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清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

2010 年外语运用能力测试(英语)模拟题 Part One Vocabulary and Structure

Directions:

There are ten incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

1. He is an artist in __________ but not in reality.

A. surface

B. title

C. rank

D. name

2. It is vital that food and shelter are made __________ for people in the flood-stricken area.

A. free

B. useful

C. available

D. usable

3. We are planning to make a _________ to the Great Wall.

A. trip

B. journey

C. travel

D. tour

4. She hoped that a long rest might ________ her in health.

A. improve

B. reform

C. strengthen

D. perfect

5. The first __________ in the development of civilized man were probably the invention of primitive weapons and the discovery of fire.

A. intervals

B. breaks

C. stages

D. periods

6. We find such shrubs________ will best stand up to(抵御)hard weather.

A. which

B. as

C. what

D. who

7. Mrs. Douglas unknowingly left a package _________ on the shop counter.

A. laying

B. to lie

C. laid

D. lying

8. An old friend from abroad, _________ I was expecting to stay with me, telephoned from the airport.

A. that

B. which

C. whom

D. who

9. _________ that called this morning?

A. Who was

B. Who it was

C. Who was him

D. Who was it

10. Earthworms occur _________ adequate moisture and food and the necessary soil conditions are found.

A. and

B. whenever

C. however

D. wherever

Part Two Reading Comprehension

Directions:

In this part there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing with a pencil a short bar across the corresponding letter in the brackets. Questions 11—15 are based on the following passage:

Watercolor is the oldest painting medium known. It dates back to the early cave dwellers who discovered they could add lifelike qualities to drawings of animals and other figures on the walls of caves by mixing the natural colors found in the earth with water.

Fresco, one of the greatest of all art forms, is done with watercolor.

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

It is created by mixing pigments and water and applying these to wet plaster. Of the thousands of people who stand under Michlangelo's heroic ceiling in the Sistine Chapel, very few are aware that they are looking at perhaps the greatest watercolor painting in the world.

The invention of oil painting by the Flemish masters in the fifteenth century led to a decline in fresco painting, and for the next several centuries watercolor was used mainly as a medium for doing preliminary sketches or as a tool for study. It was not until the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that English painters reinstated watercolor as a serious art form. The English have a notorious love for the outdoors and also a great fondness for small, intimate pictures. The subdued tones of watercolor had a remarkably strong appeal for them.

11. What is the main theme of the passage?

A. The decline of fresco painting.

B. The predominance of oils over watercolor.

C. The rediscovery of watercolor in England.

D. The origins and development of watercolor.

12. Who were the first watercolor artists?

A. Early cave dwellers.

B. Italian fresco artists.

C. Flemish masters.

D. Eighteenth-century English artists.

13. According to the passage, where did the first colors for painting come from?

A. Animal skins.

B. The ground.

C. Trees and leaves.

D. Caves.

14. In fresco painting to what is the paint applied?

A. Canvas.

B. Paper.

C. Plaster.

D. Rock.

15. Which of the following can he inferred about what sixteenth and seventeenth-century artists thought of watercolor painting in comparison to oil painting?

A. Watercolor was more costly but was better.

B. Oil painting was less permanent but more vivid.

C. Watercolor was not appropriate for finished works.

D. Oil painting tended to be difficult to use.

Questions 16—20 are based on the following passage:

The Xinhua bookstore chain, China's largest official publishing enterprise, has become a surprising flash point for interest among foreign venture capital investors.

"We are actively promoting the process of shareholding reform. Every day, we receive lots of offers from domestic and foreign investors interested in getting involved and may pick one or two to do so in the next two to three months," Zhang Yashan, the leading cadre of the bead store's office said.

According to a company insider who requested anonymity, several

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

securities firms are overseeing Xinhua bookstore's reform and the company could list on the domestic stock market once reforms are reported to the government in May and then completed.

The source would not reveal the specific names of the firms involved or details of the reform.

"We will stipulate that we must remain the majority shareholder, but we will welcome all kind of investment, including foreign capital, to establish a shareholding enterprise. We hope the No. 2 shareholder will be a foreign enterprise," the source said.

In keeping with its World Trade Organization entry promises, China must allow foreign investment in domestic publication retailers by the end of this year.

16. Which is NOT the right word used to describe Xinhua bookstore?

A. Largest.

B. Official.

C. Private.

D. Prosperous.

17. What does the word "domestic" mean in Para. 2?

A. Energetic.

B. Excited.

C. Alien.

D. Native.

18. What can we infer from Zhang Yashan's statement in Para. 2?

A. We often receive many offers from investors.

B. Xinhua bookstore is going to have a shareholding reform.

C. Xinhua bookstore must take actions according to the situation.

D. Xinhua bookstore has to keep its promise with WTO.

20. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Xinhua bookstore's reform will be revealed in details.

B. The reforms have been reported to the government.

C. Xinhua bookstore will soon accept foreign investment.

D. The source said we didn't have to remain the majority shareholder. Questions 21—25 are based on the following passage:

The growth of population during the past few centuries is no proof that population will continue to grow straight upward toward infinity and doom. On the contrary, demographic history offers evidence that population growth has not been at all constant. According to paleo-ecologist Edward Deevey, the past million years show three momentous changes. The first, a rapid increase in population around one million B. C., followed the innovations of tool-making and tool-using. But when the new power from the use of tools had been exploited, the rate of world population growth fell and, became almost stable.

The next rapid jump in population started perhaps 10,000 years ago, when men began to keep herds, plow and plant the earth. Once again when initial productivity gains had been absorbed, the rate of population growth abated.

These two episodes suggest that the third great change, the present rapid growth, which began in the West between 250 and 350 years ago, may also slow down when, or if technology begins to yield fewer innovations. Of course, the current knowledge revolution may continue without foreseeable

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

end. Either way contrary to popular belief in constant geometric growth—population can be expected in the long run to adjust to productivity.

21. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

A. Human population expands at a straight upward trend.

B. Population growth has shown ups and downs in demographic history.

C. Population growth cannot be regarded as a social failure.

D. Increase in population is related to productivity.

22. How many significant demographic changes ever occurred in the past one million years?

A. One.

B. Two.

C. Three.

D. None.

23. What is found to have close relationship with rapid increase in population?

A. War between 2 countries.

B. Ways discovered to increase productivity.

C. Migration from a continent to another continent.

D. A new religion beginning to be accepted by people.

24. What can be concluded when the current tide of knowledge revolution ebbs?

A. Productivity will rise.

B. Productivity will receive no impact.

C. Population growth will slow down.

D. Population growth will become accelerated.

25. What is the concept most people have on population growth?

A. The population is always in constant geometric growth.

B. Rapid growth is followed by a decline.

C. Decelerated growth is followed by a decline.

D. No growth at all.

Questions 26—30 are based on the following passage: Bookkeeper Wanted

Job type

Temp Full time/Part time

Full-Time Diploma/Degree required

Associates Salary/Pay rate Please contact us for more information.

Job description/qualifications Adecco is looking for Bookkeepers to work for

top companies. These are long-term temporary

positions with the possibility of temp to hire. Job responsibilities include processing accounts payable and accounts receivable.

Prepare and post monthly and yearly journal

entries. Process payroll, and some light

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

administrative work.

Qualifications:

Three years experience

Excellent communication skills

Solid organizational skills

Strong analytical and problem-solving skills Microsoft Excel

Quickbooks

Adecco is a global leader in employment and HR service, connecting people to jobs and jobs to people through its network of more than 6,000 offices in 71 countries/ territories around the world. Our temporary and full-time assignments offer competitive pay and excellent benefits.

Adecco is an equal opportunity employer.

Contact Information Adecco San Mateo Branch

1065 E. Hillsdale Blvd.

Foster City, CA 94404

Phone: 650-350-1308

E-mail: sanmateo@ adeccona. com

26. What is the advertised job?

A. To keep money for top companies.

B. To keep books for top companies.

C. To deal with accounts for top companies.

D. To deal with personal affairs for top companies.

27. Which of the following is NOT included in the work of a bookkeeper?

A. Posting journal entries.

B. Processing the list of employees' wages.

C. Managing work.

D. Enrolling new employees.

28. The qualified applicant should _______.

A. be familiar with use of certain software

B. be familiar with telecommunication

C. be much experienced in life

D. have joined various organizations

29. Adecco is an organization which employs people __________.

A. mainly for other companies

B. mainly for its own offices located in many countries

C. mainly through the Internet

D. mainly for light administrative work

30. About the job of bookkeeping, all of the following information is clear except __________.

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

A. job type

B. degree required

C. payment

D. job description

Part Three Cloze

Directions:

There are ten blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Private enterprise is the thing. We went to a party on the river earlier this summer. The host 31 is old enough to know better, served a lunch made with his home-made wine. As I was driving, I was 32 to decline, but my wife politely took a glass and subsequently fell upstairs. The wound 33 weekly dressing by the district nurse, a talkative soul who enjoyed the social 34 of her work. She stayed for most of the afternoon, admiring things and gossiping about village life. At about the 35 time I called in the regional crime officer, to advise me on how to make the house reasonably secure against the child criminals who commit most of the 36 in these parts. He, 37 , was a companionable soul and made an afternoon of it.

And why is it that when I write to a public utility 38 as the gas board.

I get a printed card to tell they received my letter and will shortly act on it? The money spent on printing, typing, filling in and stamping these cards 39 add up to a very large sum indeed, when spread over all these industries. No commercial house sends such acknowledgements. Money, 40 it reaches a public service, loses the value that was stamped on it by the trouble to get it. 31. A. here B. she C. which D. who

32. A. able B. near C. sure D. almost

33. A. required B. had C. should be D. was

34. A. work B. life C. side D. society

35. A. summer B. usual C. same D. other

36. A. jobs B. actions C. things D. burglaries

37. A. however B. too C. then D. either

38. A. such B. same C. also D. like

39. A. of course B. must C. about D. almost

40. A. when B. itself C. for example D. which

Part Four Dialogue Completion

Directions:

There are ten short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that most appropriately suits the conversational context and best completes the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing with a pencil

a short bar across the corresponding letter in the brackets.

41. Jane: Carol, you look very well.

Carol: Thank you, Jane. You look wonderful too. Your weekend tennis must have done you good.

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

Jane: __________.

A. That's very kind of you

B. Are you kidding? Thank you anyway

C. You think so? That's encouraging

D. I don't believe it. You are flattering me

42. Caller: Hello. I'm ringing about the flat advertised in today's STAR. ________?

Mrs. Green: Yes, it is. Two or three people have rung up about it, but nobody's been to see it yet.

A. Is it still available

B. Is it still empty

C. Is it still free

D. Is it still blank

43. Customer: Excuse me !

Clerk: Yes, ma-am? What can I do for you?

Customer: I have a problem with this coffee maker, and I want my money back.

Clerk: __________?

Customer: The problem is that it doesn't work! I've only used it three times.

A. Why

B. Well, are you sure

C. What's the matter with it on earth

D. Well, what seems to be the problem

44. (At a party)

Adam: This is a great apartment.

Tammy: I think so, too. _________?

Adam: No, I'm Adam. I came with Carl. I don't really know anyone here. Carl's told me about most of his friends, but I can't match the names with the faces.

A. Excuse me, but do I know you

B. Excuse me, could I know you

C. Excuse me, do you mind telling me your name

D. Excuse me, but do you know me

45. Salesgirl: Good morning, miss. Can I help you?

Mary: Yes, I'd like half a kilo oranges, please.

Salesgirl: __________. Anything else?

Mary: No, thank you.

A. These oranges are for you

B. Give you the oranges

C. There you are

D. Here are you

46. Wang: I've got an appointment. I'm going to meet a friend in London at 3 p. m. It's already a quarter past 2. __________.

David: I'm going to London. I can give you a lift if you like. Wang: Could you really? That would be great.

A. I'll never make it

清华在线2010年外语运用能力测试_英语_模拟题

B. I'll never do it

C. I'll never reach it

D. I'll never attain it

47. Clerk: Good morning. Can I help you?

Mr. Smith: Yes, I'd like a ticket to New York 9:15 tomorrow morning. Clerk: _________?

Mr. Smith: Single, please.

A. Single or two

B. Single or return

C. Single or double

D. Single or back

48. Ted: Hi, Christine. _______?

Christine: Hi, Ted. I just bought a new camping tent. I can't wait to use it.

A. What's on

B. What's up

C. What's wrong

D. What's right

49. Jane: Hello Sally. Fancy meeting you here!

Sally: Hello, Jane. Haven't seen you for a long time. You've got married, haven't you?

Jane: Yes, I have. I got married four years ago.

Sally: __________.

A. Oh, wish you happiness

B. Oh, really? Enjoy yourself

C. Oh, my congratulations

D. Oh, is it? Have a happy life

50. (Phone call)

Daughter: OK, Dad. Nice talking to you and glad everything's all right. _________?

Dad: All right. Good-bye.

Daughter: Good-bye, Dad.

A. Say "How are you?" to Mom

B. Say "Are you OK" to Mom

C. Give Mom our care

D. Give Mom our love

参考答案:

题号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

答案 D C A A C B D C D D

题号 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

答案 D A B C D C D D B C

题号 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

答案 A C B C A C D A A C

题号 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

答案 D A A C C D B A B A

题号 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

答案 C A D A C A B B C D