalanced cause between the imperialist nation the contradiction to be day by day incisive, the emerging imperialist nation intense request carved up the world. Next, the capitalist country periodic economic crisis and the domestic class contradictions' intensification also causes the imperialism various countries rule not to be steady, various countries' expansion of armaments prepares in abundance, seeks for the union, attempts to alleviate the domestic class contradictions

一战的起因

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